From Standards to Practice and Back Again.
News from TDWG*:
The Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) Conference 2013
...
goals
 build an accessible

aggregated, integrated,
scalable,
vouchered-specimen
database (USA collections)

 facilitate...
iDigBio and the TCNs
Up for discussion – TDWG 2013 Topics
 Virtual Communities for Biodiversity
 eCollaboration for Sustainability





...
Why standards?

http://www.britishmuseum.org/images/rosettawriting384.jpg
Biodiversity Information Standards
 formerly known as
 Taxonomic Databases Working Group (TDWG)

 began 1985

 Our Mis...
Overlap
Biodiversity
Information
Standards

Collections
• Physical
• Digital

GBIF
VertNet
iDigBio
TCNs
…
Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG)
 TDWG warmly welcomes all newcomers, regardless of

background. We are always s...
http://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/duty_calls.png
The data is born (digital)?
 researcher collects data
 organizes it for their purpose
 or not

 non-standard metadata
...
Data use, data re-use
 need rich/er metadata
 “good” (standard?) field notes
 will be increasingly shared / distributed...
From the researcher into a database (eventually)
 has standard metadata
 in standard formats
 standard packaging
 stor...
Coming to a database near you?
What’s your title?
Research Information Manager

Technology Liaison to Science

Biodiversit...
For the (digital) collection manager
 tools for cleaning data
 open refine

 Specify Workbench
 Darwin Core Test valid...
Data Quality – GBIF priorities
 metadata completeness

aids discovery and citation
data quality and fitness-for-use repor...
Data Quality - Southwest Collection of
Arthropods (SCAN) Thematic Collection Network
 Filtered Push (FP) based service
 ...
Data quality
 Beyond Barriers: Exporting data quality assessments from

Spain Arturo H. Ariño, Francisco Pando, Javier Ot...
Other bits of News from TDWG
 New standard ratified: Audubon Core
 for sharing media data and metadata

 iDigBio, Morph...
You and Biodiversity Information Standards?
 Join TDWG (it’s free)!
 Data Quality Interest Group?

