Diseases In Islamic Movement

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This presentation explains various diseases which could develop in Islamic organizations. It also talks about how to address and treat these diseases.

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Diseases In Islamic Movement

  1. 1. DISEASES inDISEASES in Islamic MovementIslamic Movement
  2. 2. What is IslamicWhat is Islamic MovementMovement  Islamic Movement is anIslamic Movement is an organization, or party of Muslims,organization, or party of Muslims, gathered on Islamic principles ofgathered on Islamic principles of organization, striving withinorganization, striving within Islamic guidelines to establish alIslamic guidelines to establish al Islam in its totality as the onlyIslam in its totality as the only guiding light over all spheres ofguiding light over all spheres of human life.human life.
  3. 3. Four aspects of thisFour aspects of this definitiondefinition  It is an organization of Muslims whoIt is an organization of Muslims who have voluntarily and consciouslyhave voluntarily and consciously submitted themselves to the disciplinesubmitted themselves to the discipline of the jamaah.of the jamaah.  The I.M is established according to theThe I.M is established according to the principles of organization shown in theprinciples of organization shown in the Quran and by the model of ProphetQuran and by the model of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.).Muhammad (p.b.u.h.).
  4. 4. Four aspects of thisFour aspects of this definitiondefinition  The methodology of a I.M is alsoThe methodology of a I.M is also derived from the models of prophets,derived from the models of prophets, especially the example of the lastespecially the example of the last prophet, Muhammad (p.b.u.h.).prophet, Muhammad (p.b.u.h.).  All areas of activity and struggle ofAll areas of activity and struggle of this I.M are directed towards onethis I.M are directed towards one goal, which is to establish al Islam asgoal, which is to establish al Islam as the guiding light in all areas of lifethe guiding light in all areas of life and thus seek the pleasure ofand thus seek the pleasure of almighty Allah and success in the lifealmighty Allah and success in the life hereafter.hereafter.
  5. 5. Classification of DiseasesClassification of Diseases in IMin IM  I-ORGANIZATION’s,METHODOLOGYI-ORGANIZATION’s,METHODOLOGY GOALS AND OBJECTIVESGOALS AND OBJECTIVES II- LeadershipII- Leadership III-WorkersIII-Workers
  6. 6. Loss of focus on true goalLoss of focus on true goal “He has appointed for you the same way of life which he had ordained for Noah and which (o Muhammad) we have now revealed to you, and which we had already enjoined on Abraham and Moses and Jesus, stressing this” establish this way and be not divided in it.” Shura, 42:13
  7. 7. Displaced focusDisplaced focus  Too much emphasis on the organization and itsToo much emphasis on the organization and its inner issues like constitution and bylaws, electionsinner issues like constitution and bylaws, elections  Focus on some methodologies likeFocus on some methodologies like Social serviceSocial service Political actionPolitical action Mega projects ,e.g., economic or business projectsMega projects ,e.g., economic or business projects Building some institutionsBuilding some institutions ConventionsConventions
  8. 8. Defective MethodologyDefective Methodology  A. Way to Establish an I.MA. Way to Establish an I.M Al- Quran has made it clear that the only uniting force in an Islamic Jama’ah is the Deen of Allah (s.w.t). There should be no other bond of union like nationality, race, color, language, or material interests, etc O ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and die not except in a state of Islam. And hold fast all together by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you) and be not divided among yourselves; Ale Imran 3:102,103
  9. 9. Amarah or Leadership.Amarah or Leadership. O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). Hujurat; 49:13
  10. 10. Sama and Ta’ah. ListeningSama and Ta’ah. Listening and obeying the Ameerand obeying the Ameer O ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves refer it to Allah and His Apostle if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best and most suitable for final determination. Nisa, 4:59
  11. 11. Mutual consultationMutual consultation (Shura(Shura).). Those that hearken to their Lord and establish regular prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for Sustenance. Shura 42:38
  12. 12. Ways this concept may beWays this concept may be neglected or disregarded,neglected or disregarded,  A person may not limit the expression of hisA person may not limit the expression of his opinion in a specific forumopinion in a specific forum  A worker may present his opinion in theA worker may present his opinion in the Jama’ah’s defined forum, but insist that it isJama’ah’s defined forum, but insist that it is the best and must be adopted.the best and must be adopted.  Workers may be preoccupied with side issuesWorkers may be preoccupied with side issues and get accustomed to criticizing theand get accustomed to criticizing the Jama’ah and Ghiba (backbiting) of theJama’ah and Ghiba (backbiting) of the leadership.leadership.  Divisions and dissentions may be rampant,Divisions and dissentions may be rampant, leading to eventual destruction of theleading to eventual destruction of the Jama’ah.Jama’ah.
