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  • 1. Internship Report Final Profession DVM 1 Internship Report Of MUHAMMAD TANVEER SHAH Registration No: - 2K6-VAS-03 Session: - 2006-2012 Duration of internship 16 weeks From: - 19-Sep-2011 to 08-Jan-2012Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences,Lasbella University of Agriculture,Water, and Marine Sciences Uthal, Balochistan Page 1 of 55
  • 2. Internship Report IQRA 2In the Name of ALLAH Most Benevolent ever Most Merciful Read, Read in the Name of Your Lord. Who created,created Man from an embryo. Read for Your Lord is MostBeneficent, Who taught by the Pen, taught Man what he did notknow. (Al-Quran) Page 2 of 55
  • 3. Internship Report Al-Hadees 3In the Name of ALLAH Most Benevolent ever Most Merciful In sight is my Capital, Reason is the spirit of Faith, Love is myFoundation, Zeal is my conveyance, Remembrance of ALLAH is myComrade, Trust in God is my Fortune, Sadness is my Companion,Knowledge is my Weapon, Patience is my Garment, Pleasure of God ismy Prize, Humility is my Pride, Self denial is my Profession, Trust is myIntercessor, Obedience of God is my Enough, Holly War is my Nature,and Prayer is the Solace of my Eyes. Saying of Holy Prophet Hazrat MUHAMMAD (P.B.U.H) Page 3 of 55
  • 4. Internship Report Table Content 4Sr.NO Particular/Title Page No1 Signature 52 Dedication 63 Abstract 74 Acknowledgement 8-105 List of Figures 116 List of Tables 117 1st Station Of Internship C.V.H Quetta 128 Introduction 12-139 Cases 14-2410 Vaccination at C.V.H 2511 Internship Certificate12 2nd Station Of Internship Govt Poultry Farm 2613 Introduction 2614 The organization Chart 26-2715 Layers Management in the Government Poultry Farm 2816 Schedule for Layers Management 28-3117 Disease Control Measures For Layers 3118 Feed Consumption for Layers 3219 Broilers Management in the Government Poultry Farm 33-3420 Schedule for Layers Management 3521 Disease Control Measures For Broilers 3822 Proforma for Postmortem D.I Laboratory Quetta 3923 3rd Station for Internship D.I Lab Quetta 4024 Introduction 4025 Work done at Lab 40-4226 4th Station for Internship S.P.U Quetta 4327 Introduction 4328 Work done in semen production center 43-4429 5th Station for Internship Govt Dairy Farm Quetta 4530 Itroduction 4531 The Organization Chart 46-4732 Location of the Dairy Farm Quetta 4833 Housing of Farm Animals at Dairy Farm Quetta 49-5134 Farm Managements 5135 Farm operations 5236 Disease Control Measure 52-5337 Conclusion 5438 References 5539 Page 4 of 55
  • 5. Internship Report Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 5 Lasbella University of Agriculture, Water, and Marine Sciences Uthal, Balochistan TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN It is certified that Mr. MUHAMMAD TANVEER SHAH S/O MUHAMMADYUSUF SHAH, Registration No: - 2K6-VAS-03 of DVM of session 2006-2012has successfully completed his internship and submitted his internship report.Dean of F.V.A.SProf Dr. Muhammad Sharif PhullanInternship AdviserAsst Prof Dr. Umar BalochChecked ByPrepared ByMuhammad Tanveer Shah Page 5 of 55
  • 6. Internship Report DEDICATION 6 This Humble Effort, the Fruit of my thoughts and Study,To My dear Classmate, and Friend Late Dr. Waseem Azeem Baloch, To My parents who inspired me to higher ideas of life, For their Prayers, For their Sacrifices, And For their endless patience, They are “Heaven on Earth” For Me. To My School Teachers, Mr. Nabi Bakhash Buzdar, And Mr. Abdul Ghafoor Bhatti, To Some One Special, And All those who are dear to Me. Page 6 of 55
  • 7. Internship Report ABSTRACT 7 A full term (10th Semester) Compulsory internship is a prerequisite for thefull fillment of partial completion of degree, Doctor of Veterinary Medication(DVM) 5 year composite programmed. Internship is also necessary inaccordance with improving the capabilities of a graduate of any professionalbackground. This practical experience actually improves the professionalcapabilities of any individual seeking bright carrier. A Veterinary science graduate is an important fellow, where he must becapable of maintaining health of animals but also is responsible for the issuesthat are directly or indirectly concerned with the livelihood and general issuesfoe human population, so is required for such a graduate to improve hiscapabilities while remaining part of team. As for as mine internship is concern I with reference of my parentinstitution, Joined Livestock department Government of Balochistan. Duringstay at the department I gained much insight into how to make theoreticalknowledge applicable to practical complexities of organization in order tooperate them efficiently and effectively to achieve organizational goals.Internship at livestock department has really helped me to polish my skills andcapabilities. I am sure that with these professional skills and practical approach, I willbe able to gain ever growing momentum in any organization as far as mycompetency is concerned. Page 7 of 55
  • 8. Internship Report ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 8 All praise and thanks to The Gracious the Greatest Lord “AlmightyALLAH” Who blessed me with courage and made My efforts fruitful, Who bestowed upon me with potential and ability to contribute a little material toexisting knowledge. I pray all the tributes to The Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H)Who enlightened our conscious, Who is a Torch of guidance and knowledgefor Humanity, All and every respect is for The Holy Prophet HazratMuhammad (P.B.U.H) Who enables us to recognize our Creator.A special mention goes to my honorable Father“Muhammad Yusuf Shah” Loving Mother and all my Family members whose encouragement,Prayers, financial support, and sympathies paved me to achieve this goal. I feel great pleasure and honor to express our heartiest gratitude anddeep sense obligation to Dr. Iqbal khetran Director General (D.G) Livestockand dairy development department Quetta Balochistan. Thanks to Dr. Faiz Baloch Deputy Superintendent at Civil VeterinaryHospital Quetta, Livestock and dairy development department Balochistan, forhis keen interest, enlightened views, valuable suggestions, and propitiousguidance for the successful accomplishment of this work. And Thanks to Dr. Qutab Khan Bangulzai Veterinary officer (V.O) atCivil Veterinary Hospital Quetta, Livestock and dairy development departmentBalochistan for their kind, sympathetic, and inspiring guidance, gracious,hospitality, and constructive criticism for accomplishment of this manuscript. Thanks to Dr. Shakeel Khetran Artificial Inseminator (A.I) at CivilVeterinary Hospital Quetta, Livestock and dairy development departmentBalochistan, for his technical guidance and inspiring attitude during ourinternship programme. I feel great pleasure and honor to express our heartiest gratitude anddeep sense obligation to Dr. Farooq khan Superintendent Government PoultryFarm Quetta, Livestock and dairy development department QuettaBalochistan for his keen interest, enlightened views, valuable suggestions,and propitious guidance for the successful accomplishment of this work. Page 8 of 55