 Find out what your ...
Acknowledgement
and Thanks to
 Gail Kampmeier, INHS

 Katja Seltmann, ECN, AMNH
 ECN 2013 Organizers and Attendees
 TD...
D paul ecn2013
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  • Deborah Paul (iDigInfo, iDigBio)From Standards to Practice and Back Again. News from TDWG*: The Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) 2013 Conference - Virtual Communities for Biodiversity Science.AbstractFrom their website: "Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG), also known as the Taxonomic Databases Working Group, is a not for profit, volunteer organization,…formed to establish international collaboration among biological database projects." Currently, TDWG focuses on the development of standards for the exchange of biological/biodiversity data. Whether you already know about BIS (TDWG) or have never heard them, this is your opportunity to find out what TDWG is working on now. Come find out about the recent symposiums and workshops (October 2013), some of which are: Biodiversity Data Quality, Crowd-sourcing Websites and their Communities, Biodiversity informatics services and workflows, Beyond Darwin Core, Biodiversity Observation Networks, Documenting the Darwin Core, e-Collaboration for Sustainability, Mobilizing African Biodiversity, and Sharing and Delivery of Reusable Phylogenetic Knowledge. What does the work of TDWG offer to the collections community? How is it relevant to ECN? How can the collections community work with TDWG? Please join in the conversation.
  • From NIBA create a national database of vouchered specimen records from US institutions using existing national and international specimen data aggregation projects as models, specify the functional requirements of an aggregated US specimen data store.
  • Image Interest Group Multimedia Resources Task Group Audubon Core (AC) - convener: Bob MorrisBiological Descriptions and Identification - convener: GregorHagedornGenomic Biodiversity Working Interest Group - convener: John DeckSemantics4Biodiversity - convener: Elizabeth ArnaudTechnical Architecture Group - convener: Greg WhitbreadSpecies Information Interest Group - convener: Paco PandoEconomic Botany - convener Nicola NicolsonEmpowering International e-Collaboration for Sustainability Biodiversity informatics services and workflows Global Earth Observation, Biodiversity Observation networks Biodiversity Data QualityCrafting the future of a Global Biodiversity Heritage Library for diverse community’s needsDocumenting the Darwin CoreMinimum Information Standards for Biological Collections: Beyond Darwin Core Building and maintaining crowd-sourcing Websites and their CommunitiesSemantics for Biodiversity Workshop:Mobilizing African Biodiversity - convener: Hank BartDarwin Archives: beyond star Developing a Names-based Architecture for Linking Biodiversity Sharing and delivery of reusable phylogenetic knowledge Biodiversity vocabulary management Use of Semantic MediaWiki for vocabulary managementDarwin Core DNA and Tissue Data Standard for the Global Genome Biodiversity Network Scholarly Data Publishing in Biodiversity: Challenges and Potentials - Convener: VishwasChavan
  • http://prezi.com/iib3pqk-kyd-/curators-workbench/Why care about standards?What do they have the potential to accomplish?Collection Managers doing what they need to do – for themselves.When we share, we need standards.Data becomes useful for others / other purposes.a common vocab is requiredFeedback and Attribution become possible.The collection gets used, more, increasing the value of the collection. indirect, subtlePutting identifiers on specimens --- makes more useful to others. consistency is important!
  • Scene from the Arno River, Florence Italy. TDWG 2013 meeting.
  • http://www.tdwg.org/activities/https://mbgserv18.mobot.org/ocs/index.php/tdwg/2013/schedConf/presentations
  • TDWG looks at the range of issues from higher level e-collaborationto nitty-gritty of interpretation of dwc termsto data trends in biodiversity information sharingTDWG warmly welcomes all newcomers, regardless of background. We are always seeking input from biologists, taxonomists, library and information scientists, zoologists, entomologists, ecologists, geneticists, information technologists...TDWG interested indiscussing higher level topics like e-collaborationto nitty-gritty of interpretation of dwc termsto data trends in biodiversity information sharingfostering standards development to support interoperability and data exchange andencouraging standards adoption / useparticipation of those who are developing standards and tools but also those who want to learnregister on the TDWG sitehttp://www.tdwg.org/activities/some of the interest / working groups
  • https://mbgserv18.mobot.org/ocs/index.php/tdwg/2013/paper/view/502
  • D paul ecn2013

