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Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops   dr. s.c.biswas
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Strategies for variety development of vegetable crops dr. s.c.biswas

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  • 1. Research Strategy for the Development of Consumer Choice ‘Hybrid’ & OP Vegetable Variety in Relation to Research Cost Presented by Dr. S. C. Biswas
  • 2. Activities A. Variety Screening (Cucumber, Radish, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Knol khol, Hot pepper, Sunflower, Forage etc.) B. Variety Development (Bottle gourd, Pumpkin, Ridge gourd, Ash gourd etc.) C. Generation of New Technologies (Veg. cultivation in protected environment, Seed production techniques in cauliflower & broccoli, pickles from Elephant Foot Yam)
  • 3. Research Strategy Setting A.Through critical observation in the commercial growing areas B. By making survey in the fresh vegetable market C. In compliance with Govt. policy
  • 4. List of Commercial Growing Areas of Some Common Vegetables of B.D Sl.no 1. Okra Crop Growing Areas Ramgoti (Noakhali), Hazirhat (Noakhali), Iswardi, Natore, Rajshahi, Chittagong, Natore Thakurgaon, Birganj, Dinajpur, Sreepur, Chitolmari(Bagerhat), Jajira(Shariatpur), Mymensingh, Meherpur, Poba (Rajshahi) 2. Bitter gourd 3. Pumpkin Jiban nagar(Chuadanga), Chuadanga (Sadar), Natore, Dinajpur, Jhikorgacha, Hossainpur (Kishoreganj) 4. 5. Ridge gourd Ash gourd Narsingdi, Madhobdi Hossainpur (Kishoreganj), Meherpur Sadar, Habiganj, Narsingdi 6. Brinjal 7. Bottle gourd Jessore, Mymensingh, Narsingdi, Dinajpur, Natore, Rajshahi, Hossainpur (Kishoreganj) Poba, Savar, Jessore, Narsingdi, Jamalpur, Gournadi 8. 9. 10. Snake gourd Summer tomato Summer country bean Narsingdi, madhobdi, Mirersarai, Khagrachori, Dadpur (Jessore), Jhikor gacha (Jessore), Dinajpur Ishawrdi, Muladole, Jessore 11. 12. Summer Radish Cucumber 13. YLB Habiganj, Bogra, Joypurhat Kalai (Joypurhat), Jessore, Hobiganj, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Chittagong, Sherpur Hobiganj, Mirer sarai, Poba, Jiban nagar, Mokamtola, Joypurhat 14. Tomato Mymensingh Sadar, Chuadanga, Jajira, Comilla, (Rajshahi) Godagari
  • 5. Month wise price list pattern (per Kg) of some common vegetable in Bangladesh (Nov’12 - Oct’13) Name of Crop Nov` 2012 Dec` 2012 Jan` 2013 Feb` 2013 Ash gourd 19.50 - - - Bottle gourd 12.60 25.80 29.30 26.50 27.25 17.25 31.80 37.80 22.40 Cauliflower 31.60 24.75 Coriander leaf Country bean Cucumber 59.25 Mar` 2013 Jun` 2013 July` 2013 Sep` 2013 Oct` 2013 15.00 18.70 25.00 29.00 20.50 17.20 36.00 23.75 29.00 13.75 12.00 13.33 15.80 31.60 20.00 20.50 24.00 39.50 46.75 40.00 - 18.75 27.50 27.50 43.75 41.00 39.20 35.60 36.70 33.70 30.40 17.50 10.00 - 60.00 - 60.00 35.80 20.00 35.50 65.00 94.00 123.70 185.00 24.80 28.40 37.80 32.25 25.00 27.30 - 32.00 172.50* 86.25 65.00 53.70 26.60 37.50 47.00 67.50 24.50 13.00 18.00 21.00 37.50 26.00 33.70 34.20 Hot pepper 45.00 41.25 72.50 77.50 48.75 33.00 42.40 47.50 107.50 72.50 54.20 92.50 76.60 18.25 Aug` 2013 18.70 Cabbage 21.50 May` 2013 14.80 Brinjal 31.60 April` 2013 - 90.00 63.70 126.20 175.00 217.50 Okra 28.30 - - 73.30 43.75 23.70 20.70 20.60 31.75 31.25 40.00 39.20 Pumpkin 27.60 37.50 22.40 23.00 22.50 18.70 16.00 19.20 20.00 33.75 24.60 26.70 Radish 13.00 16.25 20.00 15.00 - 28.33 25.00 27.30 30.00 31.75 35.60 28.00 Ridge gourd 30.00 - - - 57.50 40.00 27.80 34.20 35.28 34.30 42.00 41.20 Snake gourd Sponge gourd Tomato 27.30 - - - 42.30 33.75 25.00 26.20 31.25 30.75 35.20 38.00 25.00 - - - - 40.00 25.60 26.00 27.75 26.25 29.20 35.50 76.60 63.00 43.00 20.50 14.25 17.70 23.40 36.00 115.00 101.25 78.70 93.70 Y.L.Bean 36.80 - - 100.00 58.75 36.20 28.40 31.00 32.50 34.50 41.20 48.70
