Who is jesus, Isa alaihissalam? Islamic Perspective.


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This slide program explains status of Jesus Alihissalam as a great Messanger of Allah (SWT). It explains in the light of Quran, Sunnah and references from Christian books that he was not son of God and he was not crucified. It explains the second coming of Jesus Alaihissalam.

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Who is jesus, Isa alaihissalam? Islamic Perspective.

  1. 1.          Belief in one God Belief in Prophets of God Belief in the day of judgment Moral system Emphasis on freedom and human rights. Virgin Birth of Jesus, Jesus being able to speak in the cradle, Jesus performing miracles Second coming of Jesus Christ.
  2. 2.  "...and nearest among them in love to the believers will you find those who say, 'We are Christians,' because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant" (5:82).
  3. 3.           Muslims look at Jesus Christ as a great Prophet of God and love and respect him as much as they love and respect Abraham, Moses and Muhammad. Christians consider Jesus as God or son of God All the cardinal doctrines of Christianity that are rejected by Islam center around the personality of Jesus. Specifically these are: 1. The Trinity 2. The Divinity of Jesus 3. The Divine Son- ship of Christ 4. Original Sin, and 5. Atonement. It is clear that all these dogmas are the result of overexhalting Jesus Christ above what God wants him to be.
  4. 4.  They say, ‘God taken to Him a son.' Glory be to Him. He is all-sufficient; to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth; you have no authority for this. Do you say concerning God what you do not know? (10:68)
  5. 5.  People of the Book! why do you disbelieve in God's signs, which you yourselves witness? (3:70)  People of the Book! why do you confound the truth with falsehood and conceal the truth knowingly? (3:71)
  6. 6.  “And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave ‘Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Ruh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel) ]. Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and some, you killed.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:87]
  7. 7.  And He (Allah) will teach him ['Isa (Jesus)] the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunnah, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Torah and the Injil (Gospel). And will make him ['Isa (Jesus)] a Messenger to the Children of Israel [Surah 'Ali `Imran, 3:48-49]
  8. 8.       O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: “Three (trinity)!” Cease! (it is) better for you. For Allah is (the only) One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.” [Surah An-Nisa', 4:171]
  9. 9.  The Messiah ['Isa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a Siddiqah [truthful).They both used to eat food. Look how We make the Ayat ( evidences, signs etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away (from the truth).” [Al-Ma'idah, 5:75
  10. 10.  “”He ['Isa (Jesus)] said: Verily! I am a slave of Allah, He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet;”" [Surah Maryam, 19:30]  “And they say: “The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or children).” Glory to Him! They are but honored slaves.” [Surah Al-'Anbiya', 21:26]
  11. 11.         Jesus is mentioned by name in twenty-five places in the Holy Quran, he is also addressed with respect as: Ibn Maryam, meaning "The son of Mary“ The Maseeh (in Hebrew it is the Messiah), which is translated as "Christ“ Abdullah, "The servant of Allah" Rasul u Allah, the messenger of Allah. The Word of God The Spirit of God Sign of God
  12. 12.  Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (SAW) as saying," By Him in whose hand my soul is, the son of Mary will soon descend among you as a just judge. He will break crosses, kill swine and abolish the jizya (a tax) and wealth will pour forth to such an extent that no one will accept it, and one sajda, will be better than the world and what it contains". (Bukahri and Muslim).
  13. 13. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: "Of men, many have attained completion with their Lord. But of women, there were four – 1. Maryam the daughter of ‘Imraan, 2. Asiyah the wife of Pharoah, 3. Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid and 4. Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad.“ (Agreed Upon) 
  14. 14.      Prophet (SAW) mentions: "No new born escapes the prick (touch) of the Shaytan at the time of their birth. (The touch is what) causes them to begin to scream. Only Maryam and her son (escaped being touched by the Shaytan)." Reported through authentic narrations in the Musnad of al-Imam Ahmed and the Sahih of al-Imam Muslim.
