10 EVIL DEEDS THAT ALLAH DOES NOT LOVE 3-Khiyanah 4-Zulm 1-Kufr 2- Ithm Treachery OppressionDisbelief Sin 5-Fasad 7- Jahr Bissu 6-Udwan 8-KibrCorruption Transgression Publicity of Arrogance Evil 9- Farah 10-Israf Exultance Extravagance
1-KUFR OR DISBELIEFSay: "Obey Allah and His Apostle"; but if theyturn back Allah loves not those who reject FaithAle Imran,3:32
WHAT IS KUFR?Kufr, linguistically means covering or concealing.Legally (in the Shareeah): is opposite of Eemaan. It meansdisbelieving in Allah and His Messenger due to• denial• doubts,• suspicion,• aversion,• jealousy,• arrogance• following some whims which deters from adhering to the Message.
2 TYPES OF KUFRI-The Greater Kufr or Kufr of Belief (Kufr Akbar)It constitutes apostasy or exit from Islam and is of five kinds:• Kufr of denial, as referred to in the following verse: "And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah, or rejects the truth when it comes to him? Is there not an abode in Hell for those who disbelieve?" 29: 68• Kufr of arrogance with acknowledgement, as proven by the words of Allah, the Exalted: "And when We said to the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, and they all prostrated except Iblees 2:34
GREATER KUFR (KUFR AKBAR)• Kufr of doubtfulness, as mentioned in the Words of Allah: "And he entered his garden while he was wronging himself (througharrogance). He said, I do not think this will ever perish; not do I think theHour will ever come. And even if I am ever brought back to my Rabb, I shall,surely, find a better resort than this. His companion said to him while he wasarguing with him, Do you disbelieve (Kafarta) in Him Who created you fromsoil, then from a sperm-drop, then fashioned you into a perfect man? But asfor me, I believe that Allah Alone is my Rabb, and I will not ascribe a partnerto my Rab 35:38• Kufr of aversion. Its proof: "And those who (kafaru) disbelieve turn away from what they have been warned with aversion. 46:3• Kufr of hypocrisy, as proven by the Words of Allah: "This is because they first believed, then (kafaru) disbelieved. So a seal was set upon their hearts and consequently they do not understand.“ 63:3
II- MINOR KUFR OR KUFR IN ACTIONS(KUFR ASGHAR)The minor Kufr, or the Kufr in actions, does not constituteapostasy or exit from Islam.This type of Kufr comprises of sins that are referred to in theQuran and the Sunnah as Kufr, but do not reach the level of majorKufr,Example of such kufr is expressing ungratefulness to the favorsof Allah, as Allah says: "And Allah sets forth for you a parable ofa city which enjoyed security and peace; its provision came to iteasily from everywhere; but it (Kafarat) denied the favors ofAllah." Nahl 16: 112Prophet (SAW) said, "Reviling of a Muslim is an act ofdisobedience and fighting him is Kufr."
2) COMMITTING SIN:He loves not creatures ungrateful and wickedBaqarah,2:276What is Sin in Islam?Sin (dhanb, ) is any action that goes against the commands ofAllah (God). Islam teaches that sin is an act and not a state ofbeing.“Righteousness is good morality and sin is that which causesdiscomfort (or pinches) within your soul and which you dislikepeople to become informed of.” [Sahih Muslim]
TYPES OF SINSA-Major Sins: Kabair: According to Sahih Bukhari the sevenpernicious or deadly sins are:"Avoid the seven noxious things"- and after having said this, theprophet (saw) mentioned them:1.associating anything with Allah (SHIRK)2.witchcraft3.killing one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just case,4.consuming the property of an orphan,5.devouring usury,6.turning back when the army advances, and 7.false accusation of chaste women who are believers butindiscreet. Ibn Abbas(R) considers 70 to be kabair sins.
