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Chemical Facilities Safety - Executive Order 13560
 

Chemical Facilities Safety - Executive Order 13560

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  • Since DHS will be a major player, they may want to pursue the “sharing of chemical facility information” to be through NIEM data flows – can use CDX as the pipe. (HERE may be an existing prototype)  If that is true, this may be the time EPA either signs on to take responsibility (with resources) for an Environmental Domain or just participates in someone else’s domain to develop the standards and data flows required.

Chemical Facilities Safety - Executive Order 13560 Chemical Facilities Safety - Executive Order 13560 Presentation Transcript

  • EO 13650 Executive Order on Chemical Facility Safety 10/30/2013 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1
  • Executive Order • Background – West, TX fertilizer plant explosion – Potentially hazardous facilities not on radar – Information gaps and lack of coordination
  • Executive Order • Executive Order – Signed on August 1, 2013 • Objectives: – improve operational coordination with state and local partners; – enhance Federal agency coordination and information sharing; – modernize policies, regulations and standards; and – work with stakeholders to identify best practices. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/08/01/executiveorder-improving-chemical-facility-safety-and-security
  • Establish Cross-Agency Collaboration Governance Cross-Agency Workgroup Co-Chairs: Consultation: - Council on Environmental Quality - National Security Staff - Domestic Policy Council - Office of Science and Technology Policy - Office of Management and Budget (OMB) - White House Office of Cabinet Affairs - Others as designated by the President DHS Secretary EPA Administrator Secretary of Labor Department of Homeland Security Environmental Protection Agency Department of Labor Department of Transportation Department of Justice Department of Agriculture The Working Group shall consist of the head of each of the representative agencies or their designated representatives at the Assistant Secretary level or higher
  • Objective: Improve Operational Coordination Ensure that: – State homeland security advisors, – State Emergency Response Commissions (SERCs), – Tribal Emergency Response Commissions (TERCs), – Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs), – Tribal Emergency Planning Committees (TEPCs), – State regulators, and – first responders … have ready access to key information in a useful format to prevent, prepare for, and respond to chemical incidents
  • Objective: Federal Coordination and Information Sharing • Improve the safety and security of chemical facilities through regulations, information reporting requirements, site inspections, and voluntary partnerships • Establish a cross-agency workgroup, co-chaired by DHS, EPA and DOL, with additional agencies participating • Initiate innovative approaches for working together on a broad range of activities, such as identification of high-risk facilities, inspections, enforcement, and incident investigation and follow up
  • Objective: Federal Coordination and Information Sharing • The Executive Order requires that the Federal agencies deploy a regional pilot program that will validate best practices and test innovative new methods for Federal interagency collaboration on chemical facility safety and security • Federal agencies are specifically directed to modernize the collection and sharing of chemical facility information to maximize the effectiveness of risk reduction efforts and reduce duplicative efforts
  • Objective: Modernizing Policies, Regulations and Standards • Work with stakeholders to improve chemical safety and security through agency programs, private sector initiatives, Federal guidance, standards, and regulations • Example: Reduce risks associated with ammonium nitrate - agencies to examine new options to address the safe and secure storage, handling, and sale of this explosive chemical
  • Objective: Modernizing Policies, Regulations and Standards • Agencies to determine if additional chemicals should be covered by existing Federal regulatory programs – initial programs to consider: – – – – – – – EPA – Risk Management Program (RMP) EPA – Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know (TRI and TIER II) DHS – Chemical Facilities Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATs) DOL – Process Safety Management Standards (PSM) DOL – Chemical Plant National Emphasis Program (NEP) USCG – Maritime Port Security DOJ – ATF Explosives • In addition, agencies will consider whether to pursue an independent, high-level assessment of the US approach to chemical facility risk management to identify additional recommendations for all levels of government and industry to reduce the risk of catastrophic chemical incidents in the future
  • Objective: Working with Stakeholders to Identify Best Practices Key Federal agencies to convene a wide range of interested stakeholders, including representatives from: • • • • • • industry, state, local, tribal governments, non-governmental organizations, and the first responder community, … to identify and share successes to date and best practices to reduce safety and security risks in the production and storage of potentially harmful chemicals, including through the use of safer alternatives, adoption of best practices, and potential public-private partnerships
