• The initial letter, laam, is called laam at-ta‘leel –
which is used to explain the reason behind
• Word manaafi‘ is plural and indefinite. It means
there exist specific benefits – religious and worldly
• Ibn Abbas explained, "As for the benefit of the
Hereafter, it is the pleasure of Allah and the benefit
of this world include the meat obtained from the
sacrificial animals on that day, as well as engaging in
trade and commerce.” (Tafseer Ibn Abi Hatem)
• Mujahid explained,” “reward in the Hereafter and
trade in this world.” (Tafseer Tabari)
“Look at My servants! They have come to Me –
unkempt, dusty, and exposed to the heat of the sun
– from every deep valley and distant mountain pass.
Bear witness that I have forgiven them.”
(Ibn Khuzaimah in his Saheeh.
Similar narration by Abdullah Ibn Umar Ibn Aas
collected by Ahmad and Al Haakim in his Mustadrak)
• Prophet (SAW) said,” Pilgrims (Hujjaj) and visitants
(Mutamir) are the guests of Allah. If they make dua
He gives what they ask. If they seek His
forgiveness, He forgives them. If they call upon
Him, He answers their call. If they seek
intercession, it is granted.”
• “If someone leaves home as a Pilgrim or Visitant
(Mutamir) and then dies, he is granted the reward
as Pilgrim or Visitant till the Day of Resurrection.
Anyone who dies either in Makkah or Madina is not
subject to accounts and is told to enter Jannah.”
• Haj journey is intended solely for Allah, and for
fulfillment of the duty prescribed by Allah
• Whoever undertakes this journey, has love and fear
of Allah in his heart and feels strongly that the Fard
(obligation) ordained by Allah is incumbent on him
• He possesses the strength of faith to leave his
home, for the cause of Allah
• He can face hardships and willingly sacrifice his
wealth and comfort for the pleasure of God
• Blessings for individuals: Together with piety and
virtuousness, the incessant remembrance of God and
the longing and love of Him pervading the mind of the
pilgrim, all leave a firm impression on his mind which
lasts for years to come
• A Collective Ibadah: By formulating the rules for all the
Muslims of the world to perform it together at one
time, its benefits have been increased to a limitless
• Growth of piety: In this journey the virtues of fear of
God, piety, penance, Istighfar, and good morals begin to
cast their influence on him; when he says farewell to
• Hajj is a magnificent institution of education for the soul
• Muslims receive tremendous lessons and beneficial
admonitions in every aspect of the religion:
Aqeedah (creed and beliefs)
Ibadah (acts of worship)
Sulook (character and personal conduct)
Lessons for the Ummah
• B-Specific to various parts or manasik of Hajj
• Individuals vary greatly in terms of how much they gain and
how well they learn – some learn much while others take
away only a little – and
• All success lies in the hand of Allah alone
to Allah with
of Ummah with
for one purpose
I obediently answer your call, O Allah! I obediently answer your call. I
obediently answer your call testifying that You have no partners. I
obediently answer. To you belong all praise, favor and dominion. You
have no partner.
1-He repeats these words audibly again and again
2-He affirms that Allah (SWT) is the only one worthy of worship
3-He affirms that complete reliance and trust are to be placed only in
4- This affirmation covers Tawheed of Allah in His Ruboobiyyah
(Lordship), Uloohiyyah (right to worship), and Asmaa’ wa Sifaat
(Names and Attributes)
5-To Him belongs praise such that He would love and be pleased with.
• Muslim must know the reality of Shirk, comprehend its
dangers, and stay completely away
from committing it or taking any path to it.
• It is the greatest sin by which Allah can be disobeyed
• He has set a punishment for it in this world and the
Hereafter which no other sin carries
He loves them and they love Him. (Al-Ma’idah5:54)
Allah took Ibrahim as a friend. (An-Nisa’ 4:125)
Hajj is a ceremony of love and devotion to Allah
Hajj is deeply associated with Prophet Ibrahim and
• He established shining example of sacrifice and
submitting to Allah with love.
