Hawaiian Monk Seal

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Describes all aspects of the endangered Hawaiian Monk Seal.

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  • Hawaiian Monk Seal

    1. 1. Hawaiian Monk Seal By Drew Lindow
    2. 2. Classification <ul><li>Hawaiian Monk Seal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monachus schauinslandi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laysan Seal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>`Ilioholo`ika`uaua </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Order includes seals, sea lions and walruses </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaii's only Pinniped </li></ul>
    3. 3. Population <ul><li>Population 1,200-1,400 </li></ul><ul><li>Status: Endangered. </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunted in 1800's </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declared extinct in 1824 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWII Instillations set back recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wildlife Refuge - 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>Lifespan unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Predators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Galapagos shark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tiger shark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grey reef shark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whitetip reef shark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ciguatoxin </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Habitat & Distribution <ul><li>Habitat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shallow water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Near small islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coral sand beaches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Hawaiian islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40-50% at Frigate Shoals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do not migrate </li></ul>
    5. 5. Physical Characteristics <ul><li>Males – 200 kg, Females - 272 kg </li></ul><ul><li>Males – 2.1 m, Females – 2.4 m </li></ul><ul><li>Pups 16-19 kg, 1 m </li></ul><ul><li>Females often larger than males </li></ul><ul><li>Most primitive seal </li></ul><ul><li>Fur </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Males darker than females </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pups born with black coat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Molt comes off in patches </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Adaptations <ul><li>Diving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>600 ft. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 min. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow heart rate 4-15 bpm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>55-120 on surface </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>No adaptations for warm environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay inactive during day </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Diet & Feeding Habits <ul><li>Shallow waters </li></ul><ul><li>Close to shore </li></ul><ul><li>Food: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Octopus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crayfish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reef fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobster </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Reproduction <ul><li>Polygamous </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually mature at age six </li></ul><ul><li>Breed in spring and summer </li></ul><ul><li>60% give birth each year </li></ul><ul><li>Mate underwater </li></ul><ul><li>Pups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>born 1 yr after mating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaned at 6 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Give birth every 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Foster care </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mobbing” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male to Female ratio 3:1 </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Social Behavior <ul><li>Feed in shallow water </li></ul><ul><li>Bask on beaches </li></ul><ul><li>Solitary </li></ul><ul><li>Genetically tame </li></ul><ul><li>“Sand Wallows” </li></ul>
    10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>Feldhamer, George A., Bruce Carlyle Thompson, and Joseph A. Chapman. “Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation.” JHU Press, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Gardner, Emily. “Hawaiian Monk Seals.” Earthtrust. 9 May 2008 <http://www.earthtrust.org/wlcurric/seals.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Lambert, Jenny, and Ingrid Rouse. “Monachus schauinslandi.” Animal Diversity Web 1999. 9 May 2008 <http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Monachus_schauinslandi.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall Cavendish Corporation. “Endangered Wildlife and Plants of the World.” Marshall Cavendish, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Saving Hawaiian Monk Seals..” Weekly Reader News - Edition 3 76.10 (2006): 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul><ul><li>“ hmonkseal.04.jpg” 9 May 2008 <http://bss.sfsu.edu/holzman/courses/Fall%2003%20project/monkseal/hmonkseal.04.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tiger_shark.png.” 9 May 2008 <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e8/Tiger_shark.png>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ monkseal19.jpg (JPEG Image, 230x167 pixels).” 9 May 2008 <http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/psd/img/monkseal19.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hawaiian-Monk-Seal.jpg (JPEG Image, 240x145 pixels).” 9 May 2008 <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a2/Hawaiian-Monk-Seal.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.healthstones.com/ocean_life_store/wild_safari_marine_animals/octopus/octopus.jpg> </li></ul><ul><li><http://spressivo.com/isa/coralreef/images/moray%20eel_.jpg> </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.sealifegifts.net/user_images/lobster4a.JPG> </li></ul>
    11. 11. The End

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