Summary Slide Importance of collective work Definition Jama’ah and Al Jama’ah Reasons for emphasis upon Jama’ah Jama’ah and other organizations Jama’ah and sects Goal Few characteristics of Islamic message 5 Basic organizational features 3 Stages of work General guidelines for Jama’ah methodology
Prophet emphasized upon collective work. “Hold fast to al-Jama’ah and stay away from division.” (Ttirmizi) “I order you of five things: to be with al jama’ah, to listen to the leaders, to obey the leader’s orders, hijrah, and jihad.” (Tirmizi) “Whosoever obeyed the leader, he obeyed me (i.e., the Prophet) and whosoever disobeyed the leader, he disobeyed me.” (Muslim)
More Ahadith on the subject “Whosoever goes away from al- Jama’ah for a short distance, then undoubtedly he removed the string of Islam from his neck (i.e. he left Islam).” (Mishkat) “”Whosoever departed from the obedience (of the leader) and left al- jama’ah and died, his death occurred in Jahiliyyah (i.e. out of Islam. “ (Muslim)
Jama’ah work necessary for success “If one dies and there is no ring of bay’ah in his neck (i.e., pledge of obedience to the leader), he died in Jahiliyyah (i.e. out of Islam).” (Muslim)
Definition: It is an organization of Muslims who have voluntarily and consciously submitted themselves to the discipline of the jamaah for continuous effort to maintain and enhance their: Islamic Awareness Commitment, Dedication, and Sacrifice to achieve the goal of Aqamah of Deen
Jama’ah and Al-Jama’ah Al-Jama’ah is the term used in Hadith and is synonymous with the words Ummah and Hizb used in Quran. It implies the united Muslim Ummah in a united Islamic state, governed by an elected khalifah in accordance with the laws of shari’ah. As defined above, there can be only one al-jama’ah in a given time.
Differences between Al Jama’ah and Jama’ah or Movement there could be more than one Islamic Jama’ah or movement at one time in order to reestablish the concept of Al Jama’ah. Jama’ah is not an alternative to al- jama’ah. It is only a way to al jama’ah. Leadership of al-jama’ah (or an Islamic state) has the authority to enforce hudood or a penal system that is beyond the jurisdiction of a jama’ah.
Al Jama’ah versus Jama’ah Being part of al-jama’ah (if one exists) is a basic condition of faith (or Iman). On the contrary, working with a jama’ah (or Islamic movement) is important but if one stays aloof, though he may be neglecting an important duty, it cannot be called apostasy. Jama’ah (or Islamic movement) will be recognized by its characteristics and the struggle to establish Al Islam and not just by its claim only.
Reasons for Great Emphasis on Islamic Jama’ah “Stay with al-Jama’ah, because the wolf devours the goat that runs away (from the herd).” (Abu Dawood) “Satan is man’s wolf, just like there is goat’s wolf who hunts the goats that stay aloof, or run away or are separated (from the herd).” (Mishkat) “Stay with al-Jama’ah and stay away from divisions. This is because Satan is with one individual, but stays away from two.” (Tirmizi)
Why so much emphasis on being a part of Jama’ah? Inability to practice appropriately certain Islamic injunctions without Islamic Jama’ah ,e.g., Aqamah of Deen. Difficult to protect against negative effects of the Un-Islamic environmentn Feeling of great uneasiness and discomfort at the initial stagen Getting used to the environmentn Compromise with the environmentn Changes of values
Jamah and other organizations Organizations that provide essential services like establishing places for prayer, schools, cemeteries etc Organizations based on national origin to cater to the particular needs of their members and to support their national causes. Organizations of Muslim professionals
Jamah and other organizations Organizations that have selected only certain parts of Islam to emphasize in their methodology of Islamic dawah or tabligh. Political organizations There are a host of groups organized with common religious schools of thought By the very nature of their objectives and methodologies, none of these organizations can be called true Islamic movementThe relationship of an Islamic jamah with all these organizations is governed by Quranic principle:
Jama’ah versus sectsDefinition of a Sect or FurqahA sect is a group of individuals who present themselves as a distinct entity due to one of the following reasons: Extraordinary emphasis on minor issues and in the details of Shari’ah when alternate opinions are also derived from Shari’ah. Declaring others as polytheists and out of Islam when it may only be a matter of misunderstanding Grouping around some personalities and forming personality cults Grouping based on ethnic, nationalistic, or other prejudicial grounds with a false sense of superiority
Goal of Jama’ah“Thus have we made you a community of “ middle path” so that you may be witnesses in regard to mankind and the messenger maybe a witness in regard to you” Al- Baqarah 2:143He has appointed for you the same way of life which he had ordained for Noah and which (o Muhammad)we have now revealed to you, andwhich we had already enjoined on Abrahamand Moses and Jesus, stressing this” establish this way and be not divided in it.” Shura, 42:13
Goal of Jama’ah “Now you are the best community which has been raised up for the guidance of mankind: you enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong. Ale-Imran 3:110 Three terms used in Quran for one goal: 1- Be witnesses to the mankind 2-Aqamah of Deen.3- Enjoining good and forbidding evil
A Few Characteristics of IslamicMessage1-Sovereignity belongs to Allah (SWT)
Sovereignty Your guardian-Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draws the night as a veil Oer the day each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun the moon and the stars (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah the cherisher
2-Status of the ProphetsWe sent not an Apostle but to be obeyed in accordance with the will of Allah.If they had only when they were unjust to themselves come unto thee and askedAllahs forgiveness and the Apostle had asked forgiveness for them theywould have found Allah indeed Oft-Returningmost Merciful. But no by thy Lord they can have no (real)Faith until they make thee judge in all disputesbetween them and find in their souls noresistance against thy decisions but accept themwith the fullest conviction. Nisa, 7:64, 65.