• Hujjaj follow the footsteps of Prophet Ibrahim
during Hajj to learn way of submission and
devotion to Allah.
• And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision
is fear of Allah (piety). And fear Me, O you of
understanding.} [Quran 2:197]
• Their meat will not reach Allah, nor will their
blood, but what reaches Him is piety from
• That [is so]. And whoever honors the Symbols of
Allah - indeed, it is from the piety of hearts.}[Quran
• Zikr is the greatest aim of all acts of worship and
• It is greatly manifested in Hajj.
• This is because Tawaaf, Sa‘y and throwing the
pebbles were all legislated in order to remember
• When pilgrims remember Allah performing these
acts of worship, they have peace of mind and draw
closer to Him
• This will get them accustomed to remembering
Allah The Almighty after Hajj.
• We endure tiredness because we know that Hajj is
performed during a limited days and we can not nullify our
Hajj by obeying evil desires.
• Pilgrims are the guests of Allah so, honoring them and
being patient with what some of them do is a sign of
• When we endure hardships during the Hajj days, we
would maintain good morals during the rest of their lives.
• We learn to be generous, righteous and merciful.
• We see generous people who spend on the poor, forgive
people who abused them, people who are dutiful to their
parents and kind with their old mothers.
• Decency and chastity. “Hajj is *during+ well-known
months, so whoever has made hajj obligatory upon
himself therein [by entering the state of ihram], there is
[to be for him] no Rafath…” (2:197)
• Ar-Rafath is sexual intercourse or what leads to it from
sayings or actions.
• Suppressing anger, leaving argumentation and
disputes. Allah says, “and no (Jidal) disputing during
Hajj.” (2:197) `Ataa' said, Al-Jidal is that you dispute
your companion until you anger him and he angers you.
• Gentleness, softness and calmness. When he heard
strong rebuking, hitting and shouts at a camel while
moving from Muzdalifah, “O people, you must be
calm, for rush and hurrying is not righteousness.”
• We remember death when we leave our
families, homes and business to go for Hajj.
• When we see the crowds of people surging over
each other at one place while wearing the same
type of clothing, uncovering their heads we
remember the Day of Judgment
• Hajj, therefore, prepares us for the journey of
Hereafter as we abandon the joys of life and its
• Plain of Arafah reminds us the Day of Judgment.
• The believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make
peace and reconciliation between your two
(contending) brothers: And fear Allah that ye may
receive Mercy. (Hujurat,49:10)
• During Hajj, pilgrims have one Qiblah and one Lord.
• They share the same feelings, clothing, rites and times.
• This makes them feel that they are brothers who know
each other and must cooperate in all fields of life
• And hold fast all together Allah’s rope and be not
divided.. (Aal `Imran 3:103)
• The spirit of Hajj is to foster unity and universal
brotherhood and sisterhood among the believers.
• We have one Qiblah and that is our direction for
• We should also have unity of purpose and mission
in our life.
• Muslims should be the people of a focus and
direction, not a confused people or a people
without any orientation and direction
• The pilgrim keeps on moving all the time, with
Tawaaf, sa`ee, going to
Mina, `Arafat, Muzdalifah, Mina again, around the
Jamaraat and other places.
• It is a dynamic ceremony and this is the way a
Muslim’s life should be.
• Motion, action, and sacrifice – these things bring
success in this life and salvation in the Hereafter.
• Muslims come from different countries and
locations of the world to gather in one sacred place
• They gather with one purpose, i.e., to submit to
Allah’s commands, fulfill their obligation and
achieve the pleasure of Allah and success in the
• This gathering is based upon sincerity, mutual love,
brotherhood, real unity of objectives.
• There is no other annual global gathering with so
many material and spiritual benefits other than
Indeed Satan is to man an avowed enemy. (Yusuf,12:5)
Hajj prepares us to fight our eternal enemy- Iblis or Shaitan.