  15. 15.      Jews rejected Jesus as a Prophet of God and called him an impostor. The Christians consider him to be the son of God and worship him as such. Islam considers Jesus as one of the great Prophets of God and respects him as much as Abraham, Moses and Muhammad This is in conformity with the Islamic point of view of the oneness of God, the oneness of Divine guidance, and the complimentary role of the subsequent messages of God’s messengers Any contradiction among revealed religions is viewed by Islam as a man-made element introduced into these religions
  16. 16.        When the wife of Imran said, 'Lord, I have vowed to you, in dedication, what is within my womb. Please accept it from me. you are the Hearer and knower'. And when she gave birth to her she said, 'Lord, I have given birth to her, a female... And I have named her Mary end commend her to you with her seed, to protect them from the accursed Satan.' Her Lord received the child with gracious favor, and by His goodness she grew up comely, Zachariah taking charge of her. Whenever Zachariah went to her in the Sanctuary, he found her provisioned. 'Mary', he said, 'how comes this to you? ''From God', she answered. Truly God provisions for whomsoever He will without reckoning. (3:35-37)
  17. 17.      When the angels said, 'Mary. God gives you good tidings of a Word from Him whose name is Messiah Jesus, son of Mary; high honored shall he be in this world and the next, near stationed to God. He shall speak to men in the cradle, and of age, and righteous she shall be. ' 'Lord', said Mary, 'how shall I have a son seeing no mortal has touched me? 'Even so' he said, 'God creates what He will. ' When He decrees a thing He does but say to it, "Be", and it is.' (3:45-47)
  18. 18.      Then she brought the child to her folk carrying him; and they said, ‘Mary, you have surely committed a monstrous thing. Sister of Aaron, your father was not a wicked man, nor was your mother a woman unchaste. ' Mary pointed to the child. but they said, 'How shall we speak to one who is still in the cradle, a little child?' He said, 'Lo, I am God's servant; God has given me the Book and made me a Prophet. Blessed he has made me, wherever I may be; and he has enjoined me to pray. and to give the alms, so long as I live, and likewise to cherish my mother; he has not made me arrogant or wicked. Peace be upon me, the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I am raised up alive.' (19:27-33)
  19. 19. That is Jesus, son of Mary, in word of truth, concerning which they are doubting. It is not for God to take a son unto Him. Glory be to Him! When He decrees a thing. He but says to it "Be". and it is. (19:34-35)
  20. 20. And they say, 'The All-merciful has taken unto Himself a son.  ' You have indeed advanced something hideous.  The heavens are well nigh rent of it and the earth split asunder, and the mountains well nigh fall down crashing for that they have attributed to the All-merciful a son; and it behooves not the All-merciful to take a son.  None is there in the heavens and earth but he comes to the All-merciful as a servant. (19:88-93) 
  21. 21.  Truly the likeness of Jesus, in God's sight, is as Adam's likeness; He created him of dust. then said He unto him, "Be", and he was. (3:59)
  22. 22.   63- But Jesus held his peace. And high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the son of God. 64- Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
  23. 23. "...Adam, which was the son of God."(Luke 3:38) "That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair... And when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them..." (Genesis 6: 2,4)  "...Israel is My son, even My firstborn:" (Exodus 4:22)  "...for I (God) am a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is My firstborn." (Jeremiah 31:9)  "...the Lord hath said unto me (David): 'Thou art My son: this day have I begotten thee." (Psalms 2:7)  "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God." (Romans 18:14)  
  24. 24. People of the Book, go not beyond the bounds in your religion, and say not as to God but the Truth.  The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was only the Messenger of God, and His Word that He committed to Mary, and a spirit from Him.  So believe in God and His Messengers, and say not, 'Three'.  Refrain. better is it for you.  God is only One God. Glory be to Him — that He should have a son! To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth, God suffices for a guardian. (Nisa,4:171-173) 
  25. 25. “My Father is greater than I.” John,14:28  My Father is greater than all.” John, 10:29  “I cast out devils by the spirit of God.”Mathew,12:28  “with the finger of God, cast out devils.”Luke,11:20  “ I can of my own self do nothing; as I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just; because I seek not my own will, but the will of the Father, which hath sent me.”  “And he said unto him, “Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God; but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.” 
  26. 26.  Likewise I will confirm the truth of the Torah that is before me, and to make lawful to you certain things that before were forbidden unto you. I have come to you with a sign from your Lord; so fear God, and obey me. Surely God is my Lord and your Lord; so serve Him. This is a straight path". (3:5051)
  27. 27.  “And when Jesus came with (Our) clear Proofs, he said: ‘I have come to you with the wisdom, and in order to make clear to you some of the points in which you differ, therefore fear Allah and obey me. Verily, Allah! He is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him alone. This is the only Straight Path.’ ”Qur’an 43:63-64
  28. 28.    28-And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all? 29-And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: 30-And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.