  • 9. Internship Report Thanks to Dr. Asghar Ahmed Kakar Poultry development OfficerGovernment Poultry Farm Quetta, Livestock and dairy development 9department Quetta Balochistan, for their kind, sympathetic, and inspiringguidance, gracious, hospitality, and constructive criticism for accomplishmentof this manuscript. We are warmly thankful to ever affectionate Dr. Hasham Veterinaryofficer (V.O) (in charge treatment) Government Poultry farm Quetta, Livestockand dairy development department Balochistan, for his valuable guidance andgenerous criticism during the course of internship and for this report Writing. I feel great pleasure and honor to express our heartiest gratitude anddeep sense obligation to Dr. Zark Jaffar Superintendent Disease InvestigationLaboratory Quetta, Livestock and dairy development department QuettaBalochistan, for his keen interest, enlightened views, valuable suggestions,propitious guidance for the successful accomplishment of this work. Thanks to Abdul Khaliq and Hashim Disease Investigation LaboratoryQuetta, Livestock and dairy development department Quetta Balochistan, fortheir kind, sympathetic, and inspiring guidance, gracious, hospitality, andconstructive criticism for accomplishment of this manuscript. I feel great pleasure and honor to express our heartiest gratitude anddeep sense obligation to Dr. Attique Anwar Sherazi SuperintendentGovernment Dairy Farm Quetta, Livestock and dairy development departmentQuetta Balochistan, for his keen interest, enlightened views, valuablesuggestions, propitious guidance for the successful accomplishment of thiswork. Thanks to Dr. Sayed Ahmed Kakar deputy Superintendent GovernmentDairy Farm Quetta, Livestock and dairy development department QuettaBalochistan, for their kind, sympathetic, and inspiring guidance, gracious,hospitality, and constructive criticism for accomplishment of this manuscript. We are warmly thankful to ever affectionate Dr. Zaffar Alam JAttakVeterinary officer (V.O) (in charge treatment) Government dairy farm Quetta,Livestock and dairy development department Balochistan, for his valuableguidance and generous criticism during the course of internship and for thisreport Writing. We must acknowledge Dr. Muhammad Saleem Veterinary Officer (V.O)(In charge Vaccination & Insemination) Government dairy farm Quetta, Page 9 of 55
  • 10. Internship ReportLivestock and dairy development department Balochistan, for his technicalguidance and inspiring attitude during our internship programme. 10 Special thanks are also for Mr. Daad Muhammad (Stock Assistant), Mr.Naseem Uddin (Stock Assistant), and Mr. Abdul Ghafoor (Stock Assistant),Mr. Imtiaz Buzdar (store Keeper), And all those direct and indirect persons fortheir nice cooperation and timely help throughout the tenure of our Internshipprogramme. Dr. Muhammad Tanveer Shah Page 10 of 55
  • 11. Internship Report List of Figures 11Sr.NO Title Page No1 Main Entrance of the C.V.H Quetta 122 Castration of ovine males with Burdizo Castrator 213 Diseased Animals for Treatment/Diagnosis 234 Main Entrance of GOVT Poultry Farm 265 The Organization Chart of Government Poultry Farm 276 Layers in cages/battery System 307 Drugs and Supplements used for Layers 318 Main Entrance of D.I Laboratory 409 Equipments in D.I Lab & Agar Media Dish 4210 Holstein Friesian Bull Used for Semen Production 4311 Front view of GOVT Dairy Farm 4512 The Organization Chart of Government Dairy Farm. 4713 Cows in tail to tail Tie Stall 4914 List of TablesSr.NO Title Page No1 Vaccination Chart 252 Vaccination Schedule for Layers 323 Feed Consumption for Layers (Per Bird) 32-334 Feed Consumption for Broilers (Per Bird) 375 Vaccination Schedule for Broilers 386 Herd Statistic 487 Ration Formula 528 Daily Ration Scale 529101112 Page 11 of 55
  • 12. Internship Report 1st Station for Internship Civil Veterinary Hospital Quetta from 19- Sep-2011 t0 16-oct-2011 12Introduction: - Civil Veterinary Hospital Quetta was established during British Rule. Atthe start, it was a small unit which was used for the care and treatment ofequines used by British Army. However, after in dependence, this small unitwas upgraded to Civil Veterinary Hospital. Since then it is serving as rolemodel for rest of the veterinary treatment section of the city. This historical veterinary hospital is located at Mecongy road. Farmersand owners of domestic and pet animals are benefiting from the services ofthe hospital round the clock. All sort of diseased, injured, and weak animalsare brought for the treatment which is duly given by the efficient staff of thehospital. Figure No: - 1 Main Entrance of the C.V.H Quetta At present Civil Veterinary Hospital Quetta have four sections. 1. Veterinary Hospital 2. Artificial Insemination 3. Disease Investigation Laboratory 4. Equine Breeding Section Page 12 of 55
  • 13. Internship Report Civil Veterinary Hospital Quetta is supervised by Veterinary Officers(V.O), Dr. Qutab Khan Bangulzai. They informed me about the frequent cases 13generally observed at the hospital.Artificial Insemination (A.I) section is supervised Dr. Shakeel Khetran. He alsoinformed me the different emergency cases like dystokia, retention of placentaetc. He guides me how to handle these cases in hospital and in field. I joined hospital at 19-september-2011 and served there for 28 days upto 16-Oct-2011 according to the recommendation of veterinary doctors inhospital. This hospital providing a wide range of treatment facility to thefarmers and also training facilities for newly appointed veterinaryOfficers/Stock Assistants, Internees from different Universities of Pakistan. Ispend 7 days in medicine section, 7 days in surgery section, 7 days in petanimals care section, and 7 days in reproductive section. During this periodmy performance has been praiseworthy in Treatment of sick animals Surgical treatment of large and small animals successfully Reproductive problems, and Pregnancy diagnosis Page 13 of 55
