The Economic, Social, Civic and Fiscal
Consequences of Dropping Out of High
School: Findings for Connecticut Adults in
the...
The Economic, Social, Civic and Fiscal Consequences of
Dropping Out of High School in Connecticut
 The economic, civic an...
The Distribution of the 18-64 Year Old Resident Population
in Connecticut by Their Level of Educational Attainment and
Nat...
The Percent of High School Dropouts in the 18-64 Year Old
Population of Connecticut and the U.S. By Race-Ethnic
Group, 200...
Estimating the Number of 18-24 Year Olds Who Left High
School Without a Regular Diploma:
 High school dropouts, no GED 22...
The Labor Market Experiences and Earnings Outcomes of
Connecticut Adults (16-64) by Educational Attainment
 The civilian ...
Civilian Labor Force Participation Rates of 16-24 Year Olds in
Connecticut by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages
(...
Unemployment Rates of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut
by Educational Attainment/School Enrollment Status,
Both Genders Comb...
Employment Rates of 16-24 Year Old High School Dropouts
in Connecticut by Race-Ethnic Group, 2005-2007 Averages
21.6
33.7
...
Comparisons of the Employment/Population Ratios of
16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut and the U.S. by Educational
Attainment/S...
Employment Rates of 16-24 Year Old Dropouts in
Connecticut and Selected Cities/Areas of the
State, 2005-2007
48.0
31.3
34....
Mean Annual Hours of Work of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut
and Mean Hourly Earnings of Employed by Educational
Attainment...
Mean Annual Hours of Work Among Non-Enrolled 16-24 Year
Olds in Connecticut by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007
Averages ...
Mean Annual Earnings of Non-Enrolled 16-24 Year Olds in
Connecticut by Educational Attainment (in 1000s)
$8.7
$16.2
$18.4
...
Percent of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut Experiencing Selected
Types of Income Inadequacy Problems by Educational Attainm...
Percent of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut with No Work
Experience at Any Time During the Year by Educational
Attainment, 2...
Trends in Male Mean Lifetime Earnings(1)
from Employment
in Connecticut From Ages 18-64 by Educational Attainment
and by G...
Trends in Female Mean Lifetime Earnings(1)
from Employment
in Connecticut From Ages 18-64 by Educational Attainment and
by...
Percent Change in the Mean Real Lifetime Earnings of Males in
Connecticut by Educational Attainment from 1979 to 2005-2007...
Differences Between the Mean Lifetime Earnings of High
School Dropouts and High School Graduates and Those with
1-3 Years ...
Mean Expected Lifetime Years in Poverty/Near Poverty Among
18-64 Year Olds in Connecticut by Educational Attainment and
Ge...
Mean Expected Years Living in Poverty/Near Poverty Among
18-64 Year Old Women in Connecticut by Educational
Attainment, 20...
Percent Change in the Mean Real Lifetime Earnings of Women
in Connecticut by Educational Attainment from 1979 to 2005-07
2...
Key Social, Civic, Health, and Criminal Justice Consequences
of Dropping Out of High School in Connecticut
 Trends in mar...
Trends in the Marriage Rates of 22-64 Year Old Native Born
Adults in Connecticut by Educational Attainment from 1980
to 20...
Marriage Rates of 22-64 Year Olds in the State of Connecticut
by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages
41
54
58
62
68...
Per Cent of Connecticut Households Headed by a Person
18-64 Years Old Who Owned Their Home by Educational
Attainment in 20...
Voting Rates of 18-64 Year Old Citizens in Connecticut by
Educational Attainment in the 2004, 2006, and 2008
National Elec...
Volunteering Rates of 18-64 Year Olds(1)
in Connecticut by
Type Activity and by Educational Attainment, 2005-2008
Averages...
Percent of 18-64 Year Olds in Connecticut Who Report
Their Health Status as Only Fair or Poor in 2007 and 2008
by Educatio...
Percent of 18-64 Year Olds in Connecticut Who Lacked
Any Health Insurance Coverage by Educational Attainment,
2007-2008 Av...
Percent of 18-60 Year Olds in the State of Connecticut Who
Reported Some Type of Disability by Educational Attainment,
200...
Percent of 18-60 Year Old Disabled Persons in the State of
Connecticut Who Were Dependent on Some Form of Cash
Public Assi...
