(7.) DREAM RECORDING SCIENCE

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DREAM RECORDING MACHINE.

The Morpheus Device represents an alternative approach towards capturing the images, action, and psyche of human Rapid Eye Movement sleep. Read or download the ENTIRE 37-page, profusely illustrated, history making Invention Proposal ITSELF right here at any gallery item. Or use the primary BLOG LINK thereto at the Profile page herein. But if you aren't into science nor tech, then you at least might like the classics of DREAMSCAPE art and cinema showcased in the Proposal. Plus a grand tribute to the works and bohemian exploits of legendary surrealist SALVADOR DALI tossed in with the package.

Also via said Profile page link, be sure to download (free) collectable HD copies of inventor/artist Victor J. Monroe's two unprecedented MASTERPIECES of surrealism: (a.) "LUCY IN THE SKY WITH MICHAEL JACKSON", an enormous (4530 x 2880!) world history phantasmagoria, never before attempted nor accomplished in the entire history of art; (b.) and the immense (3072 x 2319!) "MARK ZUCKERBERG & FRIENDS AT MONUMENT VALLEY", an outrageous, radical, and unparalleled surrealist COMMENTARY on the hopeless future of patently silly, frivolous, and time-wasting 'Social Networking', inter alia! Go for it! (You didn’t squander your money on ‘FACEBOOK’ stock? Did you?)

See for YOURSELF why the writings AND images by iconoclastic inventor, mad scientist, artist, and impresario VICTOR J. MONROE have ANNIHILATED the competition across the globe! Toss the phrases "masterpiece of surrealism", "surrealist masterpiece", and/or "the greatest surrealist masterpiece of all time" into your Google Images SEARCH BOX. And you will NEVER see anything like the magnificent apocalyptic SPECTACLES by Victor J. Monroe!

Thank you, and PLEASANT nightmares!

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(7.) DREAM RECORDING SCIENCE

  1. 1. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..
  2. 2. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 1TABLE OF CONTENTSGLOSSARY OF MORPHEUS DEVICE ACRONYMS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3DIAGRAM OF HUMAN RETINA (illustration with explanatory text) - - - - - - - - 4THE MORPHEUS DEVICE (schematic diagram & illustration with explana-tory text) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5I. INTRODUCTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6-8II. OVERVIEW OF THE CONVENTIONAL WISDOM ON REM SLEEP PHE-NOMENA - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9-14III. OVERVIEW OF THE HUMAN (CONSCIOUS) VISUAL SYSTEM - - - - - - - - - 14-18(a.) Cone Photoreceptor Cells - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16(b.) Rod Photoreceptor Cells - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16-17(c.) Ganglion Cells - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 17-18IV. A RADICAL NEW THEORY OF (INVERTED) BRAIN-TO-RETINA SIGNAL-ING DURING REM SLEEP DREAMS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 19-22(a.) (REM-Activated & -Synchronized) Intraocular Lens Accommoda-tions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 19-20(b.) (REM-Activated & -Synchronized) Pupillary Sphincter Muscle Con-tractions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20-21(c.) (REM-Activated & -Synchronized) Reversed Propagation of Brain-Generated Dream Images to Photoreceptors - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21-22V. PHYSICAL COMPONENTS OF THE MORPHEUS DEVICE DREAMS RE-CORDING SYSTEM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22-24(a.) The Morpheus Device RETROPEDS Scanners - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 22-23(b.) The Morpheus Device Goggles - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23(c.) Playback & Analysis of Recorded Dream Images - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23
  3. 3. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 2(TABLE OF CONTENTS, continued)VI. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE DREAMS RECORDING SYSTEM IN OPERA-TION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24-27(a.) Activation of The Morpheus Device DROP-DRESS Program - - - - 24-25(b.) The Morpheus Device RETROPEDS Scanners Execute Initial(REM-Triggered) Topography Scan of Photoreceptor Fields - - - - - - - 26(c.) The Morpheus Device Commences Real-Time Extraction ofDream Images - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27VII. ANTICIPATED APPLICATIONS FOR THE MORPHEUS DEVICEDREAMS RECORDING SYSTEM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28-32(a.) The Psychological Sciences - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28(b.) Cultural Anthropology & the Social Sciences - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28(c.) Parapsychology, ESP, & the Supernatural - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28-29(d.) Law Enforcement, Criminology, & the Forensic Sciences - - - - - - 29-30(e.) Special Military, Police, & Aerospace Applications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30(f.) Genetics, DNA, & Human Evolution - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30(g.) Animal Studies - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 31(h.) Entertainment & The Arts - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 31-32VIII. SUMMARY & CONCLUSION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 32-33THE (UNCONSCIOUS) LIMBIC SYSTEM (illustration with text) - - - - - - - - 34THE HUMAN (CONSCIOUS) VISUAL SYSTEM (illustration with text) - - - 35RECORDING DREAMS THE HARD WAY --- THROUGH THE BACK DOOROF THE BRAIN ITSELF (news photos with explanatory text) - - - - - - - - - - 36COPYRIGHT NOTICE & OFFER TO SELL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 37(END OF TABLE OF CONTENTS)
  4. 4. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 3GLOSSARY OF MORPHEUSDEVICE ACRONYMS(1.) MORPHEUS: Manipulation Of Reanimated Photoreceptor Electro-chemistry Under Sleep (See Proposal, pgs. 6-8.)(2.) SARACER: Sleep Actualized Rod And Cone Electrochemical Res-urrections (See Proposal, pgs. 21-22, para. [c.], regarding how the un-conscious activity [SARACER] of photoreceptors during REM sleepdreams mirrors their conscious reactions to light.)(3.) RETROPEDS: Remote Thermomolecular Recognition Of Photore-ceptor Electrochemistry During Sleep (See Proposal, pgs. 22-23,para. [a.], & pg. 26, para. [b.], regarding the RETROPEDS Scannerscomponent of The Morpheus Device dreams recording invention.)(4.) DROP-DRESS: Digital Registry Of Photoreceptor Dynamic RangeElectrochemical Signature Spectrums (See pgs. 24-25, para. [a.], re-garding the DROP-DRESS Program, which would comprise the cen-tral operating system and files of The Morpheus Device dreams re-cording invention.)(END OF GLOSSARY)
  5. 5. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..During a typical REM dream, the photo-receptors proper (micrographed below)would be the natural targets of the ther-momolecular sensors of The MorpheusDevice systems RETROPEDS Scanners.(See pgs. 22-23, para. [a.].)At left, a micrographic image of the naturalmatrix (or grid) of human photoreceptor cells(rods & cones). The small circles are the rods,roughly 110-million total in each retina. Thelarge circles are the cones, only about 7-mil-lion total in each retina. The thermomolecularsensors of The Morpheus Device systemwould record human nocturnal dreams by mi-croscopically detecting, measuring, and ex-tracting the (reanimated) electrochemical reac-tions occurring within our (rudely awakened)photoreceptors during REM sleep. The Mor-pheus Device process embodies a revolution-ary new theory and methodology for perma-nently capturing the actual (vs. merely anec-dotal) moving images of our nightly REMsleep dreams. (See pgs. 24-27, for a detaileddescription of The Morpheus Device as itwould function while recording a typical REMsleep dream episode.)DIAGRAM OF HUMAN RETINAPage 4
  6. 6. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 5
  7. 7. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 6THE MORPHEUS DEVICE ©©©©Wireless Retinal Scanning System For Recording& Playback of ‘Rapid Eye Movement’ Dreams(An Invention Proposal, by Victor J. Monroe)Why does the eye see a thing more clearly in dreamsthan the imagination when awake?(Leonardo da Vinci; see answer to his question, pg. 36)I. INTRODUCTIONImportant Opening Comments: If you are already knowledgeable of the conven-tional wisdom on human sleep, brain/mind, vision, and related sciences and, assuch, would like to see immediately what this Invention Proposal is all about, thenfirst read pgs. 22-27. And be sure to examine closely the detailed illustration ofThe Morpheus Device system in operation, pg. 5. That way, you can skip all otherportions of this otherwise necessarily involved presentation, which reveals hither-to unknown visual, mental, and physical processes of human REM sleep dreams.To wit, in classical Greek mythology, Morpheus was the god of dreams. So I haveemployed his name as a handy acronym for The Morpheus Device, a proposed e-lectronic appliance, whose sole purpose is --- for the first time in history --- toaccurately record (& play back) the moving dream images of human Rapid EyeMovement sleep (hereinafter, simply REM sleep, or REM). This feat of ophthal-mological engineering would be accomplished vis-à-vis real-time, Manipulation
