• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Tools for a Successful Search
 

Tools for a Successful Search

on

  • 1,771 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,771
Views on SlideShare
1,768
Embed Views
3

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
98
Comments
0

1 Embed 3

http://shinydev.studentaffairs.duke.edu 3

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Tools for a Successful Search Tools for a Successful Search Document Transcript

    • are you SearchSEARCH SKILLS Characteristics of a Savvy Internship and Job Seeker ready to move forward with your search? here are a few characteristics that successful and savvy experience seekers possess and implement throughout the search process. these characteristics apply whether you are pursuing an internship, job, volunteer role, fellowship, or membership in a student organization. Successful seekers REFLECT! Time to search for an opportunity. But wait! What type of experience are you seeking? Why? Take time to think carefully about your skills, strengths, likes/dislikes, and what you want to learn next. Being able to articulate the above will allow you to conduct a search with purpose and direction, ultimately saving you time and minimizing frustration. Reflection is a key component that should be used throughout the process. Successful seekers conduct a TARGETED SEARCH! Pursuing any and every opportunity you find will produce results that may not align with the direction you would like to head with your career. Target organizations and industries that are of genuine interest to you and tailor your approach (resume, cover letter, proposal, and pitch) to reflect the experiences and skills most relevant and salient for those opportunities. Successful seekers RESEARCH! You may know the top five employers in your industry of interest, but who are the top 10? Top 20? Don’t limit your knowledge of the world to what you already know. Take time to expand upon this base of knowledge and learn about opportunities and experiences that are interesting to you. Researching organizations and employers allows you to learn about their culture, values, and specific opportunities for career development. Your research will help you determine whether or not there is a potential fit between you and the opportunity or organization, helping you make an informed decision about your next step! Successful seekers are ORGANIZED! Some searches are especially time consuming. You should anticipate spending several hours a week on your internship, job, or fellowship search. The same may be true of other opportunities. Develop a system that allows you to keep all of your contacts and notes in one place and keep a calendar of relevant events and deadlines. Consider having an email address, folder, or use tags dedicated to your search-related communications. Store your search-related documents electronically in a centralized folder so they are easy to access if needed immediately. Successful seekers have ENDURANCE and PATIENCE! Since some searches can last several months, be prepared to participate in a process that may not always agree with your preferred timeframe. We are used to immediate gratification in our society, but each organization, employer, or funder works at their own pace for legitimate (if obscure) reasons. As a candidate for the opportunity, you will 22 benefit from being aware of and sensitive to this fact. 22
    • Savvy?Successful seekers FOLLOW UP! Following up on your applications and conversations can be the difference between securing an opportunity and remaining in an undifferentiated pile of resumes. By following up, you can confirm that your application is in the right hands, restate your serious interest in the position, and demonstrate follow-through skills so important in professional roles. As with all communications with employers, it is critical to act in a timely, professional, and courteous manner. While you may be eager to know the status of your application, be aware that they may not be able to provide much information at any given time. Your follow-up will nonetheless make a positive impression.Successful seekers MANAGE SETBACKS WITH POSITIVITY! Being told “no” in your search is never fun, but it’s bound to happen at some point. Rejection can hinge on a number of factors, many of which are out of the your control. While rejection can be frustrating, it is very important to remain positive and not let a setback with one opportunity effect how you present yourself for another prospective experience. Transform rejection into motivation, staying confident that you have many strong characteristics to contribute.Successful seekers project PROFESSIONALISM AND MATURITY! You are more than the sum of your skills and previous experiences. Professionalism and maturity can take you a long way. As you connect with people throughout your search, there are many opportunities to demonstrate this, including how you communicate and present yourself. 23 23
    • Professional Networking Intentional, sustained, and effective networking is a powerful tool when searching for interesting internships, jobs, and other experiences. It can significantly augment other methods for learning about and pursuing career options, such as on-campus recruiting, social networking, and online searches. Believe it or not, networking is something you already do well! Think about your first weeks on campus, meeting fellow students and exchanging information related to your discoveries about Duke life, (bus routes, campus dining facilities, interesting activities, great professors, etc). By sharing information, you were assisting or receiving help yourself (getting from East to West Campus on time, finding something fun to do on Thursday night, etc.). Beyond information, perhaps you introduced your math-whiz roommate with your calculus-confused friend for some informal tutoring. Exchanging useful information and seeking and creating helpful introductions are the essence of networking. The Value of Networking Strategically connecting with people enables you to: • Gain insider knowledge and insight into the career field, industry, or organization and the day-to-day experiences, career paths, terminology, organizational culture, sources of industry information, and more. • Build confidence over time in speaking about yourself, career interests, and future goals. • Expand the number of people you know who are doing things you are curious about. • Learn about opportunities, sometimes before they become publicized (Note: Networking is NOT the same as asking for a job). • Refine your goals, make well-informed decisions in your search, and make a positive impression on employers and those who are evaluating your candidacy.24
    • networking Basics With practice comes improvement. ever hear the phrase, “fake it ‘till you make it?” no one needs to know that you’re nervous or that you’ve never done this before. onManaging Your Online Reputation the other hand, if it makes you more comfortable, feel free to tell people this is new for you. it’s okay. even after yearsYou know that employers use the Internet to research potential job of practice, introducing yourself to someone new can feelcandidates. Thus, a necessary part of any job or internship search is risky. But it is worth it. Students we talk to most commonlyto create and maintain a positive online reputation. Use the following say that their level of nervousness far exceeded the actual task, and that the conversation was fun! Just remembersteps to move from damage control towards proactive ownership of that almost any interpersonal encounter can be an opportu-your online first impression. nity for intentional networking. • Know yourself: skills, interests, values, personality,Increase Your Awareness. Be sure you know what information and accomplishments.is or could be available about yourself online, where it is, and what • Make a list of your current relationships—impression it may create. personal, professional, academic, and beyond. add • Search your name (and different versions of it) on the major duke alums to your list! your first-degree contacts search engines, on different social networks, and sites where will be instrumental in connecting you with other you comment. A few not-so-obvious sites to check: Tumblr, people you do not yet know, your second-degree Netflix, Flickr, Match, Delicious, Amazon, Yelp. contacts. • Know the privacy agreement and settings for the various • Do not discount individuals because you think they online communities of which you are a member. do not know the right people. they do not need • Request feedback from peers and professionals on to be in the area you are pursuing to have valuable impressions based your online presence alone. Would they relationships to share. hire you? Why or why not? • Create a plan for reaching