Significance of education in islam
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Significance of education in islam

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Significance of knowledge and education is explained in the light of Quran and Sunnah and scholar's writings. Meaning of education and its scope is elaborated in the light of Islamic teachings. Types ...

Significance of knowledge and education is explained in the light of Quran and Sunnah and scholar's writings. Meaning of education and its scope is elaborated in the light of Islamic teachings. Types of knowledge is explained and how to effectively educate. Finally, it is explained how to maintain and enhance our knowledge throughout our life.

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Significance of education in islam Significance of education in islam Presentation Transcript

  • Process of instillingKnowledgeInto human beings
  • ExcellentHumansILMKnowledgeAMALActionADABEtiquettes
  • 3 Aspects ofEducation in IslamTarbeyah Ta’dib Ta’lim View slide
  • • Tarbiyah comes from the root word raba (to grow,to increase, to rear, spiritual nurturing), which implies astate of ethical and spiritual nurturing to the state ofcomplete maturity.• Ta’dib is derived from the root word aduba (to berefined, disciplined, cultured, well mannered), whichincludes the process of character building and goodsocial behavior.• Ta’lim stems from the root word of ‘alima (to know, tobe informed, to perceive, to learn, to discern), thisrefers to knowledge, the imparting and receiving of itthrough instruction and teaching - View slide
  • • Recognition through• Progressively instilling into man,• Proper places of things• In the order of creation, such that it leads to• The recognition of the proper place of God in theorder of being and existence.
  • • To provide individuals with the minimum skillsnecessary for them to take their place in societyand to carry on task of seeking further knowledge.• To provide individuals with ‘vocational training’that will enable them to be self-supporting.• To awaken an interest in and taste for knowledge• To induce the individual to be critical• To put individuals in touch with and train them toappreciate the cultural and moral achievements ofhumankind.
  • • To inculcate excellence in man through Ilm, amaland adab.• Adab involves acquisition of the good qualities andattributes of mind and soul• To bring us closer to Allah• Gain the good of this world, not to destroy itthrough wastage, arrogance and in the recklesspursuit of higher standards of material comfort• To spread freedom and dignity, truth and justice. Itis not to gain power and dominance for its own sake• To serve as Khalifah (vicegerent) of Allah on earth
  • And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then He placed them before theangels and said: "Tell Me the nature of these if ye are right. 2:31Is one who worships devoutly during the hours of the night prostratinghimself or standing (in adoration) who takes heed of the Hereafter andwho places his hope in the Mercy of his Lord (like one who does not)?Say: "Are those equal those who know and those who do not know? It isthose who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.(Zumar,39:9)
  • 1- Proclaim! (or Read!) in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher Who created2 Created man out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:3 Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful4 He Who taught (the use of) the Pen5 Taught man that which he knew not. (Alaq,96:1-5)He grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom isgranted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp themessage but men of understanding. (Baqarah,2:269)
  • Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe,and those who have been granted knowledge –Mujadilah,58:11• and say: My Lord! Increase me in knowledge20:114
  • • And Allah has brought you out from the wombs ofyour mothers while you know nothing. And Hegave you hearing, sight, and hearts so that youmight give thanks (to Allah) - Surah al-Nahl,16: 78
  • • The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:"The seeking of knowledge is obligatory for everyMuslim." – Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith 74• "A father gives his child nothing better than agood education." (Tirmidhi).• “When a man dies, all his deeds come to an endexcept for three – an ongoing charity, beneficialknowledge or a righteous son who will pray for him.”(Sahih Muslim)• The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:“One who walks a path in search of knowledge has hispath to Paradise made easy by God…” –Riyadh us-Saleheen, 245
  • • The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:"God, His angels and all those in Heavens and onEarth, even ants in their hills and fish in the water, calldown blessings on those who instruct others inbeneficial knowledge." - Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith 422• Abu Said Al-Khudri (ra) narrated that: Allah’sMessenger (pbuh) said, "A believer is never satisfiedwith the beneficial knowledge; he goes acquiring it tillhis death and enter into Paradise."• The Prophet also said: "Acquire knowledge and impartit to the people." - Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith 107
