Relapse prevention (2)

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This course provides training and CEUs for addicitons counselors and LPCs working in Addictions, Mental Health and Co-Occurring Disorders will help counselors, social workers, marriage and family therapists, alcohol and drug counselors and addictions professionals get continuing education and certification training to aid them in providing services guided by best practices. AllCEUs is approved by the california Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors (CAADAC), NAADAC, the Association for Addictions Professionals, the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counseling Board of Georgia (ADACB-GA), the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC) and most states.

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Relapse prevention (2)

  1. 1. Relapse Prevention10 Hours<br />Instructor: Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes<br />Executive Director, AllCEUs.com<br />
  2. 2. Define the stages of readiness for change <br />Identify the most common relapse traps <br />Discuss the purpose and procedure for relapse prevention planning <br />Identify ways to individualize relapse prevention plans based on temperament <br />Learner Objectives<br />
  3. 3. Precontemplation<br />Counselor can <br />Establish rapport <br />Raise doubts about patterns of use <br />Give info on risks, pros and cons of use <br />Contemplation<br />Counselor can <br />Discuss and weigh pros/cons of using <br />Emphasize client's free choice and responsibility <br />Elicit self-motivational statements <br />Stages of Readiness for Change<br />
  4. 4. Preparation<br />Counselor can <br />Clarify goals and strategies <br />Offer menu of options <br />Negotiate contract or plan <br />Action<br />Counselor can <br />Negotiate action plan <br />Acknowledge difficulties and support attempts <br />Identify risky situations and coping strategies <br />Help client find new reinforcers<br />Support perseverance ("Sticking to the plan") <br />
  5. 5. Maintenance<br />Counselor can <br />Support and affirm changes <br />Rehearse new coping strategies <br />Review goals <br />Remind the client about new tools<br />Action plan <br />Awareness of risky situations <br />Coping strategies for each situation <br />Participation in 12-Step programs <br />Pursuit of hobbies and cultural activities <br />
  6. 6. Stages of Relapse<br />Emotional<br />Anxiety <br />Intolerance <br />Anger <br />Defensiveness <br />Mood swings <br />Isolation <br />Mental <br />Thinking about people, places, and things you used with<br />Glamorizing your past use <br />Lying <br />Hanging out with old using friends <br />Physical<br />Intense cravings<br />Use<br />
  7. 7. H.A.L.T.<br />Physical, psychological, social hunger<br />Anger and irritability<br />Lonliness and an inability to be by yourself<br />Tired due to lack of sleep, irritability, or just being “over it.”<br />Relapse Pitfalls<br />
  8. 8. Purpose<br />To assist in reducing unnecessary stress and relapse triggers<br />Provide prompts for new coping skills<br />Procedure<br />Identify triggers and relapse traps in the past<br />Devise at least 3 healthy ways of dealing with them<br />Incorporate a healthy lifestyle into the plan<br />Plan for upcoming triggers and traps (i.e. Holidays)<br />Review weekly<br />Purpose and Procedure <br />
  9. 9. Principles of Relapse Prevention<br />
  10. 10. Stabilization<br />Detoxification from alcohol and other drugs <br />Solving the immediate crises that threaten sobriety <br />Learning skills to identify and manage Post Acute Withdrawal and Addictive Preoccupation <br />Establishing a daily structure that includes <br />Proper diet<br />Exercise<br />Stress management<br />Regular contact with treatment personnel and self-help groups. <br />Principle 1: Self-Regulation<br />
  11. 11. Self-Assessment<br />Taking a detailed reconstruction of the presenting problems and the alcohol and drug use history. <br />Identifying critical issues that can trigger relapse. <br />In reconstructing the recovery/relapse history<br /> identify the recovery tasks that were completed or ignored<br />find the sequence of warning signs that led back to drug or alcohol use. <br />Principle 2: Integration<br />
  12. 12. Relapse Education<br />Learning accurate information about what causes relapse and what can be done to prevent it. <br />This information should include, but not be limited to<br />A bio/psycho/social model of addictive disease <br />Common “stuck points” in recovery <br />Complicating factors in relapse <br />Warning sign identification <br />Relapse warning sign management strategies <br />Effective recovery planning<br />Principle 3: Understanding<br />
