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Correlation of Time on Task and TOEIC Change
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Correlation of Time on Task and TOEIC Change

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In view of the fact that the online services iKnow! and EnglishCentral track student use, it is possible to pinpoint how much time students spend on task. Both services provide more appropriate, …

In view of the fact that the online services iKnow! and EnglishCentral track student use, it is possible to pinpoint how much time students spend on task. Both services provide more appropriate, lexically graded, comprehensible input for individual students outside of class time. This longitudinal study of 20 students examines changes in TOEIC scores over a period of 6 months. Two cohorts of 10 students were identified by change in TOEIC score. Their respective TOEIC scores were compared with cumulative time spent on task. Time on task was calculated from student utilization of iKnow!, EnglishCentral, and a local installation of MoodleReader. Monthly reports of study time for iKnow! were created. EnglishCentral class completion reports of the weekly 2000 point (78 min.) goal were downloaded. Mean reading speed of 75 words-per-minute was estimated from time reading of graded readers for 10 students. The time on task for reading was then calculated by dividing the total number of words read by the mean reading speed. Preliminary, results show a mean positive correlation in TOEIC with the upper cohort spending double the amount of time on task for a 3-fold improvement in TOEIC score.

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  • 1. Correlation of Time on Task and TOEIC Change Dubhgan Hinchey Moodle Moot Japan 2014. Okinawa International University, Okinawa. February 19-21, 2014.
  • 2. Is there a correlation between time on task (outside of class) and positive changes in students’ TOEIC scores?
  • 3. E011 Class iknow! 1 hour a week MoodleReader 2 books a week Classtime 90min. 2x a week E111 Class EnglishCentral 78 min. a week MoodleReader 2 books a week Classtime 90min. 2x a week Class structure
  • 4. 80% or more to pass a quiz. Students could retry a quiz if they asked the instructor.
  • 5. 4 months results • Initially 53 students tracked • 30 students only took TOEIC once • 3 students sick or fatigued in 2nd test (extreme negative changes in scores) • Culled to core group of 20
  • 6. No correlation between time on task and change in TOEIC score. Non-Monotonic relationship. (Correlation Coefficient = 0.324060) Wessa, P. (2013), Free Statistics Software, Office for Research Development and Education, version 1.1.23-r7, URL http://www.wessa.net
  • 7. 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 Upper cohort 71 hrs. Entire cohort 53 hrs. Lower cohort 35 hrs. Time on task: Minutes TOEIC Improvement The upper cohort spent twice as much time on task than the lower. Upper cohort = 10 Ss Entire cohort = 20 Ss Lower cohort = 10 Ss
  • 8. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Upper Cohort Entire Cohort Lower Cohort Mean of TOEIC change 122 points 77 points 33 points TOEIC Improvement
  • 9. 3 Self-access Students Aug. 1st 2013 – Jan. 15 2014 TOEIC Student A 350 – 485 EnglishCentral iKnow! MoodleReader 51 hrs. 17hrs. 20 books No score after Aug. Student B 385 - 470 iKnow! 53 hrs. Feb. 525 +140 Student C 370 - 430 iKnow! MoodleReader 9 hrs. 21 books Feb. 460 +90
  • 10. Students April June Aug. Oct. Feb. + / - A 370 500 580 500 130 B 355 445 110 C 470 535 65 D 525 670 585 60 E 410 490 445 35 F 415 430 15 G 450 475 560 445 -5 H 305 340 265 -40 I 425 435 365 -60 J 505 510 570 415 -90 8 students with no scores
  • 11. • TOEIC offered less frequently • E011 and E111 to be merged into a continuous class. • Poster children • Student database for tracking students Conclusions
  • 12. Questions or comments? Dubhgan Hinchey dhinchey@jaist.ac.jp Moodle Moot Japan 2014. Okinawa International University, Okinawa. February 19-21, 2014.