Myths about jihad


Published on

1 Comment
  • Within three slides I see mistakes. Number 1: Islam does not translate as peace, it translates as submission. Aslama is submission. 2. Jihad does have a meaning of holy war and those who partake in outwards spiritual struggle. Otherwise there would be no need for Jihad Bis Saif. 3. The whole part on "Islam was not spread by the sword" ignores early history and Caliph-initiated wars. 4. The whole part on suicide bombing ignores martyrdom yet talks about the concept of suicide in Islam, which is a different concept. That would be like ignoring the bad side of Jihad and only talking about the good side. Oh wait... that was the whole purpose of this presentation.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • I’la-yi Kelimetullah Emr bil Maruf Nehy anil Munker
  • "Aisha, wife of the Prophet asked, “O Messenger of Allah, we see jihad as the best of deeds, so shouldn't we join it?” He replied, 'but the best of jihad is a perfect Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah).'" (Sahih Al-Bukhari #2784) At another occasion, a man asked the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): "Should I join the jihad?” He asked, “Do you have parents?” The man said, “Yes!” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Then strive by serving them!" (Sahih Al-Bukhari #5972). Yet another man asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH): "What kind of jihad is better?” He replied, “A word of truth in front of an oppressive ruler!" (Sunan Al-Nasa'i #4209). The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "the mujahid (one who carries out jihad) is he who strive against himself for the sake of Allah, and the muhajir (one who emigrates) is he who abandons evil deeds and sin." (Sahih Ibn Hibban #4862).
  • "Do not burn a plant, nor cut a tree, nor kill an older man, a young child, or a woman... nor monastery dwellers… in the territory of combatants." 2:190 Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loveth not transgressors.
  • Myths about jihad

    1. 1. Myths about Jihad in Islam Their Clarifications
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>What are common myths about Jihad? </li></ul><ul><li>What does Islam mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>4 Main types of Jihad (Imam Ibnul Qayyam) </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>2 Levels of Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>Significance of Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>Qitaal or War in Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Was Islam spread by sword? </li></ul><ul><li>Violence/Terrorism against civilians/Suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Clash of Civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
    3. 3. Myths about Jihad <ul><li>1- “Jihad&quot; is generally translated as &quot;holy war&quot;, a usage the media has popularized. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Claim is made that Islam is spread by force, swords or guns. </li></ul><ul><li>3-Jihad is wrongly equated with acts of violence/terrorism against civilians and suicide bombings. </li></ul><ul><li>4-It is claimed that Islam and The Quran promote a clash of civilizations </li></ul>
    4. 4. What does Islam mean ? <ul><li>Islam= s-l-m; Peace, Submission, Salvation </li></ul><ul><li>Order, Harmony, and Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Within one’s soul and society </li></ul>
    5. 5. Definition of Jihad <ul><li>‘ Jihad' is a common Arabic word meaning to strive/struggle or exert effort </li></ul><ul><li>It is used in different ways depending on context in The Quran. </li></ul><ul><li>The Quran commands believers to exert efforts in the cause of God, using their wealth and themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>This effort/jihad may or may not include fighting. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not have a meaning of 'holy war' or 'fighting‘. There is no “Harb Muqaddas” in Islam </li></ul>
    6. 6. 4 Main Types of Jihad (Imam Ibnul Qayyam) <ul><li>1- Jihad Bin Nafs (At personal level) </li></ul><ul><li>2- Jihad Bi Shaitan ( With Satan) </li></ul><ul><li>3-Jihad Bil Kuffar (Hostile Enemies) </li></ul><ul><li>4-Jihad Bi Ahluz Zulm, ( Unjust) </li></ul><ul><li>Ahlul Bida’a, (Changing Deen) </li></ul><ul><li>Ahlul Munkirat.(Sinful) </li></ul>
    7. 7. 1-Jihad Bin Nafs <ul><li>1- Striving to acquire knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>2- Striving hard to implement what one has learned. </li></ul><ul><li>3- Striving to deliver the message and teach those who are unaware of it. </li></ul><ul><li>4-Striving to be patient in the face of hardships in the way of Da'wah </li></ul>