  • 14. Internship ReportCase: 14Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 WeeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is depressed.Diagnosis:Skin disease, and patches on skin mange (Fungal infection)Treatment:Inj: Ivermectin 2cc/S.C for 5 times.Case:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CaprineSex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FemaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 4 weeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:Soil eating, Hormones deficiency, Worms, and coughTreatment:Inj: Enflox 4cc/I.M for 5 daysInj: Glucovit 4cc/I.M for 5 daysTab: Zoben (bolus)Tab: (::) Hormones 4 tablets Page 14 of 55
  • 15. Internship ReportCase: 15Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 5 WeeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - LamenessBehavior is depressed.Diagnosis:Constipation, Lameness, Large Hoof,Treatment:Inj: Glucovit 4cc/I.M for 3 days.Castor Oil (10ml orally), Carminate Mixture (10ml orally), and hoof trimmingCase:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Male (Fat tail)Age - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 MonthsDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 2 daysGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Abnormal.Diagnosis:Temperature 106F*, loss of appetite, Feed offTreatment:Inj: Fresh-1 3cc/I.M for 5 daysInj: 0.50 % O.T.C 4cc/I.M for 5 daysTempsal (10 ml orally), Carminate mixture (10ml orally) Page 15 of 55
  • 16. Internship ReportCase: 16Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 4 daysGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is depressed.Diagnosis:Constipation, Ovine ColicTreatment:Inj: Hyosine 4cc/I.V for 3 days.Inj: Calcium Gluconate 4cc/I.M for 3 days.Castor Oil (10ml orally), and Carminate Mixture (10ml orally)Case:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Caprine (Goat)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FemaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 yearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 2 daysGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Abnormal.Diagnosis:Temperature 103F*, Cough, loss of appetite, Feed offTreatment:Inj: Fresh-1 2cc/I.M for 5 daysInj: Trisulf 4cc/I.M for 5 days, and Carminate mixture (10ml orally) Page 16 of 55
  • 17. Internship ReportCase: 17Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bovine (Calf)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 daysGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Lay downBehavior is Sedative.Diagnosis:Toxemia, Retention of urine, and abdominal painTreatment:Inj: Hyosine 8cc/I.V for 3 days.Inj: Lysix 9cc/I.M for 3 days.Inj: Stynole 9cc/I.M for 3 days.Inj: Novastar 12cc/I.M for 3 daysCase:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FemaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 yearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 2 daysGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Abnormal.Diagnosis:Tympanic ConditionTreatment:Tempsal (20ml orally) and Carminate mixture (10ml orally) Page 17 of 55
  • 18. Internship ReportCase: 18Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Caprine (Goat)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 weeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:Maggots in testesTreatment:Inj: 10 lac Penicillin 4cc/I.M 2 times daily for 5 days.T.T oil ointment for 3 days, Magsol lotion (Ointment), potassium per magnate(washing of testes)Case:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FemaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 yearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 2 weeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is normal.Diagnosis:Wound on valve, maggots in wound, loss of appetite, feed offTreatment:Inj: 10 lac penicillin 4cc/I.M 2 times daily for 3 days.T.T oil (ointment), Carminate mixture (10 ml orally) Page 18 of 55
  • 19. Internship ReportCase: 19Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - femaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 weeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:DiarrheaTreatment:Inj: Sulphadimidine 20cc/orally 2 times dailyInj: Trisulf 3cc/I.M for 3 days.Case:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Caprine (Goat)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - femaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 18 hoursGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:Retention of PlacentaTreatment:Inj: cyclamate injection 2ml/S.CInj: Trisulf 3cc/I.M for 5 days.Inj: Stillbesterol 0.1ml/I.M Page 19 of 55
  • 20. Internship ReportCase: 20Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Canine (Dog)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 monthsDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 daysGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Lameness is presentBehavior is depressed.Diagnosis:Paro Viral InfectionTreatment:Inj: Neurobion 3cc/I.M daily for 3daysInj: Gravinate 3cc/I.M daily for 3 days.Infusion ringer lactate 500 ml/I.VCase:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 hoursGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Lateral RecumbencyBehavior is depressed.Diagnosis:Fracture in radius ulnaTreatment:Inj: Diclozef 3cc/I.MInj: Prednicart 3cc/I.M and full dressing to the fracture Page 20 of 55
  • 21. Internship ReportCase: 21Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 YearNumber of animals - - - - - - - 10Gait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:CastrationTreatment:Castration of ovine males with Burdizo CastratorFigure No: - 2 Castration of ovine males with Burdizo Castrator Page 21 of 55
  • 22. Internship ReportCase: 22Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - femaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6 MonthsDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 daysGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:Constipation, vesicles in bucal mucosa, and flueTreatment:Inj: Meprim 3cc/I.M for 5 daysInj: Enflox-20 3cc/I.M for 3 days.Carminate mixture (10 ml orally), and Borolex Powder on mucosaCase:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ovine (Sheep)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 3 weeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:Cyst Formation on testes and pus accumulationTreatment:Inj: 10 lac penicillin 4cc/I.M 2 times daily for 4 daysInj: Prednicart-D 3cc/I.M for 3 days, and incision on scrotum sac with surgicalblade removal of pus and dressing Page 22 of 55
