Islam&natural disasters


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Guidance of Quran and Hadith regarding natrual disasters. What should be our response to natural disasters. What would Prophet Mohammad do in case of a natural disaster?

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Islam&natural disasters

  2. 2. • What constitutes natural disaster?• Types of natural disasters• Devastation of natural disasters• Worst natural disasters in recent history• Explanation of scientists• Human failings as cause of disasters• Why should Allah(SWT) allow such disasters?• 3 Reasons for the natural disasters• How to deal with natural disasters?• How would Prophet (SAW) respond?• Follow the footsteps of the Prophet(SAW)
  3. 3. • Natural disaster is the massive loss of human life and properties in the area affected as a consequence of the power of the natural forces like earthquake, tsunami, floods, hurricanes, tornado, wind storms, fires.• In more than 160 countries, over a quarter of the population live in areas of high mortality risk from natural disasters. (Report published by the World Bank)• “As you put more and more people in [harm’s] way, you make a disaster out of something that before was just a natural event,” (Klaus Jacob of Columbia University)
  4. 4. • In a matter of seconds a cataclysmic natural disaster can tear down what took decades or even centuries to build, killing thousands of humans• Earthquakes and Tornados irreparably alter once- familiar landscapes• Hurricanes sweep in from the open ocean and demolish practically everything in their path• Tsunamis and Flash Floods bury all vestiges of human effort and existence under a terrifying wall of water many feet deep.
  5. 5. • 1970 - Bhola cyclone, the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded, struck East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and Indias West Bengal killing an estimated 500,000 people• 1976 – The magnitude-8 Tangshan earthquake in China is estimated to have killed somewhere between 255,000 and 655,000• Dec. 26, 2004 - The magnitude-9.3 Indian Ocean earthquake and resulting tsunami is estimated to have killed more than 225,000
  6. 6. • August 2005 - Hurricane Katrina killed more than 1,800 people and is the costliest hurricane in U.S. history• 2010 – The death toll from the January 12th Haiti earthquake is about 230,000• 2012- Hurricane Sandy in NY, NJ coastal areasSandy wreaked havoc on parts of the U.S. East Coast. Itkilled at least 125 people and is blamed for about $62billion in damage and other losses. Sandys pure kineticenergy for storm surge and wave "destruction potential"reached a 5.8 on the National Oceanic and AtmosphericAdministrations 0 to 6 scale, the highest measured.
  7. 7. • Climate change amps up basic factors that contribute to big storms. Oceans have warmed, providing more energy for storms. And the Earth’s atmosphere has warmed, so it retains more moisture, which is drawn into storms and is then dumped on us• Human beings fail to prepare for these inevitable events. It is not the shock wave of energy that causes most deaths and injuries but collapsing buildings.• Compare the recent magnitude 8.8 earthquake in Chile (with less deaths) with the magnitude 7.0 quake in Haiti and more deaths.
  8. 8. • Almost all floods are due to the acts of man.• Man has paved thousands of acres of dirt preventing rain water from soaking in.• Man has drained wetlands, straightened rivers, and built shoddy containment structures that fail• Cancer is caused to a large extent by man-made carcinogens in the environment.• These same agents are a major cause of birth defects.• Alcohol, smoking, and drug use are major contributors to mental problems and physical problems in children
  9. 9. • It is a sad fact that much of the worlds population goes to bed hungry every night. The problem is not that a deficiency in the earths design produces a shortage of food.• It is man with his greed, selfishness, desire for political power, and stupidity that is the cause of hunger -- not the failure of Gods system
  10. 10. • 1 – Guide to true submission and servitude (‘Uboodiyyah) to Allah-• And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were upon the edge (i.e. in doubt): if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss” [al-Hajj 22:11]
  11. 11. 2 – Trials prepare the believers to prevail on earth- Once Imam al-Shaafi was asked :• Which is better, patience or tests or prevailing?• He said: Prevailing is the level attained by the Prophets, and there can be no prevailing except after trials.• If a person is tried he will become patient, and if he remains patient he will prevail.Trials Patience Prevalence
  12. 12. • 3 – Expiation of sins-• The Prophet (SAW) said: “Trials will continue to befall the believing man orwoman in himself, his child and his wealth until hemeets Allah with no sin on him.”(Al-Tirmidhi)• 4 – Attainment of reward and a rise in status – Prophet (SAW) said: “The believer is not harmed by a thorn or anythinggreater, but Allah will raise him in status thereby, orerase a sin thereby.”(Muslim)
  13. 13. • 5 – Calamities provide an opportunity to think about ones faults and shortcomings and past mistakes.• 6 – Calamity is a lesson in Tauhid and builds faith and trust in Allah-• You realize that you are a weak slave, and you have no strength and no power except with Allah. You then turn to Allah “When Allah wills good for His slaves, He gives him themedicine of calamities and trials according to hissituation, so as to cure him from all fatal illnesses anddiseases, until He purifies and cleanses him, and thenmakes him qualified for the most honorable position inthis world, which is that of being a true slave of Allah.”(Zaad al-Ma’aad, 4/195 Ibn al-Qayyim)
  14. 14. • 7 – Calamities drive out pride and arrogance from our hearts and bring us closer to Allah-”• In battle of Hunain, Allah decreed that the Muslims should first taste the bitterness of defeat, despite their great numbers and adequate equipment and strength, so as to humble some people who felt proud as a result of the conquest of Makkah”(Zaad al-Ma’aad)• And that Allah may test (or purify) the believers (from sins) and destroy the disbelievers. Ale Imran,3:141)
  15. 15. • 8 – To demonstrate the true nature of people.• There are people whose virtue is unknown until calamity strikes.• Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad (RA)said :• “As long as people are doing fine, their true nature is concealed, but when calamity strikes, their true natures are revealed, so the believer resorts to his faith and the hypocrite resorts to his hypocrisy.”