  8. 8. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 7Author of the groundbreaking, The Interpretation of Dreams(pub. 1899), and storied founder of the psychoanalytic school ofpsychology, Sigmund Freud concluded that dreams represented,"the royal road to the understanding of unconscious mentalprocesses." To Freud, dreams were primarily forms of wish ful-fillment, or attempts by the slumbering mind to resolve a cog-nitive conflict of some form, whether recent or from the recessesof the subjects past. However, Freud hypothesized that becausethe information in the subconscious mind is often in a chaoticand disturbing form, therefore, a censor in the preconsciousmind normally blocked potentially harmful dream content fromemerging into the conscious world of sleepers.Of Reanimated Photoreceptor Electrochemistry Under Sleep, or MORPHEUS.Principal Exhibits: The major exhibits and reference materials for this InventionProposal are: (a.) The Morpheus Device schematic diagram & illustration, pg. 5;(b.) Diagram of Human Retina, pg. 4; (c.) Glossary of Morpheus Device Acro-nyms, pg. 3; (d.) The (Unconscious) Limbic System illustration, pg. 34; (e.) andThe Human (Conscious) Visual System illustration, pg. 35.Furthermore, I have embellished this Proposal with a diverse selection of dream,sleep, eye, and brain related art, photos, and graphics --- with a special tribute toSalvador Dali --- which I hope you find interesting, instructive, or entertaining.It might be helpful to occasionally reexamine the aforesaid principal exhibits asyou proceed through this detailed and involved Invention Proposal, notwithstand-ing my best efforts to make this Proposal as reader friendly as practical.It must be emphasized from the start, that The Morpheus Device system proposedand described herein does not claim to accomplish the daunting technological taskof recording human REM dream images by somehow extracting subconsciousthoughts and/or visions from the nebulous brain waves of sleeping persons. Nordoes it purport to read the minds of sleeping humans by imaging their brainsproper with todays massive and awkward fMRI machines. Indeed, attempting toextract human thoughts and/or dreams right through the skulls of conscious orunconscious subjects is --- at this stage of such technology --- analogous to tryingto film the inside of your house, from the outside of your house.Nevertheless, REM dreams will indeed some day be imaged and recorded directlyfrom the brains (& through the craniums) of sleeping humans, but not in the fore-seeable future. Moreover, any such attempts at extricating cognition from the
  9. 9. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Carl Jung, a Swiss contemporary of Freud and found-er of the school of analytical psychology, was also anearly pioneer in the interpretation of dreams. Jung,who kept a lifelong diary of his own nightly dreams,once scolded a friend, "Your writing can wait, butyour dreams cannot, because they come unsolicitedfrom within and point urgently to the way you mustgo." (In the library of his Swiss home, 1949; note theesoteric diagram on the wall of this influential psy-chologist, philosopher, and mystical explorer.)Page 8brain alone entails a technologically dreadfulthree-dimensional imaging ordeal. On the oth-er hand, The Morpheus Device system unveiledherein would microscopically detect, measure,and record all REM dream images via the readily accessible (& essentially) two-dimensional surfaces of the photoreceptor fields in both eyes.Remote imaging of any solid three-dimensional object, including its interior, willalways be considerably more challenging than mapping a two-dimensional sur-face. But of course I am not suggesting that the subject photoreceptor fields donot also encompass a third dimension as well, notwithstanding how diaphanousthat third dimension may be in this case of human retinas. However, as seen fromboth the theoretical and technological standpoints of any pragmatic human dreamsrecording project, the brain itself is clearly the wrong imaging target.Instead, The Morpheus Device stratagem employs the much more practical expe-dient of accessing REM dream images right through the anatomical front doors ofour eyes (& photoreceptors) --- and not through the physiologically locked andhardened back doors of the brain nor cranium. With The Morpheus Device meth-odology, there is no need at all of brain scanning with any variety of tissue or or-gan imaging apparatus, nor otherwise tedious attachment of electrodes or wires toany part of the human head, face, nor body. (See again The Morpheus Device il-lustration, pg. 5; see also Recording Dreams the Hard Way --- Through the BackDoor of the Brain Itself, pg. 36. Note: to examine any paintings, photos, graphics,or illustrations herein in greater detail, you can use your document readers zoomfunction. For example, via zooming, one can almost read some of the book titleson the shelves behind Jung in the photo above.)
  10. 10. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 9Salvador Dalis, Dream Caused by theFlight of a Bee Around a PomegranateOne Second Before Awakening (1944)II. OVERVIEW OF THE CONVENTIONAL WISDOMON REM SLEEP PHENOMENA(Again, those of you already knowledgeable of the conventional wisdom on hu-man sleep, brain/mind, and vision, can simply read pages 22-27 herein, and studycarefully The Morpheus Device illustration, pg. 5.)Throughout this Invention Proposal, I will refer to our conscious (vs. dreaming)human visual system as a natural retina-to-brain electrochemical process. On theother hand, I will consistently characterize our unconscious visual system of REMsleep as an equally natural brain-to-retina (or reversed) dream-seeing process. Akeen appreciation of the fundamental differences and equalities of our consciousand rational (retina-to-brain) visual system --- versus our unconscious and irra-tional (brain-to-retina) visual system of REM sleep dreams --- is critical to an in-telligent understanding of The Morpheus Device dreams recording system madepublic for the first time herein.It is well known amongst sleep researchers and laypersons alike that during REMour eyes proper are indeed rapidly moving, as if curiously following the phantomaction of the particular nocturnal dream at hand. Also, brain wave patterns duringREM are similar to those of human conscious mental processes in general, andfrequently even more intense. On theother hand, the major muscle groups ofthe human body during REM are nor-mally in a relaxed (or atonic) state,which is just what one would expect fora sleeping vertebrate of any species.But despite said usually relaxed bodymuscle tone of REM, the heart is fre-quently racing, which is yet anotherpuzzling (or counterintuitive) manifes-tation of these peculiar, yet evidentlyessential, nightly episodes of our REMphase sleep.As a consequence of this seemingly im-probable juxtaposition of bouncing eye-balls, racing heart, and busy mind allconfined within an otherwise complete-
  11. 11. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..SHAKESPEARES The Tempest . . . SCI-FI MOVIE VERSIONPage 10In the seminal 1956 sci-fi blockbuster,Forbidden Planet, a hideous and omni-potent Monster from the Id --- uncere-moniously deposited into the real worldfrom a horrific nightmare in the para-noid mind of enigmatic Dr. Morbius ---threatens to breach the ground defensesof United Planets Cruiser C-57D. Whatspecies of Id Monster might a Mor-pheus Device recording have in storefor you upon awakening? (Movie wasbased loosely on The Tempest theme.)ly recumbent, calm, and sleeping body, REM episodes are sometimes referred to inboth the scientific and popular literature as paradoxical sleep. However, in thoserare individuals who suffer from REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD), the nor-mal atonia (body paralysis or relaxation) of REM sleep is incomplete or totally ab-sent. RBD sleepers physically act out portions of their REM dream stories, espe-cially during dreams that are particularly vivid, intense, and/or violent. Thesedream-enacting behaviors can include talking, yelling, punching, kicking, sittingup, jumping from bed, arms flailing, and grabbing --- sometimes resulting in seri-ous injury to bed partners, as well as the RBD dreamers themselves.To continue then, when consciously seeing (vs. REM dream-seeing), all higher ar-eas of the brain (cerebral cortex) are very physiologically involved, as the think-ing mind attempts to analyze, organize, and otherwise rationally manage the com-plex scenery, sounds, activities, and events of our external real world. (The princi-pal anatomical structures of our human conscious visual system will be describedlater on herein in greater detail, pgs. 14-18; see again The Human [Conscious] Vi-sual System illustration, pg. 35.)During REM dreams, however --- as indeed physiologically confirmed by the lat-est brain imaging techniques (despite their unwieldy nature) --- the primary enginethat drives those famous Rapid Eye Movements, as well as the dreams themselves,is not the higher (rational) precincts of our cerebral cortex, although they do play apart. Instead, it is the lower (irrational) realm of the brains limbic system that or-chestrates nearly all unconscious cognition, sounds, and scenery during our REMdreams, not to mention nightmares. (See again The [Unconscious] Limbic Systemillustration, pg. 34; see also the symbolic "Dream-Seeing" graphic, pg. 11.)