Percent of 18-34 Year Old Males in Connecticut Who Are
Institutionalized by Educational Attainment, 2006-2007
Averages
11....
The Fiscal Consequences of Being a High School Dropout
in Connecticut
 Measuring the net annual fiscal contributions of C...
A Listing of the Income, Payroll, and Property Tax Payments
to the Federal Government and State and Local Governments
(A) ...
Cash and Non-Cash Transfers Received by Individuals
or Households That Are Used in the Computation of the
Net Fiscal Impac...
A Listing of the Tax Payments, Cash Transfers, Non-Cash
Transfers, and Jail/Prison Cost Items Used in the Computation
of t...
The Mean Net Annual Fiscal Contributions of 18-64 Year
Old Adults in Connecticut and the U.S. by Educational
Attainment, A...
Mean Lifetime Net Fiscal Contributions of U.S. Adults in
Connecticut and the U.S. from Ages 18-64 by Educational
Attainmen...
Differences Between the Estimated Mean Lifetime Net Fiscal
Contributions of U.S. Adults in Selected Educational Groups
Gro...
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Cost of Dropping out of High School

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This is an overview of the economic and social consequences of students who drop out of school. Too many students go to school every day with little enthusiasm about what they are learning. We need to share best practices that will help students to stay in school and pursue their career dreams.

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Cost of Dropping out of High School

  1. 1. The Economic, Social, Civic and Fiscal Consequences of Dropping Out of High School: Findings for Connecticut Adults in the 21st Century Andrew Sum Center for Labor Market Studies Northeastern University Prepared for: Governor’s Summit on Dropout Prevention October 19, 2009 “This report was commissioned by Our Piece of the Pie® and Capital Workforce Partners with additional funding support from the Nellie Mae Education Foundation and the Connecticut Office of Workforce Competitiveness.”
  2. 2. The Economic, Social, Civic and Fiscal Consequences of Dropping Out of High School in Connecticut  The economic, civic and social case for addressing high school dropout problems in Connecticut (a need for both prevention and recovery efforts)  The labor market difficulties of teen and young adult (20-34 year old) dropouts in Connecticut; declining lifetime earnings and income prospects of 18-64 year old dropouts  The key social consequences of dropping out of high school in Connecticut: declining marriage rates, increasing out-of-wedlock childbearing, high income inadequacy problems of children, lower rates of ownership, less civic engagement and volunteering, poor health, higher rates of incarceration in jails and prisons  The fiscal consequences of dropping out of high school: lower tax payments at all levels of government, increased dependency on government for cash and in-kind transfers, a higher incarceration cost, a major net fiscal burden
  3. 3. The Distribution of the 18-64 Year Old Resident Population in Connecticut by Their Level of Educational Attainment and Nativity Status, 2005-2007 Educational Attainment (A) Total (B) Native Born (C) Foreign Born H.S. dropouts 8.3 5.5 20.2 H.S. graduates, with no post-secondary schooling 29.0 28.6 31.0 Some College, no degree 20.8 22.5 13.5 Associate degree 7.7 8.0 6.6 Bachelors degree 20.1 21.1 15.7 Masters or higher degree 14.0 14.3 12.9
  4. 4. The Percent of High School Dropouts in the 18-64 Year Old Population of Connecticut and the U.S. By Race-Ethnic Group, 2005-2007 7.9 13.5 27.4 5 9.9 15 34.7 7.7 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Asian Black Hispanic White Race-Ethnic Group % CT U.S.