  • 23. Internship Report 23Figure No: - 3 Diseased Animals for Treatment/DiagnosisCase:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Horse (Equine)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 24 hoursGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:Retention of urineTreatment:Inj: Hyosine 15cc/I.VInj: Lysix 20cc/I.M for 3 days. Page 23 of 55
  • 24. Internship ReportCase: 24Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bovine (Cattle)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FemaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 4 weeksGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NormalBehavior is abnormal.Diagnosis:Liver Fluke and tonsilsTreatment:Inj: Amoxi-vet 15cc/I.V for 3 days.Inj: predef-2x 15cc/I.M for 3 days.Inj: Lysix 9cc/I.M for 3 days, and Zanil orally 25 ml daily f0r weekCase:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Horse (Equine)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 YearDuration of illness- - - - - - - - 24 hoursGait - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - LamenessBehavior is Normal.Diagnosis:Working horse muscle stiffness, and lamenessTreatment:Inj: Vetafenic 15cc/I.MInj: 40 lac penicillin 4cc/I.M for 3 days, and Body mist (lotion) body massage. Page 24 of 55
  • 25. Internship ReportVaccination at the C.V.H: - 25At C.V.H the Friday was vaccination day. The farmers were facilitated withfree vaccine to control the different diseases. I preferably performedvaccination of different animals and birds.Case:Specie - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Dog (Canine)Sex - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MaleAge - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 YearBehavior is NormalVaccination:Hexa dog (Anti rabies vaccine)And also different vaccination of domestic animals and poultry birds Vaccination ChartMonth 1st Week 2nd Week 3rd Week 4th WeekJanuary E.T.V(2nd Sheep Pox Dose)&A.S.VFebruary F.M.DMarch H.S(Buffalo) F.M.DApril B.Q(1st Dose) B.Q(2nd Dose)May C.C.P.PJune E.T.V(1st Dose) E.T.V(2nd Dose)July Sheep Pox F.M.DAugustSeptember H.S F.M.DOctober B.V.DNovember C.C.P.PDecember E.T.V(1st Dose)KeyE.T.V: - Enterotoxaemia A.S.V: - Anthrax Spore VaccineH.S: - Hemorrhagic Septicemia F.M.D: - Foot & Mouth diseaseB.Q: - Black Quarter Disease C.C.P.P:-ContagiousCaprine PleuroPneumoniaB.V.D: - Bovine Viral Diarrhea Page 25 of 55
  • 26. Internship Report 262nd Station for Internship Government Poultry Farm Quetta from 17-Oct- 2011 t0 13-Nov-2011Introduction: - The Government Poultry Farm Quetta hasbeen established in 1944 for breeding purpose of fancy birds (game birds)initially, but was re-established in 1955-56 for the commercial farming byrearing layer and broiler breeds€ respectively for egg and meet production.The breed kept at this farm is White leghorn, which is well known breed oflayers in aspect of high egg producer, good environment adaptation, andbroodiness traits. The farm is achieving the goal of providing the services topeople in the form of uniform delivery of eggs, meat, and other poultryproducts from the establishment day of Farm up to till now. Figure No: - 4 Main Entrance of GOVT Poultry FarmThe organization Chart: - There are the Fifty Six (56) Employees at thegovernment dairy farm Quetta. The head of the farm is Superintendent, subIncharge at the farm is Poultry development Officer, there are Six (6)Veterinary Officers, Five (5) of them are Stock Assistants, Rest of the staffinclude the poultry attendants, V.C, and office Staff. Page 26 of 55
  • 27. Internship Report ORGANIZATIONAL CHART 27 Superintendent Poultry development OfficerVeterinary Officer Office (6) Suritendent Stock Assiatant Office Assistant Veterinary Care Senior Clerk Taker Poultry Attendnt Senior Clerk Sweeper & ChokidarFigure No: - 5 the Organization Chart of Government Poultry Farm. Page 27 of 55
  • 28. Internship ReportLayers Management in the Government Poultry Farm: - 28 The success of the Layer poultry farm dependsupon the eight (8) points programmed. 1. Selection Of the best breeds of layer with maximum production and outcome. 2. Balance Feed. 3. Framing On the Scientific Basis. 4. Control of the diseases Management. 5. Construction of the Building On scientific Basis. 6. Number of the Birds According the Space and the Equipments. 7. Regular income and budget planning. 8. Farming should be According to the Trading Rules. The selection of layers breeds bird with goodtraits effect the production of farm. The breed kept at this farm is Whiteleghorn, which is well known breed of layers in aspect of high egg producer,good environment adaptation, and broodiness traits. The system adopted forlayers breeding in Government Poultry farm is Cage System. There are 5Cages having the capacity of rearing 10,000 birds & two hall rooms for thesecages. I visited the poultry farm during internship a lotof times Doctor informed me during the visit about management and bio-security of the farm. Bio-security is the most efficient and cost-effectivemethod of disease prevention.Schedule for Layers Management: -Week 1:Feeding after 1 hour + Simple water + Antibiotics (Tribersin or Trizen for thecontrol of yolk sac infection Omphalitis)The brooder temperature should be 90-95F* (250 birds/brooder)Flushing of baby chicks (Molasses @4-5kg + Electrolytes (Vinegar) @250mlfor 1000 birds)Chick guard is used to avoid overcrowding and hurdling. Page 28 of 55
  • 29. Internship ReportWeek 2: 29The brooder temperature should be 85-90F*Avoid overcrowding and hurdling.Put more drinker and feeders. There should be 4 drinkers for 100 birds.Provide light for 16 hours.Week 3:The brooder temperature should be 80-85F*Provide light for 16 hours.Week 4:The brooder temperature should be75-80F*Brooder can be removed fully.Put more drinker and waterers.Provide light for 12 hours.Control humidity in the shed.Recommended values are:Air temperature of 30°C/86°F (measured at chick height in the area wherefeed and water are positioned).Litter temperature of 28–30°C/82–86°F, Relative humidity of 60-70%.Check litter condition.Week 5:Provide light for 10-12 hours.Remove all weak and underweight birds.Week 7:Shift birds to grower house.Provide anti-stress and anti-coccidian medication soon after shifting. Page 29 of 55