When we throw pebbles on the Jamaraat, we do it in
submission to Allah
We also think about our father Ibrahim (AS) whom Iblis tried
to misguide when he was going to submit to Allah’s command
Allah commanded Ibrahim to throw pebbles at him in order
to repel him
When we comply with all the commands of Allah, we deal
Iblis a mortal blow and gain the strength to fight his evil
designs for the rest of our lives.
• When we have finished all the rituals of Hajj as they
were prescribed by Allah and in the manner that He
loves, we hope that our Lord will forgive all our sins
• Now we must start a new page in our life, free of sin.
• We must maintain the spirit of Hajj
• Every night and every morning Allah gives us a new
chance for forgiveness whether we went to Hajj or
not, we just have to grab it
• Allah, the Exalted, stretches His Hand during the night
so that those who commit sins by day may repent, and
He stretches His Hand in the day so that those who
commit sins by night may repent. He keeps doing so
until the sun rises from the West”.*Muslim+
9-Stay in Mina
• When you put on the two garments of your
ihram, you are reminded of the shroud (Kafin) in
which you will be wrapped [after you die].
• Daily remembering death helps you to fight
disobedience and sins.
• Just like you have given up your regular clothing
[for Hajj] and put on two clean, white
garments, you have to make your heart clean and
white [pure], by polishing it daily by dhikr and
• “Labbayk” is said to someone who
has called and invited you. This affirms
the attribute of Allah’s speech
• Labbayk” is only said to someone whom you love
• Labbayk means,”I am firmly established upon your
obedience Ya Allah!”
• “I am mulabbin before you,” meaning that I come
before you with humility and submission.
• Sincerity. This comes from “al-lubb” – the
untarnished, pure essence of something.
• Affirmation that Allah hears.
• Drawing near to Allah. This stems from “al-ilbaab”
which means drawing near to something.
• Talbiyah is a distinguishing mark of Hajj which is said
when moving between rites. Just like one performing
prayer says, “Allaahu akbar”.
• It is the key to Jannah, and the gate through which one
• Praise for Allah (al-hamd)
• Recognition that all blessing and favor is from Allah
• Affirming that all dominion (al-mulk) belongs to Allah
• When Prophet (SAW) came back to Makkah, he
said, “You are the best spot on Allah’s earth, most
dear to me of all the cities of Allah. If I did not have
to leave you, I would have never left you.”(Tirmizi)
• DUA on entering Haram:
• First glance at Ka'bah is one of the occasion when
duas are accepted.
• As soon as you see the Ka'bah stop and stand on a
side still seeing Ka'bah and then
• Say Three times Allah u Akbar,
• Then Three time La illaha Illallah
• Then raise your both hands and do salat o
wassalam on prophet and then any Dua you want.
• Imam Abu Hanifa advised this dua " Ya Allah! Make
me mustajab ud dawa"
Bukhari and Muslim reported by Aisha (R)
This is a deed which brings one closer to Allah
This is act of obedience to Allah and His Messenger (SAW)
It is beloved to Allah.
Allah designated it as one of the rites of Hajj
There is no other place on earth where Tawaaf is allowed
• Prophet (SAW) said, “ Make frequent Tawaaf for this
will be among the glories of your records on the
Day of Resurrection, and the most fortunate action
credited to you.” (Hakim)
• “ To do Tawaaf seven times barefoot or bare headed
is as meritorious as feeing a slave. He who does
Tawaaf seven times in rain is forgiven all his sins.”
When the Prophet (SAW) arrived at Makkah, he went to the Black Stone, touched it,
then walked to his right; he walked briskly for three rounds and then walked
normally for four. (Muslim reported from Jabir Ibn Abdullah)
(Statement of Omar (R) reported by Bukhari)
Umar wished to clarify to the people that his kissing of the
Black Stone was done obeying the Messenger of Allah(SAW)
It is not because the Stone inherently causes any benefit or
harm. ( Ibn Jareer At Tabari)
• Ibn `Abbas (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said:
“The Black Stone came down from Jannah (Paradise).”
