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Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
Opening session Thinkbike
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Opening session Thinkbike

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Dutch and local bike experts, planners, advocates, engineers and business people came together in the COG Board Room during the opening session to discuss how Washington, D.C. can become more …

Dutch and local bike experts, planners, advocates, engineers and business people came together in the COG Board Room during the opening session to discuss how Washington, D.C. can become more bike-friendly.

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  • 1. THINKBIKE WORKSHOPS WASHINGTON, DC Philosophy and measures for increasing bikeability Cor van der Klaauw, senior advisor of the province of Groningen member of the Dutch Bike Council 1maandag 15 november 2010
  • 2. Royal cycling 2maandag 15 november 2010
  • 3. Mainstream bicycling How to achieve 3 ? 3maandag 15 november 2010
  • 4. Benefits for society  Sustainability  Accessibility  Health  Liveability  Economics 4 4maandag 15 november 2010
  • 5. Of course: sustainability  No CO2-emission (Reduction in the Netherlands: 2.4 million tons)  Efficient  Reduction of global footprint  Alleviates global warming 5 5maandag 15 november 2010
  • 6. Accessibility Consequences in urban areas:  More efficient use of transport infrastructure  Better traffic flow in all Dutch towns  Easier access to towns, business areas etc.  Shorter travel times (the bike is the fastest means of transport in town)  Less congestion  Efficient parking (8 bicycles for 1 car) 6 6maandag 15 november 2010
  • 7. Health Cyclists versus non-cyclists  Increase of life expectancy by 3 years  Age healthier (10 years)  Decrease of diseases (e.g. obesity, heart and coronary diseases, Alzheimer)  Less overweight children and more physically fit  Independent and self-confident youth  Reduction of healthcare costs  Work absenteeism reduction (10-15%) 7 7maandag 15 november 2010
  • 8. Liveability  Cycling brings more joy and happiness in everybody's life  No traffic noise  No fine particles and Nitro-oxides  Social integration within town 8 8maandag 15 november 2010
  • 9. Economics  Reduction of commuting costs  Less need to build expensive parking lots  More efficient transport  Sustainable economic growth  Increase of sales in shops  Reduction of 10-15% in work absenteeism  Every mile by car costs $ 0.40  Every mile by bike gains $ 0.19 9 9maandag 15 november 2010
  • 10. Netherlands: bicycling paradise10 10maandag 15 november 2010
  • 11. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Joy Fear Anger Sadness Aversion Car Bicycle Public Transport Emotions linked to way of transport 11maandag 15 november 2010
  • 12. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% the N etherlandsD enm ark G erm any Austria Sw itzerland Belgium Sw eden Italy France G reatBritain 2% 5%5% 7% 8% 9%9% 10% 19% 27% 12 Bicycling in European countries 12maandag 15 november 2010
  • 13. 0 0,20 0,40 0,60 0,80 1,00 1,20 the N etherlandsD enm ark G erm any Sw eden Finland Belgium Italy England Austria France Spain 0,18 0,34 0,400,40 0,45 0,50 0,63 0,67 0,77 0,83 1,11 13 Number of cycles per inhabitant 13maandag 15 november 2010
  • 14. Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005 0 1,75 3,50 5,25 7,00 0-12 12-16 16-18 18-20 20-25 25-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-65 65-75 >75 Avg Dailycovereddistance(km) Women Men 14 Average daily distance by gender 14maandag 15 november 2010
  • 15. Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005 0 0,50 1,00 1,50 2,00 Age 0-12 12-16 16-18 18-20 20-25 25-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-65 65-75 >75 Avg Dailynr.oftrips Women Men 15 Average daily number of trips by gender 15maandag 15 november 2010
  • 16. 16 16maandag 15 november 2010
