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Urban Dream Survey for China 2020

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In the reality of China, neither the designers nor the users, but two other parties grosso modo define the outcome of the urban environment: the state and the market. This chapter raises questions ...

In the reality of China, neither the designers nor the users, but two other parties grosso modo define the outcome of the urban environment: the state and the market. This chapter raises questions about the process of real-estate development in China and its effect on the city. In turn, we ask what you, the user, want your city to be. Enjoy a selection of anonymous dreams for the future of the city posted on DCF’s online survey or take our Survey yourself. It survey consists of two parts: simple questions to find out where people live and if they like their current homes, and an open question where you can describe you ultimate dream for the future.

With introductions on user-informed planning by Neville Mars and Adrian Hornsby.

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    Urban Dream Survey for China 2020 Urban Dream Survey for China 2020 Presentation Transcript

    • DREAM SURVEY 606 F G H I J 壹 贰 叁 肆 伍 陆 柒 捌 607
    • A6 .indd 2-3 2007.1.22 12:24:23 AM
    • YOU 你 A6 .indd 4-5 2007.1.22 12:24:26 AM
    • The harmonious city must first be planned by experts who understand the science of urbanism. They work out their plans in total freedom ... once their plans are formulated they must be implemented without oppositions. —Le Corbusier Perhaps the most powerful way of improving the fit of our environment, is to put the control of it in the hands of its immediate users, who have the stake and the knowledge to make it function well. If users are in control ... then a good match is more likely. —Kevin Lynch Between Le Corbusier’s top-down and Lynch’s bottom-up visions of planning one would imagine all possible planning strategies are covered. In the reality of China, however, neither the designers nor the users, but two other parties grosso modo define the outcome of the urban environment: the state and the market. This booklet raises questions about the process of real-estate development in China and its effect on the city. In turn, we ask what you, the user, want your city to be. As consumer, as knowledge producer, as the new intelligentsia, it is the urban individual now taking center stage and pushing the envelope of China’s boom development. The time is ripe to listen to what a new generation of citizens has to say. Enjoy a selection of anonymous dreams for the future of the city posted on DCF’s online survey. In the third part we invite designers and urban specialists across the globe to contribute to the imagination of the future Chinese city. Dynamic City Foundation 和谐的城市首先必须由懂得城市学的专家来制定建设计划。他们完全 自由地制定他们的计划,一旦计划出炉以后就必须毫无反对地执行。 -柯布西耶 也许,在提高环境和谐上,最强大的手段就是把控制权交到那些既有 资金又有良好运作知识的直接受益于环境的人们手里。如果环境受益者可 以掌控的话,那么一个好的配合就很有可能出现了。 -凯文.林奇 在柯布西耶的由上至下和凯文.林奇的由下至上的规划理念中,人们 可以想象所有可能的设计策略都被包含了。但在现实中的中国,既不是设 计师也不是环境受益者在掌控,而是粗略定义城市环境自然结果的另外两 个方面:政府和市场。这本别册提出的正是关于中国的城市发展进程的问 题。 而且它也会测试出你——作为城市的使用者,想从城市中得到什么。 作为消费者,做为知识产业者,作为新知识分子,城市的个体正在占领中 心地带,并且推动中国发展前进。现在是时候去听取新一代市民的心里话 了。未来城市杂志与您分享这些问卷参与者在动态城市基金会的在线调查 上所提出的梦想。 —动态城市基金会 A6 .indd 6-7 2007.1.22 12:24:29 AM
    • Democratic design 1.0 – the loop model Is the city yours, or mine, everybody’s, or anybody’s? If the city is more than a mere byproduct of our urge to coalesce and to build, if we can influence its form and evolve beyond the generic, beyond pre-existing models, someone—maybe all of us—should consider what it could ultimately be. Performance: It is obvious there is a price to pay for urbanization at hyper-speed. At every level of society bulldozers and sledge hammers are clearing the way for the modern. From CBD to suburban slum, from factory to village we are surrounded by the ceaseless efforts of contractors and their army1 of construction workers. They in turn are fed libraries of drawings produced by over 100.000 designers, planners, engineers, market consultants and architects2 who are hired by a growing number of developers, coordinated by an array of design institutes and kept in check by several government bodies and ministries. The efficiency of China’s urbanization industry is astonishing. To achieve such efficiency the architecture itself, the buildings we live in, the new streets and shops, have inevitably adapted. It has made the Chinese cities under construction today and finished tomorrow into slick cities; light in concept and material, sophisticated in their ease to be drafted and assembled. The price we pay is performance. It’s obvious the city can’t ever be solved. Slickness may be fast to construct, but it comes with countless glitches. It’s a national sport (as in any country) to complain about the city: it’s too big, too polluted, too dense, too expensive, too harsh, too congested; or it’s still too small, with no work, no space, no green, no facilities, no community, no roads. What to complain about is different for all of us. Car owners and construction workers most likely have conflicting ideas about what the city should be like. The list of opposing needs and interests to address is endless. So while the city can’t be solved, the question remains: can it be steered? 民主设计1.0——环链模式 这个城市是你的吗?还是我的?还是每一个人的?如果城市不仅仅 是来自人们聚集与建设的激情的纯粹副产品,如果我们可以超越大众化、 超越预先存在的模式去影响它的形式,那么有的人——也许是我们所有 人——应该考虑它最终应该成为什么样子。 方式:显而易见,让城市超速发展是要付出代价的。不论社会处在 哪个阶段,推土机和巨型铁锤都在为新事物和现代化开辟着道路。从商业 中心到贫民区,从工厂到乡村,我们都被承建商和他们的建筑大军无休 止的奋战包围着 1 。这些建筑物被100,000多名设计师,城市规划师,工 程师,市场顾问和建筑师运做着 2 。这些工作者被正在增长的开发商所雇 佣。开发商们与许多设计群体协调的同时也被一些政府部门监管。中国城 市建筑业的效率十分惊人。建筑物本身,包括我们居住的楼房,还有新街 和商店,已适应并也具有了这种高效率。这使得今天处在建设中的中国城 市将成为外表华丽,轻视材料质量的观念,并且容易摹仿和复制的城市。 这种结果就是要付出的代价。 显然,城市永远都不能找到解决方法。外表华丽的东西会很快建成, 但是会有数不清的小毛病,太密、太昂贵、太冷酷、太拥挤,或者是太 小、没有工作、没有空间、没有绿化、没有公用设施、没有社区、没有马 路。对大家来说,每个人都有不同的抱怨。私家车主和建筑工人之间很可 能在城市建设问题上存在着冲突。城市所应该满足的人民需求和兴趣是无 止境的。城市问题无法被解决,但是它可以被引导吗? A6 .indd 8-9 2007.1.22 12:24:32 AM
    • Choice: The absolute number of people involved in China’s reconstruction is staggering; the number of designers and decision makers is minimal. So who decides what’s good for you as a citizen? And do they know what you want? No longer do we live in rows and rows of indistinguishable blocks. On offer today are all sorts of apartment towers and villas in different sizes and colors. The market knows what it wants to build, and it decides based on what sells. This is trial and error; as demand levels out and competition stabilizes, the assortment on offer should broaden and the city will evolve. And this is happening—sustainable housing is slowly more en vogue, and tailor-made local projects are on the rise over copy- paste solutions. Still, in reality the tens of thousands of residential projects scattered across China follow very similar design principles. The level of luxury may differ, but the way they function, their living environment, and particularly the urban context they produce are all but identical. Chinese cities are all becoming the same. Urban development has progressed and accelerated—arguably beyond the desired speed. The majority of buildings for 2020 have today been realized. In order to produce better performing buildings and cities that keep pace with the blossoming urban class the development process itself will need to become more sophisticated. This involves a more intense dialogue between the state, developers, designers and users; a continuous loop of information will be necessary. Developers: In this highly aggressive market, innovation is a dangerous luxury – eighty eight of the top one hundred of Chinese real estate companies have been taken over3 since 1994. Understandably developers have been walking a tight-rope, careful not to stray from the success formula of previous projects. From a commercial standpoint, the real- estate industry has indeed become so refined it’s hard to imagine there is room for any new paradigms. A resilient misconception that innovation A6 .indd 10-11 2007.1.22 12:24:36 AM
    • in design always means added costs—not only in direct costs, but in more complicated architecture—pervades. The developer knows these sort of considerations will be beyond the carefully calculated budget of new inhabitants. But there is of course innovation all around us. A Beijing company has recently produced a panel system that allows an entire house to be built in less than five hours. This is an amazing novelty that may further accelerate China’s building boom. For the most part, however, explorations on how we can live, and what the user might need tomorrow, remain scarce. Developers in China, with an unusually strong input from market consultants, try to map what people want and can afford. Unfortunately simply listening to home-owners with surveys is not a profound basis for innovation. And the improvements are restricted to the level of the building or the (gated) community; the city as a whole, as a product of thousands of connected real-estate projects, is not addressed. Designer: If we believe Le Corbusier the harmonious city is just around the corner, if only the visionary architect could have his way. Ironically China has by and large been constructing a Le Corbusian landscape, complete with repeating apartment towers, flyovers and mega-projects, but without involving many architects. At this moment, at this speed in China’s history the role of the designer is still dismal. Based on output Harvard researchers have argued the efficiency of the Chinese architect is 500 times that of his American counterpart4 ; though on the rise, his role in the design and decision making process should be reduced by a similar amount. The tug of war over a proposal between architects and developers is a crucial game at the heart of the development process that should crystallize the outcome of any design. Both parties should meet as equals to interpret the needs of the user, and struggling to explore the limits. In China however, the designer as an interpreter of user needs simply does not yet exist. 选择:参与中国城市建设的人数是令人惊讶的;设计师和决策者的数 量是极少的。那么谁决定市民的利益呢?他们知道市民的想法吗? 我们再也不用住在成片成片的千篇一律的板楼里了。现在我们有各 种各样、大小不一、颜色各异的公寓楼和别墅。市场知道应该建造什么, 这是在商品经济的基础上所决定的。这是一个反复进行的实验;因为可以 看到需求水平,而且竞争使发售中的房屋种类变得多样化,城市会日益发 展进步。这就是正在发生的事,可持续供给的房屋慢慢地变得时髦;订做 的计划正在逐渐超越原有的复制品。但是,现实中,在全中国的每一个地 方,正在进行中的一万多个居民房建计划都在遵循极为相近的原则。它们 豪华的水平也许不一样,但是他们运作的方式,它们所处的环境,以及它 们所发挥的城市间的联系作用全都差不多;中国所有的城市都正在变得一 模一样。 城市在进步并且在加速发展——有争议地以超越着人们所期望的速度 发展。现在人们已经被认识到2020年时建筑的主流。为了建造有更好功效 的建筑和不断兴旺发展的城市,其发展过程本身需要变得更加精确。这是 一个更激烈的对话——在政府、开发商、设计师和使用者之间;一个贯穿 整体的信息链变得非常有必要。 开发商:在这个竞争激励的市场中,创新是一个危险的奢侈品——从 1994年起最强的100个中国房产公司中的88个已经被接管 3 。可以理解开发 商们是在走钢丝,而且在以前的成功模式中吸取经验,避免走弯路。从商 业角度看,房地产行业已经变得很精确,很难再有其他的模式了。有一个 普遍存在的误解就是:关于设计中的创新总是会提高成本——不仅仅是直 接成本,而且在更复杂的建筑业圈内。开发商们知道这些考虑会超过新住 A6 .indd 12-13 2007.1.22 12:24:40 AM
