What is Behaviorism? John B. Watson Behaviorism inKey People of Behaviorism the classroomBehaviorism in my classroom
A theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning Conditioning occurs through interacting with the environment There are two typed of conditioning, classical and operant
Conditioning Classical conditioning is technique used in behavioral training in which a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior.
Largely centered around experiments by Ivan Pavlov His work centered around conditioning His findings were made more relevant by the launching of “Psychology as the behaviorist Views It” by John B. Watson
B.F. Skinner found that by rewarding successive approximation of movements, he could train a bird Skinner introduced operant conditioning and shaping
Was interested in stimulus-response reactions to various situations Followed the findings of Pavlov’s dog experiments First presented his ideas at psychological meetings between 1908 and 1912, and by 1912 was using the term "behaviorist."
In 1916 began observing infants The experiment centered around a baby and a white lab rat The experiment successfully showed the behaviorist idea of association
In a classroom, teachers can reward students for right answers. Teachers can instruct by conditioning the student’s behavior. Teachers who use behaviorist techniques will repeat this pattern until it becomes second nature.
Behaviorist teachers believe that students will make mistakes without using repetition and conditioning. However, some students might begin to expect rewards for every behavior and if there is not a reward to be given, they will not give their work the best of their ability.
In my future classroom I plan to reward the students who are doing well. If you are succeeding with your work I will encourage them to keep working by giving them treats and other miscellaneous things.
I will also focus on not rewarding too much. I will reward my students where I see fit, so they don’t expect something for every time they do good. However, if they are doing good I will praise them in other ways by telling them so and making sure they know that they are doing the right thing.