  5. 5. Estimating the Number of 18-24 Year Olds Who Left High School Without a Regular Diploma:  High school dropouts, no GED 22,516  The estimated ACS “undercount” of high school dropouts 2,501  18-24 year olds with a GED in 2007 10,011  Projected number of high school students who will drop out 2,198 before receiving a regular diploma  Total, above four groups 37,226  Total 18-24 Year Old Population 300,223  Dropouts as a share of the 18-24 Year Old Population 12.4%
  6. 6. The Labor Market Experiences and Earnings Outcomes of Connecticut Adults (16-64) by Educational Attainment  The civilian labor force participation behavior and unemployment rates of 16-24 year olds in Connecticut by educational attainment  The employment rates of 16-24 year olds in Connecticut and the U.S. by educational attainment  The mean annual hours of work and annual earnings of teens and young adults in Connecticut; large earnings gaps by level of educational attainment  Trends in lifetime earnings of 18-64 year old men and women in Connecticut by educational attainment  Differences in the mean expected lifetime earnings of male and female high school dropouts and graduates in Connecticut, 2005-2007  Mean lifetime years in a poverty/near poverty and low income status among Connecticut men and women by educational attainment, 2005- 2007
  7. 7. Civilian Labor Force Participation Rates of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages (in %) 69.7 86.8 63.1 89.8 95.4 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 H.S. Dropout H.S. Grad College Student 13-15 Years BA Degree Educational Attainment %
  8. 8. Unemployment Rates of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut by Educational Attainment/School Enrollment Status, Both Genders Combined, 2005-2007 Averages (in %) 25.8 31.2 17.5 10.7 10.5 7.2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 H.S. Student H.S. Dropout H.S. Grad/GED College Student 1-3 Years College BA or Higher Degree Educational Attainment %
  9. 9. Employment Rates of 16-24 Year Old High School Dropouts in Connecticut by Race-Ethnic Group, 2005-2007 Averages 21.6 33.7 43.5 58.0 46.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Asian Black, not Hispanic Hispanic, Native Born Hispanic, Immigrant White, not Hispanic Major Race/Ethnic Group %
  10. 10. Comparisons of the Employment/Population Ratios of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut and the U.S. by Educational Attainment/School Enrollment Status, 2005-2007 Averages Educational Group (A) Connecticut (B) U.S. (C) Connecticut -U.S. High school students 28.5 26.3 +2.2 High school dropouts/no GED 47.9 51.4 -3.5 High school graduates/GED holders 71.6 67.9 +3.7 College students 96.4 55.2 +1.2 1-3 years college, including AA 80.1 79.3 +0.8 Bachelor’s degree 88.5 83.9 +0.6 All 53.7 52.8 +0.9
  11. 11. Employment Rates of 16-24 Year Old Dropouts in Connecticut and Selected Cities/Areas of the State, 2005-2007 48.0 31.3 34.7 37.4 40.7 42.3 53.7 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 Connecticut New Haven Waterbury Hartford Bristol Manchester Bridgeport %
  12. 12. Mean Annual Hours of Work of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut and Mean Hourly Earnings of Employed by Educational Attainment, All and by Gender, 2005 – 2007 Averages Mean Annual Hours of Work (Including Non-Workers) 00 (A) All (B) Men (C) Women • High school students 164 165 162 • High school dropout, no GED 857 949 700 • High school graduates/GED 1,372 1,510 1,179 • College students 696 697 695 • 13-15 years 1,470 1,549 1,385 • BA or higher degree 1,634 1,650 1,622 Mean Hourly Earnings of Employed (A) All (B) Men (C) Women (D) Women as % of Men • High school student $8.47 $8.36 $8.63 103 • High school dropout, no GED 10.11 10.51 9.16 87 • High school graduate, GED 11.83 12.15 11.28 93 • College students 10.77 10.88 10.69 98 • 1-3 years of college 12.53 12.68 12.35 98 • BA or higher degree 17.16 18.15 16.41
  13. 13. Mean Annual Hours of Work Among Non-Enrolled 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages (includes non-workers) 857 1,372 1,470 1,634 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 High School Dropout High School Diploma or GED 1-3 Years College BA or Higher Degree Educational Attainment Mean Annual Hours
  14. 14. Mean Annual Earnings of Non-Enrolled 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut by Educational Attainment (in 1000s) $8.7 $16.2 $18.4 $28.0 $- $5.0 $10.0 $15.0 $20.0 $25.0 $30.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Years BA or Higher Educational Attainment in 1000s
  15. 15. Percent of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut Experiencing Selected Types of Income Inadequacy Problems by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages (Excludes High School Students) Educational Attainment (A) Poor (B) Poor / Near Poor (C) Low Income High school dropout 30.3 35.2 52.0 High school graduate/GED 9.6 12.9 25.3 College students 8.2 9.7 16.1 Some college, including AA degree 7.3 8.5 19.4 Bachelor’s degree 5.5 8.0 16.8
  16. 16. Percent of 16-24 Year Olds in Connecticut with No Work Experience at Any Time During the Year by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages (Excluding High School Students) 32 12 15 8 3 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 High School Dropouts High School Graduate College Students 1-3 Years College BA+ Educational Attainment Percent
  17. 17. Trends in Male Mean Lifetime Earnings(1) from Employment in Connecticut From Ages 18-64 by Educational Attainment and by Gender (in $1000 of 2009 Dollars) MEN Educational Attainment (A) 1979 (B) 2005-2007 Averages (C) Absolute Change (D) Percent Change High school dropout $1,510 $1,110 -400 -26.5 High school graduate/GED 2,008 1,630 -378 -18.8 13-15 years 2,387 2,156 -231 -9.7 Bachelor’s degree 3,288 3,770 +482 +14.6 Master’s or higher degree 3,454 4,928 +1,474 +42.7 All 2,318 2,699 381 +16.4 Note: Earnings of all students ages 18-22 are ignored in the lifetime calculations.