    • Government: The city is a mediated space. Its density, the proximity of its citizens to each other, the ease to interact, is the key to its success. This proximity should be voluntary and produce equal opportunity for all citizens to explore their lives. This proximity however is also undesired; more space is more comfortable. To optimize the city as a mediated space the input of the state is needed. China’s anticipated urban mix can’t grow freely. Planning policies can’t be both flexible and restrictive enough to let the city grow without spatial planning or design. The state should balance the demands of individuals and companies against the common good and envisage some form of coherency that captures the common good. In this centrally planned economy an overarching vision should, at least on paper, be able to be implemented more effectively than anywhere else. Long-term regional planning should have an actual spatial impact, beyond assigning economic and development zones—notably on land use efficiency. The large, generally successful state-owned developing companies are a unique means to supplement an architectural landscape solely produced by the market—notably the introduction of small scale projects. State-run projects are realized with higher quality and faster than any other; they can and should push the entire industry towards more strategic proposals and accepting slower or longer-term revenues. User: That leaves you and me. As users of space, we really don’t know what we want. We simply choose from what’s on offer; the house we can afford, the neighborhood with a decent school, the city with a friendly face. But you, the individual will have to start to participate if you want anything more than what’s on offer. In China individuality is a young concept, but nothing less than an urban renaissance has been sparked by you the individual and by the millions of new citizens and first generation metropolitans. You are moving to the cities and you are rebuilding your villages. You are driving the economy; you are buying the cars, building the apartment towers, operating the conveyer belts and buying the villas. That makes you the new leaders of China. 户的预算。但是这些创新毕竟存在于我们的周围。最近一个北京的公司推 出了一个嵌板系统,使得整个房子可以在5个小时之内建完。这会使高速 发展中的中国房建发展地更快。但是,长远来说,将来我们如何生活,使 用者需要什么,仍然难以预料。 中国的开发商,在强有力的市场顾问的帮助下,去试着了解人们的需 求和购买力。但是仅仅是与购房者作问卷调查是无法取得创新的。楼房或 小区的改善水平受到限制;城市作为一个整体,作为一个成千上万的楼盘 和成体,并没有得到关注。 设计师:如果我们相信柯布西耶,只要有远见的建筑师能够实现他想 做的,和谐城市就不远了。有讽刺意味的是,中国大体上正在建设一个柯 布西耶模式的城市,不断重复同样的高楼、立交桥和巨型建设项目,但却 没有许多建筑师参与。 当前,在如此的建设速度之下,中国设计师的角色依然是很消沉的。 哈佛学者的研究结果是中国建筑师的效率相当于美国建筑师的500倍 4 ;但 是,中国建筑师在设计创意和决策方面的能力却非常弱。在建筑师和开发 商之间的“拔”河至关重要,它决定设计方案是否会被执行。这两方都应 该平等地去解读房屋需求者,竭尽全力发挥到极致。毕竟,在中国,设计 师还没有成为使用者需求的解读者。 政府:城市是一个媒介空间。它的密度,市民间的相互近亲度,互 相影响的程度,是城市取得成功的关键。亲密度应该是对所有的市民都平 等,而且为所有人提供平等的机会。但是同时人们也不期望过于亲密,因 为空间越大才越舒适。把城市作为一个媒介空间就需要政府的干预。那么 A6 .indd 14-15 2007.1.22 12:24:43 AM
    • Dynamic city: So what do you want? Slow cities, such as the capitals of Scandinavia rank high on the world list of favorite cities to live in. Evolving block by block, year by year they have been able to mediate the different desires of their citizens over time. These cities resemble the environments described in our survey, but they hardly present a feasible option for China’s burgeoning new centers, and copying the style of their facades won’t help much either. Another approach is hands-on user participation of the kind we have tried in Europe in the early seventies. This was truly democratic design, but it proved horrendously slow and subsequently failed. Construction in China will not slow down soon. The paper-thin features typical of the new neighborhoods and development zones will not evolve overnight. The next phase of China’s modernization efforts requires the refinement of the development process itself. An open dialogue about the future of the city is needed that involves all parties: a loop of information between policy makers, developers designers and, new to the equation, citizens. The theme of the 2010 Shanghai Expo is appropriately called: Better City, Better Life! For the one billion Chinese soon living in cities the correlation between the quality of the urban environment and the quality of their life will be evident. This dialogue will undoubtedly slow things down. It will thicken the process; give layers and layers of detail to slick cities. It will give control to all those who partake in the city. Above all, operating as a single force we might gain control to steer the city in a distinct direction. This direction must be distinct, but will always be unclear. What you, the citizens will need or might want tomorrow is uncertain. The city must be able to respond to this uncertainty. Proposals for a context as dynamic as China must be able to grow and evolve after completion—if only so as not to impede their own development. The city must be able to adapt by anticipating the reality of constant change, acknowledged at every level 中国所期待的城市融合就无法自由进行。规划政策无法既灵活又严格地使 城市发展。政府应该将个人及房产商的需求与公共利益来权衡,并且预见 能够维护公共利益的某些形式上的连贯性。在这个中央规划的经济下,首 先应该做出完美的规划。长期的地区发展计划应该有一个实际的空间冲击 力,并且超越计划经济和开发区——特别是在土地使用效率上。大的、成 功的国有企业是唯一可以克服市场经济缺陷的企业——尤其是在一些小型 计划上。政府操控的项目在质量和速度上比任何其他的都要高;他们可以 使整个产业执行更完善的计划并且接受更慢或者更长的发展时间。 使用者:这指的就是你和我的了。作为空间的使用者,我们真的不知 道我们想要什么。我们简单地选择着市场上的已有商品;包括我们买得起 的房子,拥有好的小学的社区,一个友好的城市。但是你,作为人来讲, 你不得不参与进去,如果你想要任何市场还没有提供的东西。 在中国,个人主义是一个比较新的概念,但是完全不亚于一个城市的 复兴,一个由你和所有的新一代的市民所引发的复兴。你正在进入城市, 并且你再重新建设你的家园。你在驾驭着城市的经济;是你在买车,是你 在购房,是你在操控着市场的繁荣。你是中国的领导者。 动态城市:那么你是怎么想的呢?发展缓慢的城市,就像斯坎迪内维 亚,却在世界最适合居住城市排名中居高位。一个街区一个街区地、年复 一年地发展,随着时间的推移,城市却能够调节市民们不同的欲望。这些 城市拥有问卷中人们所提出的理想环境。 中国的建筑施工不会慢下来,新社区和开发区脆弱的质量问题不会在 一夜之间改变。中国现代化发展的下一步需要严格的自身控制。在城市发 A6 .indd 16-17 2007.1.22 12:24:47 AM
    • by all parties. This is the dynamic city; the result of a dynamic process, based on research dialogue and foresight. Neville Mars 展的将来,所有的参与者之间需要一个公开的对话;在政府、开发商、设 计师和市民之间需要一个公平的信息传递。正如2010年上海世界博览会所 倡导的:更好的城市为了更好的生活。为了中国未来的10亿城市居住者, 在城市环境质量和城市生活质量之间的相互关系必须变得明显起来。 这个对话交流毫无疑问会使发展速度变慢。但是它会提高发展的质 量;让城市按部就班的发展。它会让城市的所有成员参与管理。在此之 上,我们可以凝结所有的力量来掌控城市发展的方向。 这个方向必须是明朗的,但是道路也将会很曲折。你,作为市民, 也许不确定你将来需要什么。城市必须能够调节这种不确定性。城市发展 的计划必须是有活力的,无论是建设之中还是建完之后,都不会阻碍它的 发展进程。城市必须能够适应现实的不断变化,考虑到每一个市民和使用 者。这就是充满活力的城市,它来自于公开地交流、放眼未来的计划和充 满活力的发展过程。 何新城 _____________________ 1 .Total number of officially registered staff in construction companies in 2005 was 26.999.249 people. ~ China Statistical Yearbook (2006) 2 . In 2005 China had 30.400 officially registered architects. CSB 2006 3 . Institute of real estate studies, Tsinghua University (2006) 4 . Harvard Project on the City I, The Great Leap Forward, pp. 158-162 _____________________ 1. 2005年中国正式注册的建筑公司员工总数为26,999,249人。~中国统计年鉴2006。 2. 2005年,中国拥有30,400个注册建筑师。~中国统计年鉴2006。 3. 房地产研究学院,清华大学,2006 4. 哈佛城市计划I,大跃进, p.158,160,162 A6 .indd 18-19 2007.1.22 12:24:50 AM
    • ME, WE! Muhammad Ali, 1987 我 , 我们! 穆罕默德 阿里, 1987 A6 .indd 20-21 2007.1.22 12:24:53 AM
    • Democratic Design 2.0: user-comments In 2005 I went to a conference on the future of cities. The second session was a kind of spot-the-difference diptych, presenting on the left Roger Madelin’s development for Kings Cross, London, and on the right Terry Farrell’s masterplan for Kowloon station, Hong Kong. Spotting the difference wasn’t so hard. When Farrell completed his designs in 1992 the entire site was underwater. By 1998 it was finished: 10 hectares of landfill, a major transportation hub, several thousand new homes, and a business district complete with fancy hotels and showcase towers. Over a similar period of time Madelin had just been stuck in planning offices. He’d conducted surveys, disseminated plans, met with local groups, talked to the council, plunged through money …. He estimated that by 2010 he’d be US$160 million into the project and not so much as a brick raised on site. As I write this, he’s being taken to judicial review by a group of disaffected residents. The difference between Terry Farrell’s and Roger Madelin’s experience is, of course, consultation. Traditionally consultation is something developers grudgingly accept, rather as the halter a “mature democracy” will oblige them to wear around their necks. It slows things down, costs money, and can severely impede delivery. Less consultation, therefore, facilitates quicker growth. It can be argued that if this means the city is making more money, then the inhabitants as a whole stand to benefit. All you sacrifice is the luxury of giving an anti-change nosy minority the chance to whinny and stall. In China it’s becoming an urban cliché to have a group of agonized foreign theorists standing on the sidelines wringing their hands (about control, coordination, speed and harshness of change, etc.) while undeterred and highly successful developments plough right past them. The trouble is that within the Chinese context, the scale and pressure of urbanization is completely mismatched to western notions of “sensitive development”. In fact, the entire western rhetoric of “preserving a sense 民主设计2.0:市民的想法 2005年,我参加了一个关于未来城市的会议。会议的第二部分是像 一个找不同的游戏,在左边的是Roger Madelin的伦敦King Cross区的发展 规划,在右边的是Terry Farrell的香港九龙车站巨型计划。找出二者的不同 点并不难。在1992年,Farrell刚刚结束设计的时候,九龙站那里还是一片 海水,在1998年建设结束的时候,10公顷的填海完成了,一个重要的交通 枢纽,和几千个民用住宅还有一个带有酒店和购物中心的商业区被建成。 在差不多的时间里,Madelin在办公室里忙着作计划。他筹备社会调查, 发展计划,和当地不同的群体会面,与政府谈话,筹集资金,他估算到 2010年很可能动一块砖都要花费1亿6千万美金。当我写这个文章的时候, 他正在和一群有反对意见的居民在商讨这些问题。在Terry Farrell和Roger Madelin之间的区别就是:听取各方面的呼声。 传统的来说,听取各方面的意见对于开发商来说是很不愿意接受的, 就像一个民主制度一样限制着他们的行动。正就使得进度变慢,成本提 高,并且延迟完工。如果没有这些意见,那么工程会很快完成。这就值得 人们去争论到底城市的经济重要还是市民的利益重要。人们所放弃的是一 个敞开心声表达看法的权利。 在中国有一群忧心忡忡的外国学者正在锲而不舍的倡导调控、协作、 速度和质量等等问题,但是成功的开发商们仍然视而不见的继续着老一套 做法。中国城市的发展模式,从规模到强度都与西方倡导的“理性发展” 原则背道而驰。事实上,西方的“保持理性”和“认真考虑和应对已经存 在的城市结构”原则无法在发展中国家实行。我曾经想把听取各方面意见 的交流 提升到另一个层次:不仅仅是计划书和地方居民参与,而是全国 A6 .indd 22-23 2007.1.22 12:24:56 AM