  29. 29.    17-Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy but to fulfil 18-For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from law, till all be fulfilled. 19-Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
  30. 30.    “and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which has sent me.” John, 14:24 “ And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom though has sent.” John, 17:3 “Ye men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, A man approved of God among you by miracles, and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourself also know.”
  31. 31.     Jesus performed great miracles by the will and permission of God. One of his greatest miracles was that he was conceived with no father. He also spoke as a baby in the cradle to defend his mother against the children of Israel who accused her of fornication. “He (Jesus) will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous. "Qur'an 3:46
  32. 32.  “Indeed, I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird with God’s permission; and I heal the blind and the leper, and bring the dead to life with God’s permission and I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses; most surely there is a sign in this for you, if you are believers.” (3.49)
  33. 33.    The fact that Jesus (peace be upon him) performed miracles does not mean that he was anything more than a humble slave of God (Allah) and His Messenger. In fact many Messengers performed miracles, including Noah, Moses and Muhammad (may peace be upon them all) These miracles only took place by the permission of Allah, so as to prove the authenticity of the Messenger.
  34. 34.  And when Jesus son of Mary said. 'children of Israel. I am indeed the Messenger to you, confirming the Torah that is before me, and giving good tidings of a Messenger who shall come after me, whose name shall be the praised one (note that this is translation of Ahmad which is Prophet Muhammad’s name). (61:6)
  35. 35.  I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brethren; and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to My words which he shall speak in My name, I Myself will require it of him. (Deut. 18:18-20)
  36. 36.    And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Counselor, to be with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth. (John 14:16,17) Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is to your advantages that I go away, for if I do not go away, the counselor will not come to you When the Spirit of Truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak and he will declare to you the things that are to come. He will glorify Me. (John 16:13,14.)
  37. 37.  I have yet many things to say unto you, but you cannot bear them now. How be it when he, the spirit of Truth will come, he will guide you into all truth, for he shall speak not of himself, but whatsoever he shall hear, that he shall speak, and he will show you things to come. He shall glorify me, for he shall receive of mine, and he shall show it unto you. (John 16-12/14)
  38. 38. The "person" whom Jesus (A.S.) prophesized will come after him, is called Pargaleeta in the Greek Bible .  This word was deleted and changed at times to "Spirit of Truth" and at other times, to "comforter" and sometimes "Holy Spirit."  The original Greek and its meaning of the word is "one whom people praise exceedingly."  The sense of the word, then, is applicable to the word Muhammad in Arabic, since Muhammad means "the praised one." 
  39. 39.      1. He will not come until Jesus leaves. 2. He will stay forever, with the believers. 3. He will glorify Jesus. 4. He will speak what he hears from God. These characteristics are applicable only to Prophet Muhammad
  40. 40.  When God said, 'Jesus, I will take you to me and will raise you to Me, and I will purify you of those who do not believe. I will set your followers above the unbelievers till the Resurrection Day. Then unto Me shall you return, and I will decide between you, as to what you were at variance on. As for the unbelievers, I will punish them with a terrible punishment in this world and the next; they shall have no helpers.(3:55,56)
  41. 41. Nisa,4:156-159
  42. 42.  yet they did not slay him, neither crucified him, only a likeness of that was shown to them. Those who are at variance concerning him surely are in doubt regarding him, they have no knowledge of him, except the following of surmise; and they did not slay him of certainty... no indeed; God raised him up to Him; God is Almighty, All-wise. There is not one of the people of the Book but will assuredly believe in him before his death, and on the Resurrection Day he will be a witness against them. (4:156-59).
  43. 43. Jesus was raised to heaven before he died.  This means that according to the Qur'an he was not crucified.  It was the plan of the enemies of Jesus to put him to death on the cross, but God saved him  Somebody else was crucified.  This plot and the false accusation of Mary are considered by the Qur'an to be some of the sins of non believers 
  44. 44.    1- Is it just on God’s part to make someone repent for the sins or wrongs of others, the sins to which the repenter is no party? 2. Is it justifiable and proper to believe that God, the Most Forgiving, was unable to forgive Adam and his children for the Original Sin, and that He held them in suspense or bewilderment until Jesus came to make the atonement with his own blood? 3. Does the belief of crucifixion and blood sacrifice appear in any religion apart from the pagan creeds of the early Greeks, Romans, Indians, Persians, and the like?