  18. 18. Trends in Female Mean Lifetime Earnings(1) from Employment in Connecticut From Ages 18-64 by Educational Attainment and by Gender (in $1000 of 2009 Dollars) WOMEN Educational Attainment (A) 1979 (B) 2005-2007 Averages (C) Absolute Change (D) Percent Change High school dropout 436 586 +100 +20.6 High school graduate/GED 693 971 +278 +40.1 13-15 years 790 1,2784 +494 +55.9 Bachelor’s degree 816 1,826 +1,010 +123.8 Master’s or higher degree 1,285 2,387 +1,102 +85.7 All 733 1,445 712 +97.1 Note: Earnings of all students ages 18-22 are ignored in the lifetime calculations.
  19. 19. Percent Change in the Mean Real Lifetime Earnings of Males in Connecticut by Educational Attainment from 1979 to 2005-2007 -27 -19 -10 15 43 -40.0 -30.0 -20.0 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Year BA MA or Higher Educational Attainment %
  20. 20. Differences Between the Mean Lifetime Earnings of High School Dropouts and High School Graduates and Those with 1-3 Years of College in Connecticut in 2005-2007 by Gender Comparison Men Women High school graduate vs. high school dropout $527,920 $384,289 1-3 years of college vs. high school dropout $1,046,552 $697,875
  21. 21. Mean Expected Lifetime Years in Poverty/Near Poverty Among 18-64 Year Olds in Connecticut by Educational Attainment and Gender, 1979 to 2005-07 Men Educational Attainment (A) 1979 (B) 2005 – 2007 (C) Change in Years High school dropout 5.5 9.0 +3.5 High school graduate/GED 2.2 3.8 +1.6 Some college 1.8 2.4 +.6 Bachelor degree 1.6 1.5 -.1 Master’s or higher degree 1.1 1.3 +.2 All 2.7 3.4 +.7 Women Educational Attainment (A) 1979 (B) 2005 – 2007 (C) Change in Years High school dropout 10.7 15.0 +4.3 High school graduate/GED 3.7 6.4 +2.7 Some college 2.9 4.1 +1.2 Bachelor degree 2.7 2.0 -.7 Master’s or higher degree 1.7 1.7 0.0 All 4.6 5.0 +.4
  22. 22. Mean Expected Years Living in Poverty/Near Poverty Among 18-64 Year Old Women in Connecticut by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages 15.0 6.4 4.1 2.0 1.7 5.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Year BA MA or Higher All Educational Attainment Years
  23. 23. Percent Change in the Mean Real Lifetime Earnings of Women in Connecticut by Educational Attainment from 1979 to 2005-07 21 40 56 124 86 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Year BA MA or Higher Educational Attainment %
  24. 24. Key Social, Civic, Health, and Criminal Justice Consequences of Dropping Out of High School in Connecticut  Trends in marriage rates of Connecticut adults by educational attainment  The share of births taking place out-of-wedlock to Connecticut women under 30 years old  The dependence of Connecticut adults on welfare income and food stamps by educational attainment  The voting and volunteering behavior of Connecticut adults  The self-reported health status and disability status of Connecticut adults  The health insurance coverage of non-elderly Connecticut adults  The incarceration status of young adults by educational attainment
  25. 25. Trends in the Marriage Rates of 22-64 Year Old Native Born Adults in Connecticut by Educational Attainment from 1980 to 2005-2007 (in %) Educational Attainment (A) 1979 (B) 2005 – 2007 (C) Change in Years All High school dropout 66.4 40.9 -25.5 High school graduate/GED 72.1 54.4 -17.7 Some college 66.1 58.3 -7.8 Bachelor degree 67.9 63.9 -4.0 Master’s or higher degree 74.5 72.7 -1.8 All 69.4 59.8 -9.6 Men High school dropout 70.6 43.0 -27.6 High school graduate/GED 71.8 55.9 -16.5 Some college 65.7 58.4 -7.3 Bachelor degree 69.4 65.6 -3.8 Master’s or higher degree 79.2 77.8 -1.4 All 70.9 60.4 -10.5 Women High school dropout 62.2 38.6 -23.6 High school graduate/GED 72.4 55.9 -16.5 Some college 66.5 58.2 -7.3 Bachelor degree 66.1 63.3 -3.8 Master’s or higher degree 66.4 68.3 +1.9 All 67.9 59.2 -8.7