out to your first-degree • Familiarize yourself with sites where your potential colleagues contacts and for keeping track of your communica- or supervisors gather and participate online. tions. you might want to start with people who seem to have the closest connections to your interest area or with those whom you feel most comfortableProtect Your Image. Ensure potential employers only see with. either way will work. the point is to create ainformation that conveys a positive image. You do not want them to plan you can act on!question your professionalism, judgment, or ability to represent their • Do your homework. learn a little bit about eachorganization. person you contact (profession, current projects, • Adjust the privacy settings for all online accounts. company, relevant personal information, etc.). use • Remove content and tags that could negatively influence a the power of the internet to your advantage. potential employer’s first impression. • Draft and practice your opening communication • Hide or delete old accounts that do not best represent you. (verbal introduction, email, etc). discuss this with a • Request that information about you posted by others be friend, career advisor, or someone from your Board removed if you are opposed to it. of advisors (Page ##). • Make your move! Send an email or letter first; followBuild a Professional Presence. Present your name, with a phone call. or simply Call! assign yourself aaccomplishments, and aspirations in ways that can be accessible to daily quota. Be persistent but not pushy.others. • Follow up! Call again within a week if you receive no • Use social networks to create and maintain a public profile response. arrange a meeting in person or by phone. that represents your accomplishments and a sense of the ask for 30 to 45 minutes only. you could get even professional you are becoming and you are comfortable with luckier! the public seeing. • Set the tone. Know and explain why you are calling • Display a copy of your resume and a portfolio of your and what you hope to learn (industry information, accomplishments online. career exploration, job search advice, graduate or • Promote your profiles and/or website, e.g., add a link to your professional school guidance, etc.) you are not ask- ing for a job! email signature. • Contribute to conversations relevant to your fields of interest • Ask for referrals. one of your most important ques- tions is, “Whom do you recommend i contact for through media like blogs, LinkedIn groups, and/or Twitter. additional information?” • Send a thank-you note within 48 hours! email is oK!Own Your Presence. Assert greater control of your online identity a personal letter can be very effective, too!by owning it yourself. • Maintain connections. nurture the relationships by • Create a personal website that serves as a professional staying in touch and letting them know where you resume and portfolio. Update this regularly with new content. land! • Continue your activities online and watch your name and • Be patient. networking yields results that often accu- professional identity become more prominent in search mulate over time. never stop networking! engines. Set a goal to take over the whole first page of Google when someone searches your name. 25 25
    • Top Search Strategies Ethical Conduct in Your SearchBefore you jump into your search, consider While you are keeping track of all the elements of your search, be surea few recommendations that will help you your ethical conduct remains a constant the whole way through. Shouldto search smart, manage your time, and you have questions about the ethical thing to do in a given situation,implement an effective plan. please contact the Career Center. We are here to help clarify andA search is a long-term process. Longer explain whatever may seem muddy. If you are in a pinch for time, always than many people anticipate. Plan to err on the side of caution. spend four or more months gearing up and The following are expectations for how to conduct yourself in a way that implementing a search for a full-time or is ethical so as to prevent situations that could result in a permanent highly competitive internship opportunity. scar on your professional reputation within an industry as well as Many students have compared this damage to the reputation of Duke students as a whole: commitment to taking an additional class.Set aside time on a regular basis. Unlike Be 100 percent truthful and accurate on your resume. a paper or project that can be postponed Embellishments and exaggerations are considered lying. Employers or worked on in surges, the best searches often look beyond candidates’ resumes to verify information that are spread over time. Put time on your candidates have provided. Don’t falsify, stretch, or bend information calendar each week—an hour or so for such as your GPA, SAT scores, involvement in activities, leadership roles downtime and a few hours during peak you have held, or results in competitions in which you have participated. periods. On-Campus Recruiting Policy: Falsifying your resume may result inPrioritize your interests. Spend time being reported to Duke’s Office of Student Conduct and subject to exploring to effectively target your sanctions, being banned from the Career Center’s on-campus recruiting search to your interests. Three fantastic program permanently, and forfeiting employment opportunities. applications to great-fit opportunities tend to reap more rewards than 100 scattershot Attend interviews to which you have committed. By applications. agreeing to an interview (whether through eRecruiting, email, or phone),Learn what an optimal candidate profile you are making a commitment. Should you need or desire to withdraw from an interview, timely notification is a must. includes. The better picture you have of On-Campus Recruiting Policy: You may remove yourself from an the person who would be selected for your interview schedule no less than two business days prior to your desired role, the more effective you will be interview. Students who withdraw any later or do not show up will be at presenting your own experiences. Utilize barred from the On-Campus Recruiting program. Reinstatement will the three exploration methods discussed require a letter of apology to the recruiter and a meeting with a Career earlier in this guide to get a well-rounded Center staff member. view.Practice presenting yourself in writing Communicate in a timely manner with employers. Don’t and in conversation. Your ability to ignore phone calls and emails from employers as you go through the articulate what you want and why comes process of accepting or declining interviews or job offers. If you need only through reflection and practice. Create more time when determining details such as start dates, relocation opportunities to rehearse before you find information, etc., it is best to be in touch, be straightforward about the yourself in an interview for that coveted reason for delay or uncertainty, and request more time. position.Get feedback. Have others read your resume Consider your verbal or written acceptance of an offer and guess what kind of position you are seeking. Practice introducing yourself and a binding contract. Reneging on an offer is when you accept an offer then turn it down. This behavior typically ends any chances of expressing your professional interests to employment with that organization in the future. family or friends. Ask your roommate to On-Campus Recruiting Policy: Students that renege on a job offer will role-play an interview with you. have their eRecruiting account inactivated and will have to meet withTrack your progress. Keep records so that Career Center staff to discuss the particular situation as well as take you know what applications and documents steps to repair the relationship with the employer. have gone where and when. Track whom you have talked to, when, how you have followed up, and whether more follow up End your search upon accepting a position. Once you have accepted a job or internship, whether verbally or in writing, you must is expected. This helps you when preparing terminate any other recruiting-related activity with other employers. for an interview or actively managing This includes contacting employers with whom you are scheduled to your conversations and professional interview and removing yourself from candidate pools. relationships. It also gives you a record of On-Campus Recruiting Policy: Continuing to pursue other your progress for days that feel stalled. opportunities once you have accepted a position is a violation of the Career Center’s on-campus recruiting policies. Your account in eRecruiting will be deactivated and you will be expected to meet with a Career Center staff member to discuss the situation and to work on 26 repairing the relationship with the organization.