2-MINOR SINS (SAGHAIR)• Minor sins are acts which are displeasing to Allah but for which no specific punishment or severe warning has been issued.• Minor sins are not, however, to be taken lightly, as disobeying Allah is always a serious matter. Allah says: “You counted it a little thing, while with Allah it was very great.” (Quran 24:15)• Minor sins can easily lead someone to commit a major sin Repeatedly committing a minor sin will change its status to that of a major sin.• Habitual sinning causes a Muslim to lose faith and disregard the commandments of Allah
FORGIVENESS OF SINS1-Muslim must make sincere repentance for major sins byshowing genuine remorse, praying for Allahs Mercy andForgiveness, and avoiding that sin in the future.2-Good deeds and extra acts of worship help expiate minorsins3-Only a person who avoids major sins will have good deedssuch as charity, praying, or fasting accepted as expiation forminor sins. Allah says: “If you shun the great sins which youare forbidden, We will do away with your small sins andcause you to enter an honorable place of entering.” (4: 31)
3- BETRAYAL OF TRUST (KHIYANAH)Verily, Allah likes not any betrayer, ingrate to Allah ” 22:38 “Verily, Allah does not like anyone who is a betrayer. 4:107 O ye that believe! betray not the trust of Allah and the Messenger, nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you and you know it. 8:27
BETRAYAL OF TRUST KHIYANAHKhayanah is opposite to Amanah (honesty and to safeguardthe trusts)It means treachery and betrayal of trusts & not to pay therights of individuals and of Allah (SWT) in honest way.Khayanah happens by the heart, tongue, hands and feet etc.Allah) knows of (the tricks) that deceive with the eyes, and allthat the hearts (of men) conceal. Ghafir, 40:19
KHIYANAH IS A SIGN OF HYPOCRISYProphet (SAW) said,” Hypocrite has threesigns even if he fasts, establishes Salahand considers himself a Muslim.1. When he talks he lies.2. When he promises he breaks the promise.3. When he is given Amanah, he commits Khiyanah.
WARNINGS ABOUT KHIYANAH1. Muaz Ibn Jabal reported that when Prophet (SAW) appointed him governor of Yemen he called him. He said, “ I have called you for one reason. Whatever you take without my permission is Khiyanah. Every Khayan person will bring his Khiyanah on the day of Judgment.” (Tirmizi)2. Once Prophet (SAW) said,” When we appoint an official and he takes one needle or something cheaper than that (unjustly) then it is Khiyanah.”Muslim, Abu Dawood.
4) OPPRESSION:“Verily, He likes not the Thalimun (oppressors)42:40 And Allah loves not those who are oppressors 3:57O My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me andunlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against oneanother [Forty Hadith-Imam Nawawi 24]
WHAT IS ZULM?• Zulm is the Arabic word used interchangably for cruelty or unjust acts of exploitation, oppression, commit an injustice, to treat unfairly, to be unjust, to torment or torture, to transgress either verbally or physically, to go too far and wrong doing, whereby a person either deprives others of their rights or does not fulfill his obligations towards them.• Zulm is placing something (or giving rights) not where it belongs, but rather placing it where it does not belong• Words like zulma(gloom), zulûmah (dark days) and zalâm (darkness) are all derived from the same root and have a meaning of darkness and gloom.• Zalim-een are the people who commit zulm
3 TYPES OF ZULM1. Servant‟s zulm against Allah the most important of these being shirk (belief in a god/gods other than Allah)2. Zulm against other people, which includes all types of sins, like murder, stealing and adultery.3. Zulm against one‟s own nafs, self. This type of oppression is the result of the first two. This means• to ignore the divine commands;• to live without a conscience,• not taking the religious life or the afterlife seriously,• deserving the divine punishment that is the result of such actions.
REASONS FOR ZULM1. People forget that they are servants of Allah and become enslaved to something else2. To think that this world is eternal and that the blessings of this world will not come to an end, and that the Day of Judgment will never occur3. They believe the deceit of Satan and the provocation of the nafs4. Although Allah is always aware, people think that He is not aware5. They refuse to learn from the lessons offered by the fate of the past tribes and communities6. Failure to repent and correct their error7. Failure in heeding the divine commands and warnings
5) CORRUPTION:(“And Allah likes not mischief.” 2:205And Allah loves not those who do mischief.
FASAD IS A GRIEVOUS SINOn that account: We ordained for the Children ofIsrael that if anyone slew a person unless it befor murder or for spreading mischief in the land itwould be as if he slew the whole people: and ifanyone saved a life it would be as if he saved thelife of the whole people. 5:32
WHAT IS FASAD?Fasad (Arabic: is corruption, unlawful warfare, or crimesagainst law and order in the community. Fasad is a generalconcept of social disorder. Islamic thinkers have defined acts ofterrorism as "fasad“Fasad includes both domestic and international terrorism aswell as broader anti-social activities such as extortion,organized crime, drug trafficking, and human trafficking.”(Moniruzzaman. Journal of Religion & Society. Volume 10 :2008)Hirabah refers to illegal acts done under the principle of fasad.Ibn Kathir: "Do not make mischief on the earth means, "Do notcommit acts of disobedience on the earth.” Their mischief isdisobeying Allah, Peace on both the earth and in the heavens isensured through obedience (to Allah).