  26. 26. Marriage Rates of 22-64 Year Olds in the State of Connecticut by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Averages 41 54 58 62 68 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Year BA MA or Higher Educational Attainment
  27. 27. Per Cent of Connecticut Households Headed by a Person 18-64 Years Old Who Owned Their Home by Educational Attainment in 2005-2007 37.0 59.1 69.7 78.0 81.4 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Years BA Degree MA+ Degree Educational Attainment %
  28. 28. Voting Rates of 18-64 Year Old Citizens in Connecticut by Educational Attainment in the 2004, 2006, and 2008 National Elections (in %) Educational Attainment (A) 2004 (B) 2006 (C) 2008 High school dropout 46.6 26.8 41.5 High school graduate/GED 53.9 40.1 55.8 1-3 years of college 63.4 47.0 73.1 Bachelor’s degree 73.6 61.7 77.4 Master’s or higher degree 82.3 76.8 82.4 All 63.3 49.7 67.2 Source: November 2004, 2006, and 2008 CPS surveys, public use files, tabulations by authors.
  29. 29. Volunteering Rates of 18-64 Year Olds(1) in Connecticut by Type Activity and by Educational Attainment, 2005-2008 Averages Educational Attainment (A) Any Volunteering (B) Civic Volunteering (C) Health or Education Volunteering High school dropout 11.5 1.9 5.1 High school graduate 20.7 3.0 9.8 1-3 years of college 32.5 7.5 14.8 BA degree 39.7 8.2 19.0 Master’s or higher degree 51.3 12.3 22.4 All 31.6 6.7 14.4 Note: Findings exclude high school and college students. Source: September 2007 and September 2008 CPS surveys, public use files, tabulations by authors.
  30. 30. Percent of 18-64 Year Olds in Connecticut Who Report Their Health Status as Only Fair or Poor in 2007 and 2008 by Educational Attainment 21.5 12.8 7.2 4.5 3.6 8.9 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Years BA Degree Master's or Higher All Educational Attainment %
  31. 31. Percent of 18-64 Year Olds in Connecticut Who Lacked Any Health Insurance Coverage by Educational Attainment, 2007-2008 Averages 27.0 15.8 14.0 6.6 3.9 12.6 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Years BA MA or Higher All Educational Attainment %
  32. 32. Percent of 18-60 Year Olds in the State of Connecticut Who Reported Some Type of Disability by Educational Attainment, 2005-2007 Average 23.3 12.3 8.7 4.6 4.2 9.7 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Years BA MA or Higher All Educational Attainment %
  33. 33. Percent of 18-60 Year Old Disabled Persons in the State of Connecticut Who Were Dependent on Some Form of Cash Public Assistance Income by Educational Attainment, 2005- 2007 Averages 48.3 37.3 29.4 22.9 19.9 35.3 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Years BA MA or Higher All Educational Attainment %
  34. 34. Percent of 18-34 Year Old Males in Connecticut Who Are Institutionalized by Educational Attainment, 2006-2007 Averages 11.1 3.7 1.1 0.1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 High School Dropout High School Graduate 13-15 Years BA Degree MA or Higher Educational Attainment %
  35. 35. The Fiscal Consequences of Being a High School Dropout in Connecticut  Measuring the net annual fiscal contributions of Connecticut adults by educational attainment  The sources of federal, state, and local tax payments of each educational group  The receipt of a wide array of both cash and in-kind transfers (rental subsidies, food stamps, Medicaid benefits, etc.) from the government  Correctional institution costs imposed by each educational group  Estimates of the mean size of the net annual fiscal contributions of each educational group  The lifetime differences between the net tax payments of Connecticut high school dropouts, high school graduates, and those with 1-3 years of college