  13. 13. AccountabilityAccountability (Muhasibah(Muhasibah O ye who believe! Fear Allah and let every soul look to what (provision) he ha s sent forth for the morrow. Yea fear Allah: for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do. Hashar 59:18 How is this principle violated: There may not be any Muhasaba in the Jama’ah Principles of Muhasaba may not be followed. Muhasabah is done only for name sake.
  14. 14. Akhu’wah or Mutual loveAkhu’wah or Mutual love and brotherhoodand brotherhood The believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers: And fear Allah that ye may receive Mercy. Hujurat 49:10
  15. 15. Characteristics of theCharacteristics of the Struggle of an IMStruggle of an IM  Ideological.Ideological.  Ethical.Ethical.  Missionary.Missionary.  Program designed on Ijtehad and notProgram designed on Ijtehad and not tajaddud ( compromise andtajaddud ( compromise and innovation)innovation)
  16. 16. Ijtehad vs TajaddudIjtehad vs Tajaddud  Ijtehad:Ijtehad: 1-1- An analysisAn analysis of the situation as itof the situation as it prevails in the society.prevails in the society. 2-2-In the light of this diagnosis, a planIn the light of this diagnosis, a plan of actionof action is made.is made. 3-3--For the preparation of a realistic-For the preparation of a realistic strategy, an evaluation of thestrategy, an evaluation of the resourcesresources available to the Islamicavailable to the Islamic Movement will have to be madeMovement will have to be made
  17. 17. Tajaddud or compromiseTajaddud or compromise and innovationand innovation  To draw towards a system primarilyTo draw towards a system primarily interested in material comforts and worldlyinterested in material comforts and worldly conquests to the neglect of the moral aspectsconquests to the neglect of the moral aspects of Islam.of Islam.  To destroy the balance that Islam establishedTo destroy the balance that Islam established between the spiritual and materialbetween the spiritual and material dimensions of life.dimensions of life.  To compromise with the form of dominantTo compromise with the form of dominant system of the age and produce a new mixturesystem of the age and produce a new mixture of Islam and Jahiliyyah.of Islam and Jahiliyyah.  To adopt the substance of non-IslamicTo adopt the substance of non-Islamic system, but express them under the label ofsystem, but express them under the label of Islam by misusing the Islamic terminology.Islam by misusing the Islamic terminology.
  18. 18. II-Diseases affectingII-Diseases affecting leadershipleadership  1-Desire and efforts to seek leadership1-Desire and efforts to seek leadership As for the abode of the Hereafter,As for the abode of the Hereafter, We assign it unto those who seekWe assign it unto those who seek not position of authority (ornot position of authority (or leadership) in earth and norleadership) in earth and nor disruption. The sequel is for thosedisruption. The sequel is for those who are fearful of Allah. (Al-who are fearful of Allah. (Al- Qasas: 83)Qasas: 83)
  19. 19. Ahadith on this subjectAhadith on this subject  "The most dishonest among you is one"The most dishonest among you is one who seeks it (leadership)." (Abu-who seeks it (leadership)." (Abu- Dawood)Dawood)  "Don't seek rule. If you are given"Don't seek rule. If you are given (leadership) for asking, you will be(leadership) for asking, you will be entrusted to it. If it is given to you,entrusted to it. If it is given to you, without, asking, you will be aidedwithout, asking, you will be aided therein." (Bukhari)therein." (Bukhari)  ““I swear by Allah! We do not give thisI swear by Allah! We do not give this leadership to anyone who seeks it or isleadership to anyone who seeks it or is greedy for it." (Bukhari)greedy for it." (Bukhari)
  20. 20. 2-Pride and Arrogance2-Pride and Arrogance  How does arrogance develop in individuals? -How does arrogance develop in individuals? - When someone is working in an IslamicWhen someone is working in an Islamic Jama’ah, his moral status is usually betterJama’ah, his moral status is usually better than others. He develops some good qualitiesthan others. He develops some good qualities and capabilities and he performs some goodand capabilities and he performs some good deeds. Others in and outside the Jama’ahdeeds. Others in and outside the Jama’ah give him some recognition. At that momentgive him some recognition. At that moment Satan starts putting these ideas in his mindSatan starts putting these ideas in his mind that he is someone great and better thanthat he is someone great and better than others. Self praise and highlighting individualothers. Self praise and highlighting individual achievements become a habit for suchachievements become a habit for such person.person.