    • of place”, and offering “well-thought out responses to the existing urban fabric” becomes nonsensical when presented with the reality of a new city nation. I wanted somehow to take the consultation debate to another level: not just individual proposals and local residents, but people across China, and the concept of rapid change. It seemed that consultation approaches all too easily became locked in arguments about the facade of a single residential block, and missed the big questions like, ‘What do you think a city should be?’ and, ‘How do you want to get around?’ The root cause of consultation reluctance may be a dated idea of too many cooks spoiling the broth—that whenever you get large numbers of people having their say on a project, it becomes very inefficient. But computers have changed all that, and with the internet blowing open the doors, it’s becoming apparent that the knowledge of a very large group of people—if effectively harnessed—is actually the most powerful resource in the world. Two brief examples. In 1998 the founders of Google realized that if they wrote a search engine which followed the way people used the internet, it would be much more intelligent than any of the search algorithms they themselves could write. Then in 2001 Wikipedia (wikipedia.org) again refocused content-creation from “experts” to “users”, and allowed the people who wanted the articles, to build them for themselves. In the space of a few years it has become the most up-to-date and widely reviewed knowledge base available. Far from being a latter-stage burden, consultation becomes the fundamental concept. So why not try to apply this to urban design? What would a wikicity look like—a city which was being continuously rethought and refined by all the people passing through? china-at-home.org is a first stage in our attempt to build a wikicity; a tool specially aimed at the general user. It’s an online survey which asks basic data about people’s lives and dreams and the places where they live. It’s a start to look at things from the bottom up. We set up china-at-home.org in January 2006 and it’s been taking entries ever since. We’ve left blank 人民都来探讨快速发展的概念。这样的话,整个交流过程就不会仅仅是 关于建造一个什么样的楼盘,而是关于“你想一个城市应该是什么样子 的?”,“你想如何让你的想法传播出去?”。 无法进行全方面意见交流的根本原因也许是众口难调,一旦有太多 的意见和建议就很难同时满足。但是在信息时代,利用所有的信息并不 难,群体的意见一旦有效地被采纳和实行,将会是世界上最强大的资源。 举两个例子。1998年 Google 的创建人意识到如果他们编写一个符合人 们上网习惯的搜索引擎,那将比任何搜索运算公式都要智能化。2001年 wikepedia.org不再使用“从专家到使用者”的建站模式,而允许人们可以 自由改动或添加他们想要的文章,让上网者自己去建立自己想要的东西。 在此之上,几年之后它变成了世界上最大最快的即时更新知识库。可见以 全方面的交流意见来引领发展是最基础的概念。所以,为什么不尝试在城 市规划上应用这些?一个像是 Wikpiedia风格的城市会是什么样子的呢? 一个不停发展同时又能不断吸取人们的新见解的城市,被所有人推动。 china-at-home.org 的问卷调查是我们建立这样的城市的第一步尝 试,这是面向城市大众的一种方式。在线调查人们在居住地的生活和梦 想,从下至上的看城市问题。我们在2006年就开始了china-at-home.org 网站问卷活动,并一直持续到现在。我们在本书留下了空白的页面,因为 我们希望您也能写下您的想法,也许您现在正在等公共汽车,或是在城市 的某个角落,也许您现在也正有一个关于您的城市的好想法,希望您能把 它写给 www.china-at-home.org A6 .indd 24-25 2007.1.22 12:25:00 AM
    • pages in this book because more content is yet to come. It’s for you to write. Scribble it down, waiting on the bus or stuck in traffic, or if you have a bright idea looking over the city from your apartment; then upload it to the survey: www.china-at-home.org Cake-eater’s delight - a first review of www.china-at-home.org The first thing to say about the data we have so far is that it is by no means representative of China (nor is it about to become so with current levels of internet accessibility). The majority of responses are from city-dwelling university-educated under-35 year-olds. This was not the objective. Instead we aim to snatch a flyby image of the future and the new Chinese—pictures of tomorrow glimpsed by racing through the quarters of today. Reading through responses we are struck by the cool confidence China has in the midst of massive change. There is a sense that China is on the right track—that there are problems and opportunities for improvement, but these will be met and progress will continue. People’s dreams of 2020 tend to express a positive outlook with strong values—as one dreamer puts it: ‘good environment, good order, citizens’ quality of life improving’. There is a hint that by 2020 people expect to be under less pressure; that perhaps by then China will have caught up with the west and development need no longer be so rapid nor so fervent (‘I expect fresh air with European feelings’; even ‘Beijing will become the place where the likes of David Beckham and Britney Spears will want to be seen’). But for now the course is forward. When asked specifically if they like the changes that are taking place—changes which are rocking minds 展望未来与放远眼光——来自www.china-at-home.org的首次评论 首先我要说的是我们现有的数据决不是代表中国(以后也不会,因为 现在的互联网早已覆盖全球)。参与者多数是35岁以下大学教育水平的城 市居住者。我们不把这个作为一个特殊的问题来考虑。这个方式更像是要 得到一个在未来中国人们前进的蓝图——一个今天的人们看到的未来的画 面。 通过阅读参与者的答案,我被正发生着巨大变化的中国所具有的坚 定信心所感动。这种感觉是中国处在正确的轨道上——虽然前进的道路上 既有问题又有机遇,但是问题会被解决,机遇会被实现,并且进步会继 续下去。人们2020年的梦想趋向于一个积极的,并且期望很高的前景—— 就像一个回答者所说:“良好的环境,良好的秩序,市民的生活质量提高 了”。到2020年,人们期望可以处在更小的压力下;也许中国到那时会赶 上西方并且不再需要发展的那么快那么热(“我期望带有欧洲感觉的新鲜 空气”;甚至“北京会变成一个就连贝克汉姆和布莱尼都想来秀一秀自己 的地方”)。当然,这个过程还在向前进。当具体问到他们是否喜欢正在 发生着的变化,正在动摇人们精神的改变和正在赶超世界的变化时,大多 数人惊人的回答,“我们觉得还可以吧”。 另一方面,人们的个人生活的问题唤起了更多的充满热情的参与者。 人们在2020年对伴侣和孩子的渴望有着重大的增长,巨大的变迁显著地出 现在人们如何看待家庭情况的发展上。父母的生活并没有被考虑得太多, 有不到一半仍然与父母同住的人希望将来他们还会和父母住,三分之一的 人则是希望父母将来会住在中国的其他省市。 A6 .indd 26-27 2007.1.22 12:25:03 AM
    • and economies across the world—most people breathtakingly answer, ‘We like them so so.’ On the other hand, questions about people’s personal lives evoke much more passionate responses. Strong shifts are visible in how people see their family situation developing, with significant increases in people’s aspirations for partners and children by 2020. Parents fare less well: under half the people currently living with their parents anticipate that this will still be the case in the future, and one third go so far as to relegate their parents to another part of China. The personal car makes a strong appearance. Even though 66% of people rate the current traffic situation as ‘bad’ or ‘very bad’, 73% expect to own a car in 2020. 41% of those who now travel by non-car methods hope soon to be driving, while those presently in cars insist they will keep on using them. And while the implications of this massive shift toward motorization are terrifyingly apparent at the macro level, they seem not to be felt by individuals. Stunningly over half the pro-car respondents think roads in China should either stay the same or get smaller. This at the same time as believing journeys to work should take less than 30 minutes, and that the future of the environment is ‘very important’. There is equally little sense of necessary payoff when it comes to space for all these cars. It has been estimated that if current car-purchasing trends continue through to 2020, the area required just to park them would consume 21% of Beijing. And yet the same people who are looking to buy cars are complaining of insufficient public and green space in their cities. This view of the new Chinese as people who insist they will both have their cake and eat it—i.e. reap benefits without having to suffer 私家车的问题非常清晰。尽管66%的人认为现在的交通状况是“坏 的”或者“非常坏”,但是73%的人还是希望在2020年能有自己的私家 车。不用私家车做交通工具的人中,41%希望很快会有汽车,同时已经拥 有汽车了的人们仍然希望他们会一直使用下去。这个机动化的进展及其明 显, 可是好像人们还没有意识到这一点。惊人的是,超过半数的汽车爱 好者认为中国的交通道路可以维持现状甚至应该变得更窄。同时人们也相 信上班路程不会超过半小时,而且将来的环境“很重要”。 在汽车问题上,同样也存在必要的空间需求。如果这种购买趋势持续 到2020年,那么停车用地会占北京面积的21%。,正在抱怨公共场所和绿 地在城市中不断减少的人们,恰恰也是这群想要买车的人们。 我们可以看得出,人们既想得到鱼同时也坚持想要 到熊掌,——在调查中自始至终都想获益却不想忍受结 果。也许这表达出乐观的人们想要改善他们生活的强烈 愿望,但同时却也否认了这些想法所引起的负面冲击。 为什么一个人的梦想会破坏掉他原本想要的清洁美好的 环境?这其中是隐含的矛盾,还是中国的未来梦想可以 在每一个领域都实现? 在这样的建设模式下,答案也许是肯定的,如果你从正确的角度去 看得话。参与者们好像没有意识到新旧之间的冲突,在胡同与摩天大楼之 间,或者是传统与现代之间。在参与者之中,传统主义者和现代主义者 之间并没有分歧。那些希望住在50层以上的大楼的人们似乎支持胡同的存 在。不仅如此,超过半数的这些人还觉得在将来把室内装修地“老式风 格”是“重要的”或者“非常重要”。为什么会这样?答案是“老式风 A6 .indd 28-29 2007.1.22 12:25:07 AM
    • consequences—carries all the way through the survey. It expresses perhaps the massive sense of optimism people feel about improving their own lives, while simultaneously rejecting the idea that any of this will impact negatively on the general situation. Why would an individual’ s dream damage the environment they so want to be clean and nice? Is there an implicit contradiction here, or will the Chinese future be able to deliver on every front? In the case of the built form, the answer is perhaps yes, if you look at it in the right way. The responses seem to express no sense of conflict between new build and old—between hutongs and skyscrapers, or historical and modern feel. There is no division among respondents to suggest a camp of “traditionalists”, who are pro-hutong and anti-change, or “modernists” who are pro-high-rise and pro-change. Those who would like to live in a 50+ story building tend to support the hutongs. Not only this, but over half of them rate having an ‘old feel’ to their future home as either ‘important’ or ‘very important’. How can this be? The answer is that the qualities required for an ‘old feel’ can successfully be combined with super-tall towers. The slice is taken, the cake remains ! Again the responses come out strongly in favor of living in a ‘lively busy neighborhood’ as well as prioritizing ‘peace and quiet’. 85% of those who want one, want both. And there is an almost absolute refusal to countenance any conflict between the environment and the economy. Concern over the environment is extremely strong, with 85% of people (the highest level of consent for any question) deeming this issue to be ‘very important’ to the future of China. However, this does not mean that fiscal matters may be allowed to slip. Over 90% of people who rate the environment as ‘important’ or ‘very important’ say the same of the economy. Only 6% give significant priority to one over the other. 格”的需要可以和高层楼房相结合的。外表虽已不在,但是内涵仍然存 留。 此外,参与者们强烈的表现出想要住在“充满活力的社区”,同样也 希望“安宁与祥和”。85%的人想兼得二者。 对于环境和经济之间的冲突的拒绝几乎是绝对的。对环境的关心异 常地强烈,85%的人(问卷最高比例的答案)认为这是在未来中国“非常 重要”的一个问题。但是这并不意味着财政事业会下滑。认为环境问题是 “重要”或者“非常重要”的参与者中,超过90%的人对中国经济的选项 也是如此。只有6%的人认为二者之间有一方会优先于另一方。 在更加私人化的问题上,大家都是那么的自我。当问到关于挣钱、孩 子、恋爱、友情、娱乐、音乐、艺术和书籍等问题上,40%的人不是选择 “重要”就是选择“非常重要”;11%的人直接把所有这些问题全部选择 了“非常重要”。是的,为什么不呢? 但是这种高质量的生活期望对于城市设计来说意味着什么呢?首先, 如果现在的城市发还是无法找到更有创意的发展方式,那么城市将来就会 变得混乱不堪。你不一定会参与到城市整体规划的观念里,或者说你想玩 得开心点,但是如果真的想在城市里玩得开心,你就不得不去平稳的去发 展,轻松地去发现你喜欢的地方和人群,并且时刻精确发现以人为本的环 境。 如果中国城市想满足市民们所有的这些欲望,它们将要做的比任何时 候都更好。它们需要推动本质上冲突矛盾的需求。按照计划发展壮大,会 A6 .indd 30-31 2007.1.22 12:25:10 AM