  12. 12. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..During a typical REM episode, the limbic sys-tem launches powerful (brain-to-retina) salvosof dream image pixel coordinates data to oursnoozing rods & cones, which are rudely awak-ened to produce the electrochemical virtuallight of our REM dream scenery. A seething(irrational) cauldron of human emotions, fears,cravings, and life memories, the limbic systemduring REM dreams can unexpectedly embla-zon our sleeping photoreceptor cells with pat-ently implausible Id Monsters. (See again pho-to, pg. 10). Nevertheless, with our higher (ra-tional) brain centers primarily turned off duringREM, our dreaming minds immediately accept(at face value) even the most improbable mon-sters as being absolutely genuine. The Mor-pheus Device system showcased herein wouldrecord (& play back) those occasional night-mares, as well as our much more benign andpleasant dreams. (See again The [Unconscious]Limbic System, a helpful brain illustration withexplanatory text, pg. 34.)Page 11Despite the limbic systems generally acknowledged dominion over REM sleep,some scientists nonetheless argue that our nightly dreams in truth represent thehigher (cerebral) brains attempts to impose at least some rudimentary meaningupon the otherwise random, sporadic, and fragmented signals it routinely receivesfrom our lower (irrational) brain centers during REM episodes. But if such is infact the case, then during REM sleep we humans are attempting to accomplish the(nearly) impossible task of so-called lucid dreaming, the aficionados of whichstrive to consciously exploit their dreams for the following purposes: (1.) intellec-tual, psychological, and/or spiritual insight, enlightenment, or entertainment; (2.)artistic inspiration, themes, and ideas; (3.) or simply to facilitate post-dream recall.But when the elephant in the room is that invariably unpredictable limbic system,conscious/rational control over REM dream content and/or process is at best adaunting task. For example, while in the throws of a typical REM nightmare, notonly are we humans clueless as to how to get that allegorical elephant out of thenightmare room at hand, moreover we cant even deduce that it is transparentlyimpossible for such a behemoth to be in the room in the first place. And even themost skilled lucid dreamers invariably complain that at that precise moment whenthey have consciously penetrated a REM Dreams Theater production, the dream
  13. 13. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 12Henry Fuselis famous, The Nightmare (1781version). Compare this brooding and repugnantfurry demon to the more chipper and cuddly (&marketable) little chap in Fuselis decade-laterrendering of this same subject, pg. 13.show at hand immediately comes to ascreeching halt, and the lucid dream-ing session is over. It is clear thatnocturnal REM dreaming and con-scious deliberative thinking are mu-tually incompatible phenomena of thefirst magnitude. (See Breaching theRational Blockade of REM Dreams,pg. 34, for explanation as to why cer-ebral reasoning is so difficult duringREM dreams, not to mention night-mares.)Sleep scientists, researchers, and lu-cid dreamers alike are mostly unde-cided as to precisely what role and towhat extent the lower vs. higher braincenters play during our REM dreams.Nonetheless, they all seem to agreethat the essentially unthinking lower brain levels of the primordial limbic systemconsistently perpetuate their supremacy over nearly all of the content and processof our nightly episodes of REM dreams.Located in the central region of the brain, the limbic system machinery mediateshuman emotions, long-term memory, olfaction, and most primal sensations andbehaviors, such as our instinctual fight-or-flight response to exigent consciouslyexperienced life events. Anatomically, the limbic system encompasses, inter alia,the cingulate gyrus, hippocampus, amygdala, portions of the thalamus, and areasof the visual and auditory cortices (pg. 34). However, despite the traditional he-gemony of the limbic system over REM dreams, certain higher brain regions (i.e.,visual & auditory cortices) are always critically involved in the processing of alldream images and sounds that emerge from our lower brain elements during REM.Indeed, since the sights and clamor of our conscious external world enter ourbrain through the visual and auditory cortices, same may enter our nightly REMdreams only via the gracious neurological services of the same cerebral structures.Notwithstanding the uncertainties surrounding REM phenomena, all sleep, vision,and neuroscience researchers alike would certainly concur that the ultimate originof the electrochemical signals that produce the typical ophthalmic phenomena of
  14. 14. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 13Fuselis, The Nightmare (c. 1791 version). Due to theacclaim for his earlier (1781) rendering of this subject(pg. 12), Fuseli successfully marketed (engraved) cop-ies of this later version. Pursuant to the popular my-thology of the times, the lecherous little spirit (or in-cubus) --- coyly perched upon our languishing dream-ers bosom --- symbolized the crushing anxiety ofsuch nocturnal tribulations. But the horse merely rep-resented aggressive male sexuality generally, and notthe conspicuous mare aspect (or syllable) of the termnightmare, per se. Freud himself is said to have had acopy of this, one might say, somewhat more patientfriendly rendering on his office wall in Vienna.REM is our brains internal physiology --- and obviously not some external (real-world) scenery to which our conscious eyes would be responding if awake. In-deed, during all REM dreams our eyes are of course closed to any potentially dis-ruptive levels of incident light, and the overall sleep environment of humans is tra-ditionally as dark as practical.So with the principal REM sleep debates duly noted, the question still remains asto what other kinds of brain-to-retina signals might the lower and/or upper brainbe sending to our eyes during REM --- besides those obvious signals for externaleyeball movements. In other words, during REM, could there be much more pro-found electrochemical phenomena going on inside those blatantly wandering ocu-lars? Have any sleep scientists or researchers ever even broached such a question?On this matter of the elusive internal (vs. superficial) workings of our eyes duringREM, traditional human and (mammalian) animal studies alike have in fact re-vealed increased retinal activity and pupillary constrictions --- discoveries whichshould have compelled any scientist to suspect that something quite remarkable ofa visual nature might be occurring inside those busily rolling orbs. However, nosuch researcher has ever even suggested that said findings may have been the nat-ural result of actual dream images being electrochemically projected to retinalphotoreceptors from the sleeping brains of the human and animal subjects of thestudies. (Note: even adult rats exhibited markedly increased photoreceptor activ-ity during their own REM phase sleep, pursuant to standard electroretinogram test-ing of the rodents closed, sleeping, and evidently dreaming eyes.)It is this historically neglected subject of the (reversed) brain-to-retina signaling
  15. 15. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..The human (conscious) visual system, illustrated clev-erly at left, is a natural retina-to-brain electrochemicalprocess. But during REM sleep dreams, that same vi-sual cascade is simply reversed and, as such, becomesan (equally natural) brain-to-retina electrochemical pro-gression. But from the physiological standpoint of theretinal photoreceptors themselves, there is no detectabledifference between the two. Indeed, the only distinc-tion is in the direction of the signaling pathways. Thisprovocative new concept of nocturnal (brain-to-retina)dream-seeing forms the theoretical basis of The Mor-pheus Device system and methodology discussed here-in. (See greatly enlarged version of this same illustra-tion, pg. 35.)Page 14process of human REM sleep dreams that comprises the controversial new subjectmatter of this unprecedented “The Morpheus Device” Invention Proposal.III. OVERVIEW OF THE HUMAN (CONSCIOUS) VISUAL SYSTEM(Once more, those readers already knowledgeable of the conventional wisdom onhuman sleep, brain/mind, and vision, can go directly to pages 22-27, and The Mor-pheus Device illustration, pg. 5, for a detailed description of The Morpheus De-vice system as it would function while recording a REM sleep dream episode.)Before commencing a thorough discussion of my new theories concerning the un-conscious (brain-to-retina) signaling process underlying The Morpheus Deviceproposition, the following brief overview of the principal anatomical structures ofour natural conscious (retina-to-brain) visual system is in order.Our waking visual machinery is a complex biological sensory system, the keycomponents of which for all essential purposes of this Proposal are the two reti-nas. Imbedded within these thin, multilayered, and incredibly intricate visual or-gans are three types of cells that are especially important for human vision, name-ly: the rod and cone photoreceptors, and the ganglion cell neurons that synapti-cally connect them to our brain. (Note: although the retinal bipolar cell neuronsare also important players in the mediation and integration of incoming visual in-formation, they are not critical to The Morpheus Device discussion; see again Dia-gram of Human Retina, pg. 4; see also The Human [Conscious] Visual System, pg.35, which is an enlarged version of the illustration on this page.)
