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German Energy Transition Workshop-Batir Wardam

German Energy Transition Workshop-Batir Wardam






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    German Energy Transition Workshop-Batir Wardam German Energy Transition Workshop-Batir Wardam Presentation Transcript

    • Does the German Transition has any effect on Jordan? P rep ared by: B at i r Ward am E n v i ron men t al R es earc her Workshop on the Germany Energy Transition and its impacts on Jordan Amman 25 September 2012
    • What is there to compare?Item Germany JordanGDP 37,900 5767HDI Rank 9 95Energy 33% 3%securityShare of 20% 1%Renewable
    •  Jordan imports 96% of its national energy mix from outside sources This translates to around 20% of GDP and puts a heavy burden on the public budget which is already constrained by running costs and subsidies.
    • Energy (in)security In 2011 about 80% of electricity generated in Jordan was based on natural gas imports from Egypt. The Arab Spring was an Energy Winter for Jordan. Explosions cut-off Natural gas. Jordan switched to imported fuel at an additional cost of 2.2 million USD per day.
    •  The equation is very clear for any political decision maker. Jordan is in dire need of indigenous energy supply. Should you go to renewable or nuclear energy or oil shale? Jordan is currently looking at having 10% of its energy mix generated from renewable sources by the year 2020 and 6% from nuclear.
    • Uneven approach Nuclear energy: strong political support, an independent commission with high budget and quick procurement/regulatory actions. Renewable: no political will, weak decision-making process, neglect for private sector, long regulatory process, and very minor budget.
    • Renewable energy Sale Directive 2012 First text: a cap of 25% of feed-in of renewable energy from private and commercial/industrial sources into national grid. WHY? The second modified text removed cap from private entities but maintained the cap on commercial/industrial. Not an investment-friendly regulation.
    • Impact on the solar vs nuclear debate The German case of a gradual phase- out of the nuclear energy and strategic shifting into sustainable alternative was widely cited by legislators, politicians, activists, journalists, and researchers who oppose the Jordanian nuclear programme.
    • In an internal memo submitted by theenergy committee in the JordanianParliament, the committee cited theGerman experience as a major reason forshowing how the world is moving awayfrom nuclear energy into moresustainable alternatives.
    •  EDAMA, the most prominent NGO working in energy policy, technology and advocacy fields in Jordan jointly organised with HbF in 2011 a seminar in which Mycle Sneider, a prominent German expert showed to a large and enthusiastic audience how Germany has articulated its path towards full transition to renewables.
    • The main political party in Jordan, theIslamic Action Front, also cited theGerman example in its numerousstatements against the Jordanian nuclearprogramme and in favor of the renewableenergy agenda.
    • What can Germany provide? Long Term Vision. Energy diversification. Support for Renewable energy. Phase out of nuclear energy. Political Will. State of the art technology Democracy, transparency, disclosure and debate Sustainable Transport
    • Germany as a “neutral” partner The German government has always kept a “low-profile” approach towards influencing internal policies in Jordan, and thus has not raised the issue of renewable vs. nuclear debate to the Jordanian government. German NGOs have been more active in pursuing a pro-renewable approach with their development partners in Jordan and have succeeded in raising awareness at the community and society levels
    •  The German model of transition to renewables is the most effective tool the Jordanian activists can use to convince their government of the economic and environmental feasibility of such a transition. More exchange of knowledge, experiences and even direct influence should be accelerated to facilitate the energy transition process in Jordan.