    • On more private matters, people are equally defiant. Asked to rate one by one the importance of making money, of children, of their love lives, of their friends, of having fun, and of music, art and books, 40% answer that all are either ‘important’ or ‘very important’; with 11% sticking tenaciously to ‘very important’ right the way across the board. And why not—why compromise? But what do such high quality of life expectations mean for urban design? Well firstly, that if the current boom in urbanization can find no more creative expressions, future urban frustration will run riot. You don’t have to engage with the idea of city masterplanning to say that you want to have fun, but to have fun in a city you have to be able to move through it smoothly, find people and places you like easily, and discover sophisticated user-orientated environments at every turn. Increasingly it seems that if Chinese cities are to fulfill the desires of their citizens, they will need to outperform any urban realm seen to date. They will need to facilitate intrinsically conflicting needs. While growing larger in terms of footprint, with more green and better services, they must also become smaller in terms of travel-time and neighborhood feel. They will need to refute the paradox, and serve what can only be described as a burgeoning community of individuals. Adrian Hornsby 有更多的绿草地和更好的服务,城市也必须变得更小,交通更便利。它们 需要解决矛盾,并且为正处在萌芽中的以人为本的社区服务。 Adrian Hornsby A6 .indd 32-33 2007.1.22 12:25:13 AM
    • 1 Where were you born Village (less than 20,000 people): 27% --------------------------- * Town (less than 100,000 people): 13%------------- * City (less than 1 million people): 22%---------------------- * Big city (1 million-10 million people): 18%------------------ * Mega-city (more than 10 million people): 20%-------------------- * 2 Where do you live now Village (less than 20,000 people): 1%- * Town (less than 100,000 people): 4%---- * City (less than 1 million people): 18%------------------ * Big city (1 million-10 million people): 17%----------------- * Mega-city (more than 10 million people): 60%------------------------------------------------ * 3 Do you live in the centre: 24%------------------------ * near the centre: 51%-------------------------------------------------------- * suburb: 21%--------------------- * satellite town: 3%--- * countryside: 1%- * 4 Do you like your city 1 (not at all): 3%--- * 2 (not much): 12%------------ * 3 (it's okay): 45%--------------------------------------------- * 4 (yes, it's nice): 18%------------------ * 5 (yes, it's great): 21%--------------------- * 5 Where would you like to live in 2020 Village (less than 20,000 people): 8%-------- * Town (less than 100,000 people): 8%-------- * City (less than 1 million people): 24%------------------------ * Big city (1 million-10 million people): 18%------------------ * Mega-city (more than 10 million people): 43%----------------------------------------------- * 6 In the centre: 18%------------------ * near the centre: 36%------------------------------------ * suburb: 33%--------------------------------- * satellite town: 5%----- * countryside: 8%-------- * 7 What kind of building did you grow up in apartment block: 13%------------- * dormitory building: 39%--------------------------------------- * ping fang /small house: 34%---------------------------------- * villa:3%--- * other: 9%--------- * 8 What kind of building do you live in now apartment block: 41%----------------------------------------- * dormitory building: 41%----------------------------------------- * pingfang / small house: 8%-------- * villa: 3%--- * other: 8%-------- * 9 Are you happy with your current home 1 (not happy): 5%----- * 2: 10%---------- * 3: 39%--------------------------------------- * 4: 28%---------------------------- * 5 (very happy):18%------------------ * 10 Who lives there with you (check as many as you like) parents: 29%----------------------------- * friends: 21%--------------------- * partner: 21%--------------------- * children: 10%---------- * just you: 15%--------------- * 11 How many people altogether 1-2: 66%------------------------------------------------------------------ * 3-5: 33%--------------------------------- * more than 5: 2%-- * 12 What kind of building do you want to live in in 2020 apartment block: 36%------------------------------------ * dormitory building: 15%--------------- * ping fang /small house: 9%--------- * villa: 28%---------------------------- * other: 12%------------ * 13 Who will live there with you (check as many as you like) parents: 28%---------------------------- * friends: 18%------------------ * partner: 53%----------------------------------------------------- * children: 56%-------------------------------------------------- * just you: 8%-------- * 14 How many people altogether 1-2: 31%------------------------------- * 3-5: 62%-------------------------------------------------------------- * more than 5: 8%-------- * 15 In 2020 will you be living in your home city town village yes: 32%-------------------------------- * no: 68%-------------------------------------------------------------------------- * 16 In 2020 where will your parents live with you: 23%----------------------- * nearby: 25%------------------------- * in the same city: 19%------------------- * in another part of China: 32%-------------------------------- * 17 How do you get to school work walk: 24%------------------------ * bicycle: 12%------------ * bus: 25%------------------------- * subway: 16%---------------- * car: 13%------------- * taxi: 9%--------- * A6 .indd 34-35 2007.1.22 12:25:17 AM
    • 18 How long does it take less than 30 mins: 59%----------------------------------------------------------- * 1 hour: 34%---------------------------------- * 90 mins: 5%----- * 2 hours: 2%-- * 19 Do you think the transport is 1 (very bad): 24%------------------------ * 2: 14%-------------- * 3: 39%--------------------------------------- * 4: 18%------------------ * 5 (very good): 5%----- * 20 Do you think the traffic is 1 (very bad): 41%----------------------------------------- * 2: 25%------------------------- * 3: 25%------------------------- * 4: 7%------- * 5 (very good): 3%--- * 21 In 2020 how will you get to school work walk: 14%-------------- * bicycle: 13%------------- * bus: 7%------- * subway: 18%------------------ * car: 45%--------------------------------------------- * taxi: 3%--- * 22 How long will it take less than 30 mins: 69%--------------------------------------------------------------------- * 1 hour: 28%---------------------------- * 90 mins: 3%--- * more than 2 hours: 1%- * 23 Will you own a car in 2020 yes: 73%------------------------------------------------------------------------- * no: 27%--------------------------- * 24 Do you think the roads around where you live need to get bigger: 46%---------------------------------------------- * stay the same: 42%------------------------------------------ * get smaller: 12%------------ * 25 Do you think the city is well connected 1 (no, not at all): 18%------------------ * 2: 30%------------------------------ * 3: 30%------------------------------ * 4: 14%-------------- * 5 (yes, very well): 2%-- * 26 Do you like big cities 1 (not at all):5%----- * 2: 16%---------------- * 3: 30%------------------------------ * 4: 23%----------------------- * 5 (lots and lots): 26%-------------------------- * 27 Do you think that there is enough green space yes: 26%-------------------------- * no: 60%------------------------------------------------------------ * not sure: 14%-------------- * 28 Do you think that there is enough public space yes: 21%--------------------- * no: 69%--------------------------------------------------------------------- * not sure: 10%---------- * 29 Would you be happy living in a building with (check as many as you like) 1 storey: 24%------------------------ * 5 storeys: 39%--------------------------------------- * 10 storeys: 35%----------------------------------- * 30 storeys: 23%----------------------- * 50 storeys: 7%------- * more than 50 storeys: 14%-------------- * 30 Do you like the way in which where you live is changing 1 (not at all): 15%--------------- * 2: 24%------------------------ * 3: 36%------------------------------------ * 4: 16%---------------- * 5 (lots and lots): 8%-------- * 31 Where do you spend most time with your friends at home: 26%-------------------------- * in malls or shopping areas: 19%------------------- * in restaurants, bars, or clubs: 34%---------------------------------- * in public places (parks, museums etc.): 8%-------- * in internet cafes: 3%--- * other: 10%---------- * 32 How important in future home big rooms space 1: 6%------ * 2: 9%--------- * 3: 22%---------------------- * 4: 25%------------------------- * 5: 38%-------------------------------------- * 32 How important in future home modern feel 1: 11%----------- * 2: 9%--------- * 3: 35%----------------------------------- * 4: 21%--------------------- * 5: 25%------------------------- * 32 How important in future home old feel history 1: 22%---------------------- * 2: 22%---------------------- * 3: 26%-------------------------- * 4: 18%------------------ * 5: 12%------------ * A6 .indd 36-37 2007.1.22 12:25:21 AM
