Background Picture – The Malcolm Little and Betty Shabazz memorial center.
The Early Years <ul><li>On May 19, 1925, Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little) was born in Omaha, Nebraska. His father (Earl Little) was a Baptist pastor and supporter of Marcus Garvey whilst being the local leader of the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association). It Is thought that his Scottish-sided mother (due to sexual abuse from a slave leader) treated him cruelly due to his and her light skin whilst his father loved him for the same reason. On September 28, 1931 (and Malcolm at the age of thirteen), Earl Little died due to ‘an accident’ (claimed by the insurance company) after being hit by a streetcar (tram). Many say he was assaulted by the Black Legion (a descendant group of the Ku Klux Klan). At school, Malcolm was an excellent student but after a white boy claimed ‘a lawyer was no job for a nigger’ he dropped out. In December 1938, Malcolm's’ mother (Louise Gordon) was legally claimed insane after she had a nervous breakdown. The kids were split up and sent to different foster homes. </li></ul>
Later Years <ul><li>In his later life, his job was on the New Haven Railroad. And from 1943 to 1946, he became continuously on the move. When he lived in Harlem, Malcolm was a bi-sexual prostitute, gambled and took drugs. In 1943, the US ordered Malcolm X to sign up to Military service but he was given a 4-F card making him un-eligible to participate. As his life continued down-hill, he joined the ‘robbery’ trade and was caught (January 12) in 1946 for stealing a watch he had left to be repaired in a jewelers shop. He ended up managing to convince the police he was armed and so they left him. Two days later, he was caught with firearms and on January 16 th , was charged with breaking and entering and was sentenced for eight to ten years. In prison, he was nick-named Satan due to his lack of belief in religion. He was thought to have rejected answering the question ‘Prison Number’ from a guard. He was locked in a dark cell and was only allowed to come out once he gave in. Later on, he mat a fellow prisoner who convinced him to educate him-self. Soon after, his little brother informed him of the Nation of Islam. He followed his brothers’ teachings and when he came to visit, helped him become a Muslim. On August 7 th , 1952, Malcolm was released from prison. </li></ul>
Malcolm’s Movement <ul><li>In June 1953, Malcolm X became assistant minister of the Nation of Islam’s Temple One. He leaded many temples around America and rapidly rised in status. Moreover, In the late 1959, a television broadcast aired named ‘The Hate That Hate Produced. After a long line of speeches and meetings, he then decided to resign from the Nation of Islam. There are two reasons in why people think he resigned. 1 – He made a terrible mistake by claiming that the death of Kennedy was like ‘Chickens coming home to roost’. He then said that this meant he was glad. 2 – Elijah Mohammad was found sexually abusing or having sex with many other women as he thought he was sent from Allah and had to have a next of kin. Elijah left the women and never helped them raise their kids. An unproven reason of his resignation is the conspiracy that he was overtaking Mr. Mohammad himself in a variety of ways. Once he left, he founded Muslim Mosque Inc. and named it an Organization of Afro-American Unity. Continuing his change of life, he met on March 26 th , 1964 with Martin Luther King for a minute (literally) but gave photographers a chance to take a picture. In April, Malcolm X made a speech named ‘The Ballot or The Bullet’. He then converted to Sunni Islam and decide to make a pilgrimage to Mecca. </li></ul>
Finally… <ul><li>On January 14 th , 1958, Malcolm X married Betty X. They had six daughters named: Qubilah, Ilyasah, Gamilah, Attila and twins Malikah and Malaak. The Twins were named and born after Malcolm’s death. During his final days, he travelled all around the world from Europe to Africa. He also met Fidel Castro and many other leaders/heads of state like Gamal Nasser of Egypt and Ahmed Toure of Guinea. On February 21 st , 1965, in The Audubon Ballroom, as another man shouted ‘Nigga! Get out of my pocket’. As this disturbance turns everyone’s heads, a man runs up to Malcolm and shoots him. Suddenly, two other men run up and then shoot him another 16 times. He was pronounced dead at 3:30pm before he could get to the hospital. Many members of the Nation of Islam were falsely arrested. Between 14,000 and 30,000 people came to his funeral. It was held on February 27 at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ in Harlem. Elijah was quite cruel as he then betrayed Malcolm by saying: ‘Malcolm X got just what he preached’. He also quoted ‘We know such ignorant, foolish teachings would bring him to his own end’. He was quoted in America as evil and other harsh comments whilst his work has ended up paying up. </li></ul>