    • Connect with Employers It is important to understand the value in using multiple strategies as you think about connecting with employ- ers. In the beginning of a search, much of the contact with employers begins with you, the job seeker, be- ing proactive in making the first contact. As you begin hearing back from employers, it is just as important to respond to them in a timely manner. Your communication with employers should embody professionalism and maturity, right down to your email address and the message on your voicemail. And keep in mind, even during the process of connecting with employers, your candidacy is being evaluated. Use the following as an introduction to some of the resources and programs available to you and find more detail on the Career Center website. eRecruiting Search and Apply for Internships and Jobs Duke eRecruiting is a job and internship database exclusive to Duke students. You can search this dynamic system for local opportunities during the school year, national and international summer internships, and post- graduation positions. iNet and The Internship Exchange Selective Access to More Internship Listings iNet and The Internship Exchange are dynamic databases containing listings for thousands of unique intern- ships throughout the United States and abroad. Developed in partnership with two groups of selective col- leges and universities, these databases enable the Career Center to expand experiential opportunities for Duke students. Career Fairs The Career Center hosts or sponsors a variety throughout the year. Whether you are actively seeking a position or casually exploring options, a career fair is an excellent opportunity for you to: Learn about specific organizations and the kinds of candidates they are seeking. Explore career fields that may be of interest to you. Gain confidence networking with employers, some of whom are Duke alums. (Use this bar like you have it and cut the screen shot of eRecruting) 2010-2011 Career Fairs: 2011-2012 Career Fairs: TechConnect September 14 Fall Career Fair................................................. September 15 Fall Career Fair September 14 Nonprofit & Government Career Fair October 15 Nonprofit N.C. Master’s and Ph.D. Fair Fair ............. October 1319 & Government Career November Career & Summer Opportunities Fair January N.C. Master’s and Ph.D. Fair ............................ November 17 Just-in-Time Career Fair April Career & Summer Opportunities Fair .............. January 26 Just-in-Time Career Fair ................................... April 11 Employer Information Sessions Some employers choose to hold information sessions to build awareness about their organizations and posi- tions (internships and jobs) they are seeking to fill. These sessions are meant to be educational for any student who is considering positions at these organizations. Information sessions are also useful for students who are simply exploring career paths and want to learn more about specific industries. Make a great impression on employers at their information sessions! Dress to impress! A business suit or business casual attire is appropriate. For certain organizations, demonstrat- ing an understanding of their brand and image is also28
    • Writing a Resume It is tempting to jump to the resume as the first step when kicking off your search process. However, the resume is a culminating effort, not a first step. It serves as a professional introduction that links your background and qualities to a specific opportunity. A successful resume will pique enough confidence and curiosity about you to secure an interview. The key questions your resume answers for its readers are: What are you capable of and what do you know? How well suited are you for the role that is being filled? A carefully constructed, well edited, and focused resume will create a compelling depiction of your patterns of qualities, skills, and accomplishments in response to these underlying questions. Five Tips for a Successful Resume 1) THINK CREATIVELY about experience. Your meaningful accomplishments will come from across a variety of endeavors in your life. Consider businesses you’ve run, projects that you complete, longstanding hobbies and pursuits, and contributions you have made, or other defining experiences in your life. All of these can be aspects of your resume. 2) Format your resume with FIRST THINGS FIRST. The top and left-hand side of your resume are the most valuable spaces when someone is visually scanning your document and forming a first impression. Use the first section heading strategically to ensure that your most compelling experiences are at the top of the page. Thoughtfully choose verbs that are descriptive of your actions and contributions to start each bullet. Order your bullets so the most compelling comes first. 3) Illustrate your PATTERNS of success. Showcase the skills you have developed through experience, what you have learned or know through classroom or practical exposure, positive qualities you will bring to the work, and a mastery of the language and culture of the realms to which you apply. 4) Articulate the ImPACT of your contributions. Include measures of your success wherever possible. Use individual resume bullets to highlight your outcomes in ways that will resonate with the readers’ point of view. For example, using measurable, quantified results for a bottom-line-driven industry. 5) Write mULTIPLE RESUmES if you have multiple interests. Your varied interests may require equally varied presentations of you at your best. Change the categories, order, and descriptions of different experiences to ensure that unique readers of your resume recognize right away that you excel in areas that are meaningful to them. The Curriculum Vitae: What do I need to know? Internationally, the terms curriculum vitae, CV, and resume may be used interchangeably. However, in the context of academic or research-based work, a CV refers to a document with very specific content detailing the research, teaching, and administrative expertise required of post-secondary faculty job applicants or of applicants for research positions outside of academia. The best resources for designing a CV are the Career Center graduate student counselors, the samples on the Career Center website, or those found in The Academic Job Search Handbook by Julia Vick and Jennifer Furlong, available in the Career Center Resource Room collection and at Perkins Library. 3030