  16. 16. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..One of Dalis troupe of living sea nymphs (foreground) and a fake one (background) enliven thelarge aquarium showcased within his surrealistic Dream of Venus pavilion, Dalis outlandish funhouse in the lesser known Amusements Area of the 1939 Worlds Fair. Underscoring his life-long appreciation of feminine pulchritude, Dali nicknamed his kooky aquatic exhibit, "TwentyThousand Legs Under the Sea". (Emphasis added; see his noteworthy pavilion, pg. 28.)Page 15Our rods & cones contain phototransductive visual pigments (e.g., rhodopsin &opsin) which, when catalyzed by light, convert that light energy into biochemicalinformation, which is then transformed yet again by the ganglia into electrical sig-nals that are finally propagated to the brain. Once there, the higher brain centersof our visual cortex reassemble said incoming pictorial information into the con-scious images that we humans see.But by the same token that our higher (cerebral) brain areas are by no means com-pletely excluded from participation in both the processing and content aspects ofREM dream images, so too the lower brain strata of the limbic system are notbanished entirely from our normal daily conscious visual action. Indeed, our low-er brain centers are always (subconsciously) reviewing and/or downloading all in-coming daily conscious visual images and experiences for potential later resurrec-tion during REM dreams --- or even immediate (spontaneous) response theretovis-à-vis our aforementioned fight-or-flight reaction. This waking daily visualsystem encompasses both a diurnal (bright light & color) component, and a noc-turnal (low light & monochromatic) division. The rod, cone, and ganglion cells
  17. 17. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Dalis, Study for the Dream Sequencein Spellbound (1945). Hired to designthe principal stage sets for the dreamfootage in Hitchcocks 1945 cinematicpsychodrama, Spellbound, Dali natu-rally incorporated therein the humaneye --- a favorite element in many ofhis surrealist paintings and other avant-garde pursuits. (See this levitating anddissolving dream eye at center back-ground of movie clip, pg. 19.)Page 16that anchor both our diurnal and nocturnal waking visual systems are describedbriefly as follows:(a.) Cone Photoreceptor Cells: Approximately 7-million or so in number(each retina), there are three different types of cone photoreceptor cells, which intotal comprise the natural sensors securing our human diurnal (bright light & col-or) visual system, to wit: (a.) cones sensitive to light of the red (or long) wave-lengths; (b.) cones sensitive to light of the green (or medium) wavelengths; (c.)and cones sensitive to light of the blue (or short) wavelengths. Said three types ofcone cells form the basis of color vision in all vertebrate species, not just humans.The cones are especially concentrated in the central region (or macula) of eachretina, which partially accounts for the much sharper visual acuity and more rapidresponse times of our diurnal (vs. nocturnal & monochromatic) visual processes.(See again Diagram of Human Retina, pg. 4.)(b.) Rod Photoreceptor Cells: The 110-million or so (each retina) humanrod photoreceptor cells are essentially of just one type and, although they cannotdetect colors, per se, they are nonetheless responsible for nearly all aspects of hu-man nocturnal (low light & monochromatic) vision. Indeed, the amazing lightsensitivity of individual rod photoreceptors is showcased by their ability to detecteven just one photon of electromagnetic energy, a feat barely matched by the latestman-made light measuring instruments. However, our rods marvelous light sen-sitivity comes at a cost of being a full 1/10th-second slower than cones in their o-verall response times to incident light, which partially accounts for the traditionalvisual difficulties experienced by humans while engaged in many low light activi-ties. (See again Diagram of Human Retina, pg. 4.)
  18. 18. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 17Celebrated (& flamboyant) surrealist painter, Salvador Dali,several of whose dreamscape paintings and bohemian ex-ploits adorn the pages of this Proposal, was enamored of thehuman eye. At left, seemingly mimicking his paintings un-abashed magnification of the primitive urges and fears ofour collective human psyche, Dali appears to be beckoningthe viewer into the innermost sanctums of his own being.Perhaps much sooner than technologically anticipated, TheMorpheus Device system described herein could finally di-vulge the objective reality of that which Dali could portrayonly surrealistically --- the subterranean landscapes of thehuman mind, and perchance our soul as well.Moreover, there are very few rods in the visually critical central region (macula) ofour retinas, whereupon incoming light is always (naturally) focused during bothdiurnal and nocturnal lighting conditions. Therefore, it is usually difficult for hu-mans to see anything sharply in very low light, without first consciously misdi-recting their eyes significantly away from that which one is attempting to see ---just one of the many catch-22 conundrums of human vision in general, whetherconsidering conscious or unconscious (dream-seeing) processes. Nevertheless, asa natural benefit of their very dense populations throughout the non-central por-tions of our retinas, the resourceful (multitasking) rods are also key players innearly every aspect of motion, depth, form, and otherwise peripheral-image visionin humans, even during diurnal (or bright) lighting conditions. (See again Dia-gram of Human Retina, and the micrograph of human photoreceptors, both pg. 4.)(c.) Ganglion Cells: Approximately only 1.2-million or so in number (eachretina), and in close synaptic proximity to their associated rods & cones, our reti-nal ganglion cells electrically relay to the brain the incoming (diurnal & noctur-nal) visual information received from all types of photoreceptor cells. However,since each individual ganglion cell is permanently hard-wired to receive simulta-neous input from dedicated groups (or sets) of photoreceptors --- averaging 100each set, but ranging from 5 to thousands --- therefore, the ganglia-to-photorecep-tors synaptic wiring ratio is clearly not a one-to-one correlation. I.e., the gangli-on neurons are at all times integrating only pre-wired sets (averaging 100-photore-ceptors each) of incoming rod & cone visual information about our external world.These hard-wired and dedicated rod & cone sets constitute each individual gangli-on cells unique receptive field of electrochemical visual input from the otherwisehuge microscopic matrix (or grid) of rod & cone photoreceptor cells. (Note: near
  19. 19. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 18Dalis, The Dream (1931)the cones-only fovea centralis [or fovealpit] of the maculae, the ganglia-to-photo-receptors ratio can be as high as 1-to-5 inhumans, and probably an ultimately dense1-to-1 ratio across nearly the entire reti-nas of all sharp-eyed diurnal raptors, orbirds of prey; see again micrograph of ourhuman photoreceptor array, pg. 4.)As a natural result of said low ganglia-to-photoreceptors ratio, only about 2.4-mil-lion ganglia axons --- the total number ofoptic nerve fibers exiting both eyes (1.2-million each eye) --- actually connect thetwo retinas to our brains visual cortex,despite the combined 234-million availa-ble rods & cones residing in both eyes (117-million each eye). But notwithstand-ing their relatively small numbers compared to the huge populations of rods &cones feeding them, the ganglia are nonetheless the final output neurons (to thebrain) of all photoreceptors incoming visual field information about our (con-scious) external world.Besides the obvious anatomical efficiencies of smaller numbers of ganglia therebyreducing the bulk of the optic nerve bundles to our brain; conversely, greater pop-ulations of rods & cones may have served a beneficial evolutionary purpose aswell. Redundant or otherwise surplus quantities of photoreceptors (vs. ganglia)may have come in handy for early humans as their rods & cones aged, were dam-aged by disease or injury, or otherwise naturally deteriorated over time. This mayhave afforded even our most remote hominid ancestors a much better change ofmaintaining at least a minimal level of survival vision throughout their lives.Vis-à-vis said dedicated input from their affiliated photoreceptor sets, the ganglionneurons extract all essential features of the outside world and then encode them in-to frequency and amplitude modulated electrical spike-trains (or action poten-tials) to our brain for final processing. (Note: it was recently discovered that cer-tain ganglia are directly photosensitive in their own right and, as such, are not nec-essarily relegated exclusively to mediation between our primary rod & cone lightsensors and our visual cortex. But for all essential purposes of The Morpheus De-vice invention proposed herein, our photoreceptors proper will work just fine.)
