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THE IDENTIFICATION ANDTRAINING OF HAZMATEMPLOYEESPursuant to the regulations of the Pipelineand Hazardous Materials Safety...
PRESENTED TO:Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 2The 2013MichiganSafetyConferenceThanks for th...
PRESENTED BY:Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 3Daniels Training Services815.821.1550www.Dani...
A Question Before We Start…•Have youidentified,trained, andtested all theHazMatEmployees atyour facility?Identification & ...
WHAT IS A HAZARDOUSMATERIAL (HAZMAT)?It all begins with the PHMSA/USDOT’sdefinition of a hazardous material.Identification...
What is a Hazardous Material?• Defined @ 49 CFR171.8, as capable ofposing anunreasonable risk tohealth, safety, andpropert...
Hazardous Materials Include:• Technical Name listed in Hazardous MaterialsTable (49 CFR 172.101).• Exhibits the characteri...
Hazardous Materials are CommonIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 8From LQGor SQG
WHO OR WHAT IS A HAZMATEMPLOYER?If you meet the definition of a HazMat Employer at49 CFR 171.8, then you are responsible f...
You are a HazMat Employer if…(1.0)• You employ at leastone HazMatEmployee.and…1. Transport ahazardous materialin commerce....
You are a HazMat Employer if…(2.0)• You employ at leastone HazMatEmployee,and…2. Cause a hazardousmaterial to betransporte...
Packaging Manufacturers are AlsoHazMat Employers (3.0)3. Design,manufacture,fabricate, inspect,mark, maintain,recondition,...
A HazMat Employer Includes• Any department, agency, or instrumentality of theUS.• A state or political subdivision of a st...
WHAT IS A HAZMAT EMPLOYEE?Which of your employees are HazMatEmployees?Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @Danie...
Defined at 49 CFR 171.8Hazmat employee means: (1) A person who is:(i) Employed on a full-time, part time, or temporary bas...
A Breakdown of the Definition (1.0)• Employed full-time, part-time, temporary, or self-employed.and…• Whose job directly a...
A Breakdown of the Definition (2.0)• HazMat Employee also includes full-time, part-time,temporary, or self-employed who…• ...
WHAT DOES A HAZMATEMPLOYEE DO?The regulatory definition is a start, but it alsohelps to have a description – with pictures...
A HazMat Employee hasPre-Transportation Responsibilities• Determines the hazardclass of a hazardousmaterial.• Selects a ha...
A HazMat EmployeeFills & Closes HazMatPackagings• Fills or loads ahazardous materialspackaging.• Secures a closure ona haz...
A HazMat EmployeePrepares HazMat Packagings• Marks & labelspackage to indicatethat it contains ahazardous material.• Ensur...
A HazMat EmployeeAssists the Vehicle Driver• Loads or unloads HazMatfor transportation.• Secures & segregates aHazMat pack...
A HazMat EmployeeLoads or Unloads HazMatIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 23This includes the...
A HazMat Employee Assists inTransportation by Rail• Places warning signs,blocks wheels, andsets brakes on tankcars placed ...
A HazMat EmployeeProvides Oversight and Supervision• Certifies a hazardousmaterial is ready fortransportation.• Supervises ...
A HazMat EmployeeHandles Shipping Papers• Prepares a hazardousmaterials shippingpaper.• Provides andmaintains emergencyres...
Including a Uniform HazardousWaste Manifest• Prepares a uniformhazardous wastemanifest.• Provides andmaintains emergencyre...
A HazMat EmployeeManufactures, etc. Packages• Designs,manufactures,fabricates, inspects,marks, maintains,reconditions, rep...
A HazMat EmployeeOperates a Vehicle Used to Transporta Hazardous MaterialIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @Da...
HOW MUST I TRAIN MY HAZMATEMPLOYEES?Once you’ve identified your HazMat Employees,you as the HazMat Employer must ensure th...
Training Requirements of49 CFR 172, Subpart HGeneral Awareness/FamiliarizationFunction-Specific ResponsibilitiesSafety & E...