  • 6. Performance Trial of Different Radish Varieties Seeding Date:27.07.12 Sl. Variety No. Source Days to 1st harvesting (days) Days to final harvesting (days) 54 Total No of Harve -sting 2 Crop No. of Yield/ Dura- roots/ Acre tion Kg (M.T) (days) 54 2.96 Other Characters: Remarks (Root shape, Root color, Root pungency) 01 Advanta 1005 Advanta seed 49 16.424 Cylindrical, White, 02 Advanta 1006 Do 49 54 2 54 2.00 5.050 Mishappen roots, White, Strong 03 Bright white 40 HighTech 49 54 2 54 4.38 9.464 Cylindrical, White, Intermediate 04 Sufola-1 Brac 49 54 2 54 2.90 05 Rocky 45 Lal teer seed 49 54 2 54 3.66 18.403 Cylindrical, White, Intermediate 14.626 Cylindrical, White, Intermediate Check variety Check variety 06 Tropic Ivory United seed 49 54 2 54 2.94 18.201 Triangular, White, Mild Check variety Intermediate Promising variety Heterogenous, Poor yield Poor yield
  • 7. Hybrid Radish-Advanta-1005 Characteristics: •Early & mid season high yielding hybrid. •Roots are smooth, straight, cylindrical, and have no misshapen roots. •Harvest can be started at 40-45 days only. •Delayed pithiness and white roots are juicy. •Root length 30-32 cm. and root wt. per root 340-350 gms. • Roots are crispy and have moderate pungency. •It can also be cultivated as summer radish. •Yield per acre 16-17 tons.
  • 8. Early Hybrid Radish (R-33) • Characteristics: • Early season high yielding hybrid. • Roots are smooth, cylindrical, and have no misshapen roots. • Harvest can be started at 34-35 days only. • Delayed pithiness and white roots are juicy. • Root wt. per root 210-220 gms. • Roots are also crispy and have moderate pungency. • Yield per acre 13-14 tons.
  • 9. Variety Screening of different Radish Variety Location: Sl. No. Year: 2013 Sour- SeedFinal Crop Total Wt/ Yield Main ces ing Harve Harvest duration No. Ro- /Acre Feature date sting ing (days) of ot (M.T ( Root (days) (days) (days) harv (g) ) pungency, estin Root g/ uniformity, Picki Root ng pithiness, Root color) BARDC,Gazipur Name of Variety 1 Mino Early 2 Season: Rabi 1st Kaneko 08.10. seeds 13 44 R-33 Mahyco 34 3 Rocky-45 Lalteer 37 44 4 Tropic Ivory United seeds 38 5 Sufola BRAC 38 52 4 228 4 210 44 4 232 54 45 3.66 214 44.66 44.7 3.66 210 45 52 45 Comments (Promising /Retrial/Rej ect) Lower yield compared to R-33. Can be Mild, marketed in 13.35 Uniform, small scale Late, White as an early variety Mild, Check 11.41 Uniform, variety Late, White Mild, Check 11.95 Uniform, variety Late, White Intermediat Check 12.31 e, Uniform, variety Late, White Mild, 12.74 Uniform, Late, White
  • 10. Hybrid Cauliflower(Summer Queen) • Early season type good quality hybrid. • Harvest can be started at 44 DAT. • Uniform size curds are almost spherical. • Yellowish white colored curds are compact and have a very good shelf life. • Free from major diseases and pests. • Curd wt. /curd 8001000gm. And the curd is delicious.
  • 11. Variety Screening of Cauliflower Year: 2013 Days to Total Seeding 1st No. of Wt 1st 50% final Test Duratio Yield Crop Variety Source /Plantin F(FF/F/ harvesti (gm/F,C Harves- Harves- Harvesseason n (days) (MT/ac) g date R/C/H) ng/ ,H) ting ting ting starting Picking 36 Summer Queen Chakra Mahico White Lalteer Crown PCFBRAC 1213 White Sakata Marble Rabi 2013-14 Cauliflower Samriddhi -1 SD= 12.09.13 TD=12.10.13 Magic -5 Chakra 41 - 93 5 124 298 13.623 54 61 - 71 3 102 528 10.724 31 42 - 60 7 91 906 16.413 32.5 44 - 58 4 89 344 6.485 32 43.5 - 57 5 88 723 14.159 33.5 43.5 - 59 6 90 373 7.572
  • 12. Avantika (Bioseed) Characteristics:  It is an early and high yielding F1 hybrid.  Fruit angular type ,deep green colored & fruit wt.- 14-15gm/fruit.  The flesh is soft and very tasty.  Fruit harvest starts from 45-46 days after sowing.  Yield per acre 14- 15 tons.  This hybrid is tolerant to yellow vain mosaic virus disease.
