Depression islamic perspective


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Depression is defined in this presentation. Its prevalence, classification, treatment modalities are presented. Islamic perspective in the light of Quran and Sunnah is explained.

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Depression islamic perspective

  1. 1. A. SADNESS, Grief or Normal DepressionFeeling depressed can be a reaction to • Loss, • Life's struggles, or • An injured self-esteem B-Major Clinical Depression• Feelings of intense sadness -- including feeling helpless, hopeless, and worthless which lasts for many days to weeks and • Keeps you from functioning normally,
  2. 2. Depression occurs when you have at least five of the following symptoms at the same time: • A depressed mood during most of the day, particularly in the morning • Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt almost every day • Impaired concentration, indecisiveness • Insomnia (an inability to sleep) or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping) almost every day • Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities nearly every day • Recurring thoughts of death or suicide (not just fearing death) • A sense of restlessness or being slowed down • Significant weight loss or weight gain
  3. 3. • • • • • • • • Periods of sadness and disappointment may feel guilt An increase in or loss of appetite An overall lack of energy In response to negative situations, e.g., the loss of a job, an argument with a friend, a poor mark on an exam, insecurity, poor communication with others, and the rise of problems for which the individual cannot find a solution, or of an inability to cope. Sometimes there is no apparent reason Depressed person is aware of a problem, but feels powerless Depression may be quite pronounced and persistent, but the individual in question is still able to function reasonably well in everyday life. This is ordinary, simple neurotic depression. But since it is not disabling, it is not regarded as a mental illness
  4. 4. • 1-Futile and self-defeating when it is based on a condition that one cannot possibly do anything about. An example is ‘worry’ about age • 2-Feelings of guilt where an individual is either consciously or subconsciously accepting blame for something that is not his fault • 3-The deeper the depression, the more likely he is to retreat from everyday life. • 4-The more extreme the depression, the more it becomes calculated self-punishment.
  5. 5. • Abnormal depression is comprised of one or more major depressive occurrences where there is a feeling of extreme elation or euphoria • Abnormal depressive occurrences may take weeks or months to appear, and can last for several months more • Person exhibits extreme changes in mood, motivation, thinking, and physical and motor functioning.
  6. 6. • 1.A depressed mood, complete despair, loneliness, or boredom; • 2.Feeling of worthlessness and guilt- the individual sees himself without intelligence, attractiveness, health, or social skills; • 3.Reduced motivation, general interest and pleasure disappear from previously enjoyed activities; • 4.Disturbances of appetite, sleep, a person can neither eat nor sleep or eats and sleeps in excess; • 5.Psychomotor retardation or agitation, where people commonly become lethargic or become fidgety, pacing and moaning
  7. 7. • 6.Reduced energy- a person feels chronic exhaustion • 7.Difficulties in thinking- retarded cognitive processes and difficulty in thinking, concentrating, or remembering; and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, which do sometimes result in suicide. • Psychiatrists thus diagnose depression as an illness that has biological causes and consider it a medical disorder (just like diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease). • Day after day, these disorders affect the individual’s thoughts, feelings, physical health, and behavior
  8. 8. • ■Major depressive disorder (also known as clinical depression or major depression) • This is a specific diagnosis from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by the American Psychiatric Association. | • Here are some sub-categories of major depression: • ■Atypical depression, a cyclical sub-type of major depression where sleep, feeding and perception of pleasure are normal but there is a feeling of lethargy • ■Melancholic depression a sub-type of major depression characterized by an inability to feel pleasure combined with physical agitation, insomnia, or decreased appetite • ■Psychotic depression, a sub-type of major depression combined with psychotic or delusional perceptions • ■Depressive Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
  9. 9. • ■Postpartum depression, a depressive episode occurring within a year of childbirth • ■Dysthymia, a long-term low-grade depressive condition • ■Adjustment disorder with depressed mood, previously known as “reactive depression” • ■ Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a depressed mood related to the seasons • Other major categories include Bi-polar Depression (manic Depression) • Dual Diagnosis (Depression along with Substance Abuse).
  10. 10. •Certain life conditions- like loss of a loved one, a difficult relationship •Family history and genetics •Other general medical illnesses •Certain medicines •Drugs or alcohol •Other psychiatric conditions. • Important neurotransmitters—chemicals that brain cells use to communicate—appear to be out of balance
  11. 11. A. Medical treatment (the use of medicine) o SSRI’s-Prozac (fluoxetine), Celexa (citalopram), and Zoloft (sertraline) o SNRIs (norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) - are similar to SSRIs. Effexor (venlafaxine) and Cymbalta (duloxetine) o MAO Inhibitors-inhibit the activity of the monoamine oxidase enzyme family. These are reserved as last class when others fail. o TCA- were first discovered in the early 1950s. These are drugs like Amitriptyline, Nortriptyline, Doxepin.