Training Requirements of49 CFR 177.816Professional Driving SkillsIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTra...
• Familiarity with thegeneral requirementsof the HMR.• Enable a HazMatEmployee to recognizeand identify hazardousmaterials...
• A detailedunderstanding of thespecific job function(s)of the HazMatEmployee.Identification & Training of HazMat Employee...
• The hazardspresented byhazardous materials.• Safe handling.• Emergency response.• How to avoidaccidents.Identification &...
• Security risksassociated withHazMat transportation.• Methods to enhancesecurity.• How to recognize andrespond to possibl...
• Applicabilitydetermined by typeand amount ofhazardous materialsshipped.• Refer to 49 CFR172.800(b).Identification & Trai...
• Company security objectives.• Specific security procedures.• Employee responsibilities.• Organizational security structur...
When Train and How Often?Initial• Within 90 days ofemployment or newjob assignment.• Supervised by trainedand knowledgeabl...
Training Requirements• HazMat Employeemust be tested aspart of training.• HazMat Employerensures training andtesting is ad...
HazMat Training Documentation• Specific requirementsat 49 CFR 172.704(d).• Retain training recordfor current employeesunti...
For More Information1. What You ShouldKnow: A Guide ToDeveloping AHazardous MaterialsTraining Program2. Does Your HazMatTr...
I provide:Annual RCRATraining forHazardousWastePersonnel.AndTriennialHazMatEmployeeTraining.PublicSeminars,Onsite,Webinars...
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Who or What is a HazMat Employee?

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The regulations of the PHMSA/USDOT at 49 CFR 172, Subpart H require a HazMat Employer to identify and train all of their HazMat Employees initially (within 90 days of hire) and at least once every three years thereafter. Training content must meet the requirements of 49 CFR 172.704. This presentation is a slightly updated and revised version of one I uploaded in 2012. It's purpose is to assist you in determining if you are a HazMat Employer (you are), if you employ any HazMat Employees (you do), and what training the regulations require.

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  • A HazMat Employee could be someone who affixes labels or markings to a package, or performs inspections of packages prior to shipment.
  • Transcript of "Who or What is a HazMat Employee?"

    1. 1. THE IDENTIFICATION ANDTRAINING OF HAZMATEMPLOYEESPursuant to the regulations of the Pipelineand Hazardous Materials SafetyAdministration (PHMSA) of the USDOTIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 1
    2. 2. PRESENTED TO:Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 2The 2013MichiganSafetyConferenceThanks for theopportunity!
    3. 3. PRESENTED BY:Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 3Daniels Training Services815.821.1550www.DanielsTraining.comInfo@DanielsTraining.comA different kind of training.
    4. 4. A Question Before We Start…•Have youidentified,trained, andtested all theHazMatEmployees atyour facility?Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 4Leading source ofUSDOT violations/fines
    5. 5. WHAT IS A HAZARDOUSMATERIAL (HAZMAT)?It all begins with the PHMSA/USDOT’sdefinition of a hazardous material.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 5
    6. 6. What is a Hazardous Material?• Defined @ 49 CFR171.8, as capable ofposing anunreasonable risk tohealth, safety, andproperty whentransported incommerce.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 6
    7. 7. Hazardous Materials Include:• Technical Name listed in Hazardous MaterialsTable (49 CFR 172.101).• Exhibits the characteristic of a hazard class ordivision (49 CFR 173.2).• Hazardous Substance (49 CFR 171.8).• Hazardous Waste (49 CFR 171.3).• Marine Pollutant (49 CFR 171.4).• Elevated Temperature Material (49 CFR 171.8).@DanielsTraining 7Identification & Training of HazMat Employees
    8. 8. Hazardous Materials are CommonIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 8From LQGor SQG
    9. 9. WHO OR WHAT IS A HAZMATEMPLOYER?If you meet the definition of a HazMat Employer at49 CFR 171.8, then you are responsible foridentifying and training your HazMat Employees.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 9
    10. 10. You are a HazMat Employer if…(1.0)• You employ at leastone HazMatEmployee.and…1. Transport ahazardous materialin commerce.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 10Or….
