What Can Be Learned from Country-Based Rankings Conducted by Various International Institutions

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Presentation held by Scott W. Lyons Democracy Specialist/ Anticorruption Advisor U.S. Agency for International Development Batumi, within the Regional Workshop on Georgia's anti-corruption and public …

Presentation held by Scott W. Lyons Democracy Specialist/ Anticorruption Advisor U.S. Agency for International Development Batumi, within the Regional Workshop on Georgia's anti-corruption and public service delivery reforms (22-24 September 2011).

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  • 1. Public Service Delivery of the Future – Combating Corruption, Streamlining Performance What Can Be Learned from Country-Based Rankings Conducted by Various International Institutions Scott W. Lyons Democracy Specialist/ Anticorruption Advisor U.S. Agency for International Development Batumi, September 22-24, 2011 1
  • 2. Summary Country-Based Rankings: Creation & Meaning Modern Trends: Objective Standards & Local Initiatives International Expectations & Usage of Rankings What Can Countries Do To Improve Their Rankings 2
  • 3. Country-Based Rankings: Creation & Meaning + - Often Created from Aggregate Subjective Perception Surveys & (often <10 surveys) Not for Cross-ComparisonViews from Business, Experts, and Not all Countries are Ranked inPublic Opinion Each Index SurveyFor Awareness Raising – Influenced by Political/EconomicEncouragement to Improve Cycles like Stability and RecessionPerception Government is Making Despite Caveats, can Influencea Difference can Reflect Reality Donor Aid and Foreign InvestmentCan Sometimes Help Identify Uncertain Causal LinkagesPublic Service Sectoral Targeting between Scores and Specific Factors – Not Diagnostic 3
  • 4. Modern Trends: Objective Standards & Local InitiativesLOCAL OBJECTIVEwww.ipaidabribe.com (India) Doing Business Surveywww.transparencyreporting.net (World Bank) New Open Government(The Philippines) - Pera Natin ’to Look Partnershipwww.mipanamatransparente.com (Multilateral Initiative)(Panama)www.bribespot.com Objective Standards(Worldwide) Provide Good Guidance, but can have irregular results Local projects can lead to internal snapshots, but questions of bias, impact, and follow-up 4
  • 5. International Expectations & Usage of Rankings (usually shame and blame, except examples from)1. Millennium Challenge Corporation 2. Open Government Partnership of Rankings Uses Worldwide Governance Objective indicators: laws for Indicator’s (WGI) “Control of budgets, information access, Corruption” to assess every year disclosures, civil libertiesCorruption is the only “Hard Hurdle” Laws demonstrating commitment in– only factor that failure to be the four areas is the key criteria forabove median precludes funding eligibilityLow income countries compared to Inconsistent results:each other and low/middle income Pakistan, El Salvador, Russia (in)compared to each other Argentina (out)Country with “Compact” can be Once pass eligibility criteria, deliverdropped if fall below median due to action plan and commit to reportingserious changes in policySo far only drops for democratic Just started this weekbacksliding 5
  • 6. What Can Countries Do To Improve Their Rankings For Objective Rankings and Surveys: • Pass relevant Freedom of Information laws, asset disclosure, civil law criminalization of corrupt acts, whistle-blower protections • Improvement in Public Service Sector Business Reforms such as easing permitting and business/property registry For Subjective Rankings and Surveys: • Highly visible actions like prosecution of corrupt officials • Civil Society Strengthening • Improvement at point of access of public service delivery – reduction in petty bribery within police, registry and permitting services, and tax administration – where citizens and businesses frequently interact with the government Tangible Benefit: Increased International Investment 6
  • 7. Thank You! 7