• Ibn `Abbas (RA) related that the Prophet (SAW) said:
“By Allah, Allah will bring it forth on the Day of
Judgment, and it will have two eyes with which it will
see and a tongue with which it will speak, and it will
testify in favor of those who touched it in sincerity.” (AtTirmidhi)
• Ibn `Umar (RA) quoted the Prophet (SAW) as saying:
“Touching them both *the Black Stone and Ar-Rukn AlYamani+ is an expiation for one’s sins.”
• When you drink the water of Zamzam you are
reminded of the blessing which Allah (SWT) has
bestowed upon mankind in the form of this blessed
water, which has never dried up.
• Water plays a central role in our daily life. In fact
you are made from water!
• And what about the daily amount of water which
you so easily drink at home?
• Recognize and thank Allah (SWT) daily for the
blessing of water in general
• Sa’ee means effort.
• When you do al-Saa’ee, running between al-Safaa’
and al-Marwah, you are reminded of the trial of
Hajira, a mother who was patient in the face of
• She didn’t just sit down but trusted her Lord AND
got into action!
When you leave the Ka’bah in the direction of Mina to begin your
Hajj, you are moving away from The House
This indicates that The Lord of The House is everywhere, and is
closer to man than he is to his own jugular vein. [Qaf, 50:16]
Mina is the first temporary station after leaving Makkah
Here one stays as a stranger and a traveler like the Prophet (SAW)
said,” Live in this world as a stranger or a traveler.
One is to engage in Zikr and Ibadah of Allah here
One is to observe the restrictions of being in Ihram. So it provides
training to restrict one in the limitations of Allah.
The gathering in Mina reminds you of the throngs of people on the
Day of Judgment.
If you feel tired from being in this crowd , how will it be in the
crowds of barefoot, naked, uncircumcised people, standing for fifty
Saheeh Muslim (1348
Ibn Abdil-Barr (RA) said, “This shows that they have been
forgiven, since He does not speak proudly about sinful
people except after they repent and are forgiven.”
• To Allah belongs that momentous standing which
• Resembles the Day when all will be presented, or even
• Al-Jabbar, may He be exalted, will be near,
• Speaking proudly of them before His angels, for He is the
• He says, “My servants have come out of their love for Me,
• And I shall be kind to them, generous and merciful;
• Bear witness that I have forgiven their sins,
• Granted them what they hoped for, and blessed them with
• Glad tidings for you all, standing at the spot where
• Allah forgives all sins and bestows His Mercy.”
“The best supplication is the one made on the day of
‘Arafah, and the best thing I and the other Prophets before
me have said is, ‘There is none worthy of worship except
Allah alone, having no partner. To Him belong all dominion
and praise, and He is over all things Omnipotent.’ (
• But when you depart from 'Arafat, remember Allah at
• Leaving Arafat, the pilgrim then heads towards
Muzdalifah, repeating the Talbiyah
• Prophet stood in Muzdalifah and said: "I stood
here, and the entire Muzdalifah is a place to stand in".
[Ahmad, Abu Daawood)
• It is Sunnah to stand facing the Qiblah and to make a
lot of dua, often repeating the dua most said by the
• Our Lord, give us the good matters in this life, and good
things in the Hereafter and protect us from the torture
of the Hellfire.
• When you throw the pebbles at the Jamaraat, you
realize Ibrahim’s trial.
• He knew that the one who was preventing him from
obeying the Orders of Allah was the devil or Shaitan
• He was embodied for him three times to prevent him
from slaughtering his son.
• Ibrahim threw seven pebbles at him three times and
told him, “You will be thrown by me.”
• So, the devil was disappointed and turned on his heels.
• We are dealing with devils daily who want to prevent
us from getting closer to Allah (SWT)
• KNOW your enemy and be motivated by Ibrahim to
fight the attacks with yaqeen (certainty)!
