Hawaiian Monk Seal
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Hawaiian Monk Seal

on

  • 3,540 views

Describes all aspects of the endangered Hawaiian Monk Seal.

Describes all aspects of the endangered Hawaiian Monk Seal.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,540
Views on SlideShare
3,534
Embed Views
6

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
13
Comments
1

2 Embeds 6

http://www.slideshare.net 5
http://frederick.blackboard.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as OpenOffice

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • please bring me all slides
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Hawaiian Monk Seal Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Hawaiian Monk Seal By Drew Lindow
  • 2. Classification
    • Hawaiian Monk Seal
      • Monachus schauinslandi
      • Laysan Seal
      • `Ilioholo`ika`uaua
    • Order includes seals, sea lions and walruses
    • Hawaii's only Pinniped
  • 3. Population
    • Population 1,200-1,400
    • Status: Endangered.
    • History
      • Hunted in 1800's
      • Declared extinct in 1824
      • WWII Instillations set back recovery
    • Wildlife Refuge - 1940
    • Lifespan unknown
    • Predators
      • Galapagos shark
      • Tiger shark
      • Grey reef shark
      • Whitetip reef shark
      • Ciguatoxin
  • 4. Habitat & Distribution
    • Habitat
      • Shallow water
      • Near small islands
      • Coral sand beaches
    • Distribution
      • Western Hawaiian islands
      • 40-50% at Frigate Shoals
    • Do not migrate
  • 5. Physical Characteristics
    • Males – 200 kg, Females - 272 kg
    • Males – 2.1 m, Females – 2.4 m
    • Pups 16-19 kg, 1 m
    • Females often larger than males
    • Most primitive seal
    • Fur
      • Males darker than females
      • Pups born with black coat
      • Molt comes off in patches
  • 6. Adaptations
    • Diving
      • 600 ft.
      • 20 min.
      • Slow heart rate 4-15 bpm
        • 55-120 on surface
    • No adaptations for warm environment
      • Stay inactive during day
  • 7. Diet & Feeding Habits
    • Shallow waters
    • Close to shore
    • Food:
      • Octopus
      • Crayfish
      • Reef fish
      • Eels
      • Lobster
  • 8. Reproduction
    • Polygamous
    • Sexually mature at age six
    • Breed in spring and summer
    • 60% give birth each year
    • Mate underwater
    • Pups
      • born 1 yr after mating
      • Weaned at 6 weeks
      • 1 at a time
    • Give birth every 2 years
    • Foster care
    • “ Mobbing”
      • Male to Female ratio 3:1
  • 9. Social Behavior
    • Feed in shallow water
    • Bask on beaches
    • Solitary
    • Genetically tame
    • “Sand Wallows”
  • 10. Works Cited
    • Feldhamer, George A., Bruce Carlyle Thompson, and Joseph A. Chapman. “Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation.” JHU Press, 2003.
    • Gardner, Emily. “Hawaiian Monk Seals.” Earthtrust. 9 May 2008 <http://www.earthtrust.org/wlcurric/seals.html>.
    • Lambert, Jenny, and Ingrid Rouse. “Monachus schauinslandi.” Animal Diversity Web 1999. 9 May 2008 <http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Monachus_schauinslandi.html>.
    • Marshall Cavendish Corporation. “Endangered Wildlife and Plants of the World.” Marshall Cavendish, 2001.
    • “ Saving Hawaiian Monk Seals..” Weekly Reader News - Edition 3 76.10 (2006): 2.
    • Images
    • “ hmonkseal.04.jpg” 9 May 2008 <http://bss.sfsu.edu/holzman/courses/Fall%2003%20project/monkseal/hmonkseal.04.jpg>.
    • “ Tiger_shark.png.” 9 May 2008 <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e8/Tiger_shark.png>.
    • “ monkseal19.jpg (JPEG Image, 230x167 pixels).” 9 May 2008 <http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/psd/img/monkseal19.jpg>.
    • “ Hawaiian-Monk-Seal.jpg (JPEG Image, 240x145 pixels).” 9 May 2008 <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a2/Hawaiian-Monk-Seal.jpg>.
    • <http://www.healthstones.com/ocean_life_store/wild_safari_marine_animals/octopus/octopus.jpg>
    • <http://spressivo.com/isa/coralreef/images/moray%20eel_.jpg>
    • <http://www.sealifegifts.net/user_images/lobster4a.JPG>
  • 11. The End