    • Anatomy of a ResumeSomeone may have to mailyou documents or haveyour address for officialcorrespondence. Keep Address     Best  Phone  Number  your address simple. Only FULLNAME  BIG&BOLD       Best  Email  Address  include multiple addresses  if necessary. Duke  University     Durham,  NC  This can include major, Education   Your  Degree     Graduation  Month  and  Year  minor, certificates, • What  have  been  your  meaningful  educational  accomplishments  while  at  Duke?  specializations, or other • Include  highlights-­‐  you  don’t  have  to  be  comprehensive.  degree components. • Consider  GPA,  honors,  study  abroad,  thesis,  projects,  research,  relevant  courses,  or  other  components    You can use this section to Other  Universities     Location  feature your study abroad Degree  or  Program     Dates  of  Study  experiences. • What  were  the  main  benefits  to  you  inside  and  out  of  the  classroom?     High  School   Location  A high school section is Degree,  GPA,  or  other  characteristics   Dates  of  Study  most used by first and • What  were  your  primary  accomplishments,  educationally?  second year undergrads or  those who attended schoolswith a large or passionate Interesting  Job   Location  network of alumni. Specific  Experience  Category  #1   Role   Dates   • Bullets  include  an  active  and  specific  verb  that  describes  this  contribution,  learning,  skills  or  outcome,  and  details  and  data  Think creatively about how that  make  it  tangible.  you design your categories. • Prioritize,  with  the  most  important  and  relevant  bullets  first.  This is an opportunity to • Use  concise  and  clear  language  and  industry-­‐specific  language  only  if  applying  to  that  industry.  bring attention to patterns in  your interests or skills. Look Student  Organization   Location  at example resumes more Current  Role   Dates  for ideas, but two general • Write  about  being  elected  (what  for!)  or  ways  you  contribute  more  over  time.   Earlier  Role   Dates  categories could be common • Include  a  variety  of  experiences  and  contributions;  no  need  to  replicate  information  in  similar  roles.    However,  repeating  type of organization, e.g., something  and  presenting  it  in  a  new  way  can  serve  as  an  enhancement.  Media Experience or function,  e.g. Research Experience. Internship   Location   Specific  Experience  Category  #2   Role   Dates   e.g. researcher, founder, • The  number  of  bullets  under  each  experience  does  not  need  to  be  consistent.    However,  the  space  that  something  takes  on   volunteer, consultant the  resume  does  give  a  sense  of  its  level  of  importance.     Independent  Project   Location   Specific  Experience  Category  #3   Role     Dates   • Describe  your  initiative,  managing  a  huge  endeavor,  overcoming  obstacles,  getting  support  from  others,  and  other   challenges  you  overcame  when  managing  something  new!   Use a skills section to   bring added attention to RELEVANT skills. Be sure Language:   these skills are evident Skills   Computer:   throughout your resume Lab:   as well.   Highlight  unique  aspects  of  your  background,  personality,  or  attention  to  professional  topics.   Interests   No need to add a line about references being available.     This has been seen on resumes, historically, but is no longer expected. Save that space for interesting content. 31 31
    • Haley Smith 300 Wilson, 9999 Campus Drive haley.smith@duke.edu 1 Wellstone Drive Box 92222, Durham, NC, 27708 (333) 129-3456 Saint Louis, MO 63124 EDUCATION Duke University, Durham, NC B.A. in English and Philosophy Minor: Spanish expected May 2014 expec • GPA: 4.0/4.0 Resume Relevant Coursework: Computer Programming with Artificial Life, The Philosophy of Feminist Classics, Spanish Writing, 20th Century American Literature Watkins High School, Saint Louis, MO May 2010 • GPA: 4.0/4.0 HONORS/AWARDS Duke University Dean’s List with Distinction, Durham, NC Fall 2010 Samples Mu Alpha Theta Club, Watkins High School, Saint Louis, MO Fall 2009 – Spring 2010 • Awarded for excellence in Mathematics Princeton Book Award, Watkins High School, St. Louis, MO Spring 2009 • Awarded for outstanding scholarship, character and community service Ram Pride Award, Watkins High School, St. Louis, MO Spring 2009 • Awarded by faculty member for honesty, responsibility and self-discipline JET Engineering Competition, St. Louis, MO Fall 2009 • Awarded for advanced skills in the sciences LEADERSHIP EXPERIENCE Executive Board Member, Duke University Percussion Ensemble, Durham, NC Winter 2010 – Present • Rehearse and perform with a 15-person percussion ensemble • Serve as secretary, copying and distributing music to other members • Collaborate with other board members to make executive decisions President of Homework Club, Ladue Middle School, St. Louis, MO Fall 2009- Spring 2010 • Conducted tutorial sessions 3 times week • Delegated student tutor assignments • Successfully Recruited additional tutors throughout the year Educative Program for Gifted Youth at Stanford University, Stanford, CA Summer 2009 Board Member, Nishmah Banot Board, St. Louis. MO Fall 2007 – Spring 2010 • Planned and oversaw events for young women in the Jewish community “It’s a Girl Thing: The Leadership Years” Program, St. Louis, MO Fall 2007 – Spring 2009 3rd Chair Member, Ladue Percussion Ensemble Symphonic Orchestra Fall 2003 – Spring 2010George  Duke     george.duke@duke.edu     • Rehearsed challenging pieces within a 10-person selective ensemble (999-­‐400-­‐7770)   • Spent nine months perfecting and performing a final senior piece with two other colleagues Address:   East  Campus   School   Duke  University                                                                                Home  Address:                          6    Smith  Ave   PO  Box  99999                          Orange,  NY  10708   Durham,  NC  27708   Company Ensemble Member, Arts in Motion Dance Studio, St. Louis, MO Fall 2002 – Spring 2010   VOLUNTEER EXPERIENCE Duke  University,  Durham,  NC   EDUCATION   Bachelor  of  Arts  in  Public  Policy  Studies   Duke PAWS (Promoting Animal Welfare Through Service), Durham, NC Minor:  Economics   Spring 2011 – arkets  and  Management     Certificate:  M Present                      expected  May  2013        GPA:  3.35     Tutor at Forrest Park Elementary School, Durham, NC Fall 2010 – Present Habitat for Humanity, Durham, NC Orange  High  School,  Bronxville,  NY     2011 Fall 2010 – Spring                                                      June  2009   Cumulative  GPA:  3.8/4.0,  SAT  Verbal:  710,  Math:  770,  Writing:  760     Washington University Dance Marathon, St. Louis, MO Fall 2008, 2009 & 2010 Jewish Food Pantry, Saint Louis, MO Columbia  University       – Spring 2009 Fall 2008      Summer  2008   Summer  course  on  US  2006 –and  Globalization  after  sophomore  year  in  HS,  Grade:  96/100   Fall Economy   Fall 2007                   Salvation Army, St. Louis, MO                                        January  2011  -­‐  present   WORK EXPERIENCE WORK  AND  LEADERSHIP  EXPERIENCE   • Completed  8-­‐week  course  on  markets,  fundamental  analysis,  excel  modeling,  and  research  methods   Duke  Investment  Club,  Analyst   Busser and Server, IL Vicino Restaurant, Saint Louis, MO • Monitor  club  p2010 – Fall 2011 Spring ortfolio   • Research  and  pitch  ideas  for  new  investment  opportunities     Duke  Business  Network,  Co-­Founder,  Director  Business  Development,  Executive  Editor            December  2010  -­‐  present     Tutor, Conway Elementary School, St.Louis, MO Fall 2008 – Spring 2009 • Created  weekly  TV  program  that  covers  financial  news,  interviews  business  leaders,  and  has  recruiters  give   Server and Cashier, Saint Louis Frozen Custard Factory, St. Louis, MO Spring 2007 – Fall 2008 advice  to  students  on  what  firms  look  for  in  applicants   • Develop  plan  for  each  week’s  show  and  recruit  leading  business  professionals  to  be  interviewed   Joseph  Dioguardi  Senate  Campaign,  Campaign  Assistant                                                                      Summer  2010   • Strategized  with  Senior  campaign  staff  to  determine  best  locations  for  campaign  events   • Contacted  potential  donors  to  raise  money  for  campaign   • Collected  signatures  from  hundreds  of  registered  voters  to  get  candidate  on  the  ballot   Orange  High  School,  Student  Government  Treasurer                                  2007  –  2009   • Created  excel  spread  sheets  to  jeep  track  of  Student  Government’s  expenses   • Developed  fund  raising  and  cost  cutting  strategies  turned  $4,000  deficit  into  $3500  surplus                                          Summers  2006  –  2008   • Coached  team  of  14  players  ages  7-­‐13   Rookie  Baseball  Camp,  Camp  Counselor   • Responsible  for  planning  entire  schedule  for  team  each  day                              2006  –  2009   • Organized  meetings,  purchased  materials  and  delivered  sleeping  bags  to  local  homeless  shelters   Breakfast  Club,  President                                        2007   • Ran  off-­‐season  workouts  without  coaches   JV  Basketball  Orange  High  School,  Captain                   Duke  Young  Entrepreneurs                                                                            2012  –  Present   ACTIVITIES,  SKILLS,  &  INTERESTS   • Participate  in  lectures  that  offer  advice  on  starting  new  businesses   Language:  Intermediate  Spanish     Travel:  Kenya,  Turkey,  Italy,  France,  England,  Hawaii,  Costa  Rica,  Peru,  Ecuador       Hobbies:  Intramural  Sports  (Volleyball,  Basketball,  Baseball)  Fantasy  Baseball  and  Football,     Tennis,  Poker  (Won  several  small  Texas  Hold  ‘em  tournaments  in  North  Carolina  and  New  York)  32
    • Melissa Elizabeth Tator 4283 Peachtree Avenue, Durham, NC 34587 • melissa.tator@duke.edu • cell: (713) 536-8923EDUCATION Master of Science: Biomedical Engineering December 2010 Duke University, Durham, NC GPA: 3.8/4.0 Relevant Coursework Includes: Electrophysiology, Tissue Biomechanics, Bionanotechnology, Physiology, Tissue Engineering, Molecular Biology, Physiology of Extreme Environments, Systemic Histology, Design of Medical Devices Bachelor of Science: Mathematics and Spanish May 2008 Semester  abroad  at  La Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX     GPA:  3.9/4.0       January-May 2006INTERNSHIPS National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) May 2010-Present Wyle Laboratories: Human Research Program (HRP) Intern; Houston, TX • Compiled research deliverables and assessed technical readiness levels for the Human Research Program, which • investigates the impact of spaceflight on the human body; presented information to management to aid direction of research objectives • Collaborated with an interdisciplinary team of five to assist in the development of the Human Research Roadmap, a web- based system which captures the HRP’s biomedical risks, Program Requirements Document, and Integrated Research Plan • Shadowed the Biomedical Engineer Flight Controller in International Space Station Mission Control and supported Russian Extravehicular Activity (EVA) Wyle Laboratories: Human Research Program (HRP) Intern; Houston, TX June-August 2009 • Performed statistical analysis of NASA HRP Education & Outreach program data • Researched impact of space on biological systems and drafted web text for “Hydration” activityRESEARCH EXPERIENCE Cartilage Mechanics and Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Duke University Department of Biomedical Engineering Student Researcher; Durham, NC • Developed PEG-DA microwell system to enable three dimensional culture of small cell populations • Cultured type IX collagen knockout mouse chondrocytes in presence of cytokines to form cartilage tissue pellets • Performed analyses on tissue specimens using ELISA, histology, and MATLAB programming techniques Continuum Biomechanics Laboratory, Texas A&M University Department of Biomedical Engineering Research Assistant; College Station, TX August-December 2008 • Worked on biomechanical mathematical model of abdominal aortic aneurysm under Dr. Jay HumphreyVOLUNTEER EXPERIENCE Lucia  T.  Rodriguez   206  North  Duke  Street,  Apt.  000    Durham,  NC  24700   Engineering World Health Volunteer; Durham, NC August 2009-December 2010  lucia.rodriguez@duke.edu   (999)  333-­‐4444       • Served with a team of students to design an improved sphygmomanometer for use in the developing world • Served as liaison to 15 hospitals in Honduras and Nicaragua to assess hospitals’ medical needs and arranged delivery of EDUCATION   devices and biomedical engineers where necessary. Demonstrated effective Spanish communication skillsconomics  C    inor,  Ethics  Certificate                        GPA:  3.367   Duke  University,  Durham,  N Political  Science  Major,  E M Deans’  List  (Spring  2009)   May  2011     Engineers Without Borders   Volunteer and Delegate; Fort Worth, TX and Cabezas, Bolivia March 2007-December 2008  RESEARCH  EXPERIENCE   • Designed and implemented engineering solutions to a school of 6th-12th graders in Cabezas, Bolivia, Researched  working with a program  design,     wrote  detailed  memo  and  presented  proposal  to  senior   –  Present    Duke  Women’s  Mentoring  Network,  Co-­Founder,  Durham,  NC   June  2007   WRITING  & while mentoring  models,  developed   University  administrators   • • Negotiated  $12,000  annual  funding  from  Division  of  Student  Affairs;  secured  Women’s  Center  partnership     team of four professional engineers • Engineering solutions included drip bucket irrigation system, flow pressure measurements, water niversity  Chronicle,  Editorial  Board  Member,  Durham,  NC     Duke  U quality assessments, Aug  2008  –  Present   • Contribute  opinions  to  &  regularly  write  the  daily  editorial  in  Duke’s  independent  student  newspaper   International  Institute  for  Conflict  Prevention  and  Resolution,  Intern,  New  York,  NY     June  –  Aug  2009     electrical load survey, preliminary wiring and testing of diesel generator Published  articles  on  CPR  website   Interviewed  party  counsel  for  evaluations  of  concluded  meditation  and  arbitration  proceedings  researched  and   • complied  exhaustive  content  for  new  webpage  profiling  ADR  in  Africa   Hague  Institute  for  the  Internationalization  of  Law,  Intern,  The  Hague,  Netherlands     May  –  Aug  2008   •SKILLS & ACHIEVEMENTSLanguages: Proficient in Spanish, enhanced by study in Seville, Spain in spring 2006 • Designed  and  completed  independent  research  project  to  identify  and  list  all  references  to  court  decisions  from  Computer: Microsoft Office Suite, SPSS statistical software, and Mathematica and MATLAB programming techniques on  n  The  Changing  Court  decisions  Cn  past  i20  years.    