  21. 21. How to prevent thisHow to prevent this diseasedisease  Jama’ah and all its members mustJama’ah and all its members must remain vigilant about this negativeremain vigilant about this negative trait. There must be constant remindertrait. There must be constant reminder that greatness and real pride belong tothat greatness and real pride belong to Allah (s.w.t.). Everyone must developAllah (s.w.t.). Everyone must develop humility. Whenever some task is done,humility. Whenever some task is done, one must thank Allah (s.w.t.) for it andone must thank Allah (s.w.t.) for it and keep an eye upon shortcomings andkeep an eye upon shortcomings and weaknesses. One should always askweaknesses. One should always ask Allah’s (s.w.t.) forgiveness.Allah’s (s.w.t.) forgiveness.
  22. 22. 3-Show off and seeking3-Show off and seeking recognition- (Riya)recognition- (Riya) Consequences of Riya-Consequences of Riya-  Riya negates the value of goodRiya negates the value of good deed in the sight of Allah (s.w.t.).deed in the sight of Allah (s.w.t.).  With Riya one is not able toWith Riya one is not able to perform any good deedperform any good deed appropriately since there isappropriately since there is concern to get more praise andconcern to get more praise and approval.approval.
  23. 23. Prevention-Prevention-  At individual level, one must try to doAt individual level, one must try to do some good deeds secretly, e.g.,some good deeds secretly, e.g., Tahajjud, charity etc. One must alwaysTahajjud, charity etc. One must always keep an eye upon his intentions andkeep an eye upon his intentions and make sure it is purely to seek themake sure it is purely to seek the pleasure of Allah (s.w.t.). If there ispleasure of Allah (s.w.t.). If there is any sign of Riya, one must ask Allahany sign of Riya, one must ask Allah (s.w.t.) protection(s.w.t.) protection  Jama’ah must discourage any trends toJama’ah must discourage any trends to show off performance. Reports of workshow off performance. Reports of work should be published only as necessary.should be published only as necessary.
  24. 24. 4- Desire and Intention4- Desire and Intention for Material Benefits-for Material Benefits-  There must not be any intention to achieveThere must not be any intention to achieve some material benefits like power, money,some material benefits like power, money, position or favors.position or favors.  All endeavors must be purely to seekAll endeavors must be purely to seek pleasure of Allah (s.w.t.) and the success inpleasure of Allah (s.w.t.) and the success in the Hereafter.the Hereafter.  ItIt requires lot of Tazkia and Mujahidarequires lot of Tazkia and Mujahida (struggle).(struggle).  Jama’ah and its leadership should keep anJama’ah and its leadership should keep an eye upon itself to make sure this diseaseeye upon itself to make sure this disease does not affect its rank and files.does not affect its rank and files.
  25. 25. 5-Considering oneself5-Considering oneself perfect and better thanperfect and better than others- (Hubb-e- Nafs)others- (Hubb-e- Nafs)  It starts with the feeling in a personIt starts with the feeling in a person that he is free of mistakes.that he is free of mistakes.  He ignores his personal weaknessesHe ignores his personal weaknesses and provides an explanation for suchand provides an explanation for such weaknesses satisfying him. Then heweaknesses satisfying him. Then he expects others to believe the sameexpects others to believe the same about him.about him.  He only likes to listen to praise andHe only likes to listen to praise and does not like criticism.does not like criticism.