  20. 20. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Below, a scene from the Dali-designed dream sequence in Hitchcocks cerebral melodrama,Spellbound (1945). Here, Dalis perennial obsession with the human eye literally takes centerstage, and figuratively steals the show from star Gregory Peck, seated at right (in profile).The odd furniture appendages are testimony to one of Dalis other obsessions --- womens legs.Page 19IV. A RADICAL NEW THEORY OF (INVERTED) BRAIN-TO-RETINASIGNALING DURING REM SLEEP DREAMSAs summarized in Section II, above, the standard theory on REM sleep phenome-na would have it that during REM episodes --- other than those renowned glancingeyeballs, frenetic brain wave patterns, and (allegedly) random mass discharges ofotherwise dormant photoreceptors --- there is basically nothing significant goingon inside our eyes proper. But is such really the case? My new theory underlyingthis Invention Proposal is that there are in truth myriad intense ophthalmic phe-nomena occurring within (or beneath the surface of) our eyes during typical REMdreams, such as:(a.) (REM-Activated & -Synchronized) Intraocular Lens Accommoda-tions: For starters, the eyes (internal) ciliary muscles, which mediate the naturalcontraction and relaxation (accommodation) of our intraocular lenses during con-
  21. 21. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Rousseaus, The Dream (1910)Page 20scious vision, are as biomechanicallyactive during REM dreams as are the(superficial) eye muscles themselves.Indeed, for the identical brain-to-re-tina reasons that our (external) eyemuscles are tracking the faux imagesof REM dreams, the eyes (internal)lenses are naturally focusing upon thesame ever-changing phantom (yet realenough) scenes & action of the dreamat hand --- despite our eyes beingclosed to all incident (actual) light.(b.) (REM-Activated & -Synchronized) Pupillary Sphincter Muscle Con-tractions: Secondly, the eyes pupillary sphincter muscles, which control the di-lation and constriction of our pupils during normal conscious vision, are also asbiomechanically active during REM dreams as are those more celebrated rovingeyeballs. Indeed, during REM, our pupils are constantly readjusting their natural-camera F-stop settings to accommodate the ever-changing ambient lightingconditions within the particular dream movie of the evening --- and again, de-spite our eyes being dark and closed to all incident light.However, since obviously during our REM dreams no (significant) actual light isstimulating the retinas nor triggering the tiny muscles controlling the pupils andintraocular lenses, therefore, my claims herein of nonetheless powerful electro-chemical activity within our sleeping rods & cones might seem outrageous at best.But during REM dreams, the photoreceptors and our eyes proper literally cannottell the difference between night and day when the unbridled limbic system iscontrolling the visual action via propagation of what I call (reanimated) electro-chemical virtual light signals directly to our dark and sleeping photoreceptors.This controversial new theory of REM dream-seeing may seem anathema to theestablished order of mainstream sleep and vision neuroscience. Nonetheless, evenconventional human sleep studies have repeatedly demonstrated consistent pupil-lary constrictions during REM vs. non-REM sleep. Such findings clearly bolstermy new theory that during REM our sleeping pupils are naturally adjusting theirF-stop settings to attenuate the bright (resurrected) virtual light of the illu-sionary dream scenery at hand --- assuming of course that the dreams in questionpossess some bright light content, and not exclusively nighttime nor otherwise
  22. 22. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..A standard fundus photograph of ahealthy human retina, showcasing the(dense) cone-rich macula at left (darkspot); the blind spot at right (bright cir-cle), where the thick optic nerve bundleexits the eye to the brain; and the richvasculature (e.g., A & B) feeding themillions of photoreceptor cells. Duringa typical REM episode, the thermomo-lecular sensors of The Morpheus De-vice systems RETROPEDS Scanners(pgs. 22-23, para. [a.]) would micro-scopically detect, measure, and recordthe (resurrected) electrochemical virtuallight naturally emanating from withinour dreaming photoreceptor cells.Page 21low light situations. After all, why else would our pupils --- sequestered in thedark world of closed and sleeping eyes --- be normally constricted (or stoppeddown) during REM if they were not indeed naturally responding to my alleged(brain-generated) virtual light? But conversely, if mainstream sleep researchershad demonstrated conclusively that human pupils are consistently dilated duringREM --- as indeed one would expect in the dark world of closed eyes --- then Iwould have voluntarily tossed-out all of my radical new Morpheus Device the-ories from the beginning. But human pupils are (normally) constricted duringREM, and for this writer there can be no doubt as to why that is so.(c.) (REM-Activated & -Synchronized) Reversed Propagation of Brain-Generated Dream Images to Photoreceptors: And finally during REM, thatsame devious limbic system --- just like it makes our eyeballs rack, our lenses fo-cus, our pupils constrict, our hearts race, and our minds as gullible as a 5-year-olds --- propagates inverted electrical spike-trains, carrying all dream image da-ta, directly to the photoreceptors within our dozing eyes. Once there, our rods &cones manifest identical (but reversed) electrochemical reactions, which I call(noted above) reanimated virtual light --- as if our photoreceptors themselves werebeing bombarded by photons of actual light during normal (conscious) daily vi-sion. There is no substantive difference at all, except in the direction of signaling.To more technically characterize these electrochemical emissions of (reanimated)virtual light transpiring within our dreaming rods & cones during REM, I have
  23. 23. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..After all these years, the secret to re-cording our nocturnal dreams and night-mares has always been literally, right be-fore our eyes --- and not in our brain.Page 22coined the term SARACER, which isan acronym for, Sleep Actualized RodAnd Cone Electrochemical Resurrec-tions. It is these (brain-to-retina) elec-trochemical SARACER reactions with-in our dreaming photoreceptor cells thatThe Morpheus Device invention wouldmicroscopically detect, measure, and re-cord during REM.Next is a detailed description of the ma-terial components of the proposed Mor-pheus Device dreams recording inven-tion, as well as a full explanation as tohow they would actually function dur-ing a typical nocturnal episode of REMsleep. (Note: the second generation of this dreams recording system would dis-pense with entirely the RETROPEDS Scanners component of the present configu-ration. Instead, the [still necessary] retinal scanning would be accomplished vis-à-vis the Morpheus Goggles alone. But that is for the more distant future.)V. PHYSICAL COMPONENTS OF THE MORPHEUS DEVICEDREAMS RECORDING SYSTEMThe Morpheus Device would be a compact, wireless, microprocessor controlled,electronic appliance consisting of the following two integrated elements (neitherof which would awaken REM sleepers while in use):(a.) The Morpheus Device RETROPEDS Scanners: One pair of wireless,waterproof, battery operated, RETROPEDS Scanners, which would be worn uponour corneas while sleeping like any pair of modern soft contact lenses. These reti-nal Scanners would microscopically detect, measure, and record the natural elec-trochemical SARACER reactions occurring within our photoreceptor cells duringREM sleep dreams. My term RETROPEDS is an acronym for, Remote Thermo-molecular Recognition Of Photoreceptor Electrochemistry During Sleep. (See a-gain The Morpheus Device illustration, pg. 5, item #A.)Once activated by the characteristic meandering eyeball movements of all REMdreams, the RETROPEDS (retinal) Scanners --- which would also contain micro-
  24. 24. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..During REM dreams, the photoreceptor fields within thedotted yellow oval would be the primary target area of thethermomolecular sensors of The Morpheus Device sys-tems RETROPEDS Scanners (pgs. 22-23, para. [a.]). Thedark spot at the center of the yellow oval is the cone-richmacula, which is extremely active during REM dreams ---assuming of course that the dreams in question have abright light content of some nature. The Morpheus De-vice process and system described herein is predicated up-on a radical new theory of meaningful (vs. chaotic &random) brain-to-retina signaling during REM dream epi-sodes. No such REM theory has ever been promulgated.Page 23THE HUMAN EYEminiaturized transceivers --- would be in constantwireless communication with the below-describedMorpheus Goggles (base computer & recorder) component of the system. (See a-gain pg. 5, item #A; and note that the RETROPEDS Scanner depicted therein, inprofile, is not shown to anticipated scale, which would be much thinner and smal-ler for comfortable wearing upon our corneas throughout the night.)(b.) The Morpheus Device Goggles: One set of wireless, battery operated,Morpheus Device Goggles which, during REM sleep, would be worn directly overthe RETROPEDS Scanners in a manner similar to any pair of modern industrialsafety glasses. The Morpheus Goggles would contain: (1.) a miniaturized con-ventional microcomputer; (2.) a motion sensor to detect REM onset during regu-lar nightly sleep; (3.) a standard high-capacity SD Flash Card (removable) forthe actual real-time recording of REM dream images and action, either in movingpictures or still-frame photos formats; (4.) and a compact transceiver for wirelesstelemetry with the underlying RETROPEDS Scanners component of The Morphe-us Device dreams recording system. (See again illustration, pg. 5, item #E.)(c.) Playback & Analysis of Recorded Dream Images: Upon awakeningfrom a typical good nights dream (or bad nightmare), the proud owner of TheMorpheus Device system would simply remove the standard SD Flash Card fromthe Morpheus Goggles, and then insert same into any modern digital video play-back medium, such as a laptop computer, camera, or cellphone. Once therein, therecorded REM dreams content (or movies) could be closely examined, analyzed,and otherwise objectively documented pursuant to the myriad personal, profes-sional, and institutional criteria as elaborated in detail below under the compre-hensive Applications section of this Invention Proposal. (See pgs. 28-32.)