  • 30. Internship ReportWeek 10: 30Grading of the flock may be done in this weakWeek 16:Final de-beaking may be done.Shift the flock to the cages during this week.Final grading of the flock is done.Also give pre-layer diet.Figure No: - 6 Layers in cages/battery SystemWeek 18:Continue pre-layer diet.De-worm the flock.First egg may be laid during this week.Week 19:Egg production gradually increases now.Continue pre-layer diet.Week 21:Collect egg frequently.Prevent fly problem around the shed. Page 30 of 55
  • 31. Internship Report 31 Between 23 and 28 weeks increase the lightby 30 minutes per week until a maximum of 16 hours is reached. Usually the100” feet length, 30” feet width, and 10-12” feet height is recommendation ofthe shed for 1000 chicks but it can be changed according to the area andspace.Disease Control Measures For Layers: - Adequate precaution must be taken to preventall kinds of diseases; rigorous health control measures are taken from earlyage. Vaccination against various viral and bacterial diseases is most importantbecause it is most effective way of prevention of specific disease by inducingimmunity. All type of vaccines is not capable of imparting lifelong immunity. Sothe period of effectiveness of particular vaccine, the dosage and route ofadministration are essential factors which should be considered. Each vaccineis done on due date according to following vaccination schedule.Figure No: - 7 Drugs and Supplements used for Layers Page 31 of 55
  • 32. Internship Report Vaccination Schedule for Layers 32Sr.No Age in days Type Of Vaccine Route Remarks 1 6 ND Clone Eye Drop 2 10 IBD 1 Eye Drop 3 14 De-beaking 4 20 IBD 2 Eye Drop 5 23 ND+IB Eye Drop 6 30 IBD 3 Drinking Water 7 32 Hydro Pericardium Sub Cut 8 35 ND Lasota Drinking Water Repeat After Every 30 Days 9 16 Week E.DS Vaccine Sub CutTable No: - 2 Feed Consumption for Layers (Per Bird) Age Average Weight Feed 1st Week 50 10 grams 2nd Week 100 20 grams 3rd Week 150 25 grams 4th Week 200 30 grams 5th Week 300 35 grams 6th Week 400 40 grams 7th Week 500 45 grams 8th Week 650 50 grams 9th Week 8000 55 grams 10th Week 900 60 grams Page 32 of 55
  • 33. Internship Report 11th Week 1000 60 grams 33 th 12 Week 1100 65 grams 13th Week 1200 65 grams 114th Week 1250 70 grams 15th Week 1350 70 grams 16th Week 1400 75 grams 17th Week 1500 80 grams 18th Week 1600 85 grams 19th Week 1700 90 grams 20th Week 1800 95 grams 21st Week 1850 100 grams 22nd Week 1900 105 grams 23rd Week 1950 110 grams 24th Week 1950 115 grams 25th Week Onwards ---- 120 gramsTable No: - 3Broilers Management in the Government Poultry Farm: - The success of the broiler poultry farm depends upon Characteristics ofcommercial importance are given below: - Health Feed supply Lighting Ventilation Stocking density Nutrition Temperature Water supply Vicinal status Page 33 of 55
  • 34. Internship Report Characteristics of commercial importance such as Growth rate, Feedconversion ratio (FCR), Livability and meat yield as well as bird welfare, leg 34health, cardiovascular fitness and robustness, The prevention, detection andtreatment of illness and health, The environment that is managed to providebird with all their requirements for ventilation, air quality, temperature andspace, The provision of nutrient requirements through the compounding ofappropriate feed ingredients, and the proper management of the provision offeed and water. All of these are interdependent. If any one element is sub-optimal, thenoverall broiler performance will suffer and Limits to Broiler Growth and QualityEconomic and commercial issues continue to influence the way broilers aremanaged, The need for flocks of broilers that can be grown to ever more pre-dictable and pre-defined specifications, Chick handling, brooding and earlygrowth management is all of great importance. Broiler production is asequential process and ultimate performance is dependent upon thesuccessful completion of each step. Each stage must be assessed criticallyand improvements made wherever required for maximum performance. Thecomplexity of broiler production means that livestock managers should have aclear understanding of the factors affecting the whole production process aswell as of that directly influencing bird management on the farm. Changesmay be necessary on the broiler farm.Farm Preparation: -Following Farm operations should be adopted for sanitation of poultry housebefore rearing a Broiler flock.  Depopulate the house  Cleaning of old feed from house  Clean and disinfect the equipment & expose equipment to sun  Cleaning of house ceiling & walls  Removal of old litter  Make need repairs  Wash house thoroughly  Application of Germicides  Fumigation  Disinfection of floor  Apply Germicides  Put new litter  Install the sanitized equipment  Install & change foot baths Page 34 of 55
  • 35. Internship Report Lock the poultry house and rest the building for at-least 2-4 weeks andPrepare house for chicks. Install waterer, start brooders, warm the building to 35the appropriate temperature, and place chick guards. Keep an area of 15-30meters around the poultry farm closely mowed and free of trash or debris.Schedule for Layers Management: -Week 1:Feeding after 1 hour + Simple water + Antibiotics (Tribersin or Trizen for thecontrol of yolk sac infection Omphalitis)The brooder temperature should be 90-95F* (250 birds/brooder)Flushing of baby chicks (Molasses @4-5kg + Electrolytes (Vinegar) @250mlfor 1000 birds)Chick guard is used to avoid overcrowding and hurdling.Week 2:The brooder temperature should be 85-90F*Avoid overcrowding and hurdling.Put more drinker and feeders. There should be 4 drinkers for 100 birds.Provide light for 16 hours.Week 3:The brooder temperature should be 80-85F*Provide light for 16 hours.Week 4:The brooder temperature should be75-80F*Brooder can be removed fully.Put more drinker and waterers.Provide light for 12 hours.Control humidity in the shed, Check litter condition. Page 35 of 55
  • 36. Internship ReportRecommended values are: 36Air temperature of 30°C/86°F (measured at chick height in the area wherefeed and water are positioned).Litter temperature of 28–30°C/82–86°F, Relative humidity of 60-70%.Check litter condition.Week 5:Provide light for 10-12 hours.Remove all weak and underweight birds.Week 6:Start the finisher ration.Check all birds’ health status.Week 7:Provide anti-stress and anti-coccidian medication.Market the birds in this week or next week as soon as possible. Page 36 of 55
