Vendor Meeting


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Vendor Meeting

  1. 1. Bowling Summary For Columbia Vendor Visit Oct. 2003
  2. 2. Bowling and Scoring History 1:1583 “ Soaker” ball outlawed 1973 1:1830 1 st rule about “not altering oil to create ball path” 1966 1:2707 Columbia- 1 st Polyester ball 1959 1:3934 1 st Lane Oil 1945 1:1196 Ned Day – 1 st 3 finger ball 1936 1:4400 DoDo ball is outlawed (24#) 1913 1:2000 1 st Rubber ball 1905 Scoring Event Year
  3. 3. Evolution of the Bowling Environment - 1970’s Polyester Era - <ul><li>1/8 ounce of oil per lane </li></ul><ul><li>Hot balls - Yellow Dot, soakers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bowling and Scoring History 1:284 “ Short Oil” 1986 1:405 1 st urethane ball 1981 1:1713 “ Blended” went to “Flat” 1976 1:1583 “ Blended” lane condition 1974 Scoring Event Year
  5. 5. Evolution of the Bowling Environment - 1980’s Urethane Era - <ul><li>Urethane balls with more friction </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bowling and Scoring History 1:78 New Ball specs for Rg, differential Rg, COR, & COF Squeeky-many grit polish 1993 1:99 3 unit lane oiling rule All Manufactures introduce reactive shell 1992 1 st reactive shell- Excalibur Phantom core patent 1991 1:162 Many 2-piece ball released 1990 Scoring Event Year
  7. 7. Bowling and Scoring History Thicker oil 1995 Lot of reactive balls with higher Differential Rg, Columbia-ceramic cores 1994 Scoring Event Year
  8. 8. 1990’s - Reactive Era <ul><li>Dramatic change in the bowling environment- balls and lanes </li></ul><ul><li>The way the sport is played is changing </li></ul><ul><li>Oil dries up faster creating more friction from the lane </li></ul><ul><li>Wet/Dry conditions become common place </li></ul>
  9. 9. Lane Graphs
  10. 10. Bowling and Scoring History 1:42 Columbia- Calcium carbonate in shell 2000 1:47 Columbia Chaos- glass microballoons shell, 1 st multicolor shell Storm- rubber particles 1999 1:36 1 st Brunswick particle shell- ceramic microspheres Lane oils with solids 1998 Scoring Event Year
  11. 11. Bowling and Scoring History 1:40 Columbia shells- TiO 2 , solid TEC (M5000), silane coated mica 2002 1:42 1 st Ebonite clear reactive Storm- clear shell with soccer & football inside Columbia-silane coated TEC 71 year old man- 890 series 2001 Scoring Event Year
  12. 12. Bowling Ball History 1:36 Columbia shell- larger (21 micron) solid microballoon, multicolor conventional Ebonite- “Hook Again” 2003 ???? 2004 Scoring Event Year
  13. 13. Columbia- Ball Performance
  14. 14. Performance from Polyester, Urethane, Reactive & Particle
  15. 15. Superflex and G-4
  16. 16. Performance from Superflex & Holoflake Shells
  17. 17. Superflex and Afflair
  18. 18. Performance from Different Particles
  19. 19. 2003- Muscle GTO (P57)
  20. 20. Particle Size Comparison
  21. 21. Particle Size Comparison
  22. 22. Particle Size Comparison
  23. 23. Particle Size Comparison
  24. 24. Microscopic View of Balls with TEC vs. Superflex Superflex TEC
  25. 25. TEC vs. Muscle vs. Muscle GT Chaos-TEC Microballoons Icon-Muscle, Tio 2 Throttle- Muscle GT, solid glass balloons
  26. 26. Closer Look at TEC Photos of Particles 10 micron
  27. 27. Newest Columbia Shell Particle Muscle GT – magnified 500 X Muscle- magnified 10,000 X 20 micron 1 micron
  28. 28. Experimental Shells
  29. 29. Experimental Particles- Recycled Glass, TPU, and Clay
  30. 30. Wollastonite and Talc
  31. 31. Latest Potters’ Particles
  32. 32. Different Particles Tested
  33. 33. Different Particles Tested
  34. 34. Shell Summary <ul><li>Shell determines friction-#1 variable in performance </li></ul><ul><li>Oil absorption increases friction </li></ul><ul><li>Particles affect friction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surface roughness- sanded vs. polished </li></ul><ul><li>Track flare affects friction </li></ul>
  35. 35. Ball Design-Marketing Goals <ul><li>Develop a product line with different ball reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics- multicolor </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>New technology sells balls </li></ul>
