Lecture 10 Sex and Gender IdentityPresentation Transcript
Pace University Women’s Studies 266 Gender, Race and Class Dr. Ruth Abrams
Gender essentialism Biological determinism Role of hormones Role of biological functions Genderis performative Gender is unfixed “Barbies, not bodies” Messages from childhood about gender make you who you are
Minority ≠ abnormal Different bodies— intersex, hormonal anomalies Gender identity Gender expression Sexual orientation Sex ≠ love—except sometimes, of course
Transsexuals have a gender identity that is incongruent with their physical sex and distinct from their sexual orientation. Julia Serano, Whipping Girl Misgendering Cissexual/cisgender ed Pathology?
What makes us female and male?
Cyclical, and really old, arguments of homophobia: 1. Gay sex is new; people in the past didn’t have it 2. Gay sex is caused by bad diet 3. Gay sex is caused by bad parenting 4. Gay sex is caused by foreign influences 5. Gay sex reflects bad religion or lack of religion
0 Exclusively heterosexual1 Predominantly heterosexual, only incidentally homosexual2 Predominantly heterosexual, but more than incidentally homosexual3 Equally heterosexual and homosexual4 Predominantly homosexual, but more than incidentally heterosexual5 Predominantly homosexual, only incidentally heterosexual6 Exclusively homosexualX Non-sexual
Homophobia Gendered bias? Pathology “Born This Way” Declassification of homosexuality as a pathology, 1973
Fear of gender non-conformity can be abig obstacle to the realization of humanpotential, especially for women.
GLBT people of color are targets ofviolence.
If gayness is something everyone, gay andstraight, sees as white, GLBT people ofcolor are made invisible.
Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life survey, 2007: 87% of African Americans are religiously affiliated 59% of affiliated African Americans are in Historically Black churches Most Americans are religiously affiliated (83% overall) Latinos are 85% affiliated Church an important source of support and community Sometimes welcomes GLBT people, often condemns homosexuality
Accepting same-sex marriages andrelationships and tolerating a wide rangeof gender presentations would do a lot totear down social inequality for everyone.