  25. 25. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 24Dalis, The Dream of Christopher Co-lumbus (1959)So from the foregoing section, it shouldbe evident that with The Morpheus De-vice dreams recording system presentedherein there is no need of tedious moni-toring of ambiguous brain wave pat-terns, which continues to be of consid-erable concern for nearly all mainstreamREM sleep research in general. Andtraditional human electroretinogramstudies --- of primarily abnormal adultor infant developmental REM phenom-ena --- are at best capable of recordingonly grossly generalized electrical dataabout entire retinal surfaces. Moreover,such crude and unresolved recordingsof broad retinal activity during REM re-veal nothing about the actual dream im-ages that the subjects are experiencing,and indeed seeing, during REM sleep.The Morpheus Device, however, wouldbe an efficient, wireless, compact, high-resolution and otherwise technologicallypractical solution to the hitherto insurmountable challenges of real-time recording(& playback) of human nocturnal dreams. In fact, with The Morpheus Device ap-proach, whats going on inside the brain, per se, during REM is categorically irrel-evant to the entire dreams recording process. (See again The Morpheus Device il-lustration, pg. 5.)VI. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE DREAMS RECORDINGSYSTEM IN OPERATIONAfter first applying the Morpheus RETROPEDS Scanners and Goggles to the eyesand face, respectively --- in basically the same manner as any quality soft contactlenses and industrial safety glasses --- The Morpheus Device invention would thenfunction as follows, as it records (in real-time) a typical REM sleep dream:(a.) Activation of The Morpheus DROP-DRESS Program: When the Onswitch of The Morpheus Device is triggered, the appliance would immediately ac-tivate its central operating system program and files, which I call DROP-DRESS,
  26. 26. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..In Georges de La Tours candlelit,Dream of Joseph (c. 1635), an angelconsoles the apprehensive carpenterof Nazareth that his betrothed, Mary,is with child not of an earthly origin.Page 25an acronym for, Digital Registry Of Photo-receptor Dynamic Range ElectrochemicalSignature Spectrums.During normal conscious vision, each dis-tinct type of photoreceptor --- cones (red,green, & blue) and rods (gray scales) --- iscapable of expressing only a limited rangeof electrochemical reactions to its naturallyassigned spectral sensitivities. And thatconfined radius of responses to actual lightis not only determined by the wavelength ofthat light, but also by the intensity (or am-plitude) thereof. This restricted scope of re-actions to actual light by each differentiat-ed type of photoreceptor cell is what I calltheir exclusive, Dynamic Range SignatureSpectrum, or simply Signature Spectrum.The Morpheus Device DROP-DRESS Pro-gram would contain a universal referencearchive of the unique actual light Signature Spectrum ranges (color & shade po-tentials) for each type of photoreceptor cell (& set thereof). During REM, TheMorpheus Device system would microscopically measure the Signature Spectrumlevels of electrochemical virtual light occurring in real-time within each dreamingphotoreceptor cell (& set thereof). It would then simply compare those levels tothe DROP-DRESS archive of the maximal actual light Signature Spectrum rangesfor the same rod & cone types/sets and, as such, an accurate calculation of thedream image at hand would be easily accomplished --- and, of course, recorded.In other words, during REM, since the DROP-DRESS Program always knowswhat each type of photoreceptor is capable of (electrochemically) displaying --- atthe same time that it is detecting, in real-time, what each rod & cone is actually(electrochemically) displaying --- then it is a routine algorithmic calculation tomeasure, compare, and record the moving dream image pixels at hand. In fact,this is precisely what our natural eye-brain system is always doing --- whetherduring conscious (retina-to-brain) daytime vision, or the unconscious (brain-to-retina) dream-seeing vision of our nightly REM sleep episodes.
  27. 27. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 26Picassos, The Dreamer (1932)(b.) The Morpheus Device RET-ROPEDS Scanners Execute Initial(REM-Triggered) Topography Scan ofPhotoreceptor Fields: When the classiceye movements of a REM sleep dreamhave triggered the motion detectors with-in the Morpheus Goggles, a wireless sig-nal is transmitted to the two underlyingRETROPEDS Scanners, which in turn ac-tivate their thermomolecular photorecep-tor sensors. Once so deployed, the RET-ROPEDS Scanners execute an initial to-pography scan of our two retinas, therebysystematically mapping the precise loca-tion (retinal field coordinates) of all criti-cal photoreceptors (& sets thereof), espe-cially across the central region (or macu-la) of each retina. (See again Diagram ofHuman Retina, and the micrograph of human photoreceptors, both pg. 4.)All Morpheus RETROPEDS retinal scanning and probing would be done rightthrough the (assumedly clear) corneas, intraocular lenses, and vitreous/aqueousfluid chambers of both eyes, but without harm thereto --- and the REM sleeperwould not be awakened. Furthermore, to accomplish their nightly dream record-ings, the RETROPEDS Scanners would harmlessly penetrate all intervening neu-ronal, blood vessel, ganglion, and bipolar cell layers of our two retinas to directlyaccess the electrochemical SARACER emissions near the pigment epitheliumstratum of each photoreceptor field. I.e., The Morpheus Device recordings wouldnot be accomplished vis-à-vis remote measurement of the reanimations of dreamimages that are also occurring during REM within the ganglion and bipolar celllevels of our two retinas --- even though such might someday be technologicallyfeasible.To continue then, once the initial topography scan map of our dreaming rods &cones has been accomplished and wirelessly transmitted into the overlying Mor-pheus Device Goggles (base computer & recorder), there would be no need of anyadditional such topography scans, per se --- barring of course any unanticipatedinjuries, disease, or otherwise significant alterations to the natural photoreceptorfield configurations of both eyes.
  28. 28. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Dalis, Sleep (1937)Page 27(c.) The Morpheus Device Sys-tem Commences Real-Time Extrac-tion of Dream Images: During REM,what were originally conscious (retina-to-brain) electrochemical cascades ofincoming external world image data arenow simply reversed (or inverted) and,as such, sent back to the individual rods& cones (& sets thereof) from whencethey first came --- or would have come.Would have come? Yes, during REM,even completely new dream images ---never before perceived while sleeping,nor awake --- must necessarily be accu-rately forwarded by the brain to those particular photoreceptors (& sets thereof)that would have been assigned to the examination in the real world of identicalimages had those images been consciously perceived out there in the first instance.Although this latter statement may seem a rather puzzling observation, it nonethe-less encompasses the essential reasoning underlying all aspects of The MorpheusDevice dreams recording process and design. Whether awake or REM dreaming,all human seeing is accomplished only with our photoreceptors --- not our brain.During REM, The Morpheus Device RETROPEDS Scanners and Goggles wouldmicroscopically detect, measure, and record the inverted (brain-to-retina) electro-chemical image pixel elements of REM dream scenes suddenly appearing withinour rods & cones from the potent limbic system. In effect, The Morpheus Devicesystem is literally filming the (resurrected) electrochemical virtual light activityoccurring within our dreaming photoreceptor grids --- essentially flat surfaces,that are much more physiologically amenable towards any manner of remote scan-ning, sensing, photographing, and/or recording than our absolutely three-dimen-sional brain itself will ever be. It is no wonder then that people are sometimes i-dentified via retinal scanning --- never brain scanning --- even though such ocularprobing measures only the retinal vasculature, and not photoreceptor activity.This Morpheus Device filming of the electrochemical activity within the dream-ing rods & cones is simply an artificial method of doing precisely what our photo-receptors and brain did in the first place, naturally --- when they (consciously)perceived the external world scenes and events which now, during REM sleep,comprise our (unconscious) internal world dream cinemas of the night.
