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Wind turbine eshan ahuja presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Overview of Wind Turbine Engineering Eshan ahuja Dr. Navin Kumar Kohli
  • 2. Introduction
  • 3. Wind Power Wind Power depends on: • amount of air (volume) • speed of air (velocity) • mass of air (density) A • flowing through the area of interest (flux) Kinetic energy KE = ½ * m * v2 & Power is KE • P = ½ * m * v 2 • Fluid mechanics gives mass flow rate(density * volume flux): • dm/dt = ρ* A * v
  • 4. Efficiency in Wind Power Betz Limit & Power Coefficient: • Power Coefficient, Cp, is the ratio of power extracted by the turbine to the total contained in the wind resource Cp = PT/PW. • Turbine power output PT = ½ * ρ * A * v 3 * Cp • The Betz Limit is the maximal possible Cp = 16/27 • 59% efficiency is the BEST a conventional wind turbine can do in extracting power from the wind
  • 5. Power ~ cube of velocity Power ~ air density Power ~ rotor swept area A= πr²
  • 6. Power Curve of Wind Turbine • Capacity Factor (CF): • • The fraction of the year the turbine generator is operating at • rated (peak) power • Capacity Factor = Average Output / Peak Output ≈ 30% • • CF is based on both the characteristics of the turbine and the • site characteristics (typically 0.3 or above for a good site)
  • 7. Wind Turbine Subsystems
  • 8. Wind Turbine Subsystems •– Foundation •– Tower •– Nacelle •– Hub & Rotor •– Drivetrain •– Gearbox •– Generator •– Electronics & Controls •– Yaw •– Pitch •– Braking •– Power Electronics •– Cooling •– Diagnostics
  • 9. Wind Turbine Design issues Aerodynamics Structures, Structural Dynamics, Vibrations, Stability, Fatigue Life Control systems for RPM, Pitch, Yaw Transmission, gears, tower, power systems, etc. Cost Noise, aesthetics
  • 10. Parameters to be Chosen • We need to decide on – Number of blades – Blade planform (i.e. how does chord vary with radius)? – Blade radius – Blade twist distribution – Airfoils – RPM – Decisions about variable RPM, variable pitch • We need to consider cost, noise, vibrations, fatigue, etc as well.
  • 11. Benefits of Wind Energy • Renewable • Emits no pollutants • No foreign dependence • Wind is free & plentiful • Cost effective • Take up less space than conventional power plants
  • 12. Conclusions • Wind Energy is renewable & emits no pollution •Wind speed increases significantly with height •The power in the wind varies with the cube of wind speed •The Betz theory establishes a limit of 16/27=0.59 to power coefficient •The wind turbine blade is an aerofoil •The tip speed is greater than the wind speed •Lift is created as the blade slices through the wind –the tangential component of the lift is what drives the turbine •In India the rate of wind power is very competitive around Rs 4.5/kWh
  • 13. thank you eshan ahuja, Australian National University, Australia