  13. 13. Principle 4: Self-Knowledge<br />Warning Sign Identification <br />Learning to identify the sequence of problems that has led to alcohol and drug use in the past and how to prevent them in the future<br />Developing a personal relapse warning sign list<br />(1) reviewing warning signs<br />(2) making an initial warning sign list<br />(3) analyzing warning signs <br />(4) making a final warning sign list. <br />The patient develops individualized warning sign list by thinking of <br />irrational thoughts<br />unmanageable feelings<br />self-defeating behaviors. <br />
  14. 14. Identify two different types of warning signs<br />Those related to core psychological issues (problems from childhood)<br />Those related to core addictive issues (problems from the addiction). <br />When patterns of addictive thinking that justify relapse are reactivated, a return to using alcohol and drugs occurs.<br />Self-Knowledge Cont…<br />
  15. 15. Warning Sign Management<br />Learning how to manage or cope with their warning signs as they occur. <br />Management on three distinct levels. <br />#1 is the situational-behavioral level. Patients are taught to avoid situations that trigger warning signs, and how to modify their behavioral responses when needed<br />#2 is the cognitive/affective (thoughts and feelings) level, where patients challenge their irrational thoughts and deal with their unmanageable feelings when triggered<br />#3 is the core issue level, where patients are taught to identify the core addictive and psychological issues that initially create the warning signs<br />Principle 5: Coping Skills<br />
  16. 16. Recovery Planning<br />Development of a schedule of recovery activities that will help patients recognize and manage warning signs as they develop <br />Reviewing each warning sign on the final warning sign list and ensuring that there is a scheduled recovery activity for each. <br />Principle 6: Change<br />
  17. 17. Inventory Training<br />Completing daily inventories to monitor compliance with the recovery program and check for the emergence of relapse warning signs. <br />A morning inventory is used to plan the day<br />An evening inventory reviews progress and problems that occurred during that day. <br />A typical morning inventory asks the patient to identify three primary goals for that day, create a to-do list, then schedule time for completion of each task<br />The evening review inventory, the patient should review the to-do list to determine whether he or she completed the required activities and if he or she experienced relapse warning signs. <br />Principle 7: Awareness<br />
  18. 18. Involvement of Others<br />Individuals cannot recover alone. <br />Family members, 12-step program sponsors, counselors, and peers are just a few of the many recovery resources available. <br />The more psychologically and emotionally healthy the significant others are, the more likely they are to be helpful. <br />The more directly the significant others are involved in the relapse prevention planning process, the more likely they are to become engaged in supporting positive efforts and intervening when necessary<br />Principle 8: Significant Others<br />
  19. 19. Relapse Prevention Plan Updating <br />Updated on a monthly basis for the first 3 months, quarterly for the remainder of the first year, twice a year for the next 2 years, annually thereafter <br />Nearly two thirds of all relapses occur during the first 6 months of recovery. <br />Less than one quarter of the variables that actually cause relapse can be predicted during the initial treatment phase. <br />A relapse prevention plan update session involves the following: <br />A review of the original assessment, warning sign list, management strategies, and recovery plan. <br />An update of the assessment with progress or problems since the previous update. <br />Incorporation of new warning signs and management strategies for them<br />Elimination of activities that are no longer needed. <br />Principle 9: Maintenance<br />
  20. 20. Gradual movement from a more intensive level of care helps prevent people’s new coping skills from being overwhelmed.<br />Residential care often protects people from the daily stresses of bills, traffic and dysfunctional others.<br />Intensive outpatient provides a place to receive support, hope and encouragement on a daily basis<br />Outpatient is appropriate once the patient has a reliable, healthy support network outside of therapy<br />Theory and Purpose of Step-Down<br />
  21. 21. Look at the past to identify reasons for past use<br />Plan for future stressors<br />Assist patient in developing sober social support system<br />Relapse Prevention Summary<br />

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