6) TRANSGRESSION: O ye who believe! make not unlawful the good things which Allah hath made lawful for you but commit no excess: for Allah loves not those given to excess. 5:87Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you but do nottransgress limits; for Allah loves not transgressors. 2:190
OTHER AYAHS IN QURANCall on your Lord with humility and in private: for Allah lovesnot those who trespass beyond bounds. 7:55In a believer they respect not the ties either of kinship or ofcovenant! It is they who have transgressed all bounds. 8:10
TYPES OF TRANSGRESSIONSThese are of two main kinds:1- Transgression against Allah (SWT) by disobeying him,crossing the limits by him,2-Transgression against the people:• Against humans soul by the act of abusing, torturing, or killing,• Against his wealth by theft or fraud,• Against his honor and his reputation, by backbiting, calumny and gossip(tattle).
GUIDELINES FOR VICTIM OF TRANSGRESSIONAnd those who when an oppressive wrong isinflicted on them (are not cowed but) help anddefend themselves.The recompense for an injury is an injury equalthereto (in degree): but if a person forgives andmakes reconciliation His reward is due fromAllah: for (Allah) loves not those who do wrong.Shura, 42:39-40
7) PUBLICITY OF EVIL:Allah does not like that evil should be utteredin public except by him who has beenwronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower. 4:148
I- NO UTTERANCE OF EVIL INPUBLIC WITH ONE EXCEPTION• Here Allah tells us that He does not like evil to be uttered in public, i.e., He dislikes it and punishes for it.• Evil includes all bad words that may cause hurt and make people sad, such as reviling, slandering, impugning and so on.• Exemption is given to one who has been wronged. It is permissible for him to pray against the one who has wronged him, and to make a complaint about him.• He may speak out openly against the one who uttered evil against him publicly, without telling lies about him and without going any further in wrongdoing than he did.• Forgiving him and not responding in kind is preferable, as Allah says: “but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is with Allaah”[ash-Shoora 42:40].
3 AHADITH & AN OPINION1. Prophet (SAW) said,” “When two people revile one another, the sin of what they say is on the one who started it, so long as the one who is wronged does not overstep the mark.”. ( Muslim).2. Prophet (SAW) said: “O „Uqbah ibn „Aamir, uphold ties with those who cut you off, give to those who withhold from you, and forgive those who wrong you.” (Ahmad)3. „Aa‟ishah (RA) said that a blanket of hers was stolen, and she started to pray against the one who had stolen it. The Prophet (SAW) said: “Do not reduce his burden of sin by making du„aa‟ against him.” (Abu Dawood)Whoever is wronged and does not retaliate in word or deed, anddoes not bear resentment in his heart, that will be his light amongpeople. (Al-Haytham ibn Mu„aawiyah(Tabe‟e) in Baihaqi)
II- PUBLIC REVILING IS SINFUL• Reviling due to personal hatred ,envy, disliking of appearance, lineage or conduct is sinful.• It may lead to wiping out of person‟s good deeds and incur chastisement of Allah• Prophet (SAW) said: “Insulting a Muslim is an evil action and fighting him is kufr.” (Bukhari and Muslim)• Prophet (SAW) said: “The believer is not given to insulting, cursing a great deal, obscene talk or foul speech.”(Tirmidhi)
III- REVILING IN ONE’S HEARTProphet (SAW) said: “Allah has forgiven my ummah for whatcrosses their minds so long as they do not act upon it or speak ofit. (Bukhari and Muslim)If these thoughts become persistent and settle in the heart, theymay come under the heading of deeds of the heart for which aperson will be brought to accountResentment, malicious envy, wishing ill, rejoicing in themisfortunes of another, begrudging his happiness, resolving tospread his secrets and transgress his privacy, making fun of him,and other evil actions, these are the fruits of excessive anger.(Tahdheeb Maw„izat al-Mu‟mineen)It is sinful to form a solid idea and decides that another person isbad and evil. As for passing thoughts, they are forgiven. (AlGhazali)
8-BOASTING AND ARROGANCE“Verily, Allah likes not any arrogant boaster.”31:18It means boasting about what he has, while hedoes not thank Allah. (Mujahid)
ARROGANCE AND BOASTINGProphet (SAW) said,” One who indulges in arroganceandfalse boasting will not enter Jannah.” Abu Dawood.
