ABCs of  USDA Conservation Programs Duane Hovorka National Wildlife Federation
Acronyms R Us AMA CRP CREP CCRP CSP EQIP FPP/FRPP FSA GRP HFRP NRCS TSP USDA WHIP WRP
 
A  is for Agriculture <ul><li>50% of the USA is cropland, private forestland, pasture, or rangeland </li></ul>
Habitat Conservation Programs Farm Bill Conservation Programs Conservation Reserve Program 34  million acres Wetlands Rese...
Habitat Conservation Programs Farm Bill Conservation Programs Conservation Reserve Program 34  million acres Wetlands Rese...
USDA On-Farm Conservation Fiscal Year 2007 <ul><li>CRP $2,021 million </li></ul><ul><li>EQIP $1,005 million </li></ul><ul>...
Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>Marginal Cropland Planted to Native Grass Mixes  </li></ul><ul><li>10-15 Year Contrac...
Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Whole Field” CRP   </li></ul><ul><li>Landowners Submit Bids During General Signup  ...
Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Continuous Signup” CRP </li></ul><ul><li>High Priority Practices  </li></ul><ul><ul...
Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Continuous Signup” CRP </li></ul><ul><li>Special Initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program”  </li></ul><ul><li>State/Local Partners P...
CRP Benefits <ul><li>Upland habitat (pheasants, quail, prairie chickens) </li></ul><ul><li>Buffer strips improve water qua...
CRP Challenges <ul><li>Expiring CRP Contracts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2008  1.2 million acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Restore and protect cropped wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>2 million acres enrolled </li></ul...
Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Protection  through easements, contracts </li></ul><ul><li>30-year and permanent easement...
Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Restoration  through cost-share agreements </li></ul><ul><li>75-100% for permanent  </li>...
Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Wetlands Reserve Enhancement Program </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage state/local funding </li>...
Grassland Reserve Program <ul><li>Protect and restore  grasslands </li></ul><ul><li>1 million acres enrolled since 2002 </...
Grassland Reserve Program <ul><li>Protection  through easements, contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent easements (60% of $...
Grassland Reserve Program <ul><li>Restoration  through cost-share agreements </li></ul><ul><li>50% cost-share </li></ul><u...
Other Easement Programs <ul><li>Farmland Protection Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect ag land and related conservation...
Environmental Quality  Incentives Program <ul><li>Payments to implement conservation practices on working lands </li></ul>...
Environmental Quality  Incentives Program <ul><li>Fish & wildlife benefits are generally indirect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gr...
Conservation Stewardship Program <ul><li>Whole-farm approach on working lands </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple resources </li></...
Conservation Stewardship Program <ul><li>16 million acres enrolled 2002-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>12.8 million acres per year...
Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program <ul><li>Cost-share to Restore or Install Fish & Wildlife Habitat  </li></ul><ul><li>Up...
Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program <ul><li>Only major program focused primarily on wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Priority fo...
Open Fields <ul><li>Funds to pay farmers to allow access to private land </li></ul><ul><li>$50 million over four years 200...
Regional Programs <ul><li>Agricultural Management Assistance  </li></ul><ul><li>Chesapeake Bay Program </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Technical Assistance <ul><li>Funds to pay NRCS employees  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliver programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Duane Hovorka [email_address]
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ABCs Conservation Programs

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Basics of US Department of Agriculture conservation programs, March 2009, by Duane Hovorka, National Wildlife Federation.

