EDU2400 Digital Stories Part 5


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EDU2400 Digital Stories Part 5

  1. 1. Chapter 9More story MapsFrom Aristotle to Present Day&Chapter 10Other kinds of StoriesOther story forms and story perspectivesFrom: Digital Storytelling in the Classroom by Jason Ohler<br />Angelina, Dee, Andrea, Natalie, Shama, Marcella<br />
  2. 2. AGENDA<br />Aristotle’s Dramatic Diagram<br />Simplified Joseph Cambell Map<br />Treasure Maps<br />Keiran Egan’s Story Form<br />The Story Spine<br />Stories Told by Indigenous Storytellers<br />The Story Edge of the Western Tradition<br />Art Stories and Music Videos<br />
  3. 3. Chapter 9More story Maps<br />
  4. 4. Aristotle’s Dramatic Diagram<br />In The Poetics, Aristotle describes process of telling a good story<br />Protagonist encounters ‘mountainous’ journey<br />At “Peripeteia” (climax), transformation comes through reversal of fortune<br />Beginning=Tying the Knot<br />Ending= Untying the Knot<br />Simple & Powerful<br />
  5. 5. Simplified Joseph Campbell Map<br />Heroes end up where they began, though changed by their experience<br />At ending, Hero lives in two worlds…<br />Old one they left behind<br />New one they have emerged into<br />
  6. 6. Treasure Maps<br />•Allows flexible customization to a story map <br />•The number of “hills” and “valleys” are not provided. These are all created by the storyteller <br />•The protagonist is thrown into a situation from the “ordinary life”<br />
  7. 7. Treasure Map Story Map<br />•At the end of each “valley”, the “hill” moves higher on the page <br /> (building tension)<br />• X marks the spot! At end of the story, the line is higher than the beginning <br />(a transformation of the protagonist has occurred)<br />
  8. 8. Adapted Story Map<br />• “Reversals” are added to “hills”<br />• Denotes set backs that are eventually overcome <br />
  9. 9. McKee’s Quest Diagram<br />• Material, emotional and spiritual goals are sought on a conscious and unconscious level.<br />• Playing ping-pong with the audience’s emotions is represent by the teeth like lines.<br />•The goal is close to achievement but then something happens that undermines this.<br />
  10. 10. Kieran Egan’s Story Form in Education<br />Egan is well known in education circles for his commitment to leveraging children’s most underutilized resource<br />…their IMAGINATIONS!!<br />He recommended that lesson plans be developed based on the story form rather than the typical task-subtask lesson plan structure that is still in such prevalent use.<br />
  11. 11. The Story Form Model<br />Identifying Importance<br />Finding binary opposites<br />Organizing content into story form<br />Conclusion<br />Evaluation<br />
  12. 12. STORY FORM<br />Is memorable, while lists of tasks and subtasks are not. We make lists because we forget things; we tell stories to help us remember them.<br />Is emotionally engaging. Stories involve a sense of what’s next and how things end that keep us listening and engaged; logical lists do not.<br />
  13. 13. Binary Opposites= Core of story form<br />They provide the force behind the story that defines what happens, how people change and what we learn as participants and listeners.<br />Children are accustomed to binary opposites from the stories they hear. Example.Cinderella. <br />Good Vs. Bad<br />
  14. 14. Kenn Adams’ Story Spine<br />Step-by-step approach to providing story structure<br />Story is provided a “spine” through use of “sentence starters”<br />Beginning“Once upon at time…”<br />Ending“And the moral of the story is…”<br />
  15. 15. Chapter 10: Other Kinds of Stories<br />
  16. 16. Stories<br />narrative<br />depth<br />Humanconstruct<br />dimensional<br />Genres<br />western<br />poetry<br />Indigenous<br />digital<br />Visual imagery<br />Musicvideos<br />Cultural<br />perspectives<br />
  17. 17. Stories Told by Indigenous Storytellers<br />Thomas King, a well known Indigenous writer, illuminates the vast world of Native culture and story largely unknown to most <br />King enables his audience to rediscover truths about Native Americans, as they are often represented as stereotypes or romanticized<br />“native storytelling”= a genre that is impossible to consider as a monolithic entity<br />Stories vary in terms of how, when and why they are told, therefore, it is impossible to distinguish authentic from inauthentic stories <br />Recognize differences in storytelling approaches <br />
  18. 18. The Story Edge of the Western Tradition<br />Stories containing Campbellian antiheroes, antiplots – not “classical” quest stories<br />Focus on emotional experience:<br />“Waiting for Godot is not so much about waiting as it is waiting”<br />Ending of Waiting for Godot<br />
  19. 19. Art Stories and Music Videos<br /><ul><li> Music videos are one of the most prevalent forms of short media
  20. 20. Lasts about as long as a digital story
  21. 21. Most music videos tell a story through a pictorial collage that moves in concert with the song lyrics, setting up tension, resolution, and an expectation of the events
  22. 22. But in other cases where song lyrics don’t tell a story, story is told by painting music video by sound and images</li></li></ul><li>Art Stories and Music Videos<br />Green Day&apos;s &quot;Boulevard of Broken Dreams“<br /> In this video band members are walking along a surreal boulevard among the debris which represents the wreckage of broken dreams<br />Use of emotional impact of music to overwhelm digital stories<br />Music video artists repackage songs with powerful visual imagery to intensify the connection<br />
  23. 23. Conclusion<br />The structure of a story is culturally dependent, and as such, not universal<br />Given the chance to create a digital story using non-Western story forms can help one develop a more multicultural appreciation of ‘story’<br />Experimenting with various kinds of narrative can help one appreciate the range of options open to him/her as a new media narrator<br />
  24. 24. And so...<br />Iconic Music Video: Jackson&apos;s Thriller<br />
  25. 25. The End<br />Thank you for watching our presentation.<br />