  26. 26. Stages of deterioration inStages of deterioration in this diseasethis disease  Person creates jealousy (Hasad) in hisPerson creates jealousy (Hasad) in his heart against those who are betterheart against those who are better than himthan him  . Then he engages in undue prying. Then he engages in undue prying (Tajussus) in other’s matters to find(Tajussus) in other’s matters to find faults in them.faults in them.  This leads him to back biting (Ghiba)This leads him to back biting (Ghiba)  conspiring (Najwah).conspiring (Najwah).  One may go on to lying (Kizb)One may go on to lying (Kizb)  and false allegation (Bhutan).and false allegation (Bhutan).
  27. 27. Consequences-Consequences-  If this disease afflicts one or few individuals,If this disease afflicts one or few individuals, its devastating effects are limited. However,its devastating effects are limited. However, if there are many people affected with it,if there are many people affected with it, then it can result in disruption of the wholethen it can result in disruption of the whole Jama’ah.Jama’ah.  This disease can result in grouping within theThis disease can result in grouping within the Jama’ah. Each group may engage inJama’ah. Each group may engage in backbiting, tattle tailing, conspiring withbackbiting, tattle tailing, conspiring with vengeance and hatred in their hearts for eachvengeance and hatred in their hearts for each other.other.  Mutual relations are damaged. Tension,Mutual relations are damaged. Tension, hostility and animosity take roots in thehostility and animosity take roots in the hearts expressed by verbal attacks.hearts expressed by verbal attacks.
  28. 28. RemedyRemedy  Istighfar or asking Allah’s forgiveness- QuranIstighfar or asking Allah’s forgiveness- Quran has stressed upon the believers to engage inhas stressed upon the believers to engage in Istighfar frequently.Istighfar frequently.  Guard against Hasad-Jealousy and animosityGuard against Hasad-Jealousy and animosity  Avoid Tajussus, Namima, GhibaAvoid Tajussus, Namima, Ghiba  AvoidAvoid sinful Najwah(secret consultation)sinful Najwah(secret consultation) when it is done in secrecy from the Jama’ahwhen it is done in secrecy from the Jama’ah in order to make a scheme against anotherin order to make a scheme against another individual or group.individual or group. It mayIt may result in Jama’ah’sresult in Jama’ah’s fragmentation and mutual disputes andfragmentation and mutual disputes and conflicts.conflicts.
  29. 29. 6-Extremism and Imbalance6-Extremism and Imbalance in thoughts and actionsin thoughts and actions O people of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: NISA 4:171 Prophet (s.a.w.) instructed us in the following Ahadith on this subject: 1-Beware! Do not go to extremism (Ghulu). People before you were destroyed due to this extremism. 2-Ibn Masood reports that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said three times, “Extremists are destroyed.” 3-“Give (permissible) concessions (in Islam) and do not cause hardship. Give glad tidings and do not provoke disliking. 4-“You have been sent (to the mankind) to provide ease and not to make it (religion) hard.” 5-It never happened that the Prophet (s.a.w.) was given choice between two matters and he did not select the easier one
  30. 30. 7- Narrow-mindedness-7- Narrow-mindedness- (Shuh-e- Nafs)(Shuh-e- Nafs) And those saved from the covetousness of their own souls they are the ones that achieve prosperity. Hashar 59:9
  31. 31. SymptomsSymptoms  Minimizing one’s mistakes but magnifying others and notMinimizing one’s mistakes but magnifying others and not forgiving them.forgiving them.  Considers his difficulties very important but othersConsiders his difficulties very important but others difficulties are just excuses for him.difficulties are just excuses for him.  Enforcing one likes upon others, but do not give anyEnforcing one likes upon others, but do not give any importance to other’s likings.importance to other’s likings.  Unnecessary criticism upon other’s opinion or stand.Unnecessary criticism upon other’s opinion or stand.  When he is criticized he reacts violently and in rage.When he is criticized he reacts violently and in rage.  No tolerance to others remarks which may be different fromNo tolerance to others remarks which may be different from his position.his position.  Bitterness in relations and in mutual arguments resulting inBitterness in relations and in mutual arguments resulting in frequent in fights.frequent in fights.
  32. 32. Consequences-Consequences-  Mutual disliking and hatred.Mutual disliking and hatred.  Repeated bickering andRepeated bickering and argumentations.argumentations.  Grouping and in fights.Grouping and in fights.
