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Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012
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Provinciawifi IEEE Networks 2012

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ProvinciaWiFi: a 1000 hotspot free, public, open-source Wi-Fi network

ProvinciaWiFi: a 1000 hotspot free, public, open-source Wi-Fi network

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  • 1. October 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium ProvinciaWiFi: a 1000 hotspot free, public, open source Wi-Fi network The history, choices and technology of a success case Maurizio Goretti(°) (m.goretti@caspur.it) Davide Guerri(°) (d.guerri@openwisp.org) Francesco Loriga(#) (f.loriga@provincia.roma.it) (°) CASPUR - Rome, Italy (#) Province of Rome - Rome, Italy
  • 2. The ProvinciaWiFi project ProvinciaWiFi started in the summer of 2008 with two main goals reduce digital divide by fostering and facilitating the use of ICTs provide hundreds of broadband access points in the provincial territory of Rome using the WiFi technologyOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 3. Some challenges we faced italian legal framework ruling public communication networks strong requirements about users identification and data-retention (VS privacy rights) digital divided areas w/o broadband infrastructures management and monitoring of hundreds of access points spread across a large territoryOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 4. Some design choices self-registration for end-users to the Wi-Fi service by a simple (free) mobile phone number verification indirect identification: in Italy mobile operators have to acquire an ID card copy of their customers centralized systems for users and access points management allows the integration of existing and currently operative connectivity lines through VPNsOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 5. completely open philosophy Some designusing open source no vendor lock-in choices software experiences sharing and results dissemination we aimed to sustainable and replicable solutions the technical solutions had to be consistent and had to be scalable... not Just a Bunch Of (open-source) Tools therefore a new solution based on low-costOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium hardware and personalized software was
  • 6. The OpenWISP project The Provinciawifi technical infrastructure is based on OpenWISP today used by 15 Public Administration networks (and by some private sector companies) OpenWISP is an open-source software suite that can be used to implement many different Wi-Fi architectures it provides simple interfaces to many tools typically used by a Wireless ISPOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 7. The OpenWISP project The OpenWISP suite includes four independent applications and a middleware: user base management - OpenWISP User Management System (OWUMS) access point management and access point firmware - OpenWISP Manager (OWM) and OpenWISP Firmware (OWF) access point monitoring - OpenWISP Geographic Monitoring (OWGM) captive portal - OpenWISP Captive Portals Manager (OWCPM) The middleware allows the integration of the OW* tools and the integration of third party applicationsOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 8. Open WISP User Management SystemOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 9. Open WISP User Management System Fast and easy sign-up to the Wi-Fi service Account management and password recovery, accesses and traffic stats history browsing Web UI with a mobile version Easy yet powerful users base management toolOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 10. Open WISP manager & firmwareOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 11. Open WISP manager & firmware OpenWISP Manager centralized management of several hundred access points template-based access point modeling encapsulation of multiple VLANs in a single L2 VPN OpenWISP Firmware based on the openWRT linux distribution supports any device supported by openWRT permits the simple installation of devices with an easy-to- use web based UIOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 12. The OpenWISP Firmware works behind a firewall, even if NAT is used 1. At boot time every OWF access point creates a setup VPN (openVPN) with the OWM server 2. OWF access point requests and downloads its configuration inside this setup VPN 3. The new configuration is deployed. For instance another VPN is created for WiFi users traffic encapsulation 4. The setup VPN remains up, so it is possible the monitoring and the management of the access point (even if it’s behind a firewall). 5. Periodically the access point asks the OWM server if its configuration is changed and, if so, restarts form the point number 2.October 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 13. Building ProvinciawifiOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 14. Building Provinciawifi the NOC was hosted and managed by CASPUR, which also provided the Internet connectivity the first set of hotspots was installed on the premises of the Province of Rome, choosing locations on the basis of their “public” vocation access points have been connected to the LANs of the Province of Rome and, through VPNs, to the NOC A full deployment plan was started after a few months of experimental serviceOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 15. Some network numbers more than 1,000 hotspots installed registered users are over 240,000 about 2,500 new user registrations per week 5,500 unique logins per day (on workdays) NOC peak (Internet) traffic is 45+45Mbps (rush hours)October 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 16. Further activity and work in progressOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 17. Free ItaliaWiFi At the end of 2010 the Province of Rome, the Autonomous Region of Sardinia and the City of Venice started the “Free ItaliaWiFi” project whose objectives are: spread the use of free public Wi-Fi, foster the development of new networks by Public Administrations facilitate citizens who use the public Wi-Fi networks by creating a unique federalized authentication system to promote some fundamental principles for public Wi-Fi networks: free open access for all citizens, network neutrality, open standards, ...October 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 18. Free ItaliaWiFi as of october 2012, 34 Public Administrations have joined the “Free ItaliaWiFi” project 20 networks are fully integrated (14 are about to be interconnected) nearly 1,800 hotspots about 350,000 users the IX-WiFi (Inter-eXchange Wi-Fi) was built in order to enable the mutual recognition of user credentials across different domains this is a proxy-RADIUS infrastructure with secure, dedicated virtual or physical links between each federated entity and a central “dispatch” pointOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 19. EduRoam an experiment with the GARR Consortium started at the end of 2011 evaluate and deploy the EduRoam service on OpenWISP access points along with ProvinciaWiFi EduRoam (EDUcation ROAMing) is a secure, world- wide roaming access service developed for the international research and education community uses the state-of-the-art technology for network security the experimentation has been successful a set of hotspots now broadcast EduRoam eSSID and a deployment plan is being preparedOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 20. EduRoam - tech In this setup two VLANs are incapsulated into a single layer 2 VPN tunnel one for authenticated traffic, the other one for RADIUS traffic the authentication server that is hosted by the GARR consortium uses the EduRoam proxy server hierarchy for end-user credential verificationOctober 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium
  • 21. Maurizio Goretti(°) (m.goretti@caspur.it) Davide Guerri(°) (d.guerri@openwisp.org) http://openwisp.orgFrancesco Loriga(#) (f.loriga@provincia.roma.it) -- info@openwisp.org (°) CASPUR - Rome, Italy (#) Province of Rome - Rome, Italy END October 16th, 2012 - Rome - Networks 2012 - 15th International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium

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