O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other) .Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things) Al-Hujurat, 49:13
2-Soft-heartedness and Kindness It is part of the Mercy of Allah that thou dost deal gently with them. Wert thou severe or harsh-hearted they would have broken away from about thee ; so pass over (their faults) and ask for (Allah's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then when thou hast taken a decision put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him [Ayah: Al-Imran, 3:159]
“ Allah (s.w.t.) is not kind to him who is not kind to men.”
“ Kindness adorns everything, while harshness disgraces everything!”
“ A soft heart is near Allah, while a hard one is remote from him.”
3-Ingenuity and Ability to Face and Solve Problems
When Prophet (s.a.w.) appointed Mu’az Ibn Jabal (r.a.a.) as governor of Yemen, he asked him, “How will you make decisions when a matter is presented to you?” He replied, “I shall decide according to guidance in Quran. If I did not find clear direction there, then I shall decide in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet. If I did not find a clear directive in either of these sources, then I shall decide in accordance with my Ijtihad.” Upon listening to this response, the Prophet (s.a.w.) thanked Allah (s.w.t.) who guided Mu’az to the right procedure in making decisions. ( Abu Dawood)
Omar Ibn Khattab (r.a.a.) wrote the following as his directive to one of his judges (Qazi Shuraih) explaining how to make decisions:
“ When you find a directive in the Book of Allah then make the decision accordingly and do not look anywhere else. If you do not find any clear directive in Quran, then look in the Prophet’s Sunnah. If you do not find any clear directive in Quran or Sunnah, then make decision according to the consensus of the righteous. However, if you do not find such direction in the consensus of the righteous, then you could make decision according to your Ijtihad or you could postpone the decision. It is better to postpone the decision (so you could consult with knowledgeable people).”
4-Strong Determination and will power ..Pass over (their faults) and ask for (Allah's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs. Then when thou hast taken a decision put thy trust in Allah. Verily! Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). Al-Imran, 3:159
Forgiveness to the Companions : In an Islamic Jama’ah, everyone has the right to criticize or differ with others. It is necessary for worker that when criticized, he ought not to keep any anger in his heart.
Forgiveness to the enemies- The Prophet (p.b.u.h), our role model, always used to invoke blessings on his enemies instead of taking revenge from them for the harm done to him.
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) never felt low in doing any kind of work. He used to milk goats, patch his own clothes, sweep his house, mend his shoes, and sometimes cook his own food.
An advisor of Omar Ibn Abdul Aziz (r.a.a.) said,” O’ Ameer of Believers! Your days and nights are consumed in taking care of people’s matter. You should set aside some time to rest.” He responded, “There is no free time now. I shall get free time when I am with Allah (s.w.t.).”
Prophet had great affection and love for his daughter Fatima. Once she wanted a maid-servant out of spoils of the war. He replied “as yet the companions of Sufa have not been supplied with such provisions. I cannot turn to my family needs before they get their share”
Once his daughter Fatima and two daughters of Zubair (r.a.a) came to the Prophet asking for some booty in order to meet their basic needs. He replied “the orphans of warriors who fell in the battle of Badr will be given first preference.”
As for the abode of the Hereafter, We assign it unto those who seek not position of authority (or leadership) in earth and nor disruption. The sequel is for those who are fearful of Allah. (Al-Qasas: 83)
"Don't seek rule. If you are given (leadership) for asking, you will be entrusted to it. If it is given to you, without, asking, you will be aided therein." (Bukhari)
"Whosoever seeks judgeship, he will be entrusted with this (to carry out the task) himself. Whoever is forced (by the Jama’ah) to be one, Allah will send one angel who will keep him on the right track." (Abu-Dawood)
“ I swear by Allah! We do not give this leadership to anyone who seeks it or is greedy for it." (Bukhari)
"The most dishonest among you is one who seeks it (leadership)." (Abu-Dawood)
Only those are believers, who believe in Allah and His Messenger: when they are with him on a matter requiring collective action, they do not depart until they have asked for his leave; those who ask for thy leave are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger; so when they ask for thy leave, for some business of theirs, give leave to those of them whom thou wilt, and ask Allah for their forgiveness: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
Say: "My Lord hath commanded justice; and that ye set your whole selves (to Him) at every time and place of prayer, and call upon Him, making your devotion sincere as in His sight: such as He created you in the beginning, so shall ye return.“ Araaf, 7:29
- Abdullah Ibn Omar (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “Those who do justice shall sit on the thrones of light on the right hand of Allah (s.w.t.). These people used to do justice in the matters of administration, family matters and any responsibility which was assigned to them.” (Muslim Kitabul Amarah)
- Abdullah Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “One day of Imam who does justice is better than sixty years of optional Salaat. One penal law of Islam when implemented on the earth brings blessings more than the forty days of rain.” (Targhib, Tibrani)
- Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.) reported that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said, “Dua of three people is not rejected: Fasting person till he breaks the fast, Imam who does justice, oppressed person who is done wrong.” (Tirmizi, Ahmad, Ibn Maja)
There must not be any intention to achieve some material benefits like power, money, position or favors.
This struggle must be purely to seek the pleasure of Allah (s.w.t.).
In order to keep the intentions of the Jama’ah and workers free of personal material gains requires lot of Tazkia and Mujahida (struggle).
4- Considering oneself perfect and better than others- (Hubb-e- Nafs)
It starts with the feeling in a person that he is free of mistakes.
He ignores his personal weaknesses and provides an explanation for such weaknesses satisfying him.
He finds many people in the Jama’ah who are better than him. This creates jealousy (Hasad) in his heart against such people. Then he engages in undue prying (Tajussus) in other’s matters to find faults in them. This leads him to back biting (Ghiba) and conspiring (Najwah). One may go on to lying (Kizb) and false allegation (Bhutan).
A person responds to a movement’s message but gradually his interest is lost in its work.
He tries to avoid responsibilities.
He does not like to spend time, money or effort for the Jama’ah.
He prefers all other engagement in his life upon Jama’ah work.
He only maintains minimal contact with the Jama’ah. This condition prevails upon him in a gradual way like transition from youth to old age.
If this disease is not stopped, it may affect many others in the Jama’ah like an epidemic. Whoever is affected by this anomaly gives example of the others who are not active.
He presents different excuses to cover his lack of activity.
He may start telling lies to cover his inactivity
More symptoms of weak determination and inactivity
When he sees that he is going to be exposed regarding his inactivity, then he starts criticizing the Jama’ah and its leadership.
Initially he does not tell the real reasons for this inactivity, but when asked he starts more criticism upon individuals and Jama’ah. He tries to find faults in the Jama’ah system and presents a list. He ignores the fact that this should have been the exact reason for more activity.
He puts the responsibility of his inactivity upon others ignoring the fact that there is a record with Allah (s.w.t.) which will expose him on the Day of Judgment. He also does not realize that this is a trap of Satan and his Nafs.
By adopting this way, he becomes a bad example for those who have same weakness.
Inactivity and weak determination becomes a movement and those who are suffering with it then engage in providing new arguments and justifications for it.
This trend if not stopped can lead to serious damage to the Jama’ah.