  16. 16. • 9 – Calamities strengthen person’s resolve-“Did He not find you O Muhammad) an orphan and giveyou a refuge?” [al-Duha 93:6)• 10 – Calamities distinguish between true friends and friends who only have their own interests at heart.• 11 – Calamities remind you of your sins so that you can repent and seek forgiveness.• “And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much.” [al-Shoora 42:30]
  17. 17. • 12 – Calamities show the true nature of this world• “Verily, the home of the Hereafter that is the life indeed , if they but knew”[al-‘Ankaboot 29:64]• 13 – Calamities remind you of the great blessings of good health and ease-• 14 – Longing for Paradise- You will never long for Paradise until you taste thebitterness of this world.“Based on this, everything that He does, we know thatthere is wisdom behind it. This is sufficient for us ingeneral terms, even if we do not know the details.”(Majmoo’ al-Fatawa, 6/128 Ibn Taymiyah)
  18. 18. • Nursi explains that God assigns to each element in creation the capacity to produce many favorable effects and a few unfavorable ones whenever its causes are activated• Humanity’s infringement on the rights of numerous creatures needs to be reprimanded by letting the detrimental effects of their crimes (cause) take their due course• Natural disasters can be seen as a means to Discipline errant individuals and nations (4:147; 6:42-43; 7:94-96) and as• Examples to succeeding generations (2:66; 43:56).
  19. 19. • 1.Punishment of Allah for those who reject the true message andare either disbelievers or cross Allah’s limits• 2.Warning for those who are sinners• 3.Test for those who are believers.
  20. 20. And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And Hepardons much. (Ash-Shura 42:30)Mischief has appeared on land and sea because of (the reasib) that the hands of men haveearned that (Allah) may give them a taste of some of their deeds: in order that they may turnback (from Evil) (Rome,30:41) And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwâ (piety), certainly, We shouldhave opened for them blessings from the heaven and the earth, but they belied (theMessengers). So We took them (with punishment) for what they used to earn (polytheism andcrimes, etc.). (Al-Araf 7:96)
  21. 21. And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial, etc.) which affectsnot in particular (only) those of you who do wrong (but itmay afflict all the good and the bad people), and know thatAllâh is Severe in punishment. (Al-Anfal 8:25)• Some times natural disasters are very intense and crush even the innocents living in the affected area.• These innocent people will get reward of Allah (swt) on the day of judgment for the affliction they faced.