  • • The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Ifanyone travels on a road in search of knowledge,• God will cause him to travel on one of the roads of Paradise.• The angels will lower their wings in their great pleasure withone who seeks knowledge.• The inhabitants of the heavens and the Earth and (even) thefish in the deep waters will ask forgiveness for the learnedman.• The superiority of the learned over the devout is like that ofthe moon, on the night when it is full, over the rest of thestars.• The learned are the heirs of the Prophets, and the Prophetsleave (no monetary inheritance), they leave only knowledge,and he who takes it takes an abundant portion. –Sunan of Abu-Dawood, Hadith 1631
  • • Narrated by Abdullah Ibn Masud, the ProphetMuhammad (pbuh) said:• "Only these two people should be envied:1. One is the person who spends all the wealthAllah gave him on the path of righteousness2. The person who judges with the knowledge Allahgave him and teaches it to others."(Bukhari, İlim 15)
  • • Acquire knowledge, for he who acquires it in the way ofAllah performs an act of piety; he who speaks of it,praises the Lord; he who seeks it, adores Allah; he whodispenses instruction in it, bestows alms; and he whoimparts it to others, performs an act of devotion to Allah."(Bukhari, Muslim)• The learned are the heirs of the Prophets, and theProphets leave neither dinar nor dirham, leavingonly knowledge, and he who takes it takes anabundant portion.• Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah(SAW) said: A single scholar of religion is more formidableagainst shaytan than a thousand devout persons.(Tirmizi, Ibn Majah)
  • KnowledgeSourceRevealedIlm NaqliyyaHumanlyconstructedIlm AqliyyaLevel ofObligationFard Ayn orObligatory on allFard KifayaObligatory onfewNafil or Optional
  • (knowledge revealed from God)attained through the religious sciences. It manifestvia the Qur’an and the sayings of the Prophet (SAW)(humanly constructed knowledge)attained through rational, intellectual andphilosophical inquiry. The Qur’an makes it clear innumerous places that God is the source of allknowledge.*Qur’an 8:75; 65:12; 22:70)
  • • 1- Obligatory or Fard-Ayn: This includesa.Aqaid or Beliefsb.Ibadaat or acts of worshipc.Muamilaat or dealings with othersd.Uqubaat or prohibitionse.Adab or etiquettes of lifef. Tazkiyah or purification of heart• 2- Obligatory on part of the community, Fard-Kifayah- i.e., Usool Fiqh, Usool Hadith• 3- Voluntary or Nafil- like science of languages andother sciences
  • • It dates back to Christian view of knowledge• Bible relates fall of man to the sin of eating from thetree of knowledge• History of Christian church is full of inquisitions whichcensored work of science and persecuted those whoseviews were contrary to the church• Quran, on the contrary, describes knowledge as thebasis on which man gained superiority over angels• Will Durant in his book, "The Story of Civilization”writes,” Muslims developed experimental methodwhich is the greatest pride and tool of modern man”
  • • Aqeedah or strong beliefs- Develop understandingof Islamic beliefs to achieve full conviction• Personal relation with Allah(SWT) by knowing Him,obeying Him to please Him and by being His trueKhalifah or vicegerent on the earth• Makaram Akhlaq or excellent morals• Mizan- live a balanced life following path ofmoderation• Expertise in one’s field of study• Clear vision and mission in life
  • • Islam does not accept any rigid dualism between‘religious’ and ‘secular’ knowledge, and, therefore, thisdualism must be bridged• Traditional madrasas are unable to fulfill even thosereligious functions for which they were retained• History, principles of Quran/Sunnah andmethodologies of Islamic jurisprudence or fiqh areessential for ijtihad to address contemporary issues.• He is equally critical of secular education.• It is geared not to promote Islam or the interests of theMuslim community, but, rather, to rear a class of civilservants
  • • Various subjects such as the natural and socialsciences taught are framed in such a way as toexclude God and His existence completely.• Not surprisingly, most of those who studied in thissystem also lost their faith in religion.• This system ‘is bereft of even basic moral values• It encourages fierce competition, selfishness andindividualism, and is concerned only with thepromotion and fulfillment of worldly desires
  • • System should produce pious, practicing andcommitted Muslims who excel in all fields• Who see God’s existence and purpose in all thatthey study.• It should enable Muslims to understand the world,with moderate views as part of moderate ummah• It must train them to see the world through theIslamic perspective• It should inspire them to run their affairs inaccordance with Islam’s teachings’
  • • Religious education cannot be a small supplementtagged on to a basically secular syllabus.• ‘Islamization of social, natural and physical sciences’ isneeded cleansing them of their atheistic assumptions.• They should, instead be based on the teachings of theQuran• Those who study thus Islamised subjects must beencouraged to ‘implement’ Islam in their respectivefields of study and expertise.• Rather than focusing on the accumulation of bookishknowledge, this system must seek to promote‘character-building’ on Islamic lines.