  29. 29. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Dalis garish Dream of Venus pavilion, 1939Worlds Fair; see photo of the equally icono-clastic interior of same, pg. 15.Page 28VII. ANTICIPATED APPLICATIONS FOR THE MORPHEUSDEVICE DREAMS RECORDING SYSTEMBelow are listed some of the likely uses for The Morpheus Device invention pro-posed and publicized worldwide herein, as it might be utilized across nearly theentire spectrum of human knowledge and inquiry, but not necessarily arranged inany particular hierarchy of importance thereto:(a.) The Psychological Sciences: The first global acquisition, interpretation,and otherwise psychiatric analysis of millions of recorded (vs. merely anecdotal)REM dream images, symbols, plots, themes, and characters and, as such, a tool ofpotentially immense clinical importance towards the detection, diagnosis, andtreatment of myriad debilitating mental afflictions, as well as a much deeper un-derstanding of our subconscious human mind in general.(b.) Cultural Anthropology & The Social Sciences: The first cross-culturalaccumulation, organization, and comparison of the recorded (vs. merely anecdot-al) subconscious visual inclinations, predispositions, desires, and fears of poten-tially every ethnic, racial, religious, political, and socioeconomic group on Earth.This could even include Jungian-like analysis of same, thereby possibly unearth-ing hitherto unimaginable subconscious social and/or cultural pictorial archetypesthat are universal to all peoples everywhere, or isolated to certain groups only.c.) Parapsychology, ESP, & The Supernatural: The first practical meansfor objective subconscious corrobora-tion of what were heretofore mostlyconsciously voiced claims of paranor-mal abilities, such as precognition, re-mote sensing, out-of-body & near-death experiences, and purported alienabductions. And all via independent,unbiased analysis of the relevant Mor-pheus Device dream recordings, andthen comparison of the contents there-of to the subjects conscious claims ofa preternatural experience. For exam-ple, a woman professing abduction byaliens from another world might gar-ner much more credibility if she could
  30. 30. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..THE ULTIMATE DREAMING MACHINE, HOLLYWOOD STYLE: Above are twoscenes from the thought provoking 1980 (PBS) sci-fi movie, The Lathe of Heaven, based uponthe acclaimed 1971 eponymous novel by Ursula K. Le Guin. In the scene at left, our haplesshero, George Orr (sleeping) --- whose REM dreams literally transform the entire universe to fitthe whims of his subconscious mind --- is being manipulated by his (good intentioned) psychia-trist, Dr. Haber (standing), who is exploiting Orrs godlike powers to hopefully change Earth in-to a much nicer planet for all of mankind. Unfortunately, each successive universe metamor-phosis comes with a classic, unanticipated confounding variable. For example, after a fewdisappointing failures, Dr. Haber now has his patient Orr try to dream-up-a-planet-Earth thatunites the world in peace. Although the good Doctors wish does eventually come true (kindof), it is at the great cost of (yes, a united) Earth having to defend itself against creepy invadingaliens from outer space (scene at right). Now The Morpheus Device technology proposed here-in could not of course alter the physical universe, but it could very well transmute our typicallyvague anecdotal recollections (if any) of our REM dreams and nightmares into objective, palpa-ble, video recordings of same --- personal dream libraries --- for our edification, insight, ormerely recreation. How would you use your Morpheus Device dreams recording machine?Page 29present to the local news media an officially authenticated Morpheus Device videorecording of her recurring nightmare about the incident --- replete with astonish-ing (yet objective) moving images of indeed truly extraterrestrial-appearing be-ings, spacecraft, and fantasmogoric mise-en-scènes never before witnessed norimagined by the likes of mankind.(d.) Law Inforcement, Criminology, & The Forensic Sciences: A poten-tially productive tool towards the legal substantiation of claims of both guilt andinnocence through comparison of traditional criminal and/or civil evidence andfacts with Morpheus Device dream recordings germane thereto. For example, in
  31. 31. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Josef Vasaks spectacular, Nebuchadnezzars Dream (joseph-art.deviantart.com, 2010). In the Bi-ble, the Babylonian court prophet, Daniel, convincingly interpreted his kings puzzling dream ---of a colossal figure with golden head, silver chest & arms, bronze waist & thighs, iron legs, andfeet of iron & clay --- as an ominous premonition of the ill-fated political and material kingdomsof man yet to come, right to the end of time. But with The Morpheus Device technology de-scribed herein, court prophets, angels, and psychoanalysts to boot may no longer be needed to un-ravel the (objective) recorded images of our own REM dream revelations, epiphanies, and epoch-al visions of things to come. (Painting courtesy of Josef Vasak, www.vasak.cz.)Page 30a murder case where the States star wit-ness cannot consciously recall the face ofthe killer, a Morpheus Device video re-cording of the witnesss recurring dreamabout the incident might very well resultin an objective, high-resolution, mug shot(vs. mere artists sketch) of the proverbialperson of interest.(e.) Special Military, Police, & Aer-ospace Applications: Military, police,and aerospace organizations could theo-retically screen out unsuitable candidatesvying for particularly demanding posi-tions or missions --- such as fighter/testpilots, bomb squads, SWAT teams, astro-nauts, or submarine & special forces u-nits. This could be accomplished by insti-tuting mandatory Morpheus Device test-ing to detect inappropriate subconsciousfears, phobias, obsessions, or repressed mental disorders, which otherwise mightcompromise an applicants participation in such high-stakes occupations --- wherethe fates of entire nations and the course of history itself can hang in the balance.(f.) Genetics, DNA, & Human Evolution: Although perhaps not as readilyapparent, nonetheless, global comparisons of Morpheus Device dream recordingswith human chromosomal databases might reveal incredible DNA markers encod-ing for particular dream images, symbols, or even types of dreams proper. Suchfindings might disclose that certain individuals, groups, or even entire races ofman are surprisingly genetically predisposed towards specific REM dream con-
  32. 32. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Antonio de Peredas much studied, The knights Dream (1640). If Freud was right (pg. 7), in thatmost of our nightly dreams are simply unconscious attempts at wish fulfillment of some kind,then our napping knight in this classic allegory play by Pereda subconsciously pines for a veritabletable full of symbols and icons of material wealth, glory, and personal vanity. But the forebodingskull and the angels little banner proclaiming, "Aeterne pungit, cito volat et occidit", counselsour nodding nobleman on the follies of such worldly pursuits. In literal translation, the banner ad-vises, "Eternal to penetrate, quickly winged and to fall". It is the parable of the bow & arrow, animage of which can be seen at center of the banner. The moral: An arrow (mans Faustian striv-ing), no matter how powerful the bow (his vanity or greed), cannot pierce the sky (attain corporealsatisfaction), but merely plummets back to earth (disillusionment & death). What cautionary talesmight Morpheus Device recordings have in store for this millenniums, knights of the realm?Page 31tent, plots, and even themes.(g.) Animal Studies: Morpheus Device experimentation with certain higheranimal species --- e.g., dogs, chimps, and gorillas --- that are already known topresent REM-like phenomena, might result in fascinating discoveries about thesubconscious mindsets of such kindred creatures. For example, Morpheus De-vice video recordings of various domesticated canine species dreams mightshockingly reveal that such household pets (while dream-seeing) perceive theirhuman masters not as we see each other but, rather, as grotesque Chimera-likebeasts --- looking like the result of human/dog gene-splicing experiments gonesadly awry.
