Individual DifferencesCaution needs to be exercised ininterpreting the resultsfor any individual. This is not a diagnostic tool!
Purposes of the Screening Tool• Highlight areas of difficulty 1. Literacy 2. Organisation and Memory 3. Co-ordination 4. Numeracy 5. Confidence
Steps forward• How many individuals have Hidden Disabilities?• Dyslexia Action Study commissioned by Learning and Skills Council
Summary of Findings• 50% of Prison Population have literacy skills below functional levels• 20% of Prison Population have Hidden Disabilities impacting on literacy skills• Three to four times the incidence in the general population
Summary• Approximately half the prison population have below functional levels of literacy• For some, this is related to social and environmental reasons; however• One in three of those with literacy difficulties show some features of hidden disabilities and will require specialist help
HDQ2• 32 Item Questionnaire• Contact Dr John Rack Head of Research and Professional Development firstname.lastname@example.org
Hidden Disabilities QuestionnaireDo you find filling in forms (e.g.job applications) difficult and • Spelling, writing, spatial skillsconfusing?Do you sometimes know whatyou want to say but cannot find • Word retrievalthe words to say what you mean?Do you get bored easily and like to • Concentration and Attentionflick between different activities?Do you seem to bump into things or knock things over more than • Spatial awareness, motor co- other people? ordination
Factor 1 When you are listening toDo you find filling in forms something being said do difficult and confusing? you find that you often need more time than others to understandIf you have to copy what has been said something down does it take a long time? Do you find it hard to follow what people are saying in a group situation? Literacy Language
Factor 2Do you mix up dates and times When you have been talking to and miss appointments? someone do you often forget to mention something important youDo you have to write meant to say? appointments down straight Do you find time keeping and away because otherwise self-organisation is a you will forget them? problem that affects your work? Memory Organisation
Factors 3 and 4Were you one of the worst at Do you find it easy to do sums sports and games at school? in your head?Are you generally happier Do you find it difficult to work when working on your out how much several items will cost? own? Co-ordination Numeracy
Factor 5Do you find that you easily Do you prefer to have different make new friends? things on the go at the same time?Do you find it hard to do a task and listen to instructions at the same time? Are you confident in new situations? Confidence/Novelty?