Seminar 1


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Seminar 1

  1. 1. CogmedDyslexia Action Summer Conference 28th June 2012 Shelley Hughes Pearson Assessment
  2. 2. Agenda1. Introduction2. The Context of Cogmed3. Cogmed Working Memory Training – a solution4. Research and Training effects5. How to access Cogmed
  3. 3. The Context of Cogmed
  4. 4. What is working memory? Working memory is the ability to keep information in your mind for a short period of time (seconds) and be able to use this information in your thinking Key feature: It has a limited capacity that varies greatly between individuals
  5. 5. A Model of Working Memory Central Executive Visuo-spatial Sketchpad Phonological Loop Baddeley & Hitch (1974)
  6. 6. Working memory is key for academicperformance Working memory refers to a brain system that provides temporary storage and manipulation of the information necessary for such complex cognitive tasks as language comprehension, learning and reasoning. (Baddeley, 1992) Associated with reading (Gathercole & Pickering, 2000) and mathematic (Geary et al., 2004) ability 10-15% of all students have working memory deficits (Alloway et al., 2009) Children with poor working memory make poor academic progress •Of 300 children with poor working memory (Gathercole & Alloway, 2008): o 83% scored poorly on either reading or maths tests the vast majority of these scored poorly in both areas
  7. 7. When do we use working memory?
  8. 8. The Development of Working Memory 8 7 6 Working memory arbetsminne 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 ålder Age
  9. 9. The Development of Working Memoryin ADHD Control Working Memory ADHD 95 85 75 65 Correct 55 45 35 25 15 5 7,5 8,5 9,5 10,5 11,5 12,5 13,5 14,5 15,5 Age Westerberg et al. (2004), Visuo-spatial working memory: a sensitive measurement of cognitive deficits in ADHD. Child Neuropsychology 10 (3) 155-61.
  10. 10. Working Memory problems areseen in:Learning difficulties Genetic disorders Dyslexia (Pickering) Down syndrome (Jarrold et al 1999) Reading difficulties (Cain et al 2004) William syndrome (Jarrold et al 2001) SLI (Ellis Weismer et al 1999) Maths difficulties (Geary et al 2004) Brain Injury Paediatric (Levin et al 2002)Behavioural disorders Adult (Park 2001) ADHD (Martinussen et al 2005) Heart problems and disease Hypertension (Raz et al 2003) Stroke (Robertson et al 2007)
  11. 11. Signs of working memory constraints Is easily distracted when doing something not highly interesting Has trouble waiting his/her turn Struggles with reading comprehension Struggles doing maths calculations in his/her head Struggles with getting started Struggles with completing a task Difficulties when planning and organising something with multiple steps Often seems restless and on the go Loses belongings frequently
  12. 12. Cogmed Working Memory Training – A Solution
  13. 13. Historical ContextCombines Neuroscience, Game Developmentand PsychologyFounded in 2001 by brain researchers at theKarolinska Institute2002 – first research publication2003 – first paying customers in Sweden2006 – First available in the UK2007 – Officially available in the US and worldwide2009 – First UK research publications2010 – Become part of PearsonWorldwide over 200 practicesOver 30 CountriesIn Sweden around 800 schools
  14. 14. Cogmed in BriefCogmed Working Memory Training is a program that helps childrenand adults with attention problems focus better: improving WMFive days a week for five weeks of computer-based training sessions;supervised by a coach, trained by Cogmed80% of Cogmed users see improvements – both in research and inclinical evaluationsBacked by peer-review published researchThe effects are substantial and lastingCogmed training works because it is focused, rigorous, andsupported
  15. 15. The Cogmed method for improving workingmemory The Training Programmes  Cogmed RM  Cogmed QM  Cogmed JM Cogmed Coach Training Coach support  Cogmed Training Web: start trainings and follow training results  Material to support the coach in coaching  Support to coaches (technical and related to coaching)
  16. 16. How do you train your working memory withCogmed?  Intense training  25 training sessions  30-45 min per session  No settings needed The difficulty level will automatically adjust based on the performance of the users, so that they will always train on the limits of their working memory capacity
  17. 17. Three versions of the software Cogmed JM Cogmed RM Cogmed QM Pre-school children School-age children Adolescents and adults All three versions of the Cogmed software share the same underlying design – the difference is in the user interface
  18. 18. The Cogmed Training WebAn online tool for the Cogmed Coach to follow and analyse trainings Is the user training at his/her optimal level? Where did the user miss trials? What time of the day did the training take place? How often is the user taking breaks?