  36. 36. A Listing of the Income, Payroll, and Property Tax Payments to the Federal Government and State and Local Governments (A) (B) Federal Government State and Local Governments Federal income tax payments State income tax liability Federal retirement payroll deductions Property tax liability Federal retirement payroll deductions Property tax liability Social Security retirement payroll taxes State sales tax
  37. 37. Cash and Non-Cash Transfers Received by Individuals or Households That Are Used in the Computation of the Net Fiscal Impacts Cash Transfers Non-Cash Transfers (In-Kind Benefits) Unemployment benefits Market value of food stamps Worker's compensation Market value of Medicare insurance Social Security payments Market value of Medicaid benefits Supplemental Security Income for the disabled and aged Family market value of housing subsidies Public assistance income (TANF, general relief) Family market value of school lunch subsidies Veteran's payments Energy assistance payments Survivor's income benefits Other disability income Federal Earned Income Tax Credits
  38. 38. A Listing of the Tax Payments, Cash Transfers, Non-Cash Transfers, and Jail/Prison Cost Items Used in the Computation of the Net Fiscal Impacts (A) Total Tax Payments + Mean Federal Income Tax Payments + Mean State Income Tax Payments + Mean Federal Government Retirement Contributions + Mean Social Security Payroll (Include Employer Contribution) + Mean Expected Property Tax Payment + Mean Sales Taxes (B) Total Transfers/Jail or Prison Costs + Mean Non-Cash Transfers + Mean Cash Transfers + Mean Jail/Prison Costs (for ages 18-60) Taxes Paid -Transfers/Jail or Prison Costs (A-B) Ratio of Taxes Paid to Transfer/Jail or Prison Costs (A/B)
  39. 39. The Mean Net Annual Fiscal Contributions of 18-64 Year Old Adults in Connecticut and the U.S. by Educational Attainment, Annual Averages, 2004-2007 (Dollars) Area/Education Total Tax Payments Total Transfers/ Jail or Prison Cost Taxes Paid -Transfer/Jail or Prison Cost Connecticut <12 or 12, No HS Diploma 9,276 11,485 -2,209 HS Graduate or GED 13,452 4,642 8,810 1-3 Years of College 17,825 2,882 14,943 Bachelor's Degree 27,886 1,810 26,076 Master's or Higher 35,573 1,170 34,403 Total 20,722 3,654 17,068 U.S. <12 or 12, No HS Diploma 6,087 6,197 -110 HS Graduate or GED 9,938 3,551 6,386 1-3 Years of College 13,244 2,508 10,736 Bachelor's Degree 20,580 1,236 19,343 Master's or Higher 29,876 1,061 28,814 Total 14,239 2,934 11,305
  40. 40. Mean Lifetime Net Fiscal Contributions of U.S. Adults in Connecticut and the U.S. from Ages 18-64 by Educational Attainment, 2004-2007 Averages (In Dollars) Educational Attainment Connecticut U.S. Connecticut – U.S. <12 or 12, No HS Diploma -103,823 -5,170 -98,653 HS Graduate or GED 414,070 300,142 113,928 1-3 Years of College 672,435 483,120 189,315 Bachelor's Degree 1,095,192 812,406 282,786 Master's or Higher 1,341,717 1,123,746 217,971 Total 802,196 531,335 270,861
  41. 41. Differences Between the Estimated Mean Lifetime Net Fiscal Contributions of U.S. Adults in Selected Educational Groups Groups Being Compared Connecticut U.S. Connecticut – U.S. High school graduate vs. dropout 517,893 305,312 212,581 13-15 years vs. high school graduate 258,365 182,978 75,387 B.A. degree vs. high school graduate 681,122 512,264 168,858 B.A. degree vs. high school dropout 1,199,015 817,576 381,439
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