  • 37. Internship Report Feed Consumption for Broilers (Per Bird) 37 Age Feed 1st Week 20-30 grams 2nd Week 30-40 grams 3rd Week 40-50 grams 4th Week 60-80 grams 5th Week 80-100 grams 6th Week 100-110 grams 7th Week 110-120 grams 8th Week 120-125 gramsTable No: - 4 Page 37 of 55
  • 38. Internship Report Disease Control Measures For Broilers: - 38 Adequate precaution must be taken to preventall kinds off diseases; rigorous health control measures are taken from earlyage. Vaccination against various viral and bacterial diseases is most importantbecause it is most effective way of prevention of specific disease by inducingimmunity. All type of vaccines is not capable of imparting life long immunity.So the period of effectiveness of particular vaccine, the dosage and route ofadministration are essential factors which should be considered. Each vaccineis done on due date according to following vaccination schedule. Vaccination Schedule for Broilers Sr.No Age in days Type Of Vaccine Route Remarks 1 6 ND Clone Eye Drop 2 10 IBD 1 Eye Drop 3 17 Hydro Pericardium Sub Cut 4 20 IBD 2 Eye Drop 5 24 ND+IB Eye Drop 6 30 IBD 3 Drinking Water 7 35 ND+IB Drinking WaterTable No: - 5 Page 38 of 55
  • 39. Internship Report PROFORMA FOR POSTMORTEM D.I LABORATORY QUETTA 39Ref#__________ Dated____________ Referred By ________________Species ___________________Breed 1 __________________________Breed 2 ___________________Breed 3 __________________________Layers_____________________ Pullets__________________________Broilers____________________ Chick__________________________Total Number of CarcassesExternal & Internal Findings: -________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Prepared By Reported ByVeterinary Officer Poultry superintendent OfficerGovernment Poultry Farm Government Poultry Farm Quetta QuettaPostmortem By Verified BY Page 39 of 55
  • 40. Internship Report 3rd Station for Internship Disease investigation Laboratory Quetta from 14-Nov-2011 t0 27-Nov-2011 40Introduction: - The D.I. Lab located at Brewery Road Quetta near the BMC Hospitalit work in various disease investigation that is found in all over Balochistan, theD.I Lab also perform Postmortem Investigation after heavy out-break ofdiseases. The D.I Lab suggests different treatment according to theirinvestigation to protect heavy economic losses since 1996.Figure No: - 8 Main Entrance of D.I Laboratory Work done at Paracitology LaboratoryThin Blood SmearTake blood sample and put a drop of blood on a microsopic slide. Then takeanother slide and touch the blood with the end of this slide (Spread Slide) atthe angle of 30 degree. The blood will spread a long along with spreader slideby capillary action.Push the spreader slide forward with a steady motion, thus making a thinblood smear. Dry the smear in air and stain it with Giemsas Stain.Thick Blood SmearPlace a fresh drop of blood on slide then gently stir the drop to make in area ofabout 10mm diameter.Allow the blood smear to dry and stain it with Giemsas Stain. Page 40 of 55
  • 41. Internship Report Examination of Parasite 41Direct MethodTake piece of feces in a Petri dish and grind it with the help of grinder then putsome drops of water and mix it with the help of grinder. Take some thissolution and put two drops of solution on a clean slide. Put cover slip on it andexamine under microscope.Salt MethodTake piece of feces in a Petri dish and grind it with the help of grinder, aftergrinding put some salt and mix it with water. Take the solution and put in a testtube and leave the test tube for at least 10-15 minutes. Take a slide and pit itover the test tube, after a few seconds remove the test tube and examine itunder microscope.Baerman’s MethodTake grass sample in a piece of cloth put some water in it. Put the piece ofcloth into a conical flask; leave it as for about 24 hour.After 24 hours the Ova (eggs) drown in the bottom of the flask. Now takesome drops of solution from the bottom of conical flask and put them on aslide then examine the slide under microscope. Microbiological LaboratoryPreparation of the Nutrient Agar (Media)  Take 2.8gm of nutrient agar and mix it in 100ml distal water in a conical flask.  Take piece of cotton and fix the cotton into the mouth of conical flask. And mouth of conical flask raped with Alumminium paper to avoid contamination.  Boil this solution up to transparent Color then take the conical flask and put it into an Auto-Clave and fix Auto-Clave at 15 pound pressure and 121 degree for 10 minutes.  After 10 minutes take the media out from Auto-Clave and let the media cool for few minutes.  Take the sterilized Petri dish and bring the media near the fire flame, now remove the Alumminium paper and cotton from the conical flask. Page 41 of 55
  • 42. Internship Report  Open the Petri dish near the fire flame and pure some media into the Petri dish, keep the Petri dish at the room temperature for 30 minutes. 42 After 30 minutes shift the Petri dish into the incubator for 24 hours. Figure No: - 9 Equipments in D.I Lab & Agar Media DishPreparation of Culture  Take a sample of blood in a test tube.  Take a wire loop and sterilize it on fire flame  Open Petri dish of nutrient agar media near the fire flame with one hand and with the help of other hand dip the sterilized wire loop into the blood sample and then make 3-4 lines on the media into the Petri dish with the wire loop. And repeat this process in three Petri dishes.  Put these oculated Petri dishes into incubator at 37C* for 24 hours.Gram StainingCollect blood in a syringe, put some drops of blood on a slide and make a thinblood smear. Let the smear to dry.  Put some crystal violet color on slide and after one minute wash the slide with tape water.  Put some gram iodine on slide and leave the slide for one minute to dry and then wash the slide with tape water.  Now wash the slide with sprit to remove unnecessary color from slide.  Then put a few drops of safranine, after 30econd wash the slide with water and then clean the slide with tissue paper.  Put the slide under microscope and examine the slide, And Result areG+ve bacteria show Blue color, and G-ve bacteria shows Pink color. Page 42 of 55