    11. 11. You are a HazMat Employer if…(2.0)• You employ at leastone HazMatEmployee,and…2. Cause a hazardousmaterial to betransported incommerce.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 11Or….
    12. 12. Packaging Manufacturers are AlsoHazMat Employers (3.0)3. Design,manufacture,fabricate, inspect,mark, maintain,recondition, repair ortest a hazardousmaterial package orpackage component.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 12
    13. 13. A HazMat Employer Includes• Any department, agency, or instrumentality of theUS.• A state or political subdivision of a state.• An Indian tribe.• An owner/operator of a motor vehicle.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 13If they offer a HazMatfor transportation ortransport in commerce
    14. 14. WHAT IS A HAZMAT EMPLOYEE?Which of your employees are HazMatEmployees?Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 14
    15. 15. Defined at 49 CFR 171.8Hazmat employee means: (1) A person who is:(i) Employed on a full-time, part time, or temporary basis by a hazmat employer and whoin the course of such full time, part time or temporary employment directly affectshazardous materials transportation safety;(ii) Self-employed (including an owner-operator of a motor vehicle, vessel, or aircraft)transporting hazardous materials in commerce who in the course of such self-employment directly affects hazardous materials transportation safety;(iii) A railroad signalman; or(iv) A railroad maintenance-of-way employee.(2) This term includes an individual, employed on a full time, part time, or temporarybasis by a hazmat employer, or who is self-employed, who during the course ofemployment:(i) Loads, unloads, or handles hazardous materials;(ii) Designs, manufactures, fabricates, inspects, marks, maintains, reconditions, repairs,or tests a package, container or packaging component that is represented, marked,certified, or sold as qualified for use in transporting hazardous material in commerce.(iii) Prepares hazardous materials for transportation;(iv) Is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials;(v) Operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 15HUH?!?
    16. 16. A Breakdown of the Definition (1.0)• Employed full-time, part-time, temporary, or self-employed.and…• Whose job directly affects hazardous materialtransportation safety.• Also includes…• Railroad signalman.• Railroad maintenance-of-way employee.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 16
    17. 17. A Breakdown of the Definition (2.0)• HazMat Employee also includes full-time, part-time,temporary, or self-employed who…• Loads, unloads, or handles hazardous materials;• Involved in any phase of manufacture of HazMatpackaging.• Prepares hazardous materials for transportation;• Is responsible for safety of transporting hazardousmaterials;• Operates a vehicle used to transport hazardousmaterials.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 17
    18. 18. WHAT DOES A HAZMATEMPLOYEE DO?The regulatory definition is a start, but it alsohelps to have a description – with pictures! – ofthe job duties of a HazMat Employee.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 18
    19. 19. A HazMat Employee hasPre-Transportation Responsibilities• Determines the hazardclass of a hazardousmaterial.• Selects a hazardousmaterial’s packaging.• For imports, providesthe shipper withinformation about theregulations.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 19
    20. 20. A HazMat EmployeeFills & Closes HazMatPackagings• Fills or loads ahazardous materialspackaging.• Secures a closure ona hazardousmaterials packaging.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 20
    21. 21. A HazMat EmployeePrepares HazMat Packagings• Marks & labelspackage to indicatethat it contains ahazardous material.• Ensures a package isin proper condition fortransportation.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 21HazMat LabelsMarkings
    22. 22. A HazMat EmployeeAssists the Vehicle Driver• Loads or unloads HazMatfor transportation.• Secures & segregates aHazMat package in avehicle.• Selects, provides, oraffixes placards.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 22
    23. 23. A HazMat EmployeeLoads or Unloads HazMatIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 23This includes the loading orunloading of bulk quantities
    24. 24. A HazMat Employee Assists inTransportation by Rail• Places warning signs,blocks wheels, andsets brakes on tankcars placed for loadingor unloading withclosures open.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 24