    • 32 How important in future home garden 1: 4%---- * 2: 5%----- * 3: 20%-------------------- * 4: 32%-------------------------------- * 5: 38%-------------------------------------- * 32 How important in future home close to centre 1: 8%-------- * 2: 15%--------------- * 3: 29%----------------------------- * 4: 23%----------------------- * 5: 25%------------------------- * 32 How important in future home lively busy neighbourhood 1: 6%------ * 2: 5%----- * 3: 20%-------------------- * 4: 31%------------------------------- * 5: 30%------------------------------ * 32 How important in future home peace and quiet 1: 2%-- * 2: 3%--- * 3: 10%---------- * 4: 26%-------------------------- * 5: 60%------------------------------------------------------------ * 33 How important in China car 1: 8%-------- * 2: 4%---- * 3: 25%------------------------- * 4: 22%---------------------- * 5: 40%---------------------------------------- * 33 How important in China train 1: 4%---- * 2: 7%------- * 3: 25%------------------------- * 4: 32%-------------------------------- * 5: 33%--------------------------------- * 33 How important in China hutong 1: 21%--------------------- * 2: 10%---------- * 3: 33%--------------------------------- * 4: 14%-------------- * 5: 22%---------------------- * 33 How important in China skyscraper 1: 8%-------- * 2: 17%----------------- * 3: 29%----------------------------- * 4: 20%-------------------- * 5: 27%--------------------------- * 33 How important in China park 1: 3%--- * 2: 4%---- * 3: 9%--------- * 4: 24%------------------------ * 5: 60%------------------------------------------------------------ * 33 How important in China mall 1: 6%------ * 2: 4%---- * 3: 21%--------------------- * 4: 26%-------------------------- * 5: 42%------------------------------------------ * 33 How important in China Starbucks 1: 34%---------------------------------- * 2: 11%----------- * 3: 31%------------------------------- * 4: 13%------------- * 5: 12%------------ * 33 How important in China communism 1: 40%---------------------------------------- * 2: 15%--------------- * 3: 25%------------------------- * 4: 10%---------- * 5: 10%---------- * 33 How important in China the economy 1: 2%-- * 3: 10%---------- * 4: 29%----------------------------- * 5: 60%------------------------------------------------------------ * 33 How important in China culture 1: 2%-- * 2: 1%- * 3: 7%------- * 4: 17%----------------- * 5: 74%-------------------------------------------------------------------------- * 33 How important in China the environment 1: 3%--- * 2: 2%-- * 3: 5%----- * 4: 4%---- * 5: 85%------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- * 34 how important to you making money 1: 4%---- * 2: 4%---- * 3: 24%------------------------ * 4: 30%------------------------------ * 5: 30%------------------------------ * A6 .indd 38-39 2007.1.22 12:25:25 AM
    • 34 how important to you children 1: 9%--------- * 2: 9%--------- * 3: 13%------------- * 4: 18%------------------ * 5: 51%--------------------------------------------------- * 34 how important to you love life 1: 4%---- * 2: 3%--- * 3: 11%----------- * 4: 27%--------------------------- * 5: 55%------------------------------------------------------- * 34 how important to you friends 1: 2%-- * 2: 1%- * 3: 8%-------- * 4: 35%----------------------------------- * 5: 55%------------------------------------------------------- * 34 how important to you having fun 1: 4%---- * 2: 2%-- * 3: 14%-------------- * 4: 32%-------------------------------- * 5: 48%------------------------------------------------ * 34 how important to you music art books 1: 3%--- * 2: 3%--- * 3: 10%---------- * 4: 27%--------------------------- * 5: 58%---------------------------------------------------------- * 35 Have you travelled outside China yes: 56%-------------------------------------------------- * no: 44%-------------------------------------------- * 36 Where do you most want to go Europe: 45%--------------------------------------------- * America: 14%-------------- * Canada: 6%------ * Australia: 4%---- * India: 9%--------- * travel in China: 9%--------- * other: 12%------------ * 37 What is your age 0-15: 2%-- * 15-25: 39%--------------------------------------- * 25-35: 48%------------------------------------------------ * 35-50: 9%--------- * 50-65: 2%-- * 38 Have you been to university yes: 92%----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- * no: 8%-------- * 39 What is your current occupation student: 28%---------------------------- * manual worker (low skill): 1%- * manual worker (high skill): 1%- * office worker (secretarial/administrative): 5%----- * office worker (professional): 22%---------------------- * office worker (lower management): 11%----------- * office worker (upper management): 7%------- * other: 25%------------------------- * 40 What do did your parents do manual worker (low skill): 15%--------------- * manual worker (high skill): 6%------ * office worker (secretarial/administrative): 4%---- * office worker (professional): 7%------- * office worker (lower management): 5%----- * office worker (upper management): 27%--------------------------- * other: 36%------------------------------------ * A6 .indd 40-41 2007.1.22 12:25:29 AM
    • Holding down a good job to make some money. You’re nothing in china without it. Just a vulnerable mine worker, waiting for the next explosion. Forget the middle class and join me in my deluxe villa in the sky (or a Western born Chinese man thinking for a future China in all too gloomy ways.) My dream for 2020 is to have my own apartment in a tower, with western accommodations. I would like to fit it out with all western furniture. I tend to go for decadence to state my financial position in life. As for life in the city, it will depend more on shopping public places and how to decorate your own apartment. Most of public city life will be replaced by the fear of provincial unrest gone wild in our cities. And the pollution awaiting our weakened lungs outside. So the interior of our buildings will be what remains of our city life, or how to fit out your apartment; this will be the new shopping. Oops, that’s my negativity creating a protective cocoon or just a nightmare. But my true dream is too idealistic and altruistic to be true, green spaces, lively public life, and environmental standards. But lets be honest, this capitalist/communist hybrid has yet to bring good things to the average Chinese citizen. Political unrest, an unhealthy environment, and rampant consumerism, will only plague us Chinese citizens. So all we have to dream for is a nice place to live in. Negative yes, but honest. So sell me your development with rendered comfort, traditional Chinese serenity, and large fence to keep the negative energy outside. Sorry Dynamic City, I couldn’t think of a dream. works at home, no longer needs to gather in one office building. We can save both the resources and the time, and we also can allocate our time freely to improve efficiency and relieve traffic congestion. ...... The city maybe more modernized, but the living environment may not have changed much, my lifestyle won’t either. I hope China can develop more, more balanced, paying more attention to ecology. I dream to have a nice family, lovely kids, a family that cares about each other, and my own comfortable home. travel business I hope I can live in a beautiful village with nice surroundings, convenient transportation. I also hope I have more free time to travel and see the undeveloped places. A6 .indd 42-43 2007.1.22 12:25:33 AM
    • I think I will try some charity work around 2020 In 2020, my life could be more or less similar, but my kids would have grown up, so I can have more time for traveling around and contribute my service to people who need help (like non-profit organization...). In 2020, I would like to see China have set up more charity organizations to help people who need it, such as the disables, low income families, poor kids, for education etc... Architect and planner I would like to live in a city without cars and with various kinds of public transportations: bus, subway, train... cheap, fast, comfortable and clean ones. They also have to be available at night. It will take less than 5 minutes by foot to be connected to every station... The roads will be smaller and designated for walking and soft, ecological transportations, like bikes and roller blades. We could find different kind of places to relax, have a walk or do some sports without paying. There will be no entrance, no guards to shake, and we can find people everywhere, outside, inside buildings, on the roof of buildings to enjoy the city from the top... it will be open to everybody. And green, green everywhere, along the streets, on the walls, and the roofs... We could also have a walk or picnic on the sand with some friend along the canal, and why not swim there and have a shower after. There will be no advertisement, not any visual pollution on front of the buildings; architecture alone could express herself and her beauty and colors... Consultation work about design or research Good urban environment, less pollution, moderate rain with adequate sunshine; open cultural environment which will accept varies cultures; more media participants; easier face-to-face interpersonal communication; A convenient, colorful, and rich material life with excellent traffic conditions; better work, more leisure time; many people will be able to explore their amateur creativity. A6 .indd 44-45 2007.1.22 12:25:36 AM
    • Work which could make enough money, and offer an easy life. Self-employed: writer, graphic designer, fashion related design. Or some other professional work. We are more more mobile than now, using a mobile office, I only need to go to the office when a face to face meeting is required. I hope the city could be greener than now it is. I could leave alone or with my friends, and no longer live in big modern building, things could be offered by high tech. but not that cold. All the surrounding things could keep the old style (maybe with new ideas), downtown will be more and more like a functional place, not for living but only for social things. At night, it will just turn off… More and more people will just move out to the uptown inside of downtown. Tubs will be the major transportation in city. Company employee (professional) I hope I can live an easy life in 2020. There would less pressure from my job so that each year I could have two or three weeks to travel. The transportation is more convenient. The living quality for citizens would improve a lot. We have a normal life. I have a dream that I am healthy and in the company of a lot of friends and I don’t have to worry about earning money. Teacher, artist A dream is only a dream. According to the situation now, a dream would remove you only be further away, so you’d better stop dreaming. self-employed I will have an easy life, active and cozy. There would be less tall buildings, less private cars, and convenient transportations. I hope I will be very free and sometimes working for others to earn extra money. I will have much spare time so that I can travel around the world. A6 .indd 46-47 2007.1.22 12:25:40 AM