  22. 22. :-•The people of Nûh (Noah) denied (their Messenger) before them, they rejected Ourslave, and said: "A madman!" and he was insolently rebuked and threatened. Thenhe invoked his Lord: "I have been overcome, so help (me)!" So We opened the gatesof heaven with water pouring forth. And We caused the earth to gush forth withsprings. So the waters met for a matter predestined. And We carried him on a (ship)made of planks and nails, Floating under Our Eyes, a reward for him who had beenrejected! And indeed, We have left this as a sign, then is there any that willremember ? Then how (terrible) was My Torment and My Warnings?(Al-Qamar 54:9-16)
  23. 23. • People of Aad were also indulged in polytheism and rejected their messenger Hood(AS) .• They used to claim that they were the super power.•"Who is mightier than us in strength?" See they not thatAllâh, Who created them was mightier in strength thanthem. And they used to deny Our Ayât (proofs, evidences,verses, lessons, revelations, etc.)! (Fussilat 41:15)
  24. 24. Aad (people) belied (theirProphet, Hood), then how (terrible) wasMy Torment and My Warnings? Verily, Wesent against them a furious wind of harshvoice on a day of evil omen and continuouscalamity. Plucking out men as if they wereuprooted stems of date-palms. Then, how(terrible) was My Torment and MyWarnings? (Al-Qamar 54:18-21)
  25. 25. We also sent Lot (as a prophet): behold he said to his people "Do yedo what is shameful though ye see (its iniquity)? "Would ye reallyapproach men in your lusts rather than women? Nay ye are a people(grossly) ignorant!" But his people gave no other answer but this:they said "Drive out the followers of Lot from your city: these areindeed men who want to be clean and pure!" But We saved him andhis family except his wife: her We destined to be of those who laggedbehind. And We rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): andevil was the shower on those who were admonished (but heedednot) (Naml 27:54-58)
  26. 26. And indeed We punished the people of Firaun(Pharaoh) with years of drought and shortness offruits (crops, etc.), that they might remember (takeheed). (Araaf, 7:130)So We sent on them: the flood, the locusts, the lice, thefrogs, and the blood: (as a succession of) manifest signs, yetthey remained arrogant, and they were of those people whowere sinners.(Araaf, 7: 132)
  27. 27. So We took retribution from them. We drowned them in the sea,because they belied Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons,signs, revelations, etc.) and were heedless about them. (Araf 7:136)And We made a people considered weak (and of no account)inheritors of lands in both east and west lands whereon We sent downour blessings. The fair promise of the Lord was fulfilled for thechildren of Israel because they had patience and constancy and Weleveled to the ground the great works and fine buildings whichPharaoh and his people erected (with such pride) (Araaf 7:137)
  28. 28. Verily Qarun was of the people of Moses; but he acted insolentlytowards them: such were the treasures We had bestowed on him thattheir very keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men:Behold his people said to him: "Exult not for Allah loves not thosewho exult (in riches). (Qasas,28:76)Then We caused the earth to swallow him up and his house; and hehad not (the least little) party to help him against Allah nor could hedefend himself. (Qasas,28:81)
  29. 29. • Polytheists of Makkah brought a big army against Prophet (SAW) in battle of Ahzab. Allah (SWT) helped Muslims by sending windstorm which pushed back that army.O ye who believe! Remember the Grace of Allah (bestowed) on youwhen there came down on you hosts (to overwhelm you): but We sentagainst them a hurricane and force that ye saw not. But Allah sees(clearly) all that ye do. (Ahzab, 33:9)
  30. 30. Narrated Aisha:• Whenever he saw clouds or winds, signs of deep concern would appear on his face.• I said, "O Prophet of Allah! When people see clouds they usually feel happy, hoping that it would rain, while I see that when you see clouds, one could notice signs of worry on your face."• He said, "O Aisha! What is the guarantee for me that there will be no punishment in it, since some people were punished with a wind? Verily, some people saw (received) the punishment, but (while seeing the cloud) they said, This cloud will give us rain.‘ "(Sahih Bukhari : Book 6 , Volume 60 ,Hadith 353)
  31. 31. • 1.And verily, We will make them taste of the near torment (i.e. the torment in the life of this world, i.e. disasters, calamities, etc.) prior to the supreme torment (in the Hereafter), in order that they may (repent and) return (i.e. accept Islâm). (As-Sajdah 32:21)
  32. 32. 2. See they not that they are tried once or twice every year(with different calamities)? Yet, they turn not in repentance, nordo they learn a lesson(Tawbah,9:126)3.And indeed We punished the people of Firaun (Pharaoh) withyears of drought and shortness of fruits, that they mightremember.(Araf 7:130)
  33. 33. • 1.And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to the patient ones. (Al-Baqarah 2:155)• 2.Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the Help of Allah?" Yes! Certainly, the Help of Allah is near! (Al-Baqarah 2:214)
  34. 34. 3.Do people think that they will be left alone becausethey say: "We believe," and will not be tested. AndWe indeed tested those who were before them. AndAllâh will certainly make (it) known (the truth of)those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known(the falsehood of) those who are liars. (Al-Ankabut29:2-3)