  12. 12. A. Interpersonal -helps the patient through uneasy personal relationships that could be exacerbating the depression. B. Cognitive/behavioral therapies -is a form of psychotherapy that treats problems and boosts happiness by modifying dysfunctional emotions, behaviors, and thoughts. It helps the patient alter his negative way of thinking and behaving C. Psychodynamic therapies-is a form of depth psychology, the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a client's psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension. In this way, it is similar to psychoanalysis
  13. 13. • It is used for severe depression or when depression medicines fail to work. • ECT has improved greatly over the years and does provide significant benefits for some patients. • Side effects, such as memory loss, confusion and disorientation generally go away not long after treatment is administered.
  14. 14. • 1. We have shifted our focus from Allah (SWT) towards our abilities and resources, and towards people around us. • Thus, when everything around us fails us, we lose hope in life and sink into a state of depression. • We have forgotten that our Allah(SWT) alone has placed us in that condition and our Allah(SWT) alone will remove us from that condition. • Our attention and focus should constantly be directed towards the unlimited treasures of Allah(SWT) and not towards our endless weakness.
  15. 15. • We worry and concern ourselves over such things that are beyond our reach, and they are not in our control. • We become overwhelmed thinking about matters that have already been decided by our Allah (SWT) • Mortal man, however, fails to accept that he has absolutely no say in such issues. • Hence we become so involved in matters and things that are beyond our control that we end up neglecting what is in our control. • The end result is disorder and helplessness which leads to depression.
  16. 16. • Sins also lead to depression. • It is impossible to be happy if Allah (SWT) is unhappy with us. • Our evil actions are the fuel to the fire of destruction and depression. • Righteous actions will fill the heart with happiness.
  17. 17. • Sadness is part and parcel of human life and part of being “human” • Even Prophets like Moses, Jesus and Muhammad(SAW) went through deep sadness. • They all went through pain, suffering and the resulting sadness in their lives • Allah says that HE grants happiness and sadness: IT IS HE WHO MAKES YOU LAUGH AND CRY” (Najm,53:43) • That immense sadness of Prophets didn’t stop them from pursuing their missions even more vigorously
  18. 18. • 1.No human being is burdened with trouble and difficulties they cannot bear. • “(God) will never place a burden on a soul that it can not bear”. (Baqarah,2:286) • This shows that the human being can bear many unthinkable burdens, that one initially feels that they cannot bear. • How many humans go through great difficulties in life but live through it?
  19. 19. • It is important to know that while life tests us, there is ease after hardship. • Tough times only mean, the times of ease are near. • The Quran teaches, “The morning light after the stillness of darkness”….when its dark everything seems still as if it will never go away. • The Quran teaches, “There is ease after hardship, Indeed there is ease after hardship.”
  20. 20. • but (all this was) that Allah might test what is in your chests and purge what is in your hearts: for Allah knows well the secrets of your hearts. (Ale Imran,3:154) • When we go through difficult times it brings out the real humanity in us • We learn the frailty of human beings. • The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, “Look at the ones who are less fortunate than you, not at the ones who are more fortunate then you.”
  21. 21. • Most depression occurs because of external situations and how we allow external situations to affect our insides. • Perhaps, it’s a good time to turn to the One Who does control everything. • Pray to Allah(SWT) and you will feel so comforted in your heart. • We are taught that by turning to God, we restore ourselves like a dying plant becomes green with water. • Say to Allah(SWT) , “All admiration belongs to you, if good comes to me its from you, and if some trouble comes to me its from you, I submit to you, and this situation to you.”
  22. 22. • The life in this world is short, our time for this life is constantly running out. The Day they see it (it will be) as if they had lived but a single evening or (at most till) the following morning. (Naziat,79:46)
  23. 23. • Most Change is Spontaneous losing a job, death of a loved one, an accident, a terminal illness, etc. • People in health will soon face illness, people in illness will soon have relief. • Those that are happy today will soon undergo some sadness, and those that are sad will have happiness. • This means that your situation will not be the same forever. • Such days (of varying fortunes) We give to men and men by turns (Al Imran,3:140)
  24. 24. • "He is my Lord! There is no god but He! On Him is my trust and to Him do I turn!“(Raad,13:30) • Belief can give you the ability to handle all sorts of difficult situations. • It can give a person the ability to see the positive in the overwhelmingly negative situation. • Belief in God helps you to cope with your situation. • There must be good in what you are going through, So your worth is that God thought of you to begin with. • Also, God does not forsake His care over his creation and you are His creation.