  36. 36. Cores Designed to Affect- 1)Flare (Differential Rg) and 2)Roll (Rg) Core Body- affects Rg, high density material, 2.0- 3.2 Sp. Gr. Bottom Flip Block- affects Diff Rg, very dense, 2.0 to 3.5 Sp. Gr. Top Flip Block- affects Diff Rg, very dense, 2.0 to 3.5 Sp. Gr. Round Core- affects Rg, lower density, .7 to 1.2 Sp. Gr
  37. 37. Previous Brainstorm Session with BASF-June 2000 <ul><li>Brainstorm ideas </li></ul><ul><li>-Alumina base & gold base particles (item 1AIII) (check w/ Potters) </li></ul><ul><li>-Organic fillers (1B) hemp, corn starch </li></ul><ul><li>- 9-26-00 received wood fillers from American Wood Products </li></ul><ul><li>-Al HO3 Aluminum trihydroxide- Huber Granite Elite w/ ground acrylic (very gritty) </li></ul><ul><li>-Wants to settle out (maybe can add to color unit with agitation) </li></ul><ul><li>-Harder then CC, maybe same as TEC </li></ul><ul><li>-Have to add mat'l ourselves because settles out in shipment </li></ul><ul><li>-May work in conventional </li></ul><ul><li>-Need more to test </li></ul><ul><li>-9-14-00 tested Granite Elite and Al Trihydroxide with good results again (ER328) </li></ul><ul><li>-Ground rubber </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- 9-12-00 ordered 1.1 density white and red rubber from Rouse who supplies material for bowling balls (got name from Carmen Salvino) 9-19-00 recieved material and wrote Ft </li></ul></ul><ul><li>bleeder (create wide foot print with hard particles) </li></ul><ul><li>-test bleeder (Sur D vs TEC)- hooked less then TEC by far </li></ul>
  38. 38. Previous Brainstorm Session <ul><li>test heavy filled balls (30,40,50, 60%..... what filler) </li></ul><ul><li>NMP etching (item 5D) </li></ul><ul><li>Make superball outer shell </li></ul><ul><li>Hard particles (glass spheres, acrylic) and then sandblast (remove mat'l around particle)(have diff. grit sand to blast with) </li></ul><ul><li>Polyethylene powder into shell (.9 Sp Gr) </li></ul><ul><li>7-1/2&quot; round core durability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Blended iso with TEC & 7-1/2&quot; round core- results tec 8.5 drops, blended 10-12 drops, blended alone (without TEC) goes into 4' range </li></ul></ul><ul><li>M-10 iso with higher functionality for better physicals (2.2 functionality) (i.e. clear iso is more durable w/ 2.0 functionality) </li></ul><ul><li>Microglass in 7-1/2&quot; round core </li></ul><ul><li>silane coated TEC particle w/ 7-1/2&quot; round core- passed drop test easily (averaged 105 drops) and performed like TEC (ER331) </li></ul><ul><li>Soft particles </li></ul><ul><li>-Rubber (see above) </li></ul><ul><li>-Polyethylene powder </li></ul><ul><li>-Teflon </li></ul><ul><li>-Ground TPU </li></ul><ul><li>-Polyester polyol </li></ul>
  39. 39. Previous Brainstorm Session <ul><li>Diatomaceous earth </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular sieves (absorb oil) </li></ul><ul><li>Ground up carbon fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Foam urethane (may crush, inconsistent skin thickness, porosity issue, etc.) but try </li></ul><ul><li>-elastomeric foam (may change foot print size) </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>-pareachrome (BASF material) </li></ul><ul><li>-Clear urethane </li></ul><ul><li>Test high oil absorbing material (from Huber) </li></ul><ul><li>Aluminum trihydroxide -received test balls 9-13-00 Granite Elite material was faster oil absorbing, as was microglass (ER328) </li></ul><ul><li>Amorphous Aluminum silicate (Ft written 9-14-00) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Zoethix (precipitated silica) was fastest oil absorbing (ER332) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ABC Sport Condition issue </li></ul><ul><li>Huber Granite Elite is acrylic & would burn off & therefore, be non-detectable </li></ul><ul><li>- 70299/70290? G-4 polyol with 80/20 blended iso at 1.05 index </li></ul>
  40. 40. Other Future Ideas
  41. 41. TEC Death Issue
  42. 42. TEC Death Issue-Capture
  43. 43. Hook Again vs. Capture
  44. 44. Effect from Color
  45. 45. ABC Strike Percentage Graph Idea strike location 10 Pin Location- approx. 50% strikes & 50%-10 pin Believe deflection determines whether the ball strikes or leaves a 10 pin
  46. 46. End