  • 17. •0 •200 •400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Bicyclekmpppy 0 10 20 30 40 50 Cyclefatalitiesperbillionbicyclekm Bicycle use safety 1950 –1975: - Suburbanization - Car use - Transport policy 1975 - now: - Suburbanization - Car use + Transport policy + Sustainability & Health 17 17maandag 15 november 2010
  • 18. Trip mode •0% •10% •20% •30% •40% •50% •60% •70% •80% •90% •100% •Commutertravel •Businesstrips •Services/personal •care •Shopping •Education •Visit/stay •Social •recreational •Touring/hiking •Other Total Car Bicycle 18 18maandag 15 november 2010
  • 19. 19 19maandag 15 november 2010
  • 20.  Joy! Freedom, flexibility, being outside  It’s very convenient  Relaxing  Safe (Perceived safety)  Cheap  Health benefit  The fastest way to go about town  Easy to combine with other modes of transport [more] 20 What makes the Dutch cycle? 20maandag 15 november 2010
  • 21. time 21 Cost-benefit-ratio + _ 0 Bristol 10 years Davis, CA 40 years Munich, Basel Portland, OR 15 years Washington, DC 15 years Investment in time ➞ Amsterdam Cost-benefit-ratio of cycling investments over time 21maandag 15 november 2010
  • 22. 22 22maandag 15 november 2010
  • 23. Washington NL Cycling part of everyone’s transport options √ √√ Guidelines fit for promoting mainstream cycling √ √√ Ability to bike (+cycling education) √ √√ Cycling done by all ages √ √√ Law enforcement and system to protect cyclists √ Helmet use √√ Bike safety √√ Cycling to school √√√ Political support for cycling √ √√√ Image of cycling √ √√ Image of cyclists √√ Bike integrated in transport planning √√ Bike-transit integration √ √√ Space for more biking √√  23 Washington versus the Netherlands 23maandag 15 november 2010
  • 24. 24 Marketing of cycling in Washington is very good! 24maandag 15 november 2010
  • 25. Road categorization Mixed traffic, reduce speed differences Bicycle infrastructure Make bike infrastructure recognizable (color!) Bicycle facilities Protect cyclists by law enforcement 25 Dutch solutions 25maandag 15 november 2010
  • 26. Main highways Distributor roads Access roads 26 Three road categories 26maandag 15 november 2010
  • 27. No biking on highways Distributor roads Access roads 27 Bicycle traffic facilities 27maandag 15 november 2010
  • 28. 28 Cyclepath along highway 28maandag 15 november 2010
  • 29. 29 Separation: designated bike lane 29maandag 15 november 2010
  • 30. Smooth surfaces Minimum stops Protection against weather (wind) 30 Separate bike lanes 30maandag 15 november 2010
  • 31.  Cyclists protected by parked cars and road design – no dooring 31 A perfect example of separation 31maandag 15 november 2010
  • 32. 32 Recognizable infrastructure (color) 32maandag 15 november 2010
  • 33. 33 33maandag 15 november 2010
  • 34. 34 34maandag 15 november 2010
  • 35. 35 35maandag 15 november 2010
  • 36. 36 36maandag 15 november 2010
  • 37. 37 37maandag 15 november 2010
  • 38. 38 Contraflow cycling 38maandag 15 november 2010
  • 39. 39 Not everything is OK 39maandag 15 november 2010
  • 40. 40 Bicycle markings 40maandag 15 november 2010
  • 41. 41 Bike box and bike traffic lights 41maandag 15 november 2010
  • 42. Speed bumps 25 mph-zones Home zones “woonerf”(10 mph) 42 Mixed traffic - less cars 42maandag 15 november 2010
  • 43. Speed bump 43 43maandag 15 november 2010
  • 44. Cycle route Car stays behind bicycle 44 Bicycle street 44maandag 15 november 2010
  • 45. 45 Shortcuts for cyclists 45maandag 15 november 2010
  • 46. Philosophy by Dutch enforcement: Car drivers should take full responsibility for driving a car which may cause death or injury should be aware of the capricious nature of cyclists (esp. children) are always liable when an accident happens Cyclists should stick to traffic rules 46 Liability and enforcement 46maandag 15 november 2010
  • 47. 47 Education 47maandag 15 november 2010
  • 48. 48 Signposting 48maandag 15 november 2010
  • 49. 49 Make it convenient .. Parking 49maandag 15 november 2010
  • 50. 50 Make it convenient .. Bike-transit integration 50maandag 15 november 2010
  • 51. 51 Bike-transit integration 51maandag 15 november 2010
  • 52. Cycling, a world to conquer 52 52maandag 15 november 2010

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