    • In electronics or technical work More green in the surroundings, well-developed road network. I would buy my parents an apartment. Work hard, live intense. similarly creative work I wish I could still be very energetic and creative with many new and fresh ideas. I could have a big studio space to work and live separately but very nearby. Also I could have a flat close by for my parents. I wish I could have a garden and green where I live and work. I wish Beijing will have a fully functioning subway system covering every corner at not-more than 10 minutes walk-distance, so I don’t need to drive around and be stuck in traffic jam. The streets can have many neighborhoods with shops, cafes, small businesses and services for living. The city can be enjoyed just by walking & biking. There more cinemas with good movies. High position officer I wish China in 2020 has more cities open to the outside world. The planning of mega- cities should keep pace with the growth of the cities, reducing traffic jams, and increasing green areas, and decreasing pollution. I hope I could live in a fashionably apartment, with spacious rooms and enough sunshine and a big kitchen. Wishing the cable television could be more internationalized, at least could receive some important programs from European or American TV stations. The International Exhibition Center needs to be expanded, because there should be much more exhibitions than there are now. Today some conferences are influenced by the weather and pollution. I hope in 2020 scientific developments can control the pollution more effectively. Of course English education should become more popular, so that China could totally open up to the outside world. I wish the speed of importing movies could be faster and the themes cover various aspects. And the fight against piracy is a long-term effort; so could the price of the movie ticket decrease a little bit? High position in the company Have a car, a house. Various lifestyles. Enough food and clothes. A6 .indd 48-49 2007.1.22 12:25:43 AM
    • I wish I knew; something related to the cultural industries. China will have surpassed the west in environmental innovations, transportation efficacy and urban planning schemes that accommodate a dense urban population and middle- low income earners. There will be more freedom of speech and more education for all, and the countryside as a peaceful alternative to city living will be preferred and protected. Of course, the countryside will have new economic options to keep people there, and will be respected for its unique way of life. No one will want cars! We will all work from home via the internet and virtual offices! I am learning urban planning in Canada. I hope I would back to China in 2020 and become part of a new- generation of designers. I hope in China in 2020 everybody would have their own house to live in and there are fewer differences between cities and villages. Government administration would be public and transparent. The different levels for public education will be clear. It would be a city with advanced public facilities and convenient transportation and excellent welfare system and medical care. I also hope I can live in a tall building or villa in the village. The living model of high-level and high-density or high-level and low-density is not suitable for China. The only way both to solve the housing problem and maintain certain living condition is an appropriate combination of building height with intensive land use. The traditional culture of neighborhood and community should be brought to a great height of development. I am looking forward to living in a big cozy and harmonious community with good environment together with all my family members and relatives. Everyone, no mater in the city or the village, has a stable job, reasonable salary, excellent social security and a very optimistic mind. international business man In my dream, I hope I can earn all the money I want and then live in a modern city like Shenzhen, Qinhuangdao and so on. I wish I could live in a place which is beautiful, quiet and peaceful. And the city becomes more and more comfortable! A6 .indd 50-51 2007.1.22 12:25:47 AM
    • A leader in a medium level cooperation with enough income for my family’s livelihood and leisure One or two private cars, living in a suburb 10 minutes driving from to the center. The residential society would have some grass lands, guards etc. the apartment doesn’t need to be very big or a lot of rooms; this would be too difficult to tidy. The city would have improved a lot. Besides the traditional buildings, all other low buildings would be torn down. The traffic would be much better than now, the main transportation modes are subways and buses, cyclists have their own bicycle lane; that should be much safer. The degree of civilization of drivers would increase a lot, just as in western countries. Pedestrians would have the priority when crossing the road and no illegal vendors on the streets. In 2020 I want to have a position in an accounting department of a big corporation and I would become a registered accountant. In 2020, I hope I would have a private car, I could take my family out for fun, and I’d use it for work too. My kids would study close to our home. There is a good environment, with harmony, the quality of citizens is increasing. The city is clean with fresh air, and it becomes completely utopian. I dream to have a happy home, a healthy body, a xiaokang / well-off economy, and I reach my own goals. ...... I hope China will develop into a country in which more people can have a share of the resources it has, where less energy is wasted and ways are found to curb the growing pollution. I hope the economic growth of China will not continue to cut into the rich physical culture and heritage, so as to leave something for our children they can be proud of. I really hope I can still be part of that, and that I can enjoy the beautiful country it will be. A6 .indd 52-53 2007.1.22 12:25:50 AM
    • Teacher In 2020, China must be more urbanized. My life would not change a lot because of my occupation. Teacher is a quite stable job. I expect everything will be better, especially the traffic problem could be improved a lot, and the subways should extend in all directions. And there should be more green; I hope to breathe more pure fresh air. Drinking water will be much cleaner. I expect the buildings are more beautiful, the quantity of cars is much less than now. The population density is reduced. I could go through the city by bike. A leader in a medium level cooperation with enough income for my family’s livelihood and leisure One or two private cars, living in a suburb 10 minutes driving from to the center. The residential society would have some grass lands, guards etc. the apartment doesn’t need to be very big or a lot of rooms; this would be too difficult to tidy. The city would have improved a lot. Besides the traditional buildings, all other low buildings would be torn down. The traffic would be much better than now, the main transportation modes are subways and buses, cyclists have their own bicycle lane; that should be much safer. The degree of civilization of drivers would increase a lot, just as in western countries. Pedestrians would have the priority when crossing the road and no illegal vendors on the streets. Lawyer I’m not too busy earning money, but realizing my dream and promoting to set up a law for animal protection. Playing the piano, cooking in my spare time. Enjoying the life with my wife and traveling. I have a big enough villa; so my parents could move in to live with us as well. A6 .indd 54-55 2007.1.22 12:25:54 AM
    • Politician In 2020 China will have banned cars and everyone will ride bicycles or take transit. All of the skyscrapers will have farms, create their own energy and deal with their own waste. There will be parks nearby, shopping streets, cultural centers and a continuous network of natural systems that cross the city. manager? …probably. I hope by then we only work 4.5 days, 7hrs a day. If we are lucky, we may still have enough oil and no energy shortage. In 2020, China will be economically stronger and with prosperity on the horizon, I hope it will be much easier to go abroad for a holiday. Maybe by that time, more countries will let us have a 3-month visit visa without much difficulty and we can get the visa on site. Metropolitan life will become more colorful but with more stress from work; people will look for new ways to release stress. Internet cafes are enjoying a big popularity among teenagers now. Maybe in the future, there won’t be any of them around since Internet must be more accessible. Instead, there will likely be more theme parks such as Happy Valley in Shenzhen and Disneyland in HK. Buses will be made better. And having a car is just like having a nice suite to wear for the day. Expensive sports such as golf and surfing will become more affordable. Hopefully, we have more sense of the environment and a lot of green projects will be carried out. What is badly polluted now will get a lot of attention from the crowd and people will become more willing to resume its original look. In the end, in the year 2020, China will be still blessed with peace and the US won’ t be as aggressive or greedy to invade any other countries. I’ll run my own company I’ll have my own company; a 80 m2 apartment with 3 bedrooms, which is near my parents home and it’s convenient to take care of them; is far from the center, surrounded by beautiful vegetation; the education for my children is better and the tuition for schooling is less. The medical care is improved and cheaper. Society is stable, and the economy is growing steadily. The gab between rich and poor is getting smaller. People are wealthy and living and working conditions in the rural areas have much improved. The distance between city and village is smaller and smaller. A6 .indd 56-57 2007.1.22 12:25:58 AM