  • 1- Put trust inAllah2-GoodIntention3-Seeking helpof Allah4-UprightHeart5-Intelligence6-Strongdesire7-MotivationandPerseverance8-Proficiency9-Teacher10-Passage ofTime
  • • But on Allah put your trust if ye have faith. (5:23)• And if anyone puts his trust in Allah sufficient is(Allah) for him. (Talaq,65:3)• Prophet(SAW) said, "If you were to put yourreliance upon Allah(SWT) the way you ought to, Hewould surely provide for you just as He provides forthe birds-they set out with empty stomach andreturn with their stomach full.”
  • • One must make intention to seek knowledge for thesake of Allah• It must not be to be famous or to seek materialbenefits.• One who seeks knowledge to show off, he will bepunished in the hereafter.• In a hadith, it is mentioned that 3 types of peoplewill be dragged to Hellfire on their faces. One ofthem will be the person who sought knowledge tobe called a scholar.
  • • Jabid bin Abdillah reported that Prophet (SAW)said,” Do not acquire knowledge for the sake ofcompeting with the scholars or to argue with thefoolish or to take control over a gathering. Whoeverdoes that, then for him will be hellfire.” Ibn Maja,Ibn Habban, Al-Haakim• Al Baihaqi reported in Shuab al Iman from AbuHaazim that he said,”You can not be a scholar untilyou have 3 characteristics:1-Do not transgress thoseabove you 2-Do not look down upon those belowyou 3- Do not take worldly life in exchange for yourknowledge
  • • Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayer) (Ghafir,40:60)• and say: My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.20:114• Prophet (SAW) supplicated for Abu Huraira to begranted ability to memorize.• He also supplicated for Ibn Abbas to be grantedknowledge. “O Allah! Give him understanding ofreligion and teach him the ta’weel (interpretation ofthe Quran).• Ibn Tamiya used to make dua,” O Teacher of Ibrahimteach me. O Teacher of Suleiman, grant me Ilm.”
  • • Prophet (SAW) said, "Verily, there is a morsel offlesh in the body if it is correct, the entire body iscorrect.If it is corrupt, the entire body is corrupt. Indeed, itis the heart.”• How do you get upright heart?1. Awareness of Allah2. Knowledge of Allah’s names, attributes and actions3. Reflecting upon the signs & creations of Allah4. Pondering upon Quran5. Regular Salah and qiyamul lail.