  • 43. Internship Report 4th Station for Internship Semen Production Unit Quetta from 28-Nov- 2011 t0 11-Dec-2011 43HISTORY: - Semen production unit is established in 1994.The bulls are arrived atlaboratory in 1995 and in 1996 the laboratory is well equipped with properequipments. The production started in laboratory in 1996. From 1996 to 2010there are 437772 straws are produced in which 351160 are soled are usedwithin the Balochistan and 31070 straws are sold to Khyber Pakktonkhak.The quantity of semen in each straw is 0.5ml and each straw contains 20 lacsperms the cost of one straw is 100 Rupees.Figure No: - 10 Holstein Friesian Bull Used for Semen ProductionWork done in semen production centerMethod of semen collection: - First of all collect fresh semen from a healthy bull early in the morning inan artificial vagina and put the semen with tube in hot water bath.Fresh sperm check: - Take sample from fresh semen and put a drop of semen on the slide andexamine it under electron micro-scope. Check the mortality of semen; note themortality rate on a paper. Page 43 of 55
  • 44. Internship ReportDilution: - 44 For 1ml semen 60ml media is required, take some media mix it withsemen and put this solution into a conical flask put the remaining media inconical flask slowly and gradually and continuously shake the bottle.Post mortality: - Now put few drops of solution on a slide and also put a cover slip on itand examine under electronic microscope. Note the mortality rate.Cooling process: - In this process we will bring the media temperature from 20C* to 4C*keep the pieces of ice around the cooling chamber for 30 minutes and thenequilibrium process starts.Equilibrium process: - In this process media will be kept at 4C* for 4 hours.Freezing process - In this process the temperature is brought at -130C* from 4C*.Liquid Nitrogen Process: - In this process the temperature of media is decreased up to -196C*.Next day take the straws out of the nitrogen and put them into water bath at37C* for 5 minutes. After 5 minutes cut the straw and put the semen on slideand put a cover slip on it and examine it under microscope for checkingmortality. Page 44 of 55
  • 45. Internship Report 5th Station for Internship Government Dairy Farm Quetta from 12-Dec- 2011 t0 08-Jan-2011 45Introduction: - The Government Dairy Farm was establishedin 1977 at Brewery Road Quetta with an initial strength of 100 importedHolstein Friesian Cows and 2 Bulls. The Farm comprises of total 62.5 Acersof Land, out of which 42.5 Acers is being used for Agriculture purpose and 20Acers for office buildings, Animal’s shed and Residential Colony of Staff. Thisfarm is an experimental station where we keep all the record about theanimals, their pedigree record through exotic semen, milk record ofcows/calving record and feeding trails record.Goals and Objectives of Government Dairy Farm Quetta: - The purpose of this project was to make efforts to overcome the deficiency of the milk production in Quetta. Providing demonstration facilities to local dairy owners in the field of dairy technology and dairy husbandry and also training facilities for newly appointed veterinary Officers/Stock Assistants, Internees from different Universities of Pakistan and Nursing School Students of the Health Department. Providing Male Stock of high yielding Dairy Strains to the local dairy owners for cross breeding where Artificial Insemination (A.I) facilities are not available. To maintain and expansion of pure Holstein Friesian breed dairy animals. This farm is an experimental station. Figure No: - 11 Front view of GOVT Dairy Farm Page 45 of 55
  • 46. Internship ReportThe ORGANIZATION CHART: - 46 Near about one hundred labor, 08Veterinarians, 06 Stock Assistants, and 01 Artificial Inseminator is employedin this farm and their services fulfill the requirements of consumers, improvegeneral health of animals and job opportunities are created in the countryside which not only help in poverty elevation but also improve thesocioeconomic condition. Page 46 of 55
  • 47. Internship Report ORGANIZATIONAL CHART 47 Director Farms & feed Resources Superintendent Deputy OfficeSuperintendent Suritendent Veterinary Office Assistant Officers Stock Assiatant Senior Clerk Cattle Attendnt Senior Clerk Sweeper & Chokidar Figure No: - 12 the Organization Chart of Government Dairy Farm. Page 47 of 55
  • 48. Internship ReportLocation of the Dairy Farm Quetta: - 48 The Farm location fulfills all the requirementsthat are needed for a standard Dairy Farm. It is situated higher elevation thanthe surroundings for rain fall and drainage of wastes. The range land area of Farm has fertile soil forcultivation of different types of green fodder. The building is located withmaximum exposure to the Sun, with tall trees of sadda bahar (Juniper),providing protection from prevailing strong winds in hot or cold seasons.Abundant supply of soft, fresh and clean (Tube Well) water is available aroundthe clock. All the Buildings of Farm has desirable and adequate electricsupply, with a stand by electricity generator. All the area of farm has boundary wall andthere is no any road or railway track nearby and is situated at drive of 15minutes from Quetta city. Herd Statistic Name of Animals Closing Balance Male Female Bull 01 Milking Cows 31 Pregnant Cows 18 Dry Cows 03 Dry Heifers Above 18 43 Months Dry Heifers Above 12 06 Months Y/S 9-12 Months 07 Y/S 6-9 Months 05 05 Y/S 3-6 Months 05 02 Male Sucklers 03 Female Sucklers 03 Total 14 118 Grand Total 132Table No: - 6 Page 48 of 55
  • 49. Internship ReportHousing of Farm Animals at Dairy Farm Quetta: - 49 Housing of Farm animals is important as itprovides shelter against adverse effects of weather. At Quetta Dairy Farm thecombination of both two suitable types of housing (Loose & Conventional)types/systems can observed. The floor of paddock is paved with bricks havinga thin/medium layer of cow dung for bedding of animals. Along with feedingmanger facing in (head to head system) and there are two wide water pondsproviding clean drinking water free of choice (Adlib tem), with two entrancesfrom both cow sheds.Milking Cows Sheds: - These are arranged in double rows partitionsin a manner face to face out (Tail to Tail System). As with this system there islesser chance of disease spread. The inside floor is made of concrete, withrough surface keeping the point in view that the animal should not slip thedrains capable of draining out the waste material (dung) and liquid excretawithout getting blocked. Figure No: - 13 Cows in tail to tail Tie StallTie Stalls: - The stalls provide greater comfort to the cows.The cows are fastened by means of a chain 1.5 meter which snaps to neckstrep on cow. Page 49 of 55