    25. 25. A HazMat EmployeeProvides Oversight and Supervision• Certifies a hazardousmaterial is ready fortransportation.• Supervises HazMatEmployees.• Is responsible for thesafe transportation ofhazardous materials.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 25
    26. 26. A HazMat EmployeeHandles Shipping Papers• Prepares a hazardousmaterials shippingpaper.• Provides andmaintains emergencyresponse information.• Reviews a hazardousmaterials shippingpaper to verifycompliance with theregulations.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 26
    27. 27. Including a Uniform HazardousWaste Manifest• Prepares a uniformhazardous wastemanifest.• Provides andmaintains emergencyresponse information.• Reviews a uniformhazardous wastemanifest to verifycompliance with theregulations.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 27
    28. 28. A HazMat EmployeeManufactures, etc. Packages• Designs,manufactures,fabricates, inspects,marks, maintains,reconditions, repairs ortests a package orpackage component.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 28
    29. 29. A HazMat EmployeeOperates a Vehicle Used to Transporta Hazardous MaterialIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 29
    30. 30. HOW MUST I TRAIN MY HAZMATEMPLOYEES?Once you’ve identified your HazMat Employees,you as the HazMat Employer must ensure theyare trained and tested per the requirements of49 CFR 172, Subpart H.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 30
    31. 31. Training Requirements of49 CFR 172, Subpart HGeneral Awareness/FamiliarizationFunction-Specific ResponsibilitiesSafety & Emergency ResponseSecurity General AwarenessIn-Depth SecurityIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 31
    32. 32. Training Requirements of49 CFR 177.816Professional Driving SkillsIdentification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 32
    33. 33. • Familiarity with thegeneral requirementsof the HMR.• Enable a HazMatEmployee to recognizeand identify hazardousmaterials.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 33General Awareness/Familiarization
    34. 34. • A detailedunderstanding of thespecific job function(s)of the HazMatEmployee.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 34
    35. 35. • The hazardspresented byhazardous materials.• Safe handling.• Emergency response.• How to avoidaccidents.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 35
    36. 36. • Security risksassociated withHazMat transportation.• Methods to enhancesecurity.• How to recognize andrespond to possiblesecurity threats.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 36
    37. 37. • Applicabilitydetermined by typeand amount ofhazardous materialsshipped.• Refer to 49 CFR172.800(b).Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 37
    38. 38. • Company security objectives.• Specific security procedures.• Employee responsibilities.• Organizational security structure.and…• Actions to take in the event of a security breach.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 38Will also require theHazMat Security Plan
    39. 39. When Train and How Often?Initial• Within 90 days ofemployment or newjob assignment.• Supervised by trainedand knowledgeablepersonnel in that time.Recurrent• Full training at leastonce every 3 years.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 39
    40. 40. Training Requirements• HazMat Employeemust be tested aspart of training.• HazMat Employerensures training andtesting is adequateand appropriate.• No training orexperiencerequirement for trainer.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 40
    41. 41. HazMat Training Documentation• Specific requirementsat 49 CFR 172.704(d).• Retain training recordfor current employeesuntil facility closure.• At least 90 days fromHazMat Employee’slast day.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 41
    42. 42. For More Information1. What You ShouldKnow: A Guide ToDeveloping AHazardous MaterialsTraining Program2. Does Your HazMatTraining Measure Up?3. US DOT website:HazMat EmployeeTrainingRequirements.Identification & Training of HazMat Employees @DanielsTraining 42
    43. 43. I provide:Annual RCRATraining forHazardousWastePersonnel.AndTriennialHazMatEmployeeTraining.PublicSeminars,Onsite,Webinars…ID & Management of Universal Waste in Michigan @DanielsTraining 43Daniels Training Services815.821.1550Info@DanielsTraining.comwww.DanielsTraining.comGotQuestions?
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