    8. 8. 2- Jihad Bi Shaitan <ul><li>1- To disregard misgivings and doubts he raises to invalidate Iman. This brings certitude in faith. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Ignoring his temptations to erroneous desires and intentions. This brings patience and steadfastness. </li></ul><ul><li>Surely, Shaitan is an enemy to you, so treat him as an enemy. 35:6 </li></ul>
    9. 9. 3-Jihad Bil Kuffar/Munafiqeen <ul><li>1- With heart </li></ul><ul><li>2- With tongue </li></ul><ul><li>3- With wealth </li></ul><ul><li>4- With self (body) </li></ul>
    10. 10. 4- Jihad against those who practice injustice,innovation,sin. <ul><li>1- With hand </li></ul><ul><li>2- With tongue </li></ul><ul><li>3- With heart </li></ul><ul><li>Abu Saeed Khudri (R) reported that Prophet (SAW) said,” Whoso amongst you sees an evil, he should remove it by hand. If he can’t do that, then he should speak against it. If he can‘t do that, he should feel bad about it. This is the weakest level of Iman.” </li></ul>
    11. 11. Aim of Jihad <ul><li>To be purified of sins </li></ul><ul><li>To attain true humanity </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve order peace and harmony within the soul and society </li></ul>
    12. 12. Two Elements of Jihad <ul><li>Spreading the Word of God </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoining Good, Forbidding Evil </li></ul>
    13. 13. Two levels of Jihad <ul><li>Greater Jihad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To overcome the carnal desires and inclinations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lesser Jihad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every action for the sake of God </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Significance of Jihad <ul><li>Sixth pillar of Islamic practice </li></ul><ul><li>Problems in translations </li></ul><ul><li>“ O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful.” (Maide, 35) </li></ul>
    15. 15. War or Qitaal in Islam <ul><li>War= Only when inevitable, when preaching is prevented, when Muslims are oppressed </li></ul><ul><li>No transgression (2:190) </li></ul>
    16. 16. 2- Islam was spread by sword? <ul><li>A-”Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best.” [16:125] </li></ul><ul><li>B-There is no compulsion in religion: </li></ul><ul><li>Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in God has grasped the most sure hand-hold, that never breaks. And God is Hearing, Knowing. [2:256] </li></ul>
    17. 17. Islam did not spread by sword <ul><li>C-Many places where Muslim armies went to liberate people or the land, they did carry the sword as that was the weapon used at that time. However, Islam did not spread by the sword, e.g., India where Muslms ruled for 700 years but remained a minority. </li></ul><ul><li>D- Muslims ruled Spain (Al-Andalus) for about 800 years. During this period the Christians and Jews enjoyed freedom to practice their respective religions </li></ul>
    18. 18. Islam did not spread by sword <ul><li>E-Countries such as Egypt, Morocco, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan all have significant Christian and Jewish populations. </li></ul><ul><li>F-Indonesia (the country with the largest Muslims population!), Malaysia, China, and many parts of Africa, there are no records of any Muslim armies going there. </li></ul>
    19. 19. The historian De Lacy O’Leary <ul><li>“ History makes it clear however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of the sword upon conquered races is one of the most fantastically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated.” </li></ul>
    20. 20. 3- Violence/terrorism against civilians/suicide bombings. <ul><li>The Quran clearly states fight those who fight you, not non-combatants or civilians: </li></ul><ul><li>Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for God loves not aggressors. [2:190] </li></ul><ul><li>Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loves those who are just. [60:8] </li></ul>
    21. 21. Sanctity of Life <ul><li>For this reason did We prescribe to the children of Israel that whoever kills a soul, unless it be for murder or for corruption in the land, it is as though he killed all men; and whoever keeps it alive, it is as though he kept alive all men; and certainly Our messengers came to them with clear arguments... [5:32] </li></ul>