  • 50. Internship ReportFeeding Manger: - 50 These are continuous and made of cementconcrete material having no removable partitions for individual cow with lowfront height.Alleys: - The width of central walk (alley) is of (8 Feet)with two drains running parallel each other these afterward joining the maingutters. There is feeding alley (4 feet) on both sides of cow barns (east andwest) is also available.Walls: - The walls having continuous ventilator for thatprevent dampness inside the barn.Doors: -Height of doors = 7 feet.Width of doors = 8.5 feet.The middle of both sheds has gates for entrance into shed and one gate fromopen area. In both barns an area of 96 sq.ft of depth of 2 feet is placed forpreparation of ration and three arches are specified in each shed for milking ofthe cows.Coving Pen: - Special accommodation for pregnant animalsin the form of loose housing that is enclosed from all sides with commonfeeding manager and water trough.Isolation Box: - A loose box specified for sick/diseasedanimals with feeding manager and water trough in each. Shed for young StockHousing of Calves: - At farm calves are being sheltered in aseparate calf house or calf shed under loose housing system with feedingmanager and water trough in each. Page 50 of 55
  • 51. Internship ReportHousing of Young Stock: - 51 Under loose housing system for an efficientmanagement at the farm the young stock is divided into four groups/classesaccording to their age. Each class is provided with common feeding managerand water trough in and out side of each young stock shed. Besides these structures the farm hasseparate bullock shed, shed for dried pregnant cows, and shed for pregnantheifers. Stores for storage of feed stuff(cotton seed cake, rice polish, wheatbran and molasses) a huge shed having tin roof for storage of wheat straw,rooms for keeping of dead stock, a hall having milk cooling tank and milk canefor transport of milk are also available. Farm ManagementsA clean environment, good nutrition, and absence of disease free atmosphereare the essentials of better management that ensuring healthy and productiveFarm animals.management include all those necessory steps that up-lifts theperformance and production at farm such as: -  Good quality of clean fresh water and adequete feed.  Clean, dry and comfortable housing with adequate ventilation and appropriate ambient temperature.  Freedom of movement  Prevention of diseases  Proper diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseass 1. Care of Animals 2. Care of Cows 3. Care of calves 4. Identification of ANIMALS AT Farm 5. Dehorning 6. Rising and care of breeding Bull at Farm 7. Care of Milking Cows 8. Caution in handling 9. Cattle Crush Page 51 of 55
  • 52. Internship ReportOther Farm operations: - 52NutritionAs the thumb rule and for the sake of economy feed (green fodder along withconcentrate mixture expect wheet straw) is given 1/10 of its body weight.Ration FarmulaIngredients %(Kg)Cotton seed cake 37(Kg)Wheat bran 32(Kg)Rice polish 19(Kg)Pea 11(Kg)DCP 1(Kg)Total 100(Kg)Table No: - 7Daily Ration ScaleAnimals Green Fodder Wheat Straw (Kg) Concentrate (Kg) (Kg)Weaning Age 3 1.5 1Young Stock 10 3 2below 18 MonthsYoung Stock 15 4 3above 18 MonthsMilking Cows 20 5 4Cows in last 15 5 3trimester ofpregnancyBull 25 7 6Table No: - 8Disease Control Measure 1. Vaccination Adequate precaution must be taken to preventall kinds of diseases; rigorous health control measures are taken from earlyage. Vaccination against various viral and bacterial diseases is most importantbecause it is most effective way of prevention of specific disease by inducingimmunity. All type of vaccines is not capable of imparting lifelong immunity. Sothe period of effectiveness of particular vaccine, the dosage and route ofadministration are essential factors which should be considered. Each vaccineis done on due date according to following vaccination schedule. Page 52 of 55
  • 53. Internship Report 2. Spray 53 Like FMD and piroplasmosis (include a groupof heamoprotozone parasites) such as babesiosis anaplasmosis andtheleriosis is a big threat for these animals and main source of transmission ofall these disease are the ticks and biting flies. All the premises of the farm aresprayed regularly. 3. Deworming The deworming programme against infestationof internal parasites (endoparasites) is under taken bi-annually in Novemberand April.Treatment of Sick/Diseased Animal The treatment of sick/diseased animals isinitiated on basis of clinical diagnosis than later on samples for laboratoryconfirmation.Some Other Essentials in Dairy Cattle Management  Heat Detection  Artificial Insemination (A.I)  Pregnancy Diagnosis  Drying off the Dairy Cows  Grooming and washing of Cows  Hoof trimming  Culling of the Farm Animals  Use of Refused Feed and DungRecord keeping Following record are maintained in Dairy FarmQuetta: -A.I Article Register, Medicine Stock Register, Medicine Consumption Register,A.I Record Register, Log Book of the various Vehicles, Feed Stock Register,Feed Consumption Register, Herd Statistic Register, Milk Record Register,Pedigree Record Register, Treatment Register, Dead Stock Register, MilkSale Register, and Consumer Article Register. Page 53 of 55
  • 54. Internship Report 54 CONCLUSION This internship was a great experience to me. It was a real pleasure for meto work in Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Quetta, Balochistan.I worked with nice people in a good atmosphere. Carrying out this internship inLivestock and Dairy Development, allows me to be immerged in a differentways to meet several interesting people in and out of the institutes (C.V.H,Poultry Farm, D.I Laboratory, Semen Production Unit, and Dairy Farm) suchas Veterinary Officers, A.I Officers, Researchers, and to learn a lot of thingwhich added my knowledge. Page 54 of 55
  • 55. Internship Report 55 REFERENCESBooks Referred Prasad, J., 2010. Poultry Production and Management. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India. Khan, M.I. and S. Mughal., Poultry Breeding & Incubation, Breeding and Incubation Div., Poultry Production and Research Sindh. Shah, S.I., 1994. Animal Husbandry. National Book Foundation, Islamabad, Pakistan. Naeem K.( (1998). Feed Management of day-old chicks (Urdu). VC- Newsletter,5(2):7-8.Websites Diseases of domestic animals. Available from: http://www.thedomesticanimalssite.com. Accessed 2011 Sept 30. Tips on poultry raising introduction. Available from: http://www.da.gov.ph/dawebsite/poultry1.pdf. Accessed 2011 Dec 22. Centers for disease control and prevention; 2001. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/actionplane/index.htm. Accessed 2011 Dec 22. www.google.com Page 55 of 55