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03132013 how russia views america
 

03132013 how russia views america

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    03132013 how russia views america 03132013 how russia views america Presentation Transcript

    • March 12, 2013 Ivan Kurilla Professor of Volgograd State University, RussiaVisiting Fellow at the Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University
    • During that period most of the Russian stereotypesabout the United States were formed
    •  Jean-Jacques Rousseau – idea of Noble savage Russian poets of the XVIII century:  Vasilii Trediakovski,  Alexandr Sumarokov,  Nikolai Karamzin
    • Pavel Svin’in,Russiandiplomat,journalist andpainter
    • Pavel Svin’in
    •  James Fenimore Cooper George Catlin
    •  Alexander Radishchev, ode “Liberty” (1783) Decembrists revolt (1825)
    •  Railroads, steamships, telegraph, revolvers…  Steamship orders in the US  Moscow-St.Petersburg railroad  Samuel Colt, Hiram Berdan and other weapon producers  Samuel Morse Russian engineers is the USA:  Mel’nikov, Kraft, Shants, Gorlov…
    •  The Russian contracts became the first major foreign recognition of US ability to provide technological leadership and assistance. The USA acquired the new reason to believe in its leading world role and destiny  (after “City upon a hill” in the 17th Century and  invention of democracy in the 18th) Americans at around 1830-40s started to believe in its special mechanical skills and inventiveness as a new token of their choosiness
    • Harriet Beecher StoweUncle Toms Cabin
    • Dmitry Kachenovsky and Andrew Dickson White
    •  Armed neutrality (1780) Crimean war (1853-1856) Civil War and visit of Russian fleets (1863) First World War (1917) Second World War (1941-1945) War on Terror (2001)
    • America as a model orAmerica as a threat
    • Depended on Russia’s home agenda:America as a model (examples): Nicholas I modernization (1830-40s) Alexander II Great Reforms (1861-1881) Bolshevik reforms and industrialization (1920-30s) Nikita Khrushchev reforms (late 1950s-early 1960s) Leonid Brezhnev in early 1970s Mikhail Gorbachev Perestroika (late 1980s) Boris Yeltsyn (1990s) reforms Dmitrii Medvedev “modernization” effort (2009-11)
    • Depended on Russia’s home agenda:America as a threat (examples): Alexander III counter-reforms (1880s) USSR in the late 1940s – early 1950s (post-war stabilization) Leonid Brezhnev “stagnation” (late 1970s) Vladimir Putin’s “stabilization” (after 2011)
    •  If Russia will continue its reformation, - the attitude to the United States of America will become better If the stabilization project will overcome, - the attitude will remain low. However, Russia needs to reform…