  33. 33. REMEDYREMEDY  Generosity in giving time and spending upon others.Generosity in giving time and spending upon others.  Forgiveness to others and overlooking their minorForgiveness to others and overlooking their minor mistakes.mistakes.  Being flexible and give concessions to others whereverBeing flexible and give concessions to others wherever possible in Jama’ah.possible in Jama’ah.  Develop tolerance to others criticism.Develop tolerance to others criticism.  Be very kind and soft hearted towards others.Be very kind and soft hearted towards others.  Keep an eye upon one’s mistakes and look at othersKeep an eye upon one’s mistakes and look at others virtues.virtues.  Prefer to absorb hurting remarks and never hurtPrefer to absorb hurting remarks and never hurt others with theirs.others with theirs.  Support those who are falling back in their endeavorsSupport those who are falling back in their endeavors rather than pushing them out.rather than pushing them out.
  34. 34. 8- Weak- Determination8- Weak- Determination and Inactivity:and Inactivity: Symptoms:Symptoms:  He tries to avoid responsibilities.He tries to avoid responsibilities.  He does not like to spend time,He does not like to spend time, money or effort for the Jama’ah.money or effort for the Jama’ah.  He prefers all other engagementHe prefers all other engagement in his life upon Jama’ah work.in his life upon Jama’ah work.  He only maintains minimalHe only maintains minimal contact with the Jama’ah.contact with the Jama’ah.
  35. 35. More SymptomsMore Symptoms  He presents different excuses to coverHe presents different excuses to cover his lack of activity.his lack of activity.  He may start telling lies to cover hisHe may start telling lies to cover his inactivity.inactivity.  When he sees that he is going to beWhen he sees that he is going to be exposed regarding his inactivity, thenexposed regarding his inactivity, then he starts criticizing the Jama’ah and itshe starts criticizing the Jama’ah and its leadership.leadership.
  36. 36. RemedyRemedy  Jama’ah should assess whether the reasonJama’ah should assess whether the reason for inactivity is weak determination or therefor inactivity is weak determination or there are some genuine reasons to be addressed.are some genuine reasons to be addressed.  Whenever such attitude is brought to notice,Whenever such attitude is brought to notice, Jama’ah should try to correct it with adviceJama’ah should try to correct it with advice and reminder.and reminder.  Such person should be put throughSuch person should be put through Muhasibah so that others may not follow hisMuhasibah so that others may not follow his example.example.  Jama’ah must not allow such persons to hideJama’ah must not allow such persons to hide this weakness behind lies and deception.this weakness behind lies and deception. These must be exposed and corrective actionThese must be exposed and corrective action be taken.be taken.
  37. 37. III- Diseases amongstIII- Diseases amongst the workersthe workers  1-1-Causing verbal insults andCausing verbal insults and calling namescalling names Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (Indeed) doing wrong. Hujurat 49:11
  38. 38. Following Ahadith of theFollowing Ahadith of the Prophet (s.a.w.) explain thisProphet (s.a.w.) explain this further:further:  Ibn Masood (r.a.a.) reported thatIbn Masood (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” To callthe Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” To call names to a Muslim is sinful and tonames to a Muslim is sinful and to fight with him is Kufr.” Mishkat.fight with him is Kufr.” Mishkat.  Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “A believerProphet (s.a.w.) said, “A believer never sends taunts or curses uponnever sends taunts or curses upon others. He never uses foulothers. He never uses foul language or insulting language.”language or insulting language.”