    22. 22. Emphasis on opting for forgiveness, peace <ul><li>But if the enemy incline towards peace, then you also incline towards peace, and trust in Allah: for He is One that hears and knows (all things). [8:61] </li></ul><ul><li>God guides with it (The Quran) whoever follows His acceptance, to the ways of peace; and He brings them out of the darkness and into the light by His leave; and He guides them to a Straight Path. [5:16] </li></ul>
    23. 23. 4- Suicide Bombing <ul><li>A suicide attack (also known as suicide bombing or &quot;kamikaze&quot;) is an attack intended to kill others and inflict widespread damage, in which the attacker expects or intends to die in the process </li></ul>
    24. 24. 4- Suicide Bombing <ul><li>And do not kill yourselves; God is Merciful towards you. Whoever does so out of animosity and transgression, We will cast him into a fire; and this for God is very easy. If you avoid the major sins that you are forbidden against, then We will cancel your existing sins and admit you to a generous entrance. [4:29-31] </li></ul>
    25. 25. Suicide is prohibited <ul><li>The Prophet said, '...whoever commits suicide with a piece of iron will be punished with the same piece of iron in the Hell Fire,&quot; and &quot;A man was inflicted with wounds and he committed suicide, and so Allah said: My slave has caused death on himself hurriedly, so I forbid Paradise for him.“ Bukhari </li></ul>
    26. 26. 5-Clash of civilizations (Samuel P Huntington 1993) <ul><li>Differences based on history, language, region, religion, tradition, culture as they are more fundamental and stable </li></ul><ul><li>World becomes “smaller”, interactions and awareness of differences increases. </li></ul><ul><li>West is at the peak of its power; non-West wants to shape the world in non-Western ways </li></ul><ul><li>Economics regionalism increasing. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Why clash of civilization? <ul><li>Efforts are being made to un-secularize the world through revival of religion in the middle class youth. </li></ul><ul><li>Asianization of Japan, Mayasia, Singapore is followed by Islamization in some Muslim countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences hard to compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Religion also divides people </li></ul>
    28. 28. Types and history of conflicts <ul><li>Types: </li></ul><ul><li>ideological; </li></ul><ul><li>ethnic; </li></ul><ul><li>economical and etc. </li></ul><ul><li>History: </li></ul><ul><li>wars between kings, emperors, monarchs; </li></ul><ul><li>World War I; </li></ul><ul><li>Cold War and etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Next? Cultural conflict!!! ( Huntington S) </li></ul>
    29. 29. Levels of clash of civilizations <ul><li>Macro-level </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for power (economic, military and etc.), struggle for taking control over international processes by states; </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-level </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle for different kind of power (economic, military, territorial integrity or self-determination) of groups with neighborhood from different civilization. </li></ul>
    30. 30. Islam’s response <ul><li>It is a fallacy that civilizations are exclusive and can not co exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Islam recognizes and respects multiple cultures and promotes dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Search for common global universal values in neighboring civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Regional and universal alliances and cooperation for the good of humanity </li></ul><ul><li>To resolve conflicts by negotiation </li></ul>
    31. 31. Conclusion <ul><li>Jihad in Islam is striving in the way of Allah by pen, tongue, hand, media and, if inevitable, with arms. </li></ul><ul><li>However, jihad in Islam does not include striving for individual or national power, dominance, glory, wealth, prestige or pride. </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad (SAW) was committed to peace and justice in the world, </li></ul>
    32. 32. Conclusion <ul><li>Muslim is to be a peace maker, one who mitigates conflicts and nurtures goodwill for the whole humanity. </li></ul><ul><li>A Muslim is one who works on contributing towards benefiting God's creation; life and matter through social service. </li></ul><ul><li>He also plants the seeds to benefit the future wayfarers with its shade or fruit. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim is one who cares for his neighbors. </li></ul><ul><li>We have to earn the respect of the community as the trustworthy, the peace makers and the Amins. </li></ul>