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Anxiety disorders

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  • 1. ANXIETY DISORDERS DEVIN YOUNG
  • 2. TYPES OF ANXIETY DISORDERS GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER PANIC DISORDER OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER (SOCIAL PHOBIA) POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER SPECIFIC PHOBIAS
  • 3. GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER Characterized by constant, chronic, unfounded worry every day, possibly all day Physical symptoms  Muscle tension  Fatigue  Restlessness  Difficulty sleeping  Irritability  Edginess  Gastrointestinal discomfort or diarrhea
  • 4. PANIC DISORDER Frequent spontaneous panic attacks Live in fear of having another attack Can result in agoraphobia-fear of public places; in this case due to fear of having an attack in these places
  • 5. OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER Characterized by:  Obsessions-unwanted intrusive thoughts  Compulsions-ritualistic, repetitive behaviors/routines aimed at reducing anxiety
  • 6. SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER Extreme fear of being scrutinized or judged by others in social or performance situations Few or no social/romantic relationships
  • 7. POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER Occurs following a traumatic event Characterized by flashbacks of the event, emotional numbness, avoidance of anything associated with the trauma, and heightened arousal Symptoms must persist for one month following the event for a PTSD diagnosis Can have a delayed onset months or years after event
  • 8. SPECIFIC PHOBIAS Irrational, debilitating fear of something in particular Avoidance behavior
  • 9. TREATMENT Medication-antidepressants, SSRI’s, trycyclics, MAOI’s, benzodiazepines, beta-blockers Psychotherapy- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the most popular for these disorders  Cognitive-restructuring thought patterns that propagate anxiety  Behavioral- changing the behavioral responses to anxiety-provoking situations
  • 10. References http://www.adaa.org/ http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety- disorders/index.shtml