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Nora Milotay - EECERA 2013 Keynote
 

Nora Milotay - EECERA 2013 Keynote

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European policy cooperation in the field of early childhood education and care (ECEC)

European policy cooperation in the field of early childhood education and care (ECEC)

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    Nora Milotay - EECERA 2013 Keynote Nora Milotay - EECERA 2013 Keynote Presentation Transcript

    • Date: in 12 pts European policy cooperation in the field of early childhood education and care (ECEC) DG Education and Culture EECERA,Talinn, August 2013 Education and Training
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training What will I talk about ? • European policy context–holistic approach to children • Issues at European-level for policy cooperation - Communication and Council Conclusions on ECEC • European policy tools in ECEC • Cross-sectoral synergies
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Policy framework: smart, sustainable and inclusive growth Headline targets in the EU 2020 strategy The share of early school leavers should be under 10% 20 million less people should be at risk of poverty At least 40% of the younger generation should have a tertiary degree
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training EU co- operation in education & training • Programmes: Lifelong Learning Programme, Erasmus for All, Erasmus Mundus, Tempus… • Political co-operation: Europe 2020 strategy, Education and Training 2020 Strategy, European Semester • Open method of coordination • Common objectives • EU reference tools supporting national reforms • Monitoring of progress (indicators and benchmarks, biennial joint reports) • Peer-learning, peer-review
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Communication and Council Conclusions on ECEC • Improving accessibility and quality • Holistic approach to children – from birth to compulsory school age
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training PARENTAL SUPPORT POLICY MAKERS MAY HAVE A DIRECT INFLUENCE ON HIGH QUALITY EDUCATION AND CARE Intensive verbal interactions Cognitive stimulation Good climate Socialisation STAFF TRAINING Level Duration Skills required PROVISION Capacity/volume Age of access Staff ratio Fees Involvement In ECEC Reducing Cost GREATEST BENEFITS TO CHILDREN AT RISK Source: Eurydice
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Accessibility: Barcelona target Formal child care by age category (2011) Children cared for as a percentage of all children in the same age category Sources: Eurostat — EU-SILC 2010 Notes: ‘Close to an objective’ refers to countries that had around 25 % of coverage for children under 3 (Finland) or around 80 % coverage of children aged 3 to the mandatory school age (Austria, Ireland).
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Accessibility: Participation in ECEC– but quantity without quality is of little merit France 100 Netherlands 99.7 Spain 99.3 Belgium 98.9 Denmark 98.8 Italy 98.1 United Kingdom 95.1 Germany 94.5 Sweden 94 Luxembourg 93.9 Hungary 93.6 EU 27 92.7 Austria 92.6 Slovenia 90.7 Estonia 90.7 Portugal 89.2 Malta 88.8 Czech Republic 88.2 Latvia 86.7 Ireland 84.7 Cyprus 81.8 Romania 79.8 Bulgaria 79.4 Lithuania 76.6 Slovakia 71.1 Poland 69.8 Greece 68.2 Finland 66.8 Participation in early childhood education, 2010 (%) Evolution 2010-2010 (% relative change) 32.4 6.1 30.9 1.8 29.2 7.9 21.4 31.8 16.3 33.6 -1.4 -11.0 13.2 3.2 8.0 8.9 8.5 0.4 -0.1 13.8 16.5 -3.3 -2.9 2.5 0.0 -0.6 0.1 0.0 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 73.1 73.5 76.3 77.5 78.3 79.2 82.1 85.3 85.4 87.4 88.7 89.0 89.3 89.8 92.0 92.1 92.4 94.3 94.6 95.1 96.2 96.7 97.1 98.1 99.1 99.4 99.6 100.0 020406080100120 Benchmark2020 Age 4 to start of compulsory schooling
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training What is in legislation and policy documents on quality in the Member States? • Always an explicit reference in legislation or policy. However some: – operate local or regional systems – use accreditation or inspection systems – provide frameworks within which others act – require local authorities to be responsible.
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Quality criteria • organisational – such as group size, space, staff/children ratios etc • professional – such as curriculum, staff qualifications, social cohesion etc • quality assurance – such as self-assessment or inspection
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Outcomes and outputs in legislation and policy • there is a greater focus on inputs and processes than outputs • the short term impacts (outputs) are more explicit than the longer term impact of ECEC (outcomes); • measures or indicators to record progress or impact are rare.