Allah has prescribed for you to sacrifice these animals
So that you mention His name at the time of sacrifice,
Because He is truly the Creator and Provider.
It is not done so that any part of the meat or blood reach Him,
But it is Taqwa from you that reaches Him
This refers to having a sincere intention behind the act
Hoping for reward from Allah.
• It represents placing one’s forelock before Allah in worship
• One humbles before His Grandeur and Might
• It is a profound manifestation of submission to Allah
• When you come out of your ihram and things that
had been forbidden become permissible again, it
teaches you lessons of life:
• The consequences of patience are sweet.
• After hardship comes ease.
• The one who responds to the call of Allah (SWT)
will taste the sweetness of obedience, which
cannot be tasted through anything else.
• This is like the sweetness of joy you feel when you
break your fast or when you pray qiyamul lail or
after you have finished praying
• Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW)
said,” He who visits me after my death, is just like
him who visits me during my lifetime.”(Tabarani)
• ‘Whoever comes to me as a visitor and did not
intend but to visit me, it will be the incumbent upon
Allah to make me an intercessor for him on the Day
of Judgment.” (Tabarani)
• Abu Huraira reported that the Prophet (SAW)
said, ‘One Prayer in this mosque *i.e. the Prophet’s
Mosque in Madina] is better than a thousand
Prayers in any other mosque, except for Masjid
• “A Mosque that was founded on Taqwa from the first
day is better for you to stand in” (9;108)
• ‘What is between my house and my minbar is one of
the Meadows of the Garden (Paradise)’. (Muslim)
• Visiting Madina is not part of the actual rituals of the
Hajj, but no follower of the Prophet (SAW) would even
consider making the journey for Hajj without visiting
the Prophet’s resting place in Madina
• Our love for the Prophet (SAW) demands that we visit
his grave, offer our humble salutations and pray that
we get Prophet’s intercession on the Day of Judgment
• When you come back to your spouse and
children, and experience the joy of meeting them
again, this reminds you of the greater joy of
meeting them in Paradise.
• This also teaches you that the greatest loss is losing
oneself and one’s family on the Day of
Resurrection, as Allah (SWT) says:
• “The losers are those who will lose themselves and
their families on the Day of Resurrection.
Verily, that will be a manifest loss!” *al-Zumar
• Sincerity of intention should remain before and even
after the performance of Haj.
• There should be no pomp or show.
• One should not wish to be called or recognized as a
• Some talk about the expenses incurred in the way of
Allah, their charity for the poor and the needy, their
devotion and worship, their assisting the weak and
old, etc.; and all is mentioned only with the intention of
gaining fame. It may lead to ‘Riyaa’
• This is a deceit from Satan who ruins the devotion
without the person even knowing it.
• Many pilgrims return with only the bad side of the
journey and talk about the hardships they have
encountered during Haj.
• These types of conversation become the cause of
discouragement to others
• One should talk about the greatness of the sacred
places, the spiritual gains, the enjoyment in devotions.
• In the journey of Haj one will find that the good things
far outweigh the bad ones
• Moreover, the pilgrims are rewarded abundantly by
Allah Almighty upon every difficulty encountered i
• Person returns with resolve and determination to fulfill
their duty to Allah in a pleasing manner
• Most significant sign of an accepted hajj (hajj mabrur) is
that "one returns better than one was before (in
Ibadah, Akhlaq and devotion to Allah)“
• He is more punctual in fulfilling the commands of Allah
• His love and inclination toward the Hereafter increases
and love for the worldly pleasures decline
• Ibn al-Humam explains it in Fath al-Qadir.[3.182]
• The same is mentioned by Mawardi in Adab al-Dunya
wa'l Din, and
• Ibn Abidin in Radd al-Muhtar.
Allahumma jalhu hajjan mabrooran wa
zanban maghfooran wa sa'ian
O Allah, make this a blessed Hajj, with
sins forgiven and effort that is accepted.