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The State Of (Construction) Collaboration
 

The State Of (Construction) Collaboration

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Presentation on construction collaboration technologies given to Collaboration Cafe symposium at Building Centre, London on 30 March 2010. Covers web-based tools for collaboration, the changing IT ...

Presentation on construction collaboration technologies given to Collaboration Cafe symposium at Building Centre, London on 30 March 2010. Covers web-based tools for collaboration, the changing IT landscape (eg: looming changes of BIM, mobile computing, Web 2.0) and some of the people and process issues.

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  • IT has often encouraged, not reduced, use of paper enormous data duplication poor use (and re-use) of data spiralling demand for more, better, and richer, data often require substantial human resources to support and maintain
  • Simplified No regulators No policy-makers No end-users/occupiers (unless they are included in the “suppliers and other stakeholders”)
  • Not just paper Again, hardware production and disposal can be polluting huge waste of other disposables (toner/ink cartridges, etc) Buildings created just to hold paper!
  • Not just the production of paper, of course Also the transport of that paper And its ongoing management – often for years after project delivered for construction projects
  • Look at why collaboration technologies became popular But note: they are still far from universal!
  • Clear benefits
  • Interfaces have not changed much in the past 10 years. Electronic filing cabinets RDBSs, but still using folders-type approaches Very document-centric
  • Contractual, impersonal – focused on the drawing or the document
  • Focus on drawing and document meant focus on paper Could also say the same in the past about email, perhaps?
  • Be2camp sustainability manifesto
  • 80% people and processes, only 20% technologies In the time available, I am going to concentrate on just eight broad areas. No exact divide between these areas There are technology dimensions to them all (and vice versa) But the people and process issues are less easily resolved than the technological ones People collaborate not systems
  • First – computer and internet technologies Old style information-driven approaches New style interaction-driven approaches
  • Massive (over)-production of paper, indiscriminately pushed at every potential team member BIM opportunity to pull the data you need when you need it, and to integrate processes For example: Revolutionise how we manage built environment information Away from production of ‘dumb’ 2D information Towards collaborative development of nD data
  • Moving from simple 2D or 3D CAD through modelling approaches to model-based collaboration and then onto integrated project delivery
  • Not just about BIM It’s about challenging conventional approaches to information delivery Refreshing ‘tired’ technologies (This was a response to a blog post I wrote last week)
  • Again – it’s about refreshing ‘tired’ technologies, and learning from applications that embrace more social or Web 2.0 approaches
  • Second – hardware, software, networks and how we connect to our data has begun to change Last 10 years has seen major change in how we regard IT No longer just locally-hosted, but increasingly anywhere, anytime, on any device
  • on any device Not just laptops or tablets, or iPads But mobile telephones – with real-time interaction with the built environment or with fellow collaborators
  • Third – moving on to people , we have the prevalent attitudes within the industry – the things that Latham, et al wanted to change Of course, these attitudes and behaviours are often the result of how we are educated and developed in our careers Look at these alongside the …
  • And fourth, Industry mindsets As an industry, our professionals are not taught and developed to work in an integrated way Too often silo-based approaches to education, to career development, to incentivisation and reward Also a reluctance to embrace the non-construction professional – the end-user, occupant, owner and/or operator of a built asset – before, during or after the planning, design and construction phase of a project
  • Consult with the people who might use our new built environment Share information through wikis and other open-source projects so that knowledge isn’t trapped – it’s freed for reuse and improvement Enable and encourage feedback loops with simple tools
  • New generation of super-collaborators, super-communicators coming through. Looking to network with their peers No longer email-driven Also need to respond to changes: in demographic patterns Globalisation emergence from a recession and new climate change issues
  • New ways of working are changing the ways in which we might manage our processes. Switching from sequential processing of paper To more contemporaneous sharing of information No longer pushing out paper, but generating shared data that can be ‘pulled’ as required by other team members, and maybe reused in different ways.
  • BIM offers opportunity to speed up what used to be a sequential process and allow some activities to take place simultaneously Massive (over)-production of paper, indiscriminately pushed at every potential team member BIM opportunity to pull the data – single instance - you need when you need it, and to integrate processes
  • Not just design data in BIMs Rich data offers new opportunities to interact: Video, slideshow and photos – all related to one event
  • Reiterates previous point – about integrating supply chain into the process For example: Early engagement Off-site fabrication ‘ lean’ construction
  • Growing number of industry reports pointing the way towards new approaches National Platform for the Built Environment – five key areas identified (2008) SCRI research report (2009) talked about ubiquitous computing, collaboration tools, [and] decision making tools “ The teams involved in the design can be globally dispersed. Free access to information will start to emanate from society and from the industry . ” “ Home working, remote working, mobile working will be much more possible and feasible. ... Technologies like second life might provide the means for the interaction of the whole supply chain and design teams. ... In future, IT will naturally become a part of the life of end-users. IT tools will become much more ubiquitous, pervasive and intuitive. ”
  • Need to look beyond the delivery phase and think about the whole life cost of a proposed built asset Build in feedback loops from owners, occupants, end-users, facilities managers
  • Richard Saxon covered this in detail in his report Be Valuable But we can also use technology For example, to get real-time feedback on the performance of real buildings Feedback loops, sharing data (nationally and internationally)
  • Finally, of the 8, industry approaches Get away from the knee-jerk view that we will always need new buildings and other assets In some cases, we may need to work better with what we have
  • This approach is likely to be highly favoured over the next few years UK Govt likely to be focused on VFM and carbon use The two may well combine to enforce a new focus on more sustainable approaches to construction Know that Paul Morrell’s priorities are.

