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Behavior modification basics

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Overview of principles of behavior modification and how those principles such as reinforcement, punishment and shaping can be used to develop treatment plans and assist our patients. …

Overview of principles of behavior modification and how those principles such as reinforcement, punishment and shaping can be used to develop treatment plans and assist our patients.

This powerpoint is part of AllCEU's Addiction Counselor Training Series. This section focuses on developmental theories of Erickson, Piaget, Vygotsky and many more. In class we discussed how trauma during a developmental period or failure to achieve developmental milestones may impact later social and emotional development. Each week we provide 8 hours of face-to-face continuing education and precertification training to LPCs, LADCs, and those wishing to become addiction counselors. Many states allow precertification to be done via online learning as well. We are approved education providers by NAADAC #599 and NBCC #6261.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology

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  • What's the name and author of that book again? The one in the beginning at about a minute and a half into the presentation.
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  • 1. Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes PhD, LPC-MHSP, NCC, LMHC Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 2. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 3. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 4.  Learn how to define target behaviors  Define: discriminitive stimuli, reinforcement, punishment, reinforcement schedules, chaining, behavior strain, extinction burst, extinction  Practice applying these terms to behaviors  Identify ways to effectively apply punishment and reinforcement to modify behavior Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 5.  Polly the Pigeon and the Hokey Pokey  Self-Injurious Behaviors (smoking, drinking, binge eating, cutting, gambling etc.)  Parenting Issues (doing homework, preventing alcohol use, doing chores) Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 6.  Behavior ◦ Observable ◦ Measurable  Frequency  Intensity  Duration  Likert? ◦ Time limited Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 7.  Polly the Pigeon’s Behavior  *  *  Child’s Behavior  (Observable, measurable(f/i/d), time limited) Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 8. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 9. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 10.  Reinforcement ◦ +Positive Reinforcement ADDS something good ◦ -Negative Reinforcement TAKES AWAY something bad  Examples ◦ Polly ◦ Smoking ◦ Anxiety ◦ Chores—Cleaning the kitchen Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 11. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 12. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 13.  Punishment ◦ Anything unpleasant or unwanted that reduces the likelihood a behavior will recur ◦ +Positive Punishment adds something unpleasant ◦ -Negative Punishment takes away something desired  Examples ◦ Polly ◦ Smoking ◦ Anxiety ◦ Chores—Cleaning the kitchen Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 14.  Schedules of Reinforcement/Punishment ◦ Interval—Time not behavior dependent  Fixed--Bills  Variable--Rain ◦ Ratio  Fixed--Weight loss  Variable--Chores Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 15.  Discriminitive Stimuli ◦ Things in the person or environment that trigger the person to do the behavior  Examples ◦ Polly ◦ Smoking ◦ * ◦ Chores—Cleaning the kitchen Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 16. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 17.  Behavior Strain— ◦ When the costs outweigh the benefits ◦ Too long between rewards ◦ Reward is insufficient  Extinction Burst ◦ Increases in frequency or intensity of behaving in order to receive reward (computer clicking) ◦ Most common in ratio-based schedules ◦ Behavior intensifies until reward or punishment is applied OR until the costs outweigh the benefits. (Candy kid) Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 18.  Shaping ◦ Rewarding successive approximations of a behavior  Example ◦ Polly ◦ Smoking ◦ Anxiety ◦ Cleaning the kitchen Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 19.  Engvall talking about quitting smoking says: “If I quit smoking, I’m going to kill you. Then I’ll go to prison where I’ll need cigarettes as currency.”  Chaining is really about looking at how one behavior leads to another. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 20. Thoughts of Smoking Places Times Activities Sensory Emotions Smoking Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 21.  Changing behavior requires ◦ Adequately defining the behavior ◦ Understanding and addressing the reinforcers maintaining it ◦ Identifying and dealing with discriminitive stimuli triggering it ◦ Understanding and addressing the negative consequences (punishments) of the change Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.
  • 22.  All who participated in the course polls and entered their email address will receive an email with directions for how to get your CEUs. Copyright 2013 CDS Ventures, LLC All Rights Reserved.