3-Man’s Vicegerence on EarthWe have indeed created man in the best of molds.” (At-tin, 95:4) • Man is appointed as the vicegerent of Allah (s.w.t) upon this planet Earth, • With the sole purpose of submitting to His Will , • As shown in the guidance sent to him from Allah (s.w.t).
4-Ideological UnityVerily this Brotherhood of yours is a singleBrotherhoodand I am your Lord and Cherisher:therefore serve me (and no other). Anbia 27:94The hallmarks of this ideology are:1-One God, Allah (s.w.t) who has no partners or sons.2- One human family regardless of their ethnic, racial,national difference withequal rights.3- and establishment of one Islamic society orKhilafah obedient to the commandments of Allah (s.w.t).
5-Universality of the Message and the Program Blessed is He who sent down the Criterion toHis servant that it may be an admonition to all creatures. Furqan 25:1 An Islamic Jama’ah does not address the people of a certain region or country; it is a universal message. It addresses all human beings as creatures and servants of their Lord, Allah (s.w.t.). It is a message of eternal bliss to all suffering under different man made unjust systems.
6-Clarity and simplicity of message Araaf,8:157
6-Clarity and simplicity of message "Those who follow the apostle the unlettered prophet whom they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures); in the law and the Gospel; for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil: he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him honor him help him and follow the light which is sent down with him it is they who will prosper." Al Araaf 8:157
7-Unity of “worldly” and “religious” affairsIt is He Who has sent His Apostle with Guidance and the Religion of Truth that he may proclaim it over all religion eventhough the Pagans may detest it. Saff 61:9
Basic Organizational features 1-Amarah or Leadership.O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the most honored ofyou in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous ofyou.Al Hujurat:49:13
2-Sama and Ta’ah. Listening and obeying the AmeerO ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Apostleand those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves refer it to Allah and His Apostle if ye dobelieve in Allah and the Last Day: that is best and most suitable for final determination. Nisa, 4:59
3-Mutual consultation (Shura).It is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them.Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted theywould have broken away from about thee;so pass over (their faults) and ask for (Allahs)forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then when thou hast taken a decision put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him)Ale Imran 3:159
Mutual consultation (Shura)Those that hearken to their Lord and establishregular prayer;who (conduct) their affairs bymutual Consultation;who spend out of whatWe bestow on them for Sustenance. Shura 42:38
4-Accountability (Muhasibah).O ye who believe! Fear Allah and let everysoul look to what (provision) he has sent forth for tomorrow. Fear Allah: for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do. Hashar 59:18
5-Akhu’wah or Mutual love and brotherhoodThe believers are but a single Brotherhood:So make peace andreconciliation between your two (contending)brothers:And fear Allah that ye may receive Mercy.Hujurat 49:10
I- Tareef: The stage of Da’wah In this stage, the following issues are brought in focus: Islam is the only solution for man’s problems. Let us all submit to the Guidance provided by our Creator. Islam is comprehensive way of life to bring true peace and justice at. individual, family, social and global level Let us rise above the differences and bring about true unity amongst the human beings based upon equality, justice and mutual respect.
Response to Islamic Dawah A true believer and supporter Believer, but hesitant Believer, hostile due to some prejudice, misconception, or impressed by secular philosophies Non- Muslims. An Islamic Movement has to develop an effective methodology for Da’wah to this large audience, especially in the West. This task has to be carried out as Prophet of Allah-with understanding, compassion, and concern.
Relations with other Islamic Organizations Maintain close contacts with other Muslim groups Cooperate with them for the cause of Islam, despite some differences on issues or methods. Be generous dealings with them and Refrain from rebuking them publicly. The positive achievements of other groups should be applauded and recognized.
II- Takween: Stage ofFormulation and Preparation of Workers Moral and Spiritual preparation Intellectual Preparation Brotherly Relations which include but is not limited to : 1) Taa’ruf. In depth mutual introduction must be done like members of family. 2) Nus’h, exchanging mutual advice, and 3) Takaful, mutual support, including financial support.
III- Tanfeez: The Stage of Implementation and Execution Efforts for positive Social Change:Part and full time schools for children and youth.Health clinics, hospitals, and birth centers for the poor and needy.Shelters for homeless orphans and battered wives.Temporary hotels for new immigrants and travelers.Ambulance and funeral services.Day-care centers for the children.Zakat fund and its distribution to the poor and needy.Disaster relief, e.g. in a tornado, earthquake, or famine.Anti-drug abuse campaign.Support of other groups in the society who arestruggling against particular evils.(e.g., MADD: Mothers against Drunk Drivers, etc.)
Tanfeez Hope and Vision Patience, Perseverance, and Constant Work True Jihad (Struggle)Clarifying vision, positive thinking and prudent planning.Propagation of its message by word of mouth and writingsAction. Practicing Islamic teachings in personal,family and community life.True Jihad (whole hearted struggle withsense of sacrifice) by being part of Jama’ahactivities in promoting good in the society and removing eviland achieving ultimate goal of implementing Islam.
General Guidelines for Jama’ah Methodology Continuity and constancy in work Cohesiveness and unity of thought and purpose Struggle Strictly in Accordance with Shari’ah’. Work sincerely for Allah (SWT) & Free of Riya (Show) No desire for material benefits,power or thanks
General Guidelines for Jama’ah Methodology With the Tacit Approval and Planning of the Group Peaceful struggle respecting the laws of the land Discipline and Obedience of the Jamaah To be open and not secret
All thanks to Allah, The Most High Who is our Wali and Guide.