The State Of (Construction) Collaboration The State Of (Construction) Collaboration Presentation Transcript

  • The state of collaboration: from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 and beyond …. by Paul Wilkinson (Be2camp.com and pwcom.co.uk)
    • Who am I?
    • worked in construction industry since 1987
      • in-house: Halcrow, Tarmac/Carillion, BIW
      • current/recent clients: BIW, Crittall, Constructing Excellence, Dundee University, Earthshine, Incite, Slider Studio, tCn, Woobius
    • author of book on construction collaboration technologies
    • Wikipedian (2003), blogger (2005), Tweeter (2008)
    PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
    • ‘ Collaboration 1.0’
    • Towards ‘Collaboration 2.0’
      • technologies
      • people
      • processes
    PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
  • PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
  • PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
  • PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
  • PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
  • Specs Drawings Minutes Programmes Cost plans correspondence etc Email Fax Courier Post (CD, paper) Traditionally… PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
    • Fewer interoperability issues
    • Less paper
    • Latest information available to all
    • Complete record of project
    • Full information audit trail
    • Single central repository of information
    • Greater re-use of information (eg: for H&S File, standards, tendering, defects mgmt, O&M, etc)
    What does it look like…? So collaborate! PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
  •  
  •  
  • PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
    • “ If you always do what you always did, you’ll always get what you always got.”
    • (Michael Latham)
    • “ Everything has changed but our way of thinking. We can’t solve today’s problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.” (Albert Einstein)
    PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
    • How will we get there?
    PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
  • internet technologies EDMS, FTP, file-sharing, Web 1.0 Web 2.0, BIM, Web 3.0 PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA
    • Shift from CAD to BIM
    • “ CAD helps people to draw. BIM helps people to construct.” (Richard Saxon, Ecobuild, February 2009)
    • “ BIM is not CAD. BIM was never meant to be CAD. CAD is a replacement for pen and paper, a documentation tool.” ( Pete Zyskowski , Cadalyst )
    PROCESSES NEXT? PEOPLE AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 TECHNOLOGIES
  • PROCESSES NEXT? PEOPLE AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 TECHNOLOGIES
    • “ Nobody has produced an AEC system that engages the whole team, … a system that is "fun" to use. The systems are dry, like looking at the screen of a database. … What could be a communication tool becomes, in reality, a data dump .” (Jasper Singh, Gleeds, March 2010)
    PROCESSES NEXT? PEOPLE AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 TECHNOLOGIES
    • “ Some systems we have had in place for 20 years with the same UI and design principles and younger staff look at it and laugh. ‘Design’ will play a much bigger element in future applications for the industry as it skews younger and more tech savvy.” (Sean Kaye, CEO, Incite, March 2010)
    PROCESSES NEXT? PEOPLE AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 TECHNOLOGIES
  • internet technologies EDMS, FTP, file-sharing, Web 1.0 Web 2.0, BIM, Web 3.0 hardware & software static, office-based, internal mobile, SaaS, cloud computing PROCESSES NEXT? PEOPLE AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 TECHNOLOGIES
    • For example:
    • Woobius Eye – mobile, real-time
    • augmented reality