  39. 39. 2-Ghiba or2-Ghiba or BackbitingBackbiting  Ghiba means to mentionsGhiba means to mentions someone’s shortcomings tosomeone’s shortcomings to others in his absence. This is aothers in his absence. This is a deplorable sin since the person isdeplorable sin since the person is not present to defend himself.not present to defend himself. Quran has condemned this sin inQuran has condemned this sin in the following words:the following words:
  40. 40. 3-Namima3-Namima or Gossipingor Gossiping  It means reporting any hearsay toIt means reporting any hearsay to others and spreading rumors.others and spreading rumors. Quran has called this to be an evilQuran has called this to be an evil habithabit Neither obey you each feeble oath monger, Detractor, spreader abroad of slanders, Hinderer of the good, transgressor, malefactor Greedy therewithal, intrusive. Qalam 68:10-13
  41. 41. 4-Reminding our brother of4-Reminding our brother of his mistakes on his face orhis mistakes on his face or in front of others toin front of others to humiliate himhumiliate him  This habit sows the seeds ofThis habit sows the seeds of hatred in the hearts and leads tohatred in the hearts and leads to disruption of mutual relations.disruption of mutual relations. Neither defame one another. Hujurat.49: 11
  42. 42. 5-5-TajussusTajussus or prying inor prying in other’s private mattersother’s private matters  Do not pry. Hujurat 49:12Do not pry. Hujurat 49:12  Abdullah Ibn Omar (r.a.a.) reportedAbdullah Ibn Omar (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” Do notthat the Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” Do not look into their (Muslim’s) privatelook into their (Muslim’s) private matters. Whoever attempts to lookmatters. Whoever attempts to look into his brother’s private matters, Allahinto his brother’s private matters, Allah (s.w.t.) then is determined to publicize(s.w.t.) then is determined to publicize his private matters. When Allahhis private matters. When Allah (s.w.t.) is determined to do that, He(s.w.t.) is determined to do that, He humiliates that person even if he ishumiliates that person even if he is hiding in his home.” Tirmizi, Mishkat.hiding in his home.” Tirmizi, Mishkat.
  43. 43. 6-6-TamaskharTamaskhar or ridiculingor ridiculing O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: it may be that the (latter) are better than the (former) Hujurat 49: 11
  44. 44. 7-7-Looking down upon ourLooking down upon our brotherbrother (Ijab)(Ijab)  Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that the ProphetAbu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” To consider a person undesirable, this(s.a.w.) said,” To consider a person undesirable, this reason is enough that he looks down at his brother.”reason is enough that he looks down at his brother.” MishkatMishkat  In another Hadith, he enumerated the rights of aIn another Hadith, he enumerated the rights of a Muslim upon another Muslim and he included these,Muslim upon another Muslim and he included these, “He must not humiliate him and he must not look“He must not humiliate him and he must not look down upon him.”down upon him.”  Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that once the ProphetAbu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that once the Prophet (s.a.w.) was telling him about three things which(s.a.w.) was telling him about three things which bring salvation and three things which bring disaster.bring salvation and three things which bring disaster. Then the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “One worst thingThen the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “One worst thing which destroys a person is hiswhich destroys a person is his ‘Ijab’ (‘Ijab’ (or thinking thator thinking that he is better than others).”he is better than others).”
  45. 45. 8-8-Sinful SuspicionSinful Suspicion  O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion asO ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion inmuch (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin. Hujurat 49:12some cases is a sin. Hujurat 49:12  Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that theAbu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” You must avoidProphet (s.a.w.) said,” You must avoid sinful suspicion since this is the worstsinful suspicion since this is the worst lie.” Bukhari, Muslimlie.” Bukhari, Muslim
  46. 46. 99BuhtanBuhtan or Falseor False AllegationAllegation -- But if anyone earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is innocent He carries (on himself) (both) a falsehood and a flagrant sin. Nisa 4:112 And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly bear (on themselves) a calumny and a glaring sin. Ahzab 33:58
  47. 47. 10-10-Causing harmCausing harm  This harm could cause mental anguish orThis harm could cause mental anguish or physical harm to the body or his property.physical harm to the body or his property.  Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.a.) reported that theAbu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” Cursed is that personProphet (s.a.w.) said,” Cursed is that person who hurts a Muslim or deceives him.”who hurts a Muslim or deceives him.” Mishkat.Mishkat.  Prophet (s.a.w.) also said, “Whoever hurts aProphet (s.a.w.) also said, “Whoever hurts a Muslim, Allah (s.w.t.) shall hurt him andMuslim, Allah (s.w.t.) shall hurt him and whoever causes suffering to a Muslim, Allahwhoever causes suffering to a Muslim, Allah (s.w.t.) shall bring suffering to him.” Ibn(s.w.t.) shall bring suffering to him.” Ibn Maja and TirmiziMaja and Tirmizi
  48. 48. 11-11-Causing sadness andCausing sadness and griefgrief  Anas Ibn Malik (r.a.a. reported that theAnas Ibn Malik (r.a.a. reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “Whoever caused griefProphet (s.a.w.) said, “Whoever caused grief to a Muslim, he caused grief to Allah (s.w.t.).”to a Muslim, he caused grief to Allah (s.w.t.).” Tibrani.Tibrani.  Anas Ibn Malik reported that the ProphetAnas Ibn Malik reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “If someone fulfils someone’s(s.a.w.) said, “If someone fulfils someone’s need to please him, he indeed pleased me.need to please him, he indeed pleased me. Whoever pleased me, he pleased AllahWhoever pleased me, he pleased Allah (s.w.t.). Whoever pleased Allah (s.w.t.), he(s.w.t.). Whoever pleased Allah (s.w.t.), he shall enter him in Jannah.” Baihiqi, Mishkatshall enter him in Jannah.” Baihiqi, Mishkat
  49. 49. 12-12-HasadHasad or Jealousyor Jealousy  HasadHasad is an evil ailment of the heart.Itis an evil ailment of the heart.It includes disliking of something good inincludes disliking of something good in another person, desire that good isanother person, desire that good is removed from him and given to theremoved from him and given to the jealous person.jealous person.  Reasons forReasons for HasadHasad include personalinclude personal sense of superiority, pride, vendetta,sense of superiority, pride, vendetta, desire to dominate others, personaldesire to dominate others, personal failures or just desire for power andfailures or just desire for power and status.status.
