OSHA

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OSHA General Health and Safety course for new employee orientation in behaivoral healthcare facilities. Covers blood borne pathogens, needle sticks, ergonomics, fire and repetitive stress injuries.

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  • Wow, great power point on OSHA regs. For lots of additional free OSHA resources go here - http://www.safetyawakenings.com/category/osha/
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OSHA

  1. 1. OSHA2 Hours<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHAct) was passed to prevent workers from being killed or seriously harmed at work. <br />The law requires that employers provide their employees with working conditions that are free of known dangers. <br />Workers may file a complaint to have OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe that their employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious hazards. <br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  3. 3. Overview cont…<br />To help assure a safe and healthful workplace, OSHA also provides workers with the right to:<br />Receive information and training about hazards, methods to prevent harm, and the OSHA standards that apply to their workplace<br />Observe testing that is done to find hazards in the workplace and get test results<br />Review records of work-related injuries and illnesses<br />Get copies of their medical records<br />Request OSHA to inspect their workplace<br />Use their rights under the law free from retaliation and discrimination.<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  4. 4. Bloodborne Pathogens Objectives<br />Identify types of bloodborne pathogens<br />Implement standard precautions in various situations<br />Follow safe work practices<br />Effectively manage and exposure incident including using personal protective equipment, documentation and reporting<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  5. 5. Bloodborne Pathogens<br />Disease causing “bugs” present in human blood and body fluids<br />High Risk Pathogens<br />HIV<br />HIV attacks the immune system by finding and destroying white blood cells<br />HBV-Hepatitis B & HCV-Hepatitis C<br />Liver diseases<br />Often results in chronic liver problems including cirrhosis or cancer<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  6. 6. Potentially Infectious Fluids<br />Semen & vaginal secretions<br />Saliva in dental procedures<br />Amniotic fluid<br />Cerebrospinal or synovial (joints) fluid<br />Any fluid contaminated with blood<br />Exposed tissues or organs other than intact skin from humans or other animals dead or alive<br />Cell or tissue cultures<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  7. 7. Standard Precautions <br />Precautions<br />Never touch bodily fluids or “unknown” fluids without personal protective equipment (PPE)<br />Use a disinfectant solution to clean up<br />Dispose of potentially infectious material in biohazard red bags<br />Hand washing after taking off PPE<br />When to use<br />Blood<br />Body fluids<br />Mucous membranes<br />Secretions and excretions (with or without visible blood)<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  8. 8. Other Bugga-Buggas<br />Many other things can be transmitted thorough blood and body fluids<br />Staph and Strep<br />Salmonella<br />Pneumonia<br />Syphilis<br />Tuberculosis<br />Malaria<br />Measles<br />Chicken Pox<br />Herpes<br />Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)<br />Blood Infections<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  9. 9. Transmission Methods<br />Airborne<br />Droplets<br />Direct Contact<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  10. 10. Exposure Control Plan<br />The plan must<br />Identify how the employer will use a combination of engineering and practice controls<br />Ensure the availability and use of personal protective equipment (gloves, CPR guard)<br />Provide training<br />Provide medical surveillance<br />Provide Hepatitis B vaccinations<br />Post signs and labels for biohazard equipment and procedures<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  11. 11. Engineering Controls <br />Equipment to protect the employee<br />Needleless devices<br />Shielded needles<br />Plastic capillary tubes<br />Personal Protective Equipment<br />Gloves<br />Gowns/aprons<br />Masks<br />Protective eye wear<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  12. 12. Workplace Procedures<br />Needles should never be manipulated or recapped by hand<br />Disposable sharps must be in puncture resistant containers close to the use area for disposal or reprocessing<br />HBV vaccinations must be offered for free to the employee by the employer<br />All work-related exposures must be logged on the OSHA 300 Log<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  13. 13. Training<br />All employees are trained<br />Records indicate<br />Date of training<br />Content<br />Trainer’s qualifications<br />Name and job title of trainee<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  14. 14. OSHA Fire Safety Objectives<br />Identify potential fire hazards<br />Identify various types of fires and extinguishers<br />Learn to properly extinguish fires<br />Implement emergency repose protocol<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  15. 15. Common Hazards<br />Heat producing equipment (lamps, computers)<br />Electrical appliances<br />Damaged electrical equipment or cords<br />Overloaded plugs/outlets<br />Smoldering matches or cigarettes<br />Combustible materials<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  16. 16. Prevention<br />Control dust, especially around hot machines<br />Dispose of rags with combustible solvents in appropriate metal containers<br />Keep combustible materials away from ignition sources (Don’t store files by the furnace)<br />Avoid overloading outlets<br />Use surge protectors<br />Keep working fire extinguishers nearby<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  17. 