    PROCESSES NEXT? PEOPLE AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 TECHNOLOGIES
  • internet technologies EDMS, FTP, file-sharing, Web 1.0 Web 2.0, BIM, Web 3.0 hardware & software static, office-based, internal mobile, SaaS PROCESSES NEXT? COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES AGENDA industry attitudes contractual, price-driven collaborative, sharing, ‘ best value’ focus
  • internet technologies EDMS, FTP, file-sharing, Web 1.0 Web 2.0, BIM, Web 3.0 hardware & software static, office-based, internal mobile, SaaS PROCESSES NEXT? AGENDA industry attitudes contractual, price-driven collaborative, sharing, ‘ best value’ focus industry mindsets silo-based, anti-‘social’ open, ‘social’ COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
    • For example:
    • ‘ democratic design’
    • open-source
    PROCESSES NEXT? AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
    • For example:
    • Embrace Gen Y
    • And start planning for Gen Z
    PROCESSES NEXT? AGENDA COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
  • PROCESSES NEXT? AGENDA processes & workflows paper-based, impersonal, ‘push’ model-based, personal, rich media, ‘pull’ COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
  • NEXT? AGENDA PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
    • For example:
    • video-sharing
    • slideshows
    • photos
    • virtual reality
    NEXT? AGENDA PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
  • NEXT? AGENDA processes & workflows paper-based, impersonal, ‘push’ model-based, personal, rich media, ‘pull’ supply chain structures fragmented, dis-enfranchised joined-up, integrated inclusive, end-to-end PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
    • Key research agenda (2008)
    • Collaborative prototyping to define and deliver client requirements
    • Efficient, seamless sharing of information across the built environment stakeholders
    • Ability to interact with real-time information regardless of physical location or timezone
    • Mass adoption and application of off-site manufacturing, automation and mechanisation processes
    • Well trained, well qualified workforce able to use the latest best practice technologies
    NEXT? AGENDA PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
  • industry time-frames short-term, design and construct long-term, design, build operate, re-use NEXT? AGENDA processes & workflows paper-based, impersonal, ‘push’ model-based, personal, rich media, ‘pull’ supply chain structures fragmented, dis-enfranchised joined-up, integrated inclusive, end-to-end PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
    • For example:
    • 1 : 5 : 200
    • Be Valuable
    NEXT? AGENDA PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
  • industry attitudes contractual, price-driven collaborative, sharing, ‘ best value’ focus industry mindsets industry time-frames industry approaches silo-based, anti-‘social’ short-term, design and construct (new) build if possible open, ‘social’ long-term, design, build operate, re-use build if necessary and sustainable NEXT? AGENDA PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
    • UK Gov to focus on two aims:
      • co-ordinate low carbon policy
      • improve government’s return on its investment .
    • “… enormous potential …lies in more intelligent use of ICT … in improving communications, reducing or removing transaction costs, transforming the way that buildings are designed, creating more direct links between design and fabrication/assembly, removing the coordination errors that too often block productivity etc.” (Paul Morrell, UK chief construction adviser, December 2009)
    NEXT? AGENDA PROCESSES COLLABORATION 1.0 PEOPLE TECHNOLOGIES
  • Thank you Contact: Paul Wilkinson Blog: www.extranetevolution.com Email: [email_address] Tel: +44 (0)20 8858 1104 mob: 07788 445920 Twitter: @EEPaul