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Quality/1: Age-appropriate content / curriculum • Integrating care and education (independent of system type) • Addressing children’s needs in a holistic way (cognitive, social, emotional, physical) • Skills beget skills – non- cognitive are crucial • Play is learning
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Quality/2: Staff Minimum requirements for the level and duration of initial education and training for staff working with children under 2-3 years, 2006/07 Level and minimum length of initial teacher education for pre-primary level (ISCED 0), and the compulsory minimum proportion of time devoted to professional training, 2006/07
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Quality/2: Staff Source:CORE study 2011
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Quality/3: Governance Finance of public sector and publicly subsidised private ECEC settings (2006/07) Main models of (accredited and subsidised) ECEC provision according to the age of children 2006/7
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Quality/4:Funding Public spending on early childhood education and care as a % of GDP 2009 Source: OECD Family database, Indicator PF3.1 2009).
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Current initiatives at EU level
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Building momentum through Europe 2020 •National Reform Programmes presented by MS in April •Examples of CSRs proposed by the Commission on 29 May •Child poverty/income support measures (BG, EE, HU, IT, RO, LV, UK) •Social services for children/desinstitutionalisation (BG, RO) •ECEC and childcare (AT, CZ, DE, EE, ES, HU, IT, MT, PL, UK, SK, RO) •Inclusive education/combating early school leaving (AT, BG, CZ, HU, ES, IT, MT, PL, SK) •Adoption late June
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Thematic Working Group on ECEC •27 countries •Different backgrounds of representatives •Peer learning and peer review •Development of European reference tools (quality framework, glossary of terms)
    • Date: in 12 pts Standards alongside values Voice of the child Diversity Outcomes and processes Participation of parents Education and Training
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Widen the evidence base • Open calls for tender and 7th Framework Programme for Research and Development (quality and testing and setting the ground for a large scale longitudinal survey on children) • Forthcoming Eurydice study – Key data • Cooperating with OECD (Monitoring quality project and ECEC Network) • European Platform for Investing in Children to collect and disseminate innovative practices • Test the effectiveness of conditional cash transfers and their impact on children (PROGRESS study) • Focus on households with children in projects on reference budgets, right to housing • Social experimentation projects with a focus on quality childcare services (selection ongoing)
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Making better use of existing financial tools • European Social Fund and European Regional Fund • Erasmus for All • Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD) • Programme for Social Change and Innovation (PSCI) • Horizon 2020
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Strengthening synergies across sectors: DG EMPL • Social Investment for Growth and Cohesion - including implementing the ESF 2014-2020 (COMM) • Investing in Children - Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage (REC) Common vision to stimulate policy reforms and social innovation Policy guidelines and a set of indicators to monitor progress • Indicator based monitoring framework (ANNEX) Overall objective (Europe 2020) Access to adequate resources (parents' access to the labour market, income support) Access to services (education, health, housing) • No indicator related to pillar 3 (participation) nor to children in most vulnerable situations
    • Date: in 12 ptsEducation and Training Strengthening synergies across sectors: DG JUST Report on progress towards the Barcelona targets on childcare: calls for stepping up efforts (esp. under 3), enhanced focus on quality, affordability Study on child participation by end of 2013 (map legislation and practices in all MS, focus on children in vulnerable situations) Follow up to the 7th Forum on the Rights of the Child (EU guidelines on child protection) DG SANCO Joint Action on Mental Health and Well-being between MS (work package “Mental health and schools”) on cooperation between health, social, education sectors
    • Date: in 12 pts Thank you for your attention. Education and training