    • Because my major is business management, I think in 2020 I would have a job in business management, maybe a senior manager; otherwise a teacher in a high school In 2020, I hope I would have a happy family, and everyone is healthy. Less pressure from living, enough time for traveling. I expect the living environment would have well appointed facilities, nice environment, fresh air and with a European feeling. … It will be very organized, no noise, no smoke and very clean. I am not living in a big building, but still keeping a courtyard in Beijing. An interesting city with street shopping. Free educated and high welfare. I hope I will be able to do some part-time consulting, and enjoy my life for the rest of the time. A job with enough salary for my family to have a high-quality life. It must be a meaningful job with enough spare time, and it also could contribute to the nation I hope China in 2020 has territorial integrity, good natural environment, a developed economy, with powerful capacity to fuse and attract different cultures; an ordered and mature society; less sharp distinction between the rich and the poor; the country could protect its citizens better, and people have harmonious lives. I would live with my wife and child, work for a meaningful job with a satisfactory salary for my high quality life with my family, I would have enough spare time to travel with my family; stable friends and a docile pet. I will be living in a green society with convenient transits and lively surroundings with active neighbors. The city where I would live in is dynamic, with a good environment, convenient traffic, stable development, good order, abundant cultural life; this would make me feel revitalized. A6 .indd 58-59 2007.1.22 12:26:01 AM
    • No job, I would be better if I could retire soon I hope in 2020 there will be blue skies, enough drinking water but not too much; no sandstorm, no polluted air from cars; smooth traffic, comfortable, convenient, fast; it is not necessary to have a private car. Three working days per week, the rest four days for studying, relaxing and entertaining. There would be many big cities in 2020, so people would not gather only in one city, and there would be no annual spring rush home problem. A job concerning the environment I expect the environment would be much better, green everywhere. People have happy lives. I could do what I like. I have a small room with my family. When I have spare time, I could travel, especially to some beautiful places in China and some European countries. Program Architect or media artist. Working on the living conditions of the underprivileged of society, creating the qualities of mainstream society. It’s a kind of mix. Based on progressive traffic. The elderly population will increase, but the space available will reduce. The lifestyle of senior citizens will diversify. We’ll see a cultural renaissance. Architect The cities will have evolved to be more sensible to excessively fast development. I wish to live in a compact city center where walking is pleasant and possible. I believe city life will be more compact, as everybody only needs a computer with internet connection and not much more. Therefore private space would be reduced and we can give more as open public spaces. A6 .indd 60-61 2007.1.22 12:26:05 AM
    • Professional fundraiser Quiet and peace. Playing with the children, walking with my parents; reading in my spare time, and doing some exercise to keep healthy, also traveling sometimes. Architect Lifestyle: my own studio; holiday twice each year, live with my parents. Living environment: more trees, less cars, broader spaces. People fell bored about the lifestyle in cities because the functionality of cities is weakened day by day. However commercial mechanisms continuingly make more and more people pour into the cities. Due to the problem of transportation and value orientation, the centre of city moves closely to its edge. The repetition of urban functions at the edge of big cities will ultimately destroy the city. My dream is to increase living space in the whole country so to fundamentally solve the problem of the shortage of land. Pay more attention to the relationship between neighborhoods, forms of living and working. civil servant The economy is developing smoothly; food and clothing problems in the poverty areas could be completely solved; environmental pollution problem could be effectively improved, air quality would be better and better. The traffic jams could be solved as well; there would be no gridlock on the street. The growing population is under control. The quality of the exported products would be improved. No matter politics or economy, China would play its part in the world. And I hope I would have my own villa, private car. And my life would be both intensive and leisurely; I would go abroad to take some periodical refreshment courses or just for traveling. artist In 2020, China will be like Germany in 1938-39, just before ww2. the big shots of Zhong Nan Hai in Beijing, will have all the power of their fantasy, to seize Taiwan and to compete with America. This will be the start of the darkest time for humanity. A6 .indd 62-63 2007.1.22 12:26:08 AM
    • Artist 15 years later, I expect I could join into some interesting affairs, like sell paintings, mount paintings, make some beautiful accessories, or run a flower shop. I could go for walk with my grandson in the park to play Taiji (Chinese kongfu). Blue sky, green land with birds and flowers, exchange chess techniques with friends. I want to live in a lower than 6 stories building, no high buildings around so nothing would block the sunshine. There is a row of trees in front of the building to enjoy the shade. A sweet-smell comes from roses and clove trees. There would be no traffic jams on the roads, so the kids could get home quickly to have a rest, an 8 hour workday, and no overtime during the holidays; keeping healthy and energetic. Our kids’ kids would go to a school with highly skilled teachers, bright classes with just 30 students, no more crowded classes of 60 students. No dust in the playground. Translator In 2020, I would live with my family in a not very big apartment in a well-appointed beautiful residential area. I would go to work by public transportation; the public transportations must be very convenient by then. No traffic jams, less than an hour to go to work or go home. More walking streets like Wangfujing (a main walking street for shopping) in the city, no trouble from traffic, so we can relax there. I hope I could run a small shop no matter how much profit I could make. Lawyer There would be better if we had transport without the need for cars or bicycles. Better underground system. Shopping experience will be more integrating that the shops won’t be so concentrated on selling one thing in a huge complex. Air pollution should really improve and water shortage could be elevated with some good managing of water distribution and pricing. Recycling would really REALLY REALLY help!!!!! In electronics or technical work More green in the surroundings, well-developed road network. I would buy my parents an apartment. Work hard, live intense. A6 .indd 64-65 2007.1.22 12:26:12 AM
    • cultural business I would like to live in a suburb of Beijing, with lots of green, maybe a nice park or fields in the area. I have a house with a garden, maybe I work from home. City life will become even more hectic in Beijing with more skyscrapers and only young rich people living in the city who want to go out and go shopping. I would not want to spend too much time in the big city, only occasionally. The few parks that Beijing has will be even more crowded. There will be a better subway station but public transport will still be lagging behind. Traffic jams may become as bad as in Jakarta. Management In 2020, I should have my own company, according to my ability I could run it not too bad. My individual material life and mental life would be much better. The apartment doesn’t need to be very big but must be very warm. My car would be the main transportation facility. I want to be an influential man in society, and also give my family a happy life. Designer, teacher, merchant A free and relaxing living environment is important to me, and cities should have their own features, they could be more active and busy. No matter living in city or town, the quality of life should never change; people always aspire to a good living environment. My dream is to have a happy life, keep a clear mind and a healthy life. Designer I could do anything that I want, promising to give my parents a comfortable life. Free life, good social relationship and fresh air. A6 .indd 66-67 2007.1.22 12:26:15 AM
    • IInternational journalist based in china My dream has already come true. I moved to China, build my career here and this country has accepted me and my dream. Moreover, I married a wonderful guy and we bought the house of our dreams: with space, an outdoor area, lots of sunlight and close to lively city centre. Therefore, I would be foolish to add more and more wishes to all the happiness we already have. If my life would never change anymore, it would just be like now. I would already be satisfied. But hey, we keep on dreaming...wishing our parents will stay healthy, wishing one day we can have a baby, wishing our country keeps working with the same creativity. China will develop in the right direction, respecting nature and its people. Self-employed Comfortable life with friends, vibrant human cultural environment; no wars. I want to see today become a memorable era. Anything in art or design A free, satisfactory income, a husband and two healthy kids; a lush clean city that keeps developing fast; people are polite and respectful. We enjoy freedom, without compromising on health or the economy. Run my own company In 2020, Beijing would be much bigger than now; the environment would be still quite polluted. Much more cars. I would be very busy commuting between my company, my home and my kid. Artist An artistic lifestyle, living in a natural and harmonious environment. I dream the city would be like a big garden and I am the bee. A6 .indd 68-69 2007.1.22 12:26:19 AM