  • 270of EO signing Within 135of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 45of EO signing Within 270of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 180of EO signing Oct-14 Sep-14 Aug-14 Jul-14 Jun-14 May-14 Apr-14 Mar-14 Feb-14 Jan-14 Description Dec-13 Ref 14-Aug-14 2(c) The Working Group shall meet no less than quarterly to discuss the status of efforts to implement this order. The Working Group is encouraged to invite other affected agencies, such as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, to attend these meetings as appropriate. Additionally, the Working Group shall provide, within 270 days of the date of this order, a status report to the President through the Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism. 6-Feb-14 3 The Working Group shall develop a plan to support and further enable efforts by State regulators, State, local, and tribal emergency responders, chemical facility owners and operators, and local and tribal communities to work together to improve chemical facility safety and security 5-Dec-13 3(b) The Attorney General, through the head of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), shall assess the feasibility of sharing data related to the storage of explosive materials with SERCs, TEPCs, and LEPCs 5-Dec-13 3(c) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall assess the feasibility of sharing Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) data with SERCs, TEPCs, and LEPCs on a categorical basis 3-Oct-13 4(a) The Working Group shall deploy a pilot program, involving the EPA, Department of Labor, Department of Homeland Security, and any other appropriate agency, to validate best practices and to test innovative methods for Federal interagency collaboration regarding chemical facility safety and security. The pilot program shall operate in at least one region and shall integrate regional Federal, State, local, and tribal assets, where appropriate. 14-Aug-14 4(b) The Working Group shall create comprehensive and integrated standard operating procedures for a unified Federal approach for identifying and responding to risks in chemical facilities (including during pre-inspection, inspection execution, post-inspection, and post-accident investigation activities), incident reporting and response procedures, enforcement, and Tcollection, storage, and use of facility information 5-Dec-13 4(c) the Working Group shall consult with the Chemical Safety Board (CSB) and determine what, if any, changes are required to existing memorandums of understanding (MOUs) and processes between EPA and CSB, ATF and CSB, and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and CSB for timely and full disclosure of information. 5-Dec-13 5(a) The Working Group shall develop an analysis, including recommendations, on the potential to improve information collection by and sharing between agencies to help identify chemical facilities which may not have provided all required information or may be non-compliant with Federal requirements to ensure chemical facility safety 10-Apr-14 5(b) The Working Group shall produce a proposal for a coordinated, flexible data-sharing process which can be utilized to track data submitted to agencies for federally regulated chemical facilities, including locations, chemicals, regulated entities, previous infractions, and other relevant information. Nov-13 Date Oct-13 Days Event Within Sep-13 Implementation Timeline
  • 180of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 906(a)(i) Within 906(a)(ii) Within 90of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 90of EO signing Within 90of EO signing 14-Aug-14 6(a)(iii) develop a plan for implementing practical and effective improvements to chemical risk management identified pursuant to subsections (a)(i) and (ii) of this section 5-Dec-13 6(b) the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Labor, and the Secretary of Agriculture shall develop a list of potential regulatory and legislative proposals to improve the safe and secure storage, handling, and sale of ammonium nitrate and identify ways in which ammonium nitrate safety and security can be enhanced under existing authorities. 5-Dec-13 6(c) the Administrator of EPA and the Secretary of Labor shall review the chemical hazards covered by the Risk Management Program (RMP) and the Process Safety Management Standard (PSM) and determine if the RMP or PSM can and should be expanded to address additional regulated substances and types of hazards. 5-Dec-13 6(c) In addition, the EPA and the Department of Labor shall develop a plan, including a timeline and resource requirements, to expand, implement, and enforce the RMP and PSM in a manner that addresses the additional regulated substances and types of hazards. 5-Dec-13 6(d) the Secretary of Homeland Security shall identify a list of chemicals, including poisons and reactive substances, that should be considered for addition to the CFATS Chemicals of Interest list.Management Standard (PSM) and determine if the RMP or PSM can and should be expanded to address additional regulated substances and types of hazards. 5-Dec-13 6(e)(i) the Secretary of Labor shall: (i) identify any changes that need to be made in the retail and commercial grade exemptions in the PSM Standard; and 5-Dec-13 6(e)(ii) the Secretary of Labor shall: (ii) issue a Request for Information designed to identify issues related to modernization of the PSM Standard and related standards necessary to meet the goal of preventing major chemical accidents. Oct-14 Sep-14 Aug-14 Jul-14 Jun-14 May-14 Apr-14 Mar-14 Feb-14 Jan-14 Description Dec-13 Ref 10-Apr-14 5(c) The Working Group shall identify and recommend possible changes to streamline and otherwise improve data collection to meet the needs of the public and Federal, State, local, and tribal agencies (including those charged with protecting workers and the public), consistent with the Paperwork Reduction Act and other relevant authorities, including opportunities to lessen the reporting burden on regulated industries. 5-Dec-13 6(a)(i) develop options for improved chemical facility safety and security that identifies improvements to existing risk management practices through agency programs 10-Apr-14 6(a)(ii) engage key stakeholders to discuss the options and other means to improve chemical risk management that may be available Nov-13 Date Oct-13 Days Event Within Sep-13 Implementation Timeline