Labour market situation of persons with disabilities under Europe 2020

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Presentation by Inmaculada Placencia Porrero (Deputy Head of Unit, European Commission DG JUST.D.3) on the occasion of the EESC LMO conference on 'Excluded or included' in Brussels on 6 November 2012.

Presentation by Inmaculada Placencia Porrero (Deputy Head of Unit, European Commission DG JUST.D.3) on the occasion of the EESC LMO conference on 'Excluded or included' in Brussels on 6 November 2012.

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  • 1. Labour market situation of personswith disabilities under Europe 2020 Inmaculada Placencia Porrero Deputy Head of Unit Unit D3 Rights of Persons with Disabilities European Commission DG Justice Inmaculada.placencia-porrero@ec.europa.eu
  • 2. Europe 2020 is the EUs growth strategy for the coming decade.PRIORITIES:Develop a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy.DELIVER:-High levels of employment,-Productivity and-Social cohesion.MONITORING ACHIEVEMENTSthrough statistics is integral part of the Europe 2020 strategy.HEADLINE INDICATORSmeasure the progress made by the EU and the Member States towards achievingthe headline targets of the strategy. Headline targets have been agreed for the whole EU. This set of EU-level targets is translated into national targets.
  • 3. EUROPE 2020: EU HEADLINE TARGETS Selected areas Headline targets Indicators Employment rate by gender,1. EMPLOYMENT 75 % of the population aged 20-64 1. age group 20-64 should be employed Early leavers from education and 2.1 training by gender The share of early school leavers should be under 10% and2. EDUCATION at least 40% of 30-34 years old should have completed a tertiary or 2.2 Tertiary educational attainment by equivalent education gender, age group 30-34 People at-risk-of-poverty or social 3.1 exclusion (union of the three sub- indicators below) POVERTY & Reduction of poverty by aiming to People living in households with 3.23. SOCIAL lift at least 20 million people out of very low work intensity the risk of poverty or exclusion EXCLUSION People at-risk-of-poverty after 3.3 social transfers Severely materially deprived CESEP 3.4 3 people
  • 4. Employed persons (per cent of the age group, aged 20 to 64 ) EU-SILC 2010Employment gap: Disabled: 45,5% Non-Disabled: 71,7% Total: 67,2% 26,2%
  • 5. Persons living in households with Work Intensity < 20% (%, ages 16-59) Ratio between the number of months that all working age household members (18-64) have been working during the income reference year and the total number of months that could theoretically have been worked EU-SILC 2010 25 8 Disabled 24% Non-disabled 9% Total: 11%
  • 6. Persons in households with Work Intensity < 20% (%, by age group) Ratio between the number of months that all working age household members (18-64) have been working during the income reference year and the total number of months that could theoretically have been worked EU-SILC 2010
  • 7. PEOPLE AT-RISK-OF-POVERTY OR SOCIAL EXCLUSION (Synthesis of 3 indicators) Percent of persons who are either at risk of poverty after social transfers or severelymaterially deprived or living in households with very low work intensity, Age 16-59, 2010 EU-SILC 2010 36% 21% Disabled: 36 % Non-Disabled: 23 % Total: 25 %
  • 8. Data sources at EU level: EUROSTAT• EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC)• European Health Interview Survey (EHIS)• Labour Force Survey ad hoc modules on employment of disabled people (LFS AHM)• European Health and Social Integration Survey (EHSIS) - new
  • 9. Europe 2020: Country SpecificRecommendations 2012 o Country Specific Recommendations for 3 countries: o Denmark [---] enhance long-term labour supply by reforming the disability pension, better targeting subsidised employment schemes (the ‘flex-job’ system) towards people with reduced work capacity [---] o Estonia - Improve incentives to work by streamlining the social benefits system and increasing flexibility in the allocation of disability, unemployment and parental benefits, while ensuring adequate social protection. o Netherlands - Enhance participation in the labour market, particularly of older people, women, and people with disabilities and migrants o Implicitly also mentioned in Germany – raise educational achievement by equal opportunities in the education and training system o CSRs are not objectives but tools
  • 10. Europe 2020: Staff Working Documents (SWDs) 2012 o SWDs offer opportunity to draw attention to improvement needs, which do not require a CSR o In addition to countries receiving disability-related CSR, 5 countries SWDs expressly mention disability: o Belgium - attention is drawn to "potential abuse of possible loopholes (for instance, within the sickness and disability schemes)" o Czech Republic – remark on ALMP conditions made stricter to limit abuse, especially od the support meant for the disabled o Lithuania – remark on existence of financial suport for students with disabilities o Malta – remark on use of ESF to enhance participation in labour market o Sweden –remark on disability benefit schemes having become more supportive of labour integration and employment
