Saving College Football and Basketball: 14 Reforms Angela Lumpkin Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences
Introduction Institutional subsidies and student fees have been invested in intercollegiate athletics because it was claimed that intercollegiate athletic programs led toincreased applications, donations, political support, national visibility through free advertising via the sport media, and a positive campus culture.
Introduction These positive outcomes were believed to surpass any ethical compromises associatedwith amateurism, recruiting practices outsidethe rules, exceptions to admission standards, missed classes, and increased commercialization focused on winning.
End the Myth of Amateurism Provide athletes Stop exploiting the full cost of football and men’s education basketball players who are limited by the NCAA to receiving tuition,Institutions pay the fees, rooms, cost of tuition for board, and books athletes
Eliminate Preferred or Special Admissions for Recruited Athletes Many unqualified Coaches athletes fail to promise graduate because college they were admitted degrees, without meeting yet require institutional academic athletes to requirements prioritize their sports
Award Four-Year Grants-in-Aid If athlete signs grant-in-Coaches exert aid, he or she should not immense be permitted to sign a control over professional sportathletes’ time contract for four yearsbecause they decide whether to End serving asrenew grants- developmental leagues in-aid for NFL and NBA
Get Tough on Coaches and Athletes Who Break the Rules Vacate wins Suspend for coaches coaches who violate Impose and lifetime recruiting players rules and bans for for at repeated athletes least one who violate violations season by coaches eligibility for rule rules and players violations
Limit Sport Seasons, Competitions, and Travel While Classes Are in Session Limit each sport to no more than one competition or day of competition per week Reduce the Limit Excuse current practice and athletes from number of competitive classes no competition seasons per more than s by at least sport to one five days per 20% for academic academic year each sport semester for travel and competitions
Require One-Year Residency for Athletic Eligibility Give each first- Enable each first-year year student an student to make a less equal stressful transition opportunity to into the academic and earn eligibility to social life of college participateBase academic eligibility on a first-year student’s academic performance in college, not on a standardized test score or high school grades
Reorganize Academic Counseling and Support Services for Athletes Placing control over these services under the auspices of institutional faculty and academic administrators would eliminate the perception or reality that athletes enjoy preferential treatment, receive unearned grades, or have others complete their academic assignments
Raise Academic Requirements for Post- Season Competition Require a minimum Academic Progress Rate of 950 for each team and a 50% graduation rate to qualify for a conference championship and other post- season competition
Reduce Expenditures in Football and Men’s Basketball Reduce Eliminate moving expenditures in players to hotels football and on nights before men’s basketball home football and limit grants- games and in-aid and team basketball teams rosters to 65 in traveling to away football and 12 in games one day in basketball advance for shoot- a-rounds
Limit the Salaries of Head Coaches in Football and Men’s BasketballReduce exorbitant salaries paid to many head coaches in football and men’s basketball toreduce the emphasis on winning and revenue production Eliminate incentives or bonuses paid to coaches when their teams win championships and bowl games
Limit the Number of Assistant Coaches in Football and Men’s Basketball Lessen Limit the number of assistant the coaches in football to eight control and the number of assistant coaches coaches in men’s basketball have over to two and the total salaries athletes’ of all of the assistant coaches lives with by sport to no more than the fewer salary of the head coach coaches
Revise Distribution of Television Revenues from Men’s Division I Basketball Championship Revise the distribution of revenues from television for the men’s Division I basketball championship so these revenues are based on the academic performance of athletes, not primarily on winning or number of appearances in the tournament
Reclaim Control over the Locations and Times of Competitions Reclaim control over when games are played from broadcasters, such as ESPN that schedulesgames anytime and anywhere they are profitable Realign conferences to reduce travel, not seek greater revenues, to emphasize class attendance and academic achievement
Make Intercollegiate Athletic Budgets and Financial Reports Transparent Publicize and make easier understandable how athletic department funds are generated, such as through ticket sales and donations, provided by other sources, such as from multi-million institutional subsidies and student fees, and expended, such as for coaches’ salaries and facilities
Intercollegiate athletics began as a positive aspect of extracurricular learning experiences of students. By significantly reducing the highly commercializedemphasis on winning in football and men’s basketball, which leads to coaches and athletes often violating the rules, maybe intercollegiate athletics could be returned to its educational roots and more closely aligned with the academic purpose of higher education.