17. Emergency Action Plan <br />Identifies<br />Method for orienting employees to the plan<br />Individuals responsible for various activities<br />Method of communication to alert employees<br />How employees can report emergencies<br />Evacuation routes and gathering locations<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  18. 18. Fire Extinguishers<br />PASS<br />Pull the Pin<br />Aim at the base of the fire<br />Squeeze the handle<br />Sweep from side to side<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  19. 19. Fire Extinguishers<br />Portable<br />Class A: Combustible paper/wood/plastic<br />Class B: Combustible liquids gas/oil/grease<br />Class C: Electrical<br />Class D: Chemical labs<br />Fire Hose<br />Sprinkler/Fire Suppression<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  20. 20. Fighting a Fire <br />Call 911<br />Close doors/windows as you evacuate if you can SAFELY do so<br />Use the correct extinguisher<br />Never do it alone<br />Know your location and keep escape route clear<br />Do NOT use the elevator<br />Be aware of dangers such as toxic fumes, low oxygen<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  21. 21. Stop, Drop and Roll<br />Wrap in fire retardant blanket or douse in water<br />Remove contaminated clothes without injuring burned area<br />Cover the person to prevent shock<br />Get immediate medical attention<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  22. 22. OSHA Ergonomics Objectives<br />Identify the most common<br />Learn the signs of musculoskeletal injuries<br />Identify work processes that need to be modified to prevent injury<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  23. 23. Musculoskeletal Disorders <br />An injury to any part of the musculoskeletal system<br />Muscles<br />Joints<br />Tendons/Ligaments<br />Nerves<br />Often caused from repetitive stress or sudden increases in demands on the body<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  24. 24. Common Disorders <br />Bursitis: <br />Inflammation of sac in knee, elbow or shoulder causing pain and swelling<br />Tenosynovitis: <br />Inflammation of tendons in the hand causing aching, difficulty using the hand<br />Carpal Tunnel<br />Tingling, pain and numbness in thumb and fingers, especially at night<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  25. 25. Ganglion<br />Hard, swelling cyst usually on the back of hand or wrist <br />Tendonitis<br />Swelling and tenderness at hand, wrist or forearm where muscle and tendon are joined<br />Tension neck<br />Inflammation of neck and shoulder muscles and tendons<br />Trigger Finger<br />Pain and difficulty in smooth movement of fingers due to having to grip too much/long/tightly<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  26. 26. Signs and Symptoms<br />Computer Associated<br />Numbness and burning in hands<br />Reduced grip strength<br />Swelling or stiffness in joints<br />Pain in wrists, elbows, forearms, neck, back<br />Reduced range of motion in the shoulder, neck, back<br />Dry, itchy eyes<br />Blurred or double vision<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  27. 27. Risk Factors<br />Repetition<br />Extended duration <br />Force: Lifting, pushing, pulling<br />Awkward postures<br />Contact stress<br />Stapler, hole punch, keyboard<br />Vibration<br />Power saws, grinders etc.<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  28. 28. Neutral Positioning<br />Standing: legs, torso, neck and head are in alignment<br />Upright sitting: legs are at approximately a 90 degree angle to torso<br />Declined sitting: Person is leaning back slightly with their buttocks slightly higher than their legs <br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  29. 29. Work Area<br />Monitor should be <br />at least 20 inches away and directly in front of you (no more than 35 degrees off center)<br />Center of monitor 15-20 degrees below horizontal eye level<br />Perpendicular to line of site<br />Keyboard<br />Same height as elbows<br />Elbows should remain close to the body<br />Adjustable in height and tilt<br />Adequate space for mouse, keyboard etc.<br />Palm Supports<br />Should never rest on your wrist<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  30. 30. Leg room should allow for changing positions frequently<br />Feet should rest gently on the floor with knees bent at a 90 degree angle.<br />If necessary, use a foot rest<br />Chair<br />Lumbar support<br />Allows you to recline at least 15 degrees<br />5 legged base<br />Phones<br />Consider ear piece if you use the phone a lot<br />Keep cord out of the way to minimize tripping<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  31. 31. Lighting and Glare<br />Position monitors to reduce glare from lights or windows<br />Clean monitor frequently<br />Use blinds or drapes<br />Attach glare filters to the monitor<br />Limit reflection from walls and work surfaces—use a medium colored, nonreflective paint and avoid shiny desks<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  32. 32. Ventilation<br />Do not place yourself just below the vents<br />Maintain humidity at 30-60%<br />Keep temperature between 68 and 74 during the summer and 73-78 during cold weather<br />Ensure proper supply of fresh air<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  33. 33. Reporting<br />MSD signs must be reported to your supervisor immediately<br />Early reporting allows for early intervention<br />Report ergonomically unsafe work environments as soon as they occur<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />
  34. 34. Summary<br />There are many workplace hazards<br />Bloodborne pathogens<br />Fire<br />Ergonomics<br />Workplaces need to have emergency response plans<br />Copyright AllCEUs.com 2010-2016. Unlimited CEUs for 12 months $74.99 http://AllCEUs.com<br />

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