  50. 50. Ahadith of theAhadith of the Prophet(s.a.w.) concerningProphet(s.a.w.) concerning HasadHasad  ““Protect yourself againstProtect yourself against Hasad.Hasad. It eats up your goodIt eats up your good deeds just like fire eats up the wood.” Abu Dawooddeeds just like fire eats up the wood.” Abu Dawood  Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that the ProphetAbu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said,” Do not pry, do not interfere in(s.a.w.) said,” Do not pry, do not interfere in someone’s business matter, do not be jealous, do notsomeone’s business matter, do not be jealous, do not have vendetta, do not be indifferent to each other andhave vendetta, do not be indifferent to each other and do not be greedy. Be like true servants of Allah (s.w.t.)do not be greedy. Be like true servants of Allah (s.w.t.) and be brothers.” Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkatand be brothers.” Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat  ““Diseases of the previous nations have affected you.Diseases of the previous nations have affected you. These areThese are HasadHasad and animosity. They are like shavers.and animosity. They are like shavers. They do not shave hairs, they shave your Deen.”They do not shave hairs, they shave your Deen.” Ahmad, Tirmizi, MishkatAhmad, Tirmizi, Mishkat
  51. 51. 13-Hypocrisy13-Hypocrisy  There could be implanted elements orThere could be implanted elements or hypocrites in the Jama’ah.hypocrites in the Jama’ah.  They present themselves as loyalThey present themselves as loyal members of the Jama’ah but behindmembers of the Jama’ah but behind the scene they conspire and plot tothe scene they conspire and plot to weaken it and create rifts and disputesweaken it and create rifts and disputes amongst its members.amongst its members.
  52. 52. 14-Greed.14-Greed.  Greed or lust for power, money or otherGreed or lust for power, money or other material benefits could blindfold a person.material benefits could blindfold a person.  He may then overlook the significance of hisHe may then overlook the significance of his mission, Jama’ah or the accountability beforemission, Jama’ah or the accountability before Allah (s.w.t.) on the Day of Judgment.Allah (s.w.t.) on the Day of Judgment.  He may resort to tactics to satisfy his lust andHe may resort to tactics to satisfy his lust and jeopardize the integrity and sanctity of thejeopardize the integrity and sanctity of the Jama’ah.Jama’ah.  Such people are very poisonous to theSuch people are very poisonous to the Jama’ah and lead to lot of conflicts andJama’ah and lead to lot of conflicts and disputes.disputes.
  53. 53. 15-Prejudice.15-Prejudice.  One may have prejudice against otherOne may have prejudice against other persons based upon race, ethnicity,persons based upon race, ethnicity, sect, national origin etc.sect, national origin etc.  Due to this prejudice, one may sayDue to this prejudice, one may say things or take actions which arethings or take actions which are contrary to the best interest of thecontrary to the best interest of the Jama’ah.Jama’ah.  This could lead to grouping andThis could lead to grouping and division of the Jama’ah.division of the Jama’ah.
  54. 54. ConclusionConclusion

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