Results  included  in  conference  materials  in   foreign  jurisdictions  i U.S.  Supreme   annual  conference   “ i Role  of  Highest   ourts   n  an  Internationalizing  World”   • Contributed  to  collective  effort  to  improve  and  finalize  substantive  texts  which  framed  conference  discourse  International, Alpha Chi Omega, Mathematics and biology tutor   • Regularly  edited  and  proofread  papers  and  speeches  produced  by  HiiL  affiliates  Honors: Phi Beta Kappa Society, TCU Chancellor’s Scholarship (Full Tuition) • Drafted  conference  correspondence  and  promotional  materials  Other Activities & Involvements: CoboBrothers Dance Company and Sabrosura latin dance troupe, Fort Worth Sister Cities • Rapporteur  and  participated  at  HiiL’s  2008  annual  conference,  HAC’s  2008  annual  conference,  HiiL  seminars   WISER  (Women’s  Institute  For  Secondary  Education  Research)  Microfinance  /  Economics  Research  Team,     Muhuru  Bay,  Kenya;  Durham,  NC     May  –  Dec  2007   Designed  56-­‐question  survey  on  household  economic  habits,  a  poverty  and  needs-­‐assessment  tool  as  baseline  economic     data  for  Muhuru  Bay  Community  (IRB  approved)   • Administered  survey  independently  to  200  households,  biking  across  Muhuru  Bay  region  with  translator     Fowler,  Measle  and  Bell,  LLP,  Intern,  Lexington,  KY     Sept  –  Oct  2005   • Shadowed  bankruptcy  attorneys,  district  court  judge,  mediator     • Duke  University  Board  of  Trustee,  Undergraduate  Affairs  Committee,  Ex-­Officio  Member     Aug  2007  –  Present   EXTRACURRICULAR  ACTIVITIES   Contribute  as  full  voting  committee  member  in  quarterly  meetings   Research  and  interview  students  on  pertinent  issues  beforehand  to  present  a  nuanced,  informed  perspective     Duke  Student  Government,  Vice  President  of  Student  Affairs,  Durham,  NC     May  2007  –  2008   • • Negotiated  multiple  university  fund  allocations  for  campus  projects;  $100,000  ZipCars  program  design  and  proposal,   and  presented  proposal  to  senior  University  administrators   • Managed  eleven-­‐member  DSG  Standing  Committee  on  Student  Affairs  to  ensure  each  had  a  substantive  project  and  was   making  progress  towards  completing  it   • Presented  updates  and  power-­‐point  reports  regularly  to  DSG  General  Assembly  detailing  lobbying  efforts   President’s  Council  on  Woman,  Undergraduate  Member,  Durham,  NC   Aug  2007  –  2008   • • Selected  as  undergraduate  representative  to  advisory  council  to  University  President  regarding  gender  issues     Baldwin  Scholars  Program,  Baldwin  Scholar,  Durham,  NC     Oct  2006  –  Present   SCHOLASTIC  HONORS   Selected  as  on  of  the  18  women  from  Class  of  2010  for  Duke  University’s  only  women’s  leadership  program   Advanced  Research  Independent  Study,  Durham,  NC     Aug  –  Dec  2008   • Completing  quantitative  (using  STATA)  and  qualitative  analysis  of  original  dataset  on  judicial  recourse  to  foreign   law  in  73  U.S.  Supreme  Court  decisions  over  the  past  20  years   Eruditio  –  Duke  University’s  undergraduate  Humanities  Journal,  Durham,  NC     Spring  2007   • Published  research  paper  entitled:  “Globalizing  Jurisprudence:  The  Use  of  Foreign  Authority  in  Domestic  Constitutional           Interpretation”     • 33
    • A Compelling Cover Letter The cover letter is your opportunity to bring additional specificity and focus to your resume with a specific reader in mind. You will write a unique and well-researched letter for every opportunity to which you apply. This is your chance to present a compelling case, with evidence, that you have unique skills and perspectives that give you the ability to thrive in a specific role. Before you put words to the page, paint a mental picture. Go with us on this; this step is critical. Get into the mindset of the person making the hiring decision. Who is the candidate that gets the interview? What are the most important qualities needed to be incredibly successful in this role? Use these images to identify the most important messages that you need to convey about yourself in this document. The secret about cover letters is that they are essays and we know you have written an essay or two while at Duke! What are the components? Present a clear thesis, provide evidence to support your claims, and wrap things up with a succinct and compelling conclusion. This is also exactly how you write a cover letter. Not sure a cover letter is necessary? Think of the cover letter as part of the resume. If someone asks for a resume, send a resume plus a cover letter, unless there is an explicit request otherwise. This is standard practice. Five Tips for a Successful Cover Letter 1) make a STRONG FIRST ImPRESSION in the first sentence and the first paragraph. A persuasive first sentence tells the reader that you are serious and keeps them reading. Interesting and compelling information about your candidacy should be introduced in your first paragraph. The final paragraph is too late. 2) GO BEYOND general statements that could be true for the majority of candidates. Common qualities or characteristics will not help you to uniquely stand out. Trust the resume to cover the basics and use the cover letter to highlight bigger patterns of success or share an anecdote about your achievements. 3) Tell the reader about YOU. Communicate your interest and motivation to apply by connecting your background and interests to your knowledge of the organization. Avoid reporting facts. The reader already know their organization but want to know about you and why you are applying. 4) Write a SPECIFIC THESIS sentence. Put it at the end of your first paragraph. It will probably read something like this: I am confident that my (ability to, background in, experience with, etc.) and (knowledge of, skills in, etc.) give me the ability to succeed with your organization. 5) USE EVIDENCE to build credibility around every claim in your letter. The reader wants to believe you and needs plausible and detailed illustrations of your past success to do so. If you have included more than a couple of claims (literally, two would be good!) about your ability to thrive in the job, you are sacrificing depth for breath and duplicating the work that the resume should do. Move extra information from the cover letter to the resume to improve it and then trust the resume. 3434