    1. 1. From Standards to Practice and Back Again. News from TDWG*: The Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) Conference 2013 Deborah L. Paul Institute for Digital Information (iDigInfo) Integrated Digitized Biocollections (iDigBio) at Entomological Collections Network (ECN) Meeting Austin, Texas 9 – 10 November 2013 iDigBio is funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation’s Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity Collections Program (Cooperative Agreement EF-1115210). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Images used are copyright free or used with permission.
    2. 2. goals  build an accessible aggregated, integrated, scalable, vouchered-specimen database (USA collections)  facilitate and increase participation in digitization  enable researchers’ access to and use of the data  build partnerships to expand and enhance
    3. 3. iDigBio and the TCNs
    4. 4. Up for discussion – TDWG 2013 Topics  Virtual Communities for Biodiversity  eCollaboration for Sustainability          Data Quality (whose job is this anyway)? Semantics (who needs these)? Big Data Names-Based Architecture for Linking Data Global Observation Networks Data and Metadata Standards: Beyond Darwin Core Scholarly Publishing Sharing and Re-using Phylogenetic Knowledge Interest Groups / Working Groups / TAG  What does the work of TDWG offer to the collections community? How is it relevant to ECN?  http://www.tdwg.org  https://mbgserv18.mobot.org/ocs/index.php/tdwg/2013/schedConf/presentations
    5. 5. Why standards? http://www.britishmuseum.org/images/rosettawriting384.jpg
    6. 6. Biodiversity Information Standards  formerly known as  Taxonomic Databases Working Group (TDWG)  began 1985  Our Mission  Develop, adopt and promote standards and guidelines for the recording and exchange of data about organisms  Promote the use of standards through the most appropriate and effective means and  Act as a forum for discussion through holding meetings and through publications
    7. 7. Overlap Biodiversity Information Standards Collections • Physical • Digital GBIF VertNet iDigBio TCNs …
    8. 8. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG)  TDWG warmly welcomes all newcomers, regardless of background. We are always seeking input from…
    9. 9. http://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/duty_calls.png
    10. 10. The data is born (digital)?  researcher collects data  organizes it for their purpose  or not  non-standard metadata  non-standard file formats, file-naming, packaging  user file system  unique  sometimes enigmatic?
    11. 11. Data use, data re-use  need rich/er metadata  “good” (standard?) field notes  will be increasingly shared / distributed / linked with specimen data and flora / fauna data  using standard terminology  dwc, other standards, and ontologies  data management skills  data / dataset reuse, data citation – data discovery, reproducibility
    12. 12. From the researcher into a database (eventually)  has standard metadata  in standard formats  standard packaging  storage  Who bridges the transition from data collected in the field to transform it, standardize it for sharing, publication, storage?
    13. 13. Coming to a database near you? What’s your title? Research Information Manager Technology Liaison to Science Biodiversity Informatics Manager Biodiversity Informatics & GIS Lab Manager Collections Database Architect Information Manager Data Curator Bioinformatics manager Manager of Biodiversity Informatics Research Specialist Research Project Manager Biodiversity Informatics Manager Biodiversity Informatics Manager Data Manager Information Manager Biodiversity Information Assistant Botanist / Assistant Curator Head of Nomenclature and Taxonomy (Biodiversity Informatics) Head, Computer Systems Office Sr. Database Manager Collection Manager Database Admin/Programmer Assistant Curator and Virtual Herbarium Coordinator Biological Informatician
    14. 14. For the (digital) collection manager  tools for cleaning data  open refine  Specify Workbench  Darwin Core Test validation tools  data feedback from tools like Filtered PUSH, …  TDWG offers tools, standards and methodologies  enables GBIF (and others) to effectively share data  and makes possible data discovery from other collections  what Texas knows…  the Digital Collection is a tool for everyone
    15. 15. Data Quality – GBIF priorities  metadata completeness aids discovery and citation data quality and fitness-for-use reports  dataset and by species possible approaches to endorsement of datasets fitness-for-use working groups all datasets and records have stable identifiers,  allows annotation, correction, curation and citation collaborate with other major players  e.g., in developing a common global taxonomic framework to underpin taxonomic quality      
    16. 16. Data Quality - Southwest Collection of Arthropods (SCAN) Thematic Collection Network  Filtered Push (FP) based service  http://wiki.filteredpush.org/wiki/  primary purpose is to connect high-quality imaged of yet insufficiently identified specimens with suitable experts who can provide identifications remotely  “IDs Needed” System
    17. 17. Data quality  Beyond Barriers: Exporting data quality assessments from Spain Arturo H. Ariño, Francisco Pando, Javier Otegui  Data Quality Assessment tool - Darwin Test (DT)  validates Darwin Core Archive files  checks common errors arising from digitization  checks for errors from migration  enforces data standards on records, records not conforming are sent back  allows for calculation of the Apparent Quality Index (AQI) of the dataset.  reduces noise in the data published,  allows data to be iteratively corrected before indexing. 
    18. 18. Other bits of News from TDWG  New standard ratified: Audubon Core  for sharing media data and metadata  iDigBio, Morphbank,  Darwin Core definitions work – ongoing  Darwin Core Archive Files +  Semantic web  Host relationships, for example  Crowd-sourcing  Collaboration  trend / funding constraint / challenge / help  Facilitating African Biodiversity  next year’s meeting in Nairobi, Kenya
    19. 19. You and Biodiversity Information Standards?  Join TDWG (it’s free)!  Data Quality Interest Group?  Find out what your peers are up to  Avoid wheel re-invention and N-I-H too!  Join the tdwg-content listserve  North American TDWG representatives  Bryan Heidorn  James Macklin  Inspiration, New Tools, New Ideas, Potential – all at TDWG
    20. 20. Acknowledgement and Thanks to  Gail Kampmeier, INHS  Katja Seltmann, ECN, AMNH  ECN 2013 Organizers and Attendees  TDWG 2013 Organizers
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