  33. 33. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 32French artist Jaume Plensas monumental Dream sculpture --- solid concrete, towering 65-feethigh --- which, according to Plensa himself, depicts a sleeping 9-year-old girls (intentionallyelongated) physiognomy as she peacefully evinces mankinds unfaltering hope for the future.(St. Helens Borough, Merseyside County, UK, 2009)(h.) Entertainment & The Arts: And finally, perhaps the most widespreadapplications for The Morpheus Device invention as publicized herein would be forpurposes of pure consumer entertainment and amusement. Nevertheless, suchreadily available video recordings and still images of our nocturnal dreams (&nightmares) would surely represent a wellspring of inspirational ideas for allmanner of artistic endeavors as well. And some consumers might even discovernew forms of psychological, emotional, and spiritual enlightenment vis-à-vis theirown unique experimentations and experiences with The Morpheus Device dreamsrecording appliance revealed worldwide herein.VIII. SUMMARY & CONCLUSIONSo whether via conscious (retina-to-brain) bombardment by photons of actuallight from the noonday sun, or by unconscious (brain-to-retina) resurrections ofvirtual light from the dreaming mind itself, the amazing human photoreceptors(rods & cones) produce identical cascades of electrochemical reactions. Indeed,as emphasized repeatedly throughout this Invention Proposal, the only discernable
  34. 34. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Thomas Cole, founder of Americas renowned Hudson River School of painting --- a movementinfluenced by elements of Romanticism and Naturalism --- produced this panoramic, The Archi-tects Dream (1840). I can think of no better way of wrapping up this Invention Proposal thanwith this magnificent dreamscape epic by Cole. With The Morpheus Device technology pro-posed herein, our own vainglorious REM dream vistas could be permanently recorded for alltime --- right along with the occasional Id Monsters, and those mischievous incubi perched up-on our bosoms throughout the night.Page 33difference is in the direction of said two (equally natural) vision-generating path-ways. Awake or REM dreaming, we humans see only with our rods & cones.In the final analysis, The Morpheus Device would be a retinal Rosetta Stone, mi-croscopically deciphering the electrochemical hieroglyphics within our broilingrods & cones of REM sleep into tangible recordings of our most uplifting dreams,and debilitating nightmares --- heretofore only fleeting subconscious scenes andstories, now scrutinized for the first time through the dispassionate alembic of ourconscious, rational, and calculating mind.Pleasant dreams!Victor J. MonroeSilicon Valley, CATheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com
  35. 35. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..THE (UNCONSCIOUS) LIMBIC SYSTEMTHE (UNCONSCIOUS) LIMBIC SYSTEMTHE (UNCONSCIOUS) LIMBIC SYSTEMTHE (UNCONSCIOUS) LIMBIC SYSTEMBREACHING THE RATIONAL BLOCKADE OF REM DREAMS: During REM sleep, the(lower) brains limbic system --- located mainly within the large blue ovoid above --- is in intensecommunication with areas of our (higher) brains visual cortex (small blue oval), which necessarilyprocesses all erupting REM dream images and forwards them to the (rudely awakened) photorecep-tors, which in turn display those images to our unconscious mind. Although it is conventional wis-dom that rational thought is not possible during our REM dreams, such is not always the case. Evenif Godzilla is pursuing us in a REM nightmare, we sometimes do try to reason our way out of the un-fortunate predicament. E.g., Where is that brand-new nuclear missile I put in the garage just yester-day?! However, via some as yet unknown and powerful central brain mechanism, critical knowledgeof (external) real-world truth is frequently and selectively blocked out of the (internal) dream world ofthe REM sleeper. Therefore, basic (real-world) common sense facts --- e.g., Godzilla and handy nu-clear devices for Godzilla self-defense simply do not exist --- are normally inaccessible during suchpatently absurd dreams. It is this typically impenetrable Rational Blockade of REM sleep cognitionthat practitioners of lucid dreaming boldly attempt to breach. The Morpheus Device technology pro-posed herein could provide fascinating clues not only as to how that Rational Blockade of REMdreaming operates, but also as to what its ultimate purpose is. It is this writers opinion that evolutionitself naturally-selected to minimize conscious/rational thought processes when humans are sleepingsimply because such deliberative ruminations consume tremendous amounts of energy. And since itis the likely function of all natural sleep episodes to restore both body and mind, therefore, all energy-guzzling cerebral thought processes must be attenuated while asleep. Thats just a theory, but TheMorpheus Device system elaborated herein could relatively soon become a technological fact.Page 34
  36. 36. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..During REM sleep dreams, the natural signaling sequence of normal conscious (retina-to-brain)daily vision --- imaginatively pictured above --- is simply reversed in its entirety, so that it now be-comes an unconscious (brain-to-retina) electrochemical cascade. The only difference is in the di-rection of the vision-generating equations. During REM, The Morpheus Device invention de-scribed herein would microscopically detect, measure, and record the electrochemical pixel ele-ments of REM dream images transpiring within our sleeping photoreceptor cells. The MorpheusDevice system is predicated upon a radical new theory of human REM sleep dream-seeing vision.THE HUMAN (CONSCIOUS) VISUAL SYSTEMTHE HUMAN (CONSCIOUS) VISUAL SYSTEMTHE HUMAN (CONSCIOUS) VISUAL SYSTEMTHE HUMAN (CONSCIOUS) VISUAL SYSTEMPage 35
  37. 37. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 36RECORDING DREAMS THE HARD WAY . . . THROUGH THE BACK DOOR OF THEBRAIN ITSELF: In 2008, utilizing a bulky fMRI machine like the one pictured above left, re-searchers at ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories (ATR) in Kyoto, Japan, nonethe-less garnered worldwide media attention by proclaiming that they were the first to extract a visu-al image (of sorts) right from the brains of conscious (not sleeping) human volunteers. (Theirexperiments were reported in the Dec. 11, 2008, issue of the journal Neuron, top right photo.)After first displaying hundreds of random black & white symbols (center photo, top two rows) tothe test subjects, ATR was able to identify specific points within their visual cortices that had be-come highlighted --- by increased blood flow oxygenation --- vis-à-vis exposure to said symbols.With that (practice run) database as their reference standard, ATR was later able to capture fromthe subjects brains (very crude) images of the word N-E-U-R-O-N (center photo, bottom tworows), when that new/novel word was displayed to the (conscious) volunteers. ATRs chief sci-entist, Yukiyasu Kamitani, said that fMIR machines of the future might be able to read theminds of unconsciously dreaming humans, and conscious subjects as well. However, althoughhuman nocturnal dreams will indeed someday be recorded directly from our brains, as ATRsKamitani has prophesied, there is nonetheless a much more direct and practical way to do it ---right through the anatomical front doors of our dreaming eyes (& photoreceptors), with TheMorpheus Device system revealed worldwide for the first time herein.LEONARDOS QUESTION: As an opening dedication to this InventionProposal, I quoted Leonardo da Vincis puzzlement as to why he could seeclearly while asleep and dreaming, but his (conscious) imagination was in-variably ethereal at best. Moreover, despite his pioneering achievements inboth the drawing and understanding of human anatomy, Leonardo remainedprofoundly ignorant of the essential workings of the human eye. This wasdue in part to the great difficulties inherent in dissecting an eye, which im-mediately collapses to a gelatinous mess when cut open. But the modernanswer to Leonardos question is easily stated: Leonardos imagination a-lone was simply never designed nor intended to perceive with rods & cones.We humans see clearly only that which we consciously examine with oureyes, or unconsciously observe with out retinas during REM dreams --- be-cause only then are we seeing with our photoreceptors. Indeed, with the ex-ceptions of drug-induced hallucinations, psychoses, and/or brain damage,there are simply no anatomical nor otherwise physiological connections be-tween our retinas and our mere conscious imaginings. (Top, his self por-trait, c. 1513; bottom, his silly sketch of the human eye and vision, 1508.)
  38. 38. THE MORPHEUS DEVICE, An Illustrated Invention Proposal (Adobe PDF Format); Copyright 2010,by Victor J. Monroe, all rights reserved; ISBN 978-0-615-41217-7; TheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com..Page 37COPYRIGHT NOTICEThis 38-page (including cover) Invention Proposal entitled “The Morpheus De-vice” (an Adobe PDF document) is the copyrighted and ISBN-registered intellec-tual property of its author and owner Victor J. Monroe and, as such, no part hereofmay be sold, copied, displayed, published, nor otherwise commercially marketedby any means for monetary profit or gain without his consent.However, the entire contents or any portion of this “The Morpheus Device” Inven-tion Proposal may be freely downloaded, copied, emailed, published, displayed, orotherwise disseminated throughout the world by any means as long as such actionsare done in good faith non-profit promotion of the ideas, theories, concepts,designs, and/or technologies as described within this Proposal.OFFER TO SELLAll copyright, publishing, business, financial, manufacturing, marketing, televi-sion, Internet, movie, and otherwise legal rights to “The Morpheus Device” ideas,theories, concepts, designs, drawings, and/or technologies as proposed, described,illustrated, and publicized within this 38-page Invention Proposal may be pur-chased outright in their entirety for the very reasonable sum of only twenty-fivemillion dollars ($25,000,000) in U.S. currency or equivalent thereof. All offers orinquiries in this latter regard may be made via the email address indicated below.Thank you.Victor J. MonroeSilicon Valley, CATheMorpheusDevice@gmail.com(END OF INVENTION PROPOSAL)

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