The application of community resilience for disaster planning from national, state, and local perspectives - Chris Poland

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2013 EERI Annual Meeting Session: Resilience Planning

2013 EERI Annual Meeting Session: Resilience Planning

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  • Thank you for join us this morning Been talking about Resilience for a long time, beyond arguing about definitions Talk about what we are doing Get ready, this is intended to be a discussion
  • Human resilience requires capacity building and addressing the social needs of disadvantaged, elderly, physically and mentally challenged to get tipping in to support recovery Infrastructure – 16 lifelines, structures, food, healthcare, financial services, Governance - EOC, transition, normal, recover to a new city, reuse and urban infill, transit Finance including incentives - incentives are about the community payig for saving the community
  • For the workforce to stay, damage and disruption must be expected short term recovery must appear to be possible Must be transparent and understandable To be short term , must be able to shelter in place About capacity building
  • Post event, the core functions are reduced to the necessities Best to have operational public facilities – then services follow Need a constant flow of credible and accurate information social media, mine for data, drowned out the miss-information Times goes from weeks to minutes, permits to repair or demolish balance public input with the need to rebuild quickly
  • EOC is fast paced, without regard to cost or impact, about security, health and safety Need an interim, transitional form of governance Sort out interaction of cities, counties, regions and state responsibilities Post event is no time to re-plan the city, up-to-date plans must be in place and ready to implement – no NZ in the US, maybe some ATC has published for CAPPS a reconstruction guideline based on disproportionate damage, ICC? Taping into Social Media is beyond me…..opportunities re endless Can’t expect government to finance, but they should be the resource and facilitator
  • Thinking about financing Don’t overlook personal savings and sweat equity Insurance is good, but NZ has an interesting twist. NGO’s rush to the rescue, philanthropy, but need to be coordinated with recovery programs. Shelter in place neighborhoods Banks and Investors are looking for financially viable opportunities, make those available asap. PPP’s Big business wants to help, Chambers of commerce serve small business, Business Civic leadership Center coordinates in kind services.
  • Build for the expected, plan to respond to the extreme

Transcript

  • 1. Resilience Planning The application of community resilience fordisaster planning from national, state, and local perspectives. Chris D. Poland, Moderator Chairman and Senior Principal Degenkolb Engineers 2013 EERI Annual Meeting February 13, 2013
  • 2. The Conversation Introductory Remarks Case Studies of Resilience Planning Audience Provided Case Studies General Open Discussion Suggestions to EERI for the Resilience Observatory Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 3. Goal: Resilient Communities• A Resilient Community can take “the Punch” of an event and through preparedness and the impromptu response of those affected, recover quickly.• Goal is to save the people, their neighborhoods, their cultural heritage and their local economy.• Earthquake Professionals have a contribution to make to every aspect. Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 4. Resilient CommunitiesRequires a Holistic Approach before and after the event• Human Resilience is the engine• Infrastructure Resilience is the foundation• Recovery governance sets the pace and direction• Financial Resources are the fuel Requires public education, interim governance models, financial planning and performance based engineering. Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 5. Public EducationHuman Resilience: Knowing what may happen, how to respond, and deciding to “tip- in” and contribute to the recovery. Damage must be expected and recovery possible.  Understand the earthquake potential  Understand what will happen to their homes, neighborhoods, jobs, and businesses  Have plans for immediate response and for long term recovery  Able to “shelter-in-place” and help out Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 6. Recovery GovernanceCore functions of government • Provide vision and leadership for recovery and rebuilding • Restoring public facilities and services • Provide resources and informationWhy is it different than business as usual? • Time compression • Scale • Tension between rebuilding quickly and deliberately1 Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 7. GovernanceNeed to do • Predefine a transitional form of governance • Maintain current land use plans that include what can be done better. Deal with liquefaction, landslide, and faulting zones • Develop reconstruction codes and standards • Develop a new generation of communication • Identify mechanisms for financing rebuilding Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 8. FinanceAvailable Sources • Personal Savings • Insurance • NGO Community • Banks and investors • Business • Federal Government Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 9. Performance Based Engineering • Transparent Hazard Definitions • Transparent Performance Measures for Buildings • Transparent Performance Measures for Lifelines • Performance Goals that support response and recovery Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 10. Case Studies ofResilience Planning Invited and offered
  • 11. Case Studies of Resilience Planning Chris Poland San Francisco’s Earthquake Safety Improvement Program and the Soft Story Legislation Jason Biermann Snohomish County Emergency Planning initiative to create a pre-disaster recovery framework. Yumei Wang Oregon’s plans to build resilience including in their Critical Energy Infrastructure Susan Cutter NRC’s looking forward in the report Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 12. San Francisco Earthquake SafetyImprovement Program (ESIP)and the Soft Story Legislation Patrick Otellini and Laurence Kornfield City and County of San Francisco Presented by Chris Poland
  • 13. 23 Years in the Making Initiated by the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake Mandated a UMB Ordinance and began retrofitting/replacing City owned buildings Influenced by the SPUR Resilient City Initiative Amended the Community Safety Element of the General plan Developed a the Community Action Plan for Seismic Safety (CAPSS) for privately owned buildings ESIP Established by Mayor Newsom in the City Administrators Office Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 14. ESIPSeptember 201130 year program tomitigate privately ownedbuildings and prepare forrecovery.Community developed andsupportedProvides a three stepapproach Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 15.  Includes 50 tasks and ESIP three phases of effort  Start Up – High Risk  Implementation Critical  Implementation All other Three step approach to resilience.  Facilitate the market  Nudge the market  Retrofit y deadline Recommended Action Mandatory Evaluation Mandatory Retrofit Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 16. Soft Story LegislationMandatory retrofitordinance introduced with7 year goalPre ’78, Wood Frame, 3+stories, 5+ unitsMitigates one of the mostsignificant potentialimpacts to San FranciscoRetrofit goal is shelter-in-place Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 17. Companion Programs Lifelines Council Neighborhood Empowerment Network Neighborhood Emergency Response Teams Resilient San Francisco Initiative Capital Planning Program Building Occupancy Resumption Program Community Engagement Give2SF SF Community Agencies Responding to Disasters SF Ready Vial of Life 72 hours.org Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting
  • 18. Questions?Resilience Planning -- 2013 EERI Annual Meeting