  25. 25. To the righteous (when) it is said "What is it that your Lord has revealed?" they say "All that is good." To those who do good there is good in this world and the Home of the Hereafter is even better. And excellent indeed is the Home of the righteous. (Nahal,16:30)
  26. 26. Ibn Qayyam says,” Grief weakens the heart, weakens the resolve and harms the determination. There is nothing more beloved to Shaytan than the grief of a believer.”
  27. 27. • ■Defining Goal of life: Islam teaches us that we should focus our goal on succeeding in our life to come after this life. He will forgive you your sins and admit you to Gardens beneath which rivers flow and to beautiful mansions in Gardens of Eternity: that is indeed the supreme Achievement. (Saf,61:12) • If we emphasize on the transitory nature of this worldly life-then most of our problems of this life lose it’s importance in our lives and subsequently lose their power of a having negative impact on us
  28. 28. • And for those who fear Allah He (ever) prepares a way out. And He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine. And if anyone puts his trust in Allah sufficient is (Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish His purpose: verily for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion. • (Talaq, 65:2,3)
  29. 29. • So verily with every difficulty there is relief: • Verily with every difficulty there is relief. (94:5,6)
  30. 30. • Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity. It will have [the consequence of] what [good] it has gained, and it will bear [the consequence of+ what *evil+ it has earned.” – Quran (2:286)
  31. 31. Those who have believed and whose heart have rest in the remembrance of Allah. Verily in the remembrance of Allah, do hearts find rest. (13:27-28) • Quranic Recitation "O mankind! There has come to you a direction from you Lord, and a healing for (the disease in your) heart, and for those who believe a guidance, and mercy. (Qur'an 10:57)
  32. 32. • We bestowed (in the past) wisdom on Luqman: "Show (thy) gratitude to Allah." Any who is (so) grateful does so to the profit of his own soul: but if any is ungrateful verily Allah is free of all wants worthy of all praise. (Luqman, 30:12) • Develop gratitude for the blessings that Allah has given us. One should say “alhamdu lillah” a few hundred times a day. •
  33. 33. ■A depressed person needs a source to turn to, turn to Allah for help, support, mercy and forgiveness. Turn you to your Lord (in repentance) and bow to His (Will) before the Penalty comes on you: after that you shall not be helped. "And follow the Best of (the courses) revealed to you from your Lord before the Penalty comes on you of a sudden while you perceive not. (Zumar,39:54-55)
  34. 34. • ■Only good will become of the negative situation one finds themselves in. • But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you love a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows and you know not.(2:236) • Find out purpose and value in your life and in everything that you’re going through.
  35. 35. • Begin with focusing on the Fard (obligatory) prayers, and ensuring that you perfected every moment of that prayer. • Find connection with Allah in every prayer • O you who believe, seek help with steadfastness and prayer. For God is with those who are steadfast". (Qur'an 2:153)
  36. 36. ■Surrender your unmanageable problems and things over which you’ve lost control of to Allah. • • Not that I can profit you aught against Allah (with my advice): none can command except Allah: on Him do I put my trust and let all that trust put their trust on Him. ■Always Hope in Allah’s mercy. • • And never give up hope of Allah's Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah's Mercy, except the people who disbelieve. (Qur'an 12: 87)
  37. 37. • ■Get involved with your religious organizations, charities, or some other volunteer work • We know from Ahadith that Allah admitted a prostitute from Bani-Israel into Paradise because she showed mercy and gave a drink to a dog who was thirsty. • So what will be the case for the one who removes hardships for his or her fellow humans
  38. 38. • • • • • • • • • ■Exercise ■Nutrition ■Sleep well ■Read ■Contemplate ■Write a Journal ■Reconnect with your lost relationships ■Spend time in nature ■REMEMBER “SOME BASIC TRUTHS”
  39. 39. • Things won’t always work out your way, but rather will be balanced with going your way and going another way • Everything you face is a challenge to make you a greater and better person, • Allah wouldn’t have you face anything you can’t handle, which means that He, the All-Knowing, Most Wise, has confidence in you being able to fight through it. • There is no calamity that strikes a believer, even if it as small as the prick of a thorn, except that it expiates the sins of that believer.” – Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
  40. 40. 1. Do not hate anyone even if your rights are violated 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Do not worry and make frequent dua Live with happiness in spite of your situation Hope for goodness in face of many hardships Give a lot even though you are deprived Smile even when your heart is weeping bloody tears Do not discontinue dua for your brother behind his back
  41. 41. • • • • Smile, one who has left shall not return One who harmed you shall be harmed one day One who made you cry will find one who will make him cry If you feel disheartened, prostrate before your Lord, He shall turn to you often
  42. 42. • Ya Allah! I seek your protection from sadness and grief. I seek your protection from cowardice and miserliness. I seek your protection from overtaking of loan and aggression of people.
  43. 43. • Ya Allah! I ask you a soul satisfied with you, believing in meeting you, happy with your destiny and satisfied with your giving.