  35. 35. • Quran and Hadith also tell us the methods to deal with the natural disasters and calamities. Some of these ways are as follows:• 1. Taqwah or Piety• 2. Taubah or Repentance• 3. Sabr or Patience
  36. 36. • When some one becomes pious Allah(SWT) resolves his problems and opens doors of blessings• 1. And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). (At-Talaq 65:2)• 2. And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwâ , certainly, We should have opened for them blessings from the heaven and the earth.(Araf 7:96)
  37. 37. • When some one repents Allah swt takes away his torment.• And He will not punish them while they seek (Allâhs) Forgiveness. (Al-Anfal 8:33)•• Was there any town that believed (after seeing the punishment), and its Faith saved it? - Except the people of Yûnus (Jonah); when they believed, We removed from them the torment of disgrace in the life of this world, and permitted them to enjoy for a while. (Yunus 10:98 )
  38. 38. • If they face the natural disaster with patience then they will get reward for it.• And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to the patient ones.When afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return." They are those on whom are the blessings from their Lord, and His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones. (Al-Baqarah 2:155-157)
  39. 39. • Prophet Muhammad’s main job for 13 years in Makkah was to fill the hearts with love, fear and knowledge of the oneness of God.• He taught courage through trust and reliance in God.• He cultivated the love of God in the hearts and minds of the new believers and• He used wisdom and compassion to solve the problems of the people and help them in their needs and hardships
  40. 40. • In the U.S. the Prophet (SAW) would invite everyone to submit to their Creator, one Almighty Allah with wisdom, beautiful preaching and best dialogue.• He would use his dynamic leadership to unite the Muslims on basics of Islam and its mission of Dawah Ilallah.• He would clearly aim to do away with sectarian differences and would bring everyone together under one banner— “Submission to One God”• Prophet would certainly continue on strengthening their beliefs through teaching the Quran and his own wisdom.• He would build their character on highest morals and prepare them as a team to do work of Dawah Ilallah.
  41. 41. • He would present true message of Islam to all and invite them to live in love, fear and hope in God• Prophets of the past mentioned numerous times in both the Bible and the Quran, we notice that many would spend their lifetime to warn and many with limited success• Succeeding prophets strove to warn, educate and guide their people. Their job was only to warn, but they knew that the final guidance comes from God
  42. 42. • First, out of his vast kindness, Prophet Muhammad would express compassion and solidarity with those adversely affected by the tragedy, Muslims and non-Muslims.• He would do his utmost to help those in need• As for the Muslims, he would plead with them to help one another and fellow citizens. He is reported to have said:"Whosoever relieves from a believer somegrief pertaining to this world, Allah will relievefrom him some grief pertaining to theHereafter."(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
  43. 43. • Prophet Muhammad would warn people to take such disasters as a warning similar to those of the past• Prophet Muhammad would of course warn Muslims not to curse the wind as it is a creation of God. In it and through it are goodness, mercy, fertilization as well as disasters, like Sandy, which may be a sign from God.• A Muslim should seek refuge in God from its evil. We have stories of nations being destroyed for not paying heed to the warnings of their messengers. The people of Prophet Hud is one example.
  44. 44. • He would urge to take precautions to reduce damage and save lives. He would remind that no one is able to stop or avert it once it is set to occur except Allah (SWT) the most high.• Therefore, he will urge to turn to Allah(SWT) with true Iman and repentance and seek His Help.• Prophet Muhammad would also remind people about the events taking place prior to the Day of Judgment, the gravity of which is nowhere close to huge disasters that are afflicting the population of the earth in recent years.
  45. 45. • The Prophet would also warn those nations who think they have power over people and oppress, that there is a power much greater than theirs! So that you might know that Allah has power overall things and that Allah encompasses all things in Hisknowledge.} (At-Talaq 65: 12)• Finally, the Prophet might remind his nation to ponder on one of the greatest verses of the Quran, called “the verse of the throne”
  46. 46. • ICNA Reliefs Disaster Response Team deployed on the ground after seawater left affected cities.The call ICNA Relief made for volunteers was extremely successful.• Hundreds of volunteers responded to the call.• ICNA Relief has established an Information & Referral Center and Point of Distribution at Brighton Beach, Brooklyn.• In addition, four Points of Distribution were established in 1) Long Beach 2) Far Rockaway, 3) Staten Island and 4) Atlantic City, NJ.• More than 1000 families are helped in one way or another.
  47. 47. Served/# Items Distributed1 Warm Meals 9,0752 Blankets & Comfortors 1,5603 Coats 544 Heaters 5445 Roll up Mattresses 1006 Thermals & Undergarments 1,2507 Donated Cleaning Supplies 2008 Free Medical Camps in 3 Cities 300 Tree Removal and Clean-up9 50 operations10 Cash & Rental Assistance 4011 Case Work and Referrals 25012 Volunteer Hours 4,50013 Canned Food 5,50014 Contractor Trash Bags 600
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