    • Anatomy of a Cover LetterResumes and cover letters are very personal documents. The examples hereare meant to illustrate possibilities—some of which may not pertain to you.Use your judgment to best suit your experiences and goals.Consider using your resumeheading as an alternate. Your  Mailing  Address  Do your research to find an  appropriate name. In a situation Today’s  Date  where you haven’t been able  to find this, a replacement like Full  Name  of  Recipient  “hiring committee” can be used. Title  “ Do not use To Whom it May Company  Concern” or “Dear Sirs!” Mailing  Address    Discuss what appeals to you Dear  Mr./Ms.  Last  Name:  about the work or program by  going beyond the website toclients, projects, news, etc. Write  a  first  paragraph  to  introduce  two  main  points:   • I  am  a  serious  candidate  and  care  about  this  opportunity  BRIEFLY mention any action • I  have  the  knowledge  and  skills  to  thrive  in  this  role  with  your  organization  that you’ve taken to be abetter applicant, e.g., people  you have met or talked to. Write  second  and  third  paragraphs  to  provide  illustrations  from  your  experience   that  back  up  the  claims  in  the  first  paragraph.    Use  a  separate  paragraph  for  each  of  Set up the next two paragraphs two  claims.  of your letter with a thesis Detail  a  point  from  your  resume.  sentence. Make  connections  across  points  listed  on  your  resume   Repeating  information  from  your  resume  without  added  context  or  insight  is  not  a  Example:“I am seeking an opportunity good  strategy.  to work in this positive,  collaborative environment, as Use  the  final  paragraph  to  conclude  the  letter  and  discuss  next  steps.    Reiterate  any  well as to take on the varied themes  from  the  letter  that  you  would  like  to  emphasize,  thank  the  reader  for  their  responsibilities that this position time,  include  any  contact  information  that  is  not  already  on  the  page,  and  present  has to offer. My experience actions  that  you  will  take  after  sending  this  letter,  if  any.  working with children, managinglarge-scale projects, and  designing curriculum may make Sincerely,      me a good fit.”  Avoid: “I am seeking anopportunity like this and If you scan your Examples  my experience and yourrequirements may be a good fit.” Signature signature and save the might include Typed  Name   .jpg file, you can insert when you willMaintain a separate document   it into digital files! be in town for awith all of your topical enclosure:    resume   visit or a followparagraphs. Copy from and up call.                                            (any  other  application  items)  paste into it to keep a usefulrecord of your cover letterparagraphs.What you say, for example,about how you have manageda number of significant projectsand deadlines as a leader inDUU can be applied to anyopportunity where projects anddeadlines are critical to beingeffective at the work. 35
    • InterviewingFrom Interview to OfferWhile a sharp resume and persuasive cover letter will getyou an interview, you’ll need excellent interviewing skills toclose the deal and land your desired position. All too often,job and internship seekers invest large amounts of time towrite their application documents but give short shrift tointerview preparation.An interview can be conversational (that is what you hopefor!) but it is NOT just a conversation. Even the mostconfident and personable people person will benefitdramatically from thoughtful interview preparation. Youhave come this far; be sure you keep up the momentumand build upon your preliminary success.Read over this advice and find moredetail on the Career Center website.Research industry, employer, and role. Follow therelevant news, learn the organization’s website backwards andforwards and scope out your interviewers on LinkedIn andGoogle. Reach out to employees—maybe even Duke alums—in the company.Rehearse your introduction. What will you say to create apositive and compelling first impression when you are askedthe question, “Tell me about yourself”? No matter how itis phrased, expect that you will open the interview with aplatform to talk about your interest in the opportunity and howit fits with your strengths and experiences.Connect your experiences. Practice telling short stories thatgive evidence to your success. Mentally connect these storiesto the qualities they best represent.Prepare your own questions. You will be given theopportunity to ask questions during your interviews. Thisis a valuable part of the interview, not just a polite gesture.Consider questions about the role, company specifics (butnever salary or benefits—not yet), the personal experiencesof people that you meet, or questions that relate to currentevents or news.Send thank-you notes. Send them the very next day to eachperson or group that you meet. Refer to something interestingor unique from the conversation to create an opportunityfor the reader to think of you again. Paper makes a strongerimpression, but email is the way to go if a hiring decision willbe made before snail mail can reach its destination. 37
    • Behavioral Interviews The vast majority of interviews are behavioral in nature. Frequently, behavioral questions will include some form of, “Tell me about a time when…” and will relate to tasks, scenarios, and qualities that will be significant to the position you are now seeking. Through this method, the interviewer hopes to gauge your potential for success. The premise of behavioral-based interviews is that your past actions are the best predictor of your future performance. The appropriate response is to share a concise, but detailed story about a relevant experience. Behavioral Interview Success • Provide well thought-out examples with successful endings. Even a story about your biggest failure can conclude with what you learned from the experience! • Refer to specific examples rather than broad characterizations. • Be sure that your story has a beginning, middle, and end. See the STAR method for responding on the next page. • Prepare your stories in advance by anticipating the expected strengths needed for the role and matching them with your own accomplishments. • Address and contextualize your own contributions when discussing a group project. • Pull examples from across your range of experiences. Using just one or a few can cre- ate a sense that others have not been valuable. • Speak positively about yourself, colleagues, supervisors, and peers.38 • Use the most recent examples when possible.