  45. 45.   4. Is it proper for a distinguished prophet like Jesus to say to God at a trying time that God has forsaken him? 5.Was God the Most Merciful, the Most Forgiving and the Most High unable to forgive men’s sins except by inflicting this cruel and most humiliating alleged crucifixion on one who was not only innocent but also dedicated to His service?
  46. 46. Muslims believe that Jesus will reappear before the Day of Judgment, and descend back to earth.  “And he (Jesus, i.e. his descent to earth) shall be a known sign for the coming of the Hour (Day of Judgment).”Qur’an 43:61  He will descend as a Muslim (one who submits to God’s laws) and call others to Islam, rejecting those who took him as other than a slave and Messenger of the One True God.  Jesus will come again, and will marry and have children, and live for 40 years among us. And soon after he dies, the Day of Judgment will come. 
  47. 47.     Muslims believe that one day (Dajjal), the Antichrist will come Then Jesus will descend from the heavens and slay him, and will live among the Muslims and rule them. During those times the earth shall be filled with justice and blessing. Prophet (SAW) said, "How glorious will be the time when Jesus lives among you, and you will plant a seed on a barren rock and it will sprout; there will be no drought; vegetation will cover the earth, and a man will be able to sit next to a lion and feel no harm." (Authentic – reported by Ad-Dailamee.)
  48. 48.  And when God said, 'O Jesus son of Mary, did you say unto men, "Take me and my mother as gods. apart from God?” He said, 'To you be glory! It is not mine to say what I have no right to. If I indeed said it, you knew it, knowing what is within my soul, and I do not know what is within your soul. you know the things unseen. I only said to them what you did command me: "serve God, my Lord and your Lord." And I was a witness over them, while I remained among them; but when you did take me to yourself, you were yourself the watcher over them; you are the witness of everything.(Maida:116-117)
  49. 49. To the worshippers of the Messiah (‘Isa) we put forth a question.  We seek an answer from those who have comprehension.  If a god was to be put to death by a people can he be truly godly?  Stranger than a god being interned in a grave is being confined in a womb remaining for nine months  In darkness; nourished from his mothers blood  Finally exiting the birth canal a small weak child  With open mouth seeking a breast to suckle  Suckling thus necessitating urination and defecation  Is this the God that you claim?! 
  50. 50.      Islam considers Jesus as one of God's great prophets. His mission was to preach the Oneness of God and to lead man to his Lord. He never claimed to be other than a servant and a Messenger of God. The Quranic account of his life and mission is supported by overwhelming evidence. The Muslims do believe in and are awaiting the Second Coming of Jesus.
  51. 51.     He will come back not as God to judge the nonChristians, but as Jesus a man and God's servant. His coming is to correct the misconception which people have developed about his personality and his mission. According to a saying of the Prophet Muhammad, he will stay for forty years which are going to be the happiest years of life on this earth. At that time everybody will believe in him as a man, messenger, and not the Son of God
  52. 52.  “Say: ‘O People of the Scripture! Come to a word that is common between us and you: that we will not worship anything except Allah and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords instead of Allah.” But if they turn away, then say, ‘Bear witness that we are Muslims [submitting to God].’”Qur’an 3:64
  53. 53.             1. M. M. Pickthall, The Meaning of the Glorious Qur'an 2. Irving, et al., The Qur'an: Basic Teachings 3. Hamuda Abdulati, Islam in Focus 4. M. Qutb, /slam: The Misunderstood Religion 5. B. A. Bawany, Islam: The First and Final Religion 6. Maurice Bucaille, The Bible, The Qur'an and Science 7. Maurice Bucaille, The Origin of Man 8. Lordsale and Laura Ragg, The Gospel of Barnabas 9. M Ata-ur-Rahman, Jesus: A Prophet of Islam 10.Rudolf Augustein, Jesus Son of Man 11.John Hick (ed), The Myth of God Incarnate 12.S. S. Mufassir, Jesus in the Qur'an.