    • In art In 2020, I live in a two-storey villa in a village; there are flowers, fruit, vegetables and trees planted in my 600 m2 courtyard. I usually wake up in the morning and come out from my bedroom on the second floor to the yard to enjoy the fresh air and do some exercise. After a simple breakfast in the kitchen on the first floor, I go to the reading room. Check my email and start working on-line. I go to my office to design and create my art in the afternoon. I meet friends in the evening. During the weekend, I would take my family on a trip or visit some exhibitions or performances, or maybe just relax. Every year I would have one month for traveling in China, and one month traveling overseas, two months are for going on business. Half of the year I work at home, the other half I work in an office. Public transportation in the city has developed and so have various cultural and recreational places and facilities. Most people in this city rely on internet for their work and their daily life and leisure and also for joining some dazzling shows. The densest urban area is the CBD, connected by roads, railways and subways. Many people live with their families in individual buildings in the suburbs; gardening becomes a hobby of most people. international business man. In my dream, I hope I can earn all the money I want and then live in a modern city like Shenzhen, Qinhuangdao and so on. I wish I could live in a place which is beautiful, quiet and peaceful. And the city becomes more and more comfortable! Depending on to the possibilities: 1 movie director; 2 TV show host; 3 costume designer; 4 actor I am typing in front of my computer at 17:25 on 3rd of February, 2006, in my 150 m2 apartment. The apartment is in a 6-storey building, in a small city in China. A6 .indd 70-71 2007.1.22 12:26:23 AM
    • Boss, teacher, professional manager I have twins, a happy family, no worries about food and clothes. I’ll have a coffee bar, and I hope I’ll have many chain stores by 2020, and I hope to promote the coffee culture in China and the hutong lifestyle of Beijing, so people would know more about living in the hutongs (alleys) in Beijing. I would be a familiar costumer in one of the bars. In 2020, I hope the hutong where I grew up will not disappear, and the old siheyuan (courtyard) still tell us its history. I like having Beijing Zhajiang Mian (home style noodle) with cold beer in the summer; sitting in hutong and chatting with my friends, watching the kids playing around. That kind of life would be great. It would be better if there is a place to exercise, and if we keep some traditional things, because the times are changing so fast, some people always keep thinking of the toys in their childhood, and also I ‘d like hearing locals calling like “have you eaten yet? No, let’s go get some together….” Haha, just like that. Boss. In 2020, I hope the city where I live is more beautiful, with professional shopping malls, which offer abundant choices for shopping; enough parks and public spaces; a good education system and good schools; smooth traffic; no pollution and the air is clean. No matter in city or village, we could see a tidy clean appearance, and enough roads for transportation (in the rural areas). My family is happy and the life is quiet, we educate our child with success, the life is quite well-off. I can fully develop my own talent and continue to improve myself along the way; keeping a young and healthy spirit. company owner The cities will become more and more like countries in itself..... A6 .indd 72-73 2007.1.22 12:26:26 AM
    • PR City life in Beijing will be fast and furious. People will become more aware of the temptations of huge shopping malls and will become more demanding, and also more aware of the grayness and blandness these giant elements grew out of. Beijing will be like a spider’ s web, spread out to 7th ring road, with tightly packed skyscrapers aligning the roads. Roads will be as congested as other South East Asian cities. I just hope that bicycles come back in fashion, and that bicycle lanes survive! Still working for as a news reporter, but I hope I’ll be more qualified I hope the environment would not be worse than now, and population would be smaller. Our lives would be more like the lives of Europeans and Americans; I hope we could travel around during a certain period every year; that I could live following my own ideas, happier and simpler. Small individual workshop owner I think I will get married and have my baby in 2020. We enjoy our happy life! I will go back to the village where I was born and start my peaceful and quite work and life! The city in my dreams is no longer snobbish and she will give the warmest care to everybody who comes from very far away. In my dreams I will have a virtuous wife and a considerate lover and some children, neither too wise nor stupid, just having their own ideas. They will work happily and they treat each other fair and will be treated fairly. Each month I will have one or two free weeks, and then I can go everywhere, just following my inner voice, coming from the bottom of my heart. I sincerely hope that then I still can bear something in my mind: self-esteem, self-healing and independence; a clear conscience. Something in computing Kiss my wife before going to work, work, and play with my kids after work, sleep. Some extra green in the garden. Get the chance to do a postgraduate. A6 .indd 74-75 2007.1.22 12:26:30 AM
    • Senior manager I will live in a villa in China in 2020, with fresh, unpolluted air, more trees and green fields and blue skies…Everyone just works at home, no longer needs to gather in one office building. We can save both the resources and the time, and we also can allocate our time freely to improve efficiency and relieve traffic congestion. Self-employed I can not imagine how the whole country would be. But I think in 2020, Beijing must be twice as good as in 2008. I live in a big but not too busy city. I only hope there will be a smooth traffic and kind neighbors. A6 .indd 76-77 2007.1.22 12:26:33 AM
    • 民主设计3.0——BURB 动态城市应该包括专家和设计师的见解和研究。动态城市基金会提供了 一个开放资源的平台BURB (www. dynamicity.org)。这是一本在线杂志,而且 任何领域的城市专家都可以定义和创作想要的内容。 BURB 1的标题是《中国 梦》——一个正在建设中的社会,并且可以在线被阅读。 BURB 2:超级卫星城 我们要请你加入BURB 2——超级卫星城以及中国蓬勃发展的半依赖性城 市的调查。 最大的问题就像“城市应该是什么样的?”,在以前西方国家就已经激烈 地争论过。今天乃至明天,中国再次面临这个问题。在城市发展中,成百的楼 群处在建设之中或者正在计划之中。在城市蓬勃崛起的光环笼罩下,人们的呼 声似乎非常微弱。随着省会城市的建成,在未来几十年,卫星城市将会成为发 展的中心。这些卫星城正是中国城市的良药,尽管它们的法律还不完善,但是 它们的功能已经显而易见了。 一部分来自于规划计划,一部分来自于大胆的房产投资和粗糙的开发区, 这些新建区域的生存能力还是存在着问题。把它们建立起来是非常容易的,但 是他们是否会通过满足市场而走向成功还不得知。随着改革的前进,定居和就 业变得越来越难。这些区域总是没有多少人;卫星城变得很沉寂。它们与其母 城的关系变得很矛盾。卫星城想成长壮大,想提供廉价的空间和土地,设施以 及劳动力。但是它们有依赖性;依赖母城给它们提供资源。计划并设计一个卫 星城最终是要找一个平衡点。如果主要城市和卫星城之间的距离太远的话,那 Democratic Design 3.0 – BURB The Dynamic City should include the vision and research of specialists and designers. The DCF offers a platform for open-source collaborations onChinese cities called BURB. (www. dynamicity.org) The format is an online magazine where you, the urban specialist of any field can define and create the content. Each year a topic will be tackled. BURB 1 titled The Chinese Dream – a society under construction has just been completed and can now be viewed online. BURB 2: Super Satellites We invite you to participate in BURB 2 – Super Satellites and the investigation of China’s mushrooming semi-dependent cities. Big questions such as “what should a city be like?” have after the last urbanization surge in the west quickly faded from the debate. Today and more than ever, China requires such questions to be asked once again. Outside the limelight of metropolitan development hundreds of new urban settlements are under construction or being planned. Scattered around big urban centers they grow mostly below the public radar and their impact remains inconspicuous. But at the scale of small capital cities built practically overnight these satellite cities are the growth centers of the next decade. The satellite city is China’s urban remedy, yet its constitution is far from finalized, its implementation is far from foolproof. Partly the result of planning proposals, partly of bold real-estate projects and bewildering development zones, the viability of these new districts remains questionable. Constructing them seems easy enough, yet their success is not assured by sheer market force. As reforms push ahead, relocating people and jobs will prove more and more difficult. The zones often remain empty; the satellites become sleeping towns at best. Their A6 .indd 78-79 2007.1.22 12:26:36 AM
    • 么就无法形成互利互惠,而且每天人们的通勤也无法实现;对卫星城来说,大 城市不过是一个要不可及的海市蜃楼。如果距离太短,则又会被大城市兼并。 这样就无法实现其真正的潜力,无法成为一个年轻的新建的城市。 所有关于中国卫星城的想法,由设计到理论,由虚拟到现实,现在都可以 发表了。 何新城,Quinn Comendant ~ www.dynamiccity.org : info@dynamiccity.org ~ 动态城市基金会 (DCF) 是设立在北京的一所非营利性城市研究与设计的 学会。欢迎你的参与。 relationship to the mothership — the metropolis — is ambivalent. The satellites want to grow, compete and overtake, offering cheap space and land, facilities and labor. Yet they remain dependent upon the local metropolis. Planning and designing a satellite becomes the ultimate balancing act. Positioned too far out, no mutual benefit is achieved and the daily commute becomes unbearable — the metropolis remains a mirage on the horizon. Positioned too close, the satellite is in danger of being swallowed up. It loses its potential attraction as a green retreat, its allure as a safe-haven for young families, and its promise of a new city. All ideas for the Chinese satellite from design to theory, visual or descriptive, can now be posted. Neville Mars, Quinn Comendant ~ www.dynamiccity.org : info@dynamiccity.org ~ The Dynamic City Foundation (DCF) is a Beijing based non-profit urban research and design institute. Sign-up and participate today. A6 .indd 80-81 2007.1.22 12:26:39 AM
    • .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................... Write your own dream here... 在这里写下你自己的梦想... China-At-Home.org Design the future city here... 在这里设计未来的城市... www.DynamicCity.org Neville Mars, Adrian Hornsby 王子凌 友雅 A6 .indd 82-83 2007.1.22 12:26:41 AM
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    • A6 .indd 92 2007.1.22 12:26:54 AM