  • 11. EU Disability Strategy: Main areas for EU action• Presented in the Communication; provide structure for List of Actions (2010-2015):• Accessibility of goodsemployment situation of PWD “Improve the and services through recognition of their right to work incl.• Participation as equal citizens in Europe and quality the right to the opportunity to gain a living by community-based services work freely chosen or accepted in a labour• Equality and combating discrimination market and work environment that is open,• Employment in the open labour market inclusive and accessible”• Inclusive education and training• Social protection to combat poverty and social exclusion• Equal access to health services and related facilities• External action including EU enlargement, neighbourhood and international development programmes
  • 12. Study: Supported Employment in EU & EFTA-EEA (COWI, 2011)Findings: 1. High variability of policies and definitions in 30 countries 2. PwD not seen as mainstream jobseekers - activation (sheltered workshop) approach strong 3. Number of countries have or are developing Supported Employment programmes and projects, but few fully comply with the definition (earning real wages). 4. Initiatives with elements of Supported Employment are mostly Pilot Projects, even in countries with longer history of Supported Employment 1. Unstable and unpredictable funding
  • 13. Study: Supported Employment in EU & EFTA-EEA (COWI, 2011)Recommendations (National authorities): • PwD should be regarded as mainstream jobseekers. Supported Employment should be on offer in the mainstream system. • Services should be constructed and distributed to ensure access for all - in terms of geography and target group. • National framework (legal framework, its enforcement), and preferably a national programme, should be established to support common standards, equal access, incentives for employers and employees and “single contact point”. • The legal framework should not only allow but insist on the right for all citizens to participate on the open labour market.•
  • 14. COWI study on supported employment Study: Supported Employment in EU & EFTA-EEA (COWI, 2011)Recommendations – EU role: • EU should continue to promote ESF as an important financing instrument. • EU could use its existing structures and methods to reach a common understanding of common concepts, definition and understanding of Supported Employment. • EU could regularly collect and disseminate good practices and positive experience and disseminate this through existing channels.
  • 15. VP/2010/017: PILOT PROJECTS ON EMPLOYMENT OF PERSONS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERSOrganisation Proposed duration Name of the project Essence of the project* StatusCOMUNITA MONTANA-Associazione dei "SWANS – Sustainable work Transfer to Italy of UK and BEComuni Trasimeno Medio Tevere, 17 March 2011 - 9 November for autism networking experience in enabling personsITALY 2012 support" with ASD to find employment. Ongoing Transfer of the successful (in DK and Scotland) "Specialisterne" model of finding employment for Accelerating the Employment persons with ASD to other EU of people with autism countries, starting withSpecialist People Foundation, spectrum disorder in real Germany, piloting Poland, Final report inDENMARK 11 April 2011 - 11 April 2012 business Spain, UK. examination Developing and piloting a sustainable model (including training and skills certification) of transfer of persons withBerufsbildungswerk im Oberlinhaus 01 December 2010 - 30 "ABC – Jobs fuer Menschen ASD from education/trainingGmbH. GERMANY November 2012 mit ASS" into the labour market. Ongoing "Development and piloting a Developing and piloting a model for occupational sustainable model (including training and employment of training and skills certification) people with ASD in the ICT of employing persons withESI-CEE BULGARIA 18 April 2011 - 17 April 2012 sector" ASD in IT sector. Finished
  • 16. The online tool1. Defined in Annex 2 of the Commission Staff Working Paper accompanying the Strategy SEC(2010)13232. For each country, key instruments to achieve the effective implementation of the UN Convention: a table, displaying policies, practical measures and legal acts3. With web link to reference document or relevant information4. Via our main website: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/disabilities/index_en.htm
  • 17. a ins: cont c o rd a l reInd ividu ) ility ntry ce ssib •Cou . Ac (e.g law) eme g. a t •Th ent (e. men stru trum e in • I ns n of t h iptio ur c e •D escr e so to th b link •We inks itio na l l •Add date eo f up •Dat
  • 18. Issues• Comparability• Examples of Member States • Definitions • Approach and Methodology • Amount of Data and Sectors• Challenges for data collection • Children • Older People in institutions • Persons with Intellectual Disabilities
  • 19. Statistics and data collection Issues Purpose •Number of Persons with •Policy and legislation Design Disabilities •Situation of Persons with Disabilities •Measure Impact of Policy and Legislation •Comparison between Persons with Disabilities and Persons with no Disabilities •Actual enjoyment of Human Rights