    • The STAR MethodSTAR is formula for creating your best response tobehavioral-based questions. Interviewers expect youto present your thoughts and experience in this manner. A fewDon’t worry, however. You’ll see that the STAR method is importantno different than the basics of any good story composition. tips: • A strong STARQuestion: Tell me about a time when you had to response willprovide difficult feedback to a team member?S last one to two “last semester i took a psychology course minutes. that required a group project to examine • Be brief in your motivation. the professor assigned each set-up. Give Situation student to a 4-person group. My group decided to look at what motivates college just enough Set the scenario for students to participate in community background your example. service activities.” or contextualT information for “as a group, we developed a plan to your story to make distribute the work between us. however, after the first few weeks, it became sense. Task apparent that one of our team members • The result is was not completing her part of the critical. everything Describe the specific project and she missed one of our group challenge or task meetings. the rest of the team decided in your example that relates to the question. that we needed to reengage her.” builds towards thisA component. “i took the initiative to set up a meeting with her where we discussed her interest • Use the structure Action in the project as well as the other of the acronym Talk about the ac- academic responsibilities. after talking for direction if you with her, it was clear that if we changed tions that you took forget what you her contributions to tasks that better fit to accomplish the were saying. if all her skills and interests, she would most task. likely contribute at a higher level.” else fails, skip toR the r, result. “it turned out that the team could redistribute tasks without compromising Result so every member got to work on the pieces of the project that were of Present the results most interest to them. in the end, we that followed be- completed the project and received cause of the chosen positive feedback from our professor.” action. 39 39
    • Case Interviews Case interviews are a specialized type of interview common in the consulting industry. In a case interview, the interviewer presents a dilemma, and the candidate must analyze and discuss the problem and propose a solution. Employers use case interviews as a way to evaluate a candidate’s qualitative, problem-solving, and analytical skills and often their business acumen. In addition they will evaluate the communication skills, listening skills, enthusiasm and non-verbal cues, e.g., eye contact, of the candidate. The way in which a candidate arrives at a solution to the question, which demonstrates to an employer how the candidate thinks through a dilemma, is as important as the actual solution the candidate provides, if not more. Case Question Types Typical case questions fall into four categories: Calculations/Computational Scenario – Devise a solution given a problem statement, data elements, and possibly a formula Business Operation Scenario – Devise a solution given a problem related to operational effectiveness. Example: How can you increase efficiency of Starbuck’s ordering process by decreasing wait time during peak hours? Business Strategy Scenario – Devise a solution given a problem related to strategy and new markets. Example: How will airlines remain competitive with rising fuel costs and increased regulations? Brainteaser – Two primary types including the estimation case, How many golf courses exist in Wisconsin? and the random fact analysis, Why are manhole covers round? Resources for students preparing for a case interview are the following: • Case In Point: Complete Case Interview Preparation by Marc Casentino • Mock interviews through the Career Center • Practice cases and interactive online cases on employers’ websites 4040
    • Next Steps and Selected Resources:Search Skills and Strategy Schedule a career counseling appointments to be sure you are presenting yourself effectively in writing and speech as well as finding opportunities that match your interests. Utilize drop-in advising at Smith Warehouse, Monday through Thursday 2pm–5pm and Fridays 2pm–4pm, to get advice the same day you need it, no appointment necessary! Create an account and routinely check each of these Duke databases to become aware of internships, jobs, and employers. eRecruiting (http://www.studentaffairs.duke.edu/career/resources/erecruiting) iNet (http://www.studentaffairs.duke.edu/career/resources/inet) Internship Exchange (http://www.studentaffairs.duke.edu/career/resources/internship- exchange) Use these lists and databases to increase your awareness of opportunities at Duke and beyond. Leadership Development Programs (http://www.studentaffairs.duke.edu/career/resources/ leadership-development-programs) Short-Term Opportunities (http://www.studentaffairs.duke.edu/career/resources/short-term) e-leads (http://www.studentaffairs.duke.edu/career/resources/e-leads)Advice for Graduate Students:Search Skills and Strategy Graduate students who concentrate on building the life they want, not on finding the perfect job, tend to have special qualities that enable them to endure the inevitable frustrations of the post-graduation job search and to persuade employers that they can exceed expectations. These graduate students are: • Resourceful, persistent, and resilient. These skills, developed in the trial-and-error process of research, are essential to succeed in the job search, in interviews, and in the offer-negotiation process. • Good communicators. They can write organized, focused, concise, and persuasive CV’s, resumes, and cover letters. They can engage their interviewers as colleagues, not as interrogators. • Analytical. They are able to prioritize job search tasks, answer complex interview questions readily, and estimate the risks and benefits of their job offers. • Independent and self-motivated. Such abilities enable them to weigh and act on good career advice from multiple sources: family members, peers, faculty and staff, career counselors, recruiting professionals, alumni, colleagues, and professional advisors. Yet they insist on finding ways to do what excites them most. 41