  • • 1- Desires- Love for this worldly lifeLove for unlawful imagesListening to unlawful voicesLooking at forbidden things• 2- Doubts- Corrupt beliefsInnovations• 3- Other diseases- Jealousy, spite, pride• 4- Other afflictions- Excessive sleep, eating, talking
  • • It can be of two types:1. Natural- One need to work to enhance it.2. Acquired- One has to work harder to achieve it• Study• Research• Learning from scholars and teachers• Discussions and debates
  • • Knowledge is the greatest treasure one couldachieve• Student of knowledge must have strong desire toacquire this treasure• He must be keen in his studies• He must seek the company of learned scholars• He must be very stingy with his time and utilize itvery judiciously for seeking knowledge
  • • Student of knowledge must stay motivated toacquire knowledge• He should study the biographies of the scholars toget inspiration• One should read about the endurance in the face ofhardships and difficult journeys by earlier scholars.• He must remain away from laziness and apathy• He must continue to fight against lustful desires andthe Shaitan
  • • Student of knowledge must use the maximumeffort in the search for knowledge• He must compete with others to achieve excellencein the quality and level of understanding• It could be measured through the progress report ofthe teachers and the test results
  • • In order to establish the search for knowledge onfirm foundation, one must sit with scholars• It will ensure sound understanding and learning• He will also learn good behavior, noble mannersand piety from his teachers• Books can not replace competent teachers. Onewho depends just upon books, he will err often• Anyone that excels and become proficient inknowledge, has been educated by proficientteachers
  • • Student must have proper respect for the teachers• Student must not engage in unnecessary debatewith the teacher• He should not ask too many and annoyingquestions• He should not cause commotions in the class• He should praise him in his absence• He should have good opinion about his knowledge• He should behave with humility to him and otherclassmates
  • • A student of knowledge must be patiently studyingfor years to come• Qadee Iyaaz was asked, "Until when a studentshould seek knowledge?” He replied,” Until he dies.At that point, his ink should be spilled over hisgrave”• Imam Ahmad said,” I sat down studying book onmenstruation for nine years till I understood it.”• Student of knowledge should sit with the scholarsuntil Allah(SWT) takes their soul.
  • MaintainKnowledgeRevisePracticeClean ofSinsTeachWritePropagate
  • • Every issue passes through 4 stages before onegrasps correct knowledge about it:1. Authenticity of the proof (Source)2. Validity(Solid or speculation) of using this proof asevidence3. Absence of text that could abrogate it4. Absence of a text that contradicts itOne must continue to read and re visit these stages ofknowledge to maintain it, not have it outdated andnot loose it.
  • • This must be the main purpose of knowledge• Practice is the most important way to maintainknowledge• It is reported from earlier scholars,” Knowledgesummons actions, if there is no response, it leaves”• Wakee said,” We would seek help for memorizinghadith by acting upon it.”• Ahmad bin Hanbal said,” I never wrote down ahadith except that I acted upon it.”
  • • Falling into sins contradicts everything that knowledgemandates.• Abandonment of sins is essential for keeping knowledge• One must constantly do Taubah to cleanse any traces of sins• Following poem by Imam Shafi further explains it:I complained to Wakee about my poor memorySo he advised me to abandon sinsAnd he informed me that knowledge is a virtueAnd Allah’s virtue is not given to a sinner
  • • Teaching helps to maintain knowledge• One should not seek to put himself forward as ateacher before he is ready• He does not rush to be a sheikh before his due time• Imam Shafi said, “ If a young (inexperienced) personis placed in leadership, he will be deprived of mostgood. “• He strives to mutually confer his knowledge• He gives it to those who ask him about it as well asto those below him.
  • • You write down the issues, arrange them in orderand provide research based on evidence• You collect the statements of the people ofknowledge on every issue, write them down andput them in order avoiding the errors.• You should present your papers and books to thepeople of knowledge for the purpose of seekingtheir advice and heeding their advice• Write down knowledge helps one memorizeknowledge and its issues.
  • • Propagation of Islam is an obligation:“Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and goodpreaching.” Surah An-Nahl, 16: 125• “Convey from me, even if it be only a single verse.Bukhari: Vol 4,#667• While fulfilling this obligation, we learn and teachothers.• This process help us to maintain and enhance outknowledge• We also develop expertise of communicating it toothers for mutual benefit.
  • • Whoever learns Quran, his value is magnified• Whoever records Hadith, his argument isstrengthened• Whoever speaks about Fiqh, his status is enhanced• Whoever takes his own account (Muhasibah), hisviews will be free of errors.• Whoever does not maintain his knowledge, it willbe of no benefit to him.