  19. 19. The ProgramsInternet based testPassword: test99 or test44NB: currently not supported on iPads
  20. 20. Research and Training effects
  21. 21. Improvements from Cogmed WorkingMemory Training Double-blind placebo-controlled studies published in peer- reviewed journals, show that Cogmed training improves:  Attention  Impulse control  Mathematics  Following instructions 23 studies published on Cogmed to date, both by the Cogmed founders but also by fully independent research teams. More than 50 ongoing and 40 planned studies.
  22. 22. Summary Of Research FindingsWM is key to attention and learningWM can be improved by training, using right tool and protocol: CogmedWM can be improved by training in all age rangesTraining-related improvement can be shown on three levels of assessment: fMRI/PET, neuropsychological testing and rating scalesImproved WM generalizes to improvements in daily functioningImprovements in WM and behavioural outcomes are sustained at 6 months post trainingEffects of WM training are specific: WM and its derived functions are improved, but there is no across-the-board-improvementTraining effects have substantial real world impact on individuals impaired by their WM capacity
  23. 23. Research Cogmed is the most widely used working memory training program in research. To learn more about the research behind Cogmed: References availableCogmed Coach Training UK 2012
  24. 24. Who can benefit?Anyone constrained by their workingmemory 1. Born with a deficit 2. Acquired a deficit through brain injury or disease 3. Developed a deficit through natural decline caused by age Experiencing a bottleneck due to WM overload
  25. 25. Why Cogmed makes sense for Children /Adolescents Used with students who struggle due to WM constraints – will improve working memory substantially and lastingly Parents and teachers report improvements with behaviour, social skills, taking initiative, remembering instructions Allows student to absorb information effectively Results in better maths and reading comprehension performance Acts as a primer for improved learning; building the platform for learning
  26. 26. Why Cogmed makes sense for Adults  Used with adults who struggle due to WM constraints – will improve working memory substantially and lastingly  Improved professional performance and attentional stamina  Improved focus and resisting distractions  Better able to plan activities and complete tasks  Results in improved ability to follow and contribute to complex discussions
  27. 27. What do we hear?- They can concentrate better in class Students say- They have a better flow with the school work- They remember better- They enjoy school more - The student is calmerTeachers say - The student concentrates more - The student performs better on academic tasks - The student has matured
  28. 28. What do we hear? - The child communicates better Parents say - The child takes more initiatives on her/his own - The child self-initiates home work without nagging or reminders - The child is more independent-I am able to manage my life better Adults say-Able to return to work after a period of absence-I am able to manage my time better-I am more comfortable in Social settings
  29. 29. How to Access Cogmed
  30. 30. Cogmed in the UKProduct Maximum 2012 Price Number of Number of Coaches IDs per organisation / accountCogmed Small 20 £400 2SubscriptionCogmed 40 £600 4MediumSubscriptionCogmed Large 60 £800 6SubscriptionAdditional Staff £150Training
  31. 31. What does your licence include? Annual subscription (opt out at any point) Coach training for the number of coaches according to your subscription level – ½ day at centralised location – Attend any time in subscription year Access to training web – a unique view of the user’s progress Coach support Material to support the coach
  32. 32. Contact Trial access to the programs Research links Webinars Training dates Cogmed Conference – 9th October 2012 Email: Tel: 0845 630 8888
  33. 33. Thank you! Q&A