WHAT IS KIBR / ARROGANCE?Prophet (SAW) said,” Individual in whose heart isarrogance equal to one atom will not enter theJannah.” A person asked one may love to havegood clothes and good shoes to wear (is thisarrogance?). Prophet replied,” Indeed Allah isbeautiful and He loves beauty. Arrogance is todeny the truth and consider other people asinferior.” Muslim.
ALLAH DOES NOT LIKE ARROGANCEOnce a man asked the Prophet, “O Messenger ofAllah, advise me.‟ The Prophet said,(Avoid lengthening the dress (below the ankles), forthis practice is from arrogance. Verily, Allah doesnot like arrogance.)”Abu Bakr said: “Sometimes my garment slips down on oneside, unless I pay attention to it.” The Messenger of Allah(SAW) said, “You are not doing that out of pride.” Bukhari
2 TYPES OF ARROGANCE1-When a person does not accept the truth andproduces false arguments against it2-When a person admires himself for his beauty orhandsomeness, or the fineness of his food orclothing, so he feels proud and arrogant and feelssuperior to people.
CHASTISEMENT IN THIS WORLD1-It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Prophet (SAW)said,“Whilst a man was walking, dragging his garment with pride,with his hair nicely combed, Allah caused the earth toswallow him and he will go on sinking in it until the Day ofResurrection.”Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3297; Muslim, 20882- “And he had property (or fruit) and he said to hiscompanion, in the course of mutual talk: „I am more than youin wealth and stronger in respect of men‟” [al-Kahf 18:34]Allah (SWT) completely destroyed his garden.
CHASTISEMENT OF ARROGANT IN AKHIRAH“On the Day of Resurrection, the arrogant will begathered like ants in the form of men. Humiliation willoverwhelm them from all sides. They will be driven toa prison in Hell called Bawlas, with the hottest firerising over them, and they will be given to drink of thejuice of the inhabitants of Hell, which is teenat al-khabaal.”Narrated by al-Tirmidhi,
HOW CAN A PERSONOVERCOME ARROGANCE?.1- Know that arrogance is a blameworthy characteristic which isthe feature of Iblees2- Humility is characteristic of the noble angels who obeyedtheir Lord and fell down to prostrate.3-Arrogance is a cause for a person to be deprived of Paradiseand may mean that the Lord of Glory will not even look at him4-It was narrated that Abu Sa‟eed al-Khudri and Abu Hurayrahsaid: The Messenger of Allaah (S) said Allah said : “Might is mygarment and pride is my cloak; whoever seeks to compete withMe concerning them, I will punish him.”Narrated by Muslim, 2620.
9) EXULTANCE AND DELIGHT FOR WORLDLY DESIRES“Verily, Allah likes not those who exult (with riches, beingungrateful to Allah.” 28:76But seek, with that (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you,the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legalenjoyment in this world, and do good as Allah has been good toyou, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily, Allah likes not theMufsidun (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors,tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts. Qasas,28:77
WHAT YOU SHOULD BE DELIGHTED WITH ?"Say: "In the Bounty of Allah, and in His Mercy (i.e. Islam and theQuran); -therein let them rejoice ,that is better than the (wealth)they hoard. Yunus,10:58You should be delighted that :• you are a believer• you stand straight on Allahs Orders• Allah enables you to perform good deeds• you understand the Noble Quran• you should be delighted with a righteous deed by which Allah will raise your status (in Paradise).
10) EXTRAVAGANCE:“Do not indulge in extravagance. Certainly He (Allah) doesnot like the extravagant.” 7:31 but squander not (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Evil Ones; and the Evil One is to his Lord (Himself) ungrateful.
WHAT IS EXTRAVAGANCE?The Arabic word Israf means „exceeding any legal, moral, ethical,decorous or other appropriate limits‟. It includes extravagance. Theextravagance may be quantitative (i.e. Israf) or qualitative (i.e.tabzeer).One should not be extravagant in satiating one‟s hunger, thirst[7:31; 6:141] or lust [7:81].One should also not be extravagant in one‟s expenditures norshould one be parsimonious [25:67].Instead of spending lavishly for ostentation and show-off, it isbetter to spend on the welfare of family, relatives, needy and thehomeless [17:26].When they spend, they are neither extravagant and nor miserly,but hold a just (balance) between those (extremes)” [25:67]
DUAO‟Allah! I seek your protection from committing the sin of “Shirk”(declaring any thing partner to you) knowingly and seek yourforgiveness for committing it unknowingly. I turn to you withrepentance about it. I declare my aloofness from kufr, shirk andall the sins. I submit to you and declare my firm belief. I declarethere is no one worthy of worship but Allah and Mohammad (SAW)is the messenger of Allah.
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