Diane beal 1

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Diane beal 1

  1. 1. Slide 1 I Need an iPad: FAPE Requirements for Assistive Technology Under the IDEA and Section 504 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Presented by: Diane Beall January 16, 2014 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Slide 2 ___________________________________ Definition of Assistive Technology Devices and Services under IDEA ___________________________________  Any item, piece of equipment, or product system  Used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability  Provided as part of special education, related services, or supplemental aids and services  Exempts surgically implanted medical devices ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ (20 USC 1402(1); Ed. Code 56020.5 ) 2 Slide 3 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ AT FAPE REQUIREMENTS ___________________________________  LEA must ensure that AT services and devices are made available to a disabled student if required as part of the student’s special education or related services (34 CFR 300.105(a))  IEP team must consider, as part of the IEP process, whether a disabled student requires AT devices or services (34 CFR 300.324(a)(2)(v))  Students identified as needing special education are entitled to an individual 3 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________
  2. 2. Slide 4 ___________________________________ AT FAPE REQUIREMENTS, cont.  IEP must show if IEP team determined student requires AT to receive a FAPE, and nature and amount of such services (OSEP Off. of Special Education Programs, interpretative letter (November 27, 1991), (18 IDELR 1697)  School districts are generally not required to provide the specific AT requested by parents (A.S. and W.S., etc. v. Trumbull Bd. of Education, 359 F.Supp.2d 152, 174-177 (D. Conn. 2006)) ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 4 Slide 5 ___________________________________ AT and “Free” Issues  Letter to Cohen (OSERS 1992): LEA must provide AT devices and services at public expense ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________  LEA may access child’s public benefits with prior informed consent and only when no loss in benefits to parents/child  LEA may access parents’ private insurance with informed prior consent, but LEA must pay parents’ out-of-pocket expenses  LEA may not deny AT where parents do not consent to access their private insurance, and provide notice to parents of same (20 USC 1402(a)(12) and (e); 34 CFR 300.154(d)(1) and (e)) 5 Slide 6 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Determining AT Needs: Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Need? What need? AT for task AT for need ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 6 ___________________________________
  3. 3. Slide 7 ___________________________________ Assistive Technology and Educational Needs ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Academic Delays Executive Functioning ___________________________________ Communication Deficits ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 7 Slide 8 ___________________________________ Assistive Technology and Educational Needs, cont. ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Vision and Hearing Impairments Motor and Mobility Limitations ___________________________________ Social Skills ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 8 Slide 9 ___________________________________ Pre-evaluation AT Considerations ___________________________________  IEP team to consider available potential interventions  Review AT currently available in the classroom to ___________________________________ address skill deficits and needs  Determine if available AT will allow student to access the curriculum and make progress on goals  Evaluate whether there is sufficient data to determine if available AT effective for student ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________  If not, discuss whether AT evaluation required 9 ___________________________________
  4. 4. Slide 10 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Consider High-tech, low-tech and non-tech options 10 Slide 11 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Assistive Technology Checklist ___________________________________ Mechanics of Writing Alternate Computer Access Composing Written Material ___________________________________ • Pencil/pen with adaptive grip • Weighted pen • Slant board • Portable word processor • Computer • Modified keyboard • Trackball/track pad • Alternate keyboard • Voice software • Electronic dictionary • Word cards/word book/word well • Talking word processor ___________________________________ 11 Slide 12 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Assistive Technology Checklist ___________________________________ Reading Math ___________________________________ • Use of pictures with text • Electronic books • Scanner with talking word processor • Talking calculator • Calculator with large keys • Software for math calculation Learning/Studying • Low tech aides to find materials • Voice output reminders for assignments • Software for organization 12 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________
  5. 5. Slide 13 ___________________________________ Assistive Technology Checklist Communication • Communication board/book with pictures (PECS) • Eye gaze board • Voice output device Mobility Daily Living • Walker • Grab rails • Manual wheelchair • Powered wheelchair • Adaptive eating and drinking devices • Adaptive dressing equipment 13 Slide 14 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Assistive Technology Checklist ___________________________________ Hearing ___________________________________ Vision • Large print books • Screen magnification software • Braille keyboard and note taker • Classroom amplification • Captioning • Screen flash for alert signals on computer Positioning • Blocks for feet • Adapted chair, side lyer, stander • Custom fitted wheelchair or insert 14 Slide 15 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ AT Evaluations ___________________________________  LEA may use screenings to determine instructional strategies for accessing curriculum that involve AT, such as software programs  Formal evaluation to determine individualized AT needs must be done in 60 days inclusive of “trialing” (34 CFR 300.301(c)(1))  No federal or state regulations specify the content of an AT assessment or qualifications of AT assessor (Clark County Sch. Dist., (2011) 112 LRP 1381) 15 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________

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