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ABCs Conservation Programs

  1. 1. ABCs of USDA Conservation Programs Duane Hovorka National Wildlife Federation
  2. 2. Acronyms R Us AMA CRP CREP CCRP CSP EQIP FPP/FRPP FSA GRP HFRP NRCS TSP USDA WHIP WRP
  3. 4. A is for Agriculture <ul><li>50% of the USA is cropland, private forestland, pasture, or rangeland </li></ul>
  4. 5. Habitat Conservation Programs Farm Bill Conservation Programs Conservation Reserve Program 34 million acres Wetlands Reserve Program 2 million acres Grasslands Reserve Program 1 million acres Total 37 million acres
  5. 6. Habitat Conservation Programs Farm Bill Conservation Programs Conservation Reserve Program 34 million acres Wetlands Reserve Program 2 million acres Grasslands Reserve Program 1 million acres Total 37 million acres Other Habitat Conservation Programs Nat. Wild. Refuge lands (minus AK) 26 million acres Pittman-Robertson (acquired lands) 4 million acres Duck Unlimited (conserved to date) 11 million acres Private Land Trusts (under easement) 5 million acres
  6. 7. USDA On-Farm Conservation Fiscal Year 2007 <ul><li>CRP $2,021 million </li></ul><ul><li>EQIP $1,005 million </li></ul><ul><li>CSP $ 237 million </li></ul><ul><li>WRP $ 228 million </li></ul><ul><li>FPP $ 73 million </li></ul><ul><li>WHIP $ 40 million </li></ul><ul><li>GRP $ 2 million </li></ul>
  7. 8. Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>Marginal Cropland Planted to Native Grass Mixes </li></ul><ul><li>10-15 Year Contracts, Rental Payments </li></ul><ul><li>50% Cost-Share for Planting Grass, Trees </li></ul><ul><li>$1.9 Billion per Year in Payments </li></ul>USDA ARS C R P
  8. 9. Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Whole Field” CRP </li></ul><ul><li>Landowners Submit Bids During General Signup </li></ul><ul><li>Selection Based on Environmental Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Managed Haying, Grazing </li></ul><ul><li>29.5 million acres </li></ul>C R P
  9. 10. Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Continuous Signup” CRP </li></ul><ul><li>High Priority Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffer strips along streams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windbreaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife buffers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shallow water for wildlife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grass waterways </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2.2 million acres enrolled </li></ul>USDA C R P
  10. 11. Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Continuous Signup” CRP </li></ul><ul><li>Special Initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wetlands (several) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upland Bird Buffers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottomland Hardwood Trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longleaf Pine Plantings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Acres for Wildlife Enhancement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>0.8 million acres enrolled </li></ul>Ron Nichols, NRCS C R P
  11. 12. Conservation Reserve Program <ul><li>“ Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program” </li></ul><ul><li>State/Local Partners Provide Additional Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Target State/Local Natural Resource Problem </li></ul><ul><li>1.1 million acres enrolled </li></ul>USDA C R P
  12. 13. CRP Benefits <ul><li>Upland habitat (pheasants, quail, prairie chickens) </li></ul><ul><li>Buffer strips improve water quality </li></ul>Ron Nichols, USDA USDA Research: 4% Increase in CRP Acres = 22% Increase in Pheasants C R P
  13. 14. CRP Challenges <ul><li>Expiring CRP Contracts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2008 1.2 million acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2009 3.9 million acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2010 4.5 million acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2011 4.4 million acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2012 5.6 million acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19.6 million acres </li></ul></ul>Ron Nichols, USDA C R P
  14. 15. Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Restore and protect cropped wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>2 million acres enrolled </li></ul><ul><li>1 million acres to be enrolled </li></ul>US Fish & Wildlife Service W R P
  15. 16. Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Protection through easements, contracts </li></ul><ul><li>30-year and permanent easements </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration agreements </li></ul>US Fish & Wildlife Service W R P
  16. 17. Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Restoration through cost-share agreements </li></ul><ul><li>75-100% for permanent </li></ul><ul><li>50-75% for others </li></ul><ul><li>Restore hydrology, plant community </li></ul>US Fish & Wildlife Service W R P
  17. 18. Wetlands Reserve Program <ul><li>Wetlands Reserve Enhancement Program </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage state/local funding </li></ul><ul><li>Target regional/state/ local resource concern </li></ul>US Fish & Wildlife Service W R P
  18. 19. Grassland Reserve Program <ul><li>Protect and restore grasslands </li></ul><ul><li>1 million acres enrolled since 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>1.2 million acres to be enrolled </li></ul>G R P
  19. 20. Grassland Reserve Program <ul><li>Protection through easements, contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent easements (60% of $$) </li></ul><ul><li>10-20 year rental agreements (40%) </li></ul><ul><li>Land trusts can hold and enforce easements </li></ul>G R P
  20. 21. Grassland Reserve Program <ul><li>Restoration through cost-share agreements </li></ul><ul><li>50% cost-share </li></ul><ul><li>Grazing management plans </li></ul>G R P
  21. 22. Other Easement Programs <ul><li>Farmland Protection Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect ag land and related conservation values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps entities buy conservation easements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$121 million in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Healthy Forests Reserve Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection and restoration of non-industrial forests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$10 million in 2009 </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Environmental Quality Incentives Program <ul><li>Payments to implement conservation practices on working lands </li></ul><ul><li>Usually based on share of cost (50-75%) </li></ul><ul><li>$1.1 billion in 2009 </li></ul>E Q I P
  23. 24. Environmental Quality Incentives Program <ul><li>Fish & wildlife benefits are generally indirect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grazing management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pest management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contracts typically focus on single practice </li></ul>Jeff Vanuga, NRCS E Q I P
  24. 25. Conservation Stewardship Program <ul><li>Whole-farm approach on working lands </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple resources </li></ul><ul><li>Pays to install and maintain practices that benefit resources </li></ul><ul><li>Awaiting new rules </li></ul>C S P
  25. 26. Conservation Stewardship Program <ul><li>16 million acres enrolled 2002-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>12.8 million acres per year enrollment target </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed bag for wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>New focus on 3-5 resources per area </li></ul>C S P
  26. 27. Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program <ul><li>Cost-share to Restore or Install Fish & Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 75% of cost </li></ul><ul><li>$85 million per year </li></ul>W H I P
  27. 28. Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program <ul><li>Only major program focused primarily on wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Priority for projects addressing national/ regional/state conservation initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Ponds, food plots, rare habitat, restore prairie, remove dams </li></ul>W H I P
  28. 29. Open Fields <ul><li>Funds to pay farmers to allow access to private land </li></ul><ul><li>$50 million over four years 2009-2012 </li></ul>
  29. 30. Regional Programs <ul><li>Agricultural Management Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Chesapeake Bay Program </li></ul><ul><li>Colorado River Salinity Control </li></ul><ul><li>Dessert Terminal Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Great Lakes Basin </li></ul>
  30. 31. Technical Assistance <ul><li>Funds to pay NRCS employees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliver programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide program advice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation planning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical Service Providers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certified to provide advice in their expertise </li></ul></ul>Jeff Vanuga, NRCS
  31. 32. Duane Hovorka [email_address]
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