Jkw assembly black history month
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Jkw assembly black history month

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  • In 1926, Carter Woodson - who was the son of two Black slaves - realised that the history of Black people in America (and in other cultures) was being ignored or misrepresented, so he began what was then called “Negro History Week”. At the time, the word “negro” was not thought to be an offensive word – it just means “black” in Spanish – but since the 1960s, it has fallen out of common use. Many people objected to the word because of its associations with the slave trade and with terms of abuse.
  • Carter Woodson’s original idea lives on in “Black History Month” which has been celebrated in the USA since 1976. Carter Woodson always hoped that the eventually it would not be necessary to have a special week or month dedicated to Black history because we should celebrate Black people’s history all the time, just as we celebrate the history of white people.
  • At Columbia, he wrote a dissertation on "Banked Blood" in which he described a technique he developed for the long-term preservation of blood plasma. Prior to his discovery, blood could not be stored for more than two days because of the rapid breakdown of red blood cells. Drew had discovered that by separating the plasma (the liquid part of blood) from the whole blood (in which the red blood cells exist) and then refrigerating them separately, they could be combined up to a week later for a blood transfusion. He also discovered that while everyone has a certain type of blood (A, B, AB, or O) and thus are prevented from receiving a full blood transfusion from someone with different blood, everyone has the same type of plasma. Thus, in certain cases where a whole blood transfusion is not necessary, it was sufficient to give a plasma transfusion which could be administered to anyone, regardless of their blood type. He convinced Columbia University to establish a blood bank and soon was asked to go to England to help set up that country's first blood bank.
  • Rapper and younger brother of Ms. Dynamite
  • Otis from The Gadget show tells us more.
  • Mary Jane Seacole was a nurse, born in Jamaica in 1805. She served during the Crimean War, which was fought against Russia by Britain and her allies from 1853 to 1856. When she heard of the poor medical provisions for soldiers who had been wounded, she volunteered as a nurse and asked to be sent as an army assistant to the Crimea. Florence Nightingale (a white nurse) chose 38 nurses but Mary wasn’t one of them. Not to be deterred, Mary borrowed some money and travelled about 4,000 miles (about 6500 km) to the battlefields where she nursed wounded soldiers from both sides, sometimes under fire. When the war ended in 1856 Mary had no money and could not get home, but the soldiers organised a concert to help her.
  • Archbishop Desmond Tutu became Archbishop of Cape Town in 1986. In 1995, Nelson Mandela, who was then the President of South Africa, asked him to lead the “Truth and Reconciliation Commission”, which became a model of national forgiveness and coexistence. Archbishop Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for his lifelong struggle to bring equality, justice and peace to South Africa.
  • Oprah Winfrey was born in a very poor home in America. She had a very tough childhood but managed to get a job at her local radio station, then became a day-time TV presenter. Eventually she launched The Oprah Winfrey Show, which was shown in almost every country in the world, and formed her own production company. It is estimated that Oprah is the richest African American of the 20th century, and was for a time the world's only Black billionaire. Some people have said that because of her TV shows, she has been the most influential woman in the world but she has also given more money to charity than any other Black person in the history of America.
  • Barack Obama was born on the American island of Hawaii. His mother was American and his father was from Kenya but they divorced when Barack was 3 years old, and from then on he saw very little of his father. His mother remarried and they went to live in Indonesia but Barack returned to Hawaii to live with his grandparents. Barack went to university, became a lawyer and eventually went into politics. He became an American senator in 2004 and then the first Black president of the United States of America in 2008. In 2009 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and hopes to be re-elected as president of the USA in 2012.
  • Carter Woodson’s original idea lives on in “Black History Month” which has been celebrated in the USA since 1976. Carter Woodson always hoped that the eventually it would not be necessary to have a special week or month dedicated to Black history because we should celebrate Black people’s history all the time, just as we celebrate the history of white people.

Jkw assembly black history month Jkw assembly black history month Presentation Transcript

  • Living a Rewarding Life. Show respect for the ideas, beliefs and opinions of others.
  • October is Black History Month
  • October is Black History Month
    • In the United Kingdom we have celebrated Black History Month every October since 1987.
    • Its aim is to encourage diversity and celebrate the cultural backgrounds and achievements of many amazing Black people in Britain and across the world.
  • October is Black History Month
    • Many people argue that Black History Month provides us with a focus to demonstrate pride in Black people’s creativity, respect for their intellectual, cultural, and sporting prowess and a celebration of its cultural identity, which is far too often understated or even ignored.
  • Dr Charles Drew
  • Morgan Freeman
  • October is Black History Month
    • On the other hand, the actor Morgan Freeman has publicly questioned Black History Month, asking, "Why would you relegate my history to a single month?"
  • Morgan Freeman
    • Akala
    • Septimius Severus
  • Mary Seacole
  • Archbishop Desmond Tutu
  • Oprah Winfrey
  • Barack Obama
  • October is Black History Month
    • In 1926, nearly a century ago, Carter Woodson - whose work started Black History Month - said that eventually it should not be necessary to have a special week or month dedicated to Black history.
    • We have come a long way as a society but it seems as if there is still more work to be done for everyone to celebrate Black people’s history, not just every October but all the time.
    • Perhaps until we celebrate the achievements of all races, we need to celebrate Black History Month.
  • If you’re interested in reading more please go to: http://www.black-history-month.co.uk. http://www.smaartmags.com/mags/blackhistory365/3.2/index.html
  • Living a Rewarding Life. Show respect for the ideas, beliefs and opinions of others.