  • 13. Crop Wise Variety Screening Report(Okra) Test location: BARDC Gazipur Days to Sl. Cro No. p Variety Comme Total Seedin nts 1st Test No. of Wt 1st 50% final g/Plant Duration Yield (Promisi F(FF/F/ Source seaso harvesti (gm/F,C, Harvesti Harvesti Harvesti ing (days) (MT/ac) ng/Retri R/C/H) n ng/ H) ng ng ng date al/Reject starting Picking ) 39 46 119 29.33 42 47 114.5 30 41 49 116 29.5 116 12.12 11.99 United seeds 41 48 115 29.5 115 13.08 5.11 Evergreen BRAC 42 49 115 28 115 1 Biose Avantika ed 4 5 Syngen Shorosh-2 ta Sobujbangla 14.28 13.45 114.5 14.46 9.44 Lalteer 23.03.2013 Okra 3 Green finger Kharif-1"13 2 119 Legend: F (FF/F/R/C/H)= First (Female Flower/ Fruit/ Root/ Card/ Head); /F,C,H= Fruit, Card, Head 14.54 944 MLT & Can be marketed at smaller scale
  • 14. F1 Hybrid Tomato (AVTO 1252) • Characteristics:  Semi indeterminate and extra early type hybrid (August planting).  Very strong robust plant with excellent fruit bearing.  Fruits are apple shaped and have shining red color.  Average fruit weight 95-100g .  Fruit harvest starts from 75-76 days after transplanting & harvesting can be continued up to 3 months.  Fruits are fleshy, tasty & firm; suitable for distant transportation.  Tolerant to virus disease.  Yield per acre-21-20 MT (almost double than variety ‘Sabol’).
  • 15. F1 Hybrid Hot Pepper-AVPP-1210 Characteristics: • Bushy type plant, prolific bearer, deep green coloured fruit which turns into bright red colour at maturity. • Uniform dual type & compact fruit with high degree of hotness • Fruit length 7-8 cm. & picking can be started from 75-80 DAT and can be continued up to 3 months. • Fruit wt. 3-4 gm/fruit & yield-7.00 -8.00 MT/acre • Tolerant to major diseases & pests.
  • 16. Promising Own Varieties 1. Bottle gourd (F1 hybrid) 2. Tomato (F1 hybrid) 3. Brinjal (F1 hybrid) 4. Ridge gourd (F1 hybrid) 5. Pumpkin (F1 hybrid) 6. Ash gourd (F1 hybrid) 7. Summer country bean (OP)
  • 17. Hybrid Bottle gourd ( Code-11) Characteristics •Early season high yielding F1 hybrid variety. •Vigorous plant and produce more no. of female flowers. •Gourds are more or less bottleshaped, attractive green colored fruits with white spots. • Fruit weight per fruit 1.50 to 2.00 Kg. •Fruits can be harvested 40-45 days after planting and the gourds are very soft and tasty. •It is also tolerant to major diseases and pests. •It is a year round variety and yield per acre 20-21 tons.
  • 18. F1 Evaluation Report Newly Developed Bottle gourd Hybrid Sl no. Name of the Seedling age at variety/entry trans-planting date (Days) Days taken to 1st harvesting (Days) Days taken to final harvesting (Days) Crop duration (Days) Yield/ Other Remarks acre Characters (MT) Growth habit,Leaf size,Fruit tenderness period 1 Code-11 22 51.00 103.00 125.00 23.68 Normal, normal, longer period Higher yield, tolerant to major diseases, can be grown almost throughout the year 2 G. Super 22 65.00 97.00 119.00 13.15 Normal, normal, longer period Check variety 3 Hi-green (Metal Seed) 22 50.00 90.00 113.00 13.54 Normal, normal, longer period Check variety
  • 19. F1 Hybrid Tomato (1260X1229) • Characteristics:  It is semi indeterminate and early type hybrid.  Very strong robust plant with excellent fruit bearing.  Fruits are oblate shaped and have attractive red color.  Average fruit weight 100-120g .  Fruit harvest starts from 42-43 days after transplanting.  Fruits are fleshy, tasty & very firm; suitable for distant transportation.  Tolerant to virus diseases.
  • 20. F1 Hybrid Brinjal (BANXMEH) Characteristics • Early season type high yielding F1 hybrid. • Picking can be started from 55-56 DAT. • Oblong type purple coloured very soft fruit with few seeds. • Fruit wt. per fruit-180-200 gm and the fruit skin is very thin. • Yield per acre – 25-30 MT.
  • 21. New Hybrid Ridge Gourd (CS x 705) Characteristics: •This hybrid variety is prolific bearer and gives higher yield than ‘Green Star’. •Tender fruits are fleshy, soft and tasty. • Fruit color green, length 30-35 cm and fruits have prominent ridges. •Average fruit weight 140-150 gm. •Fruit harvest starts from 40-41 days and exhibited long harvesting period. •Yield per acre 10- 12 tons.
  • 22. Hybrid Pumpkin (Janata X MK) Characteristics: 1.High yielding F1 hybrid. 2. It can be cultivated throughout the year. 3. Female flowers are more frequent. Fruit wt. 4.5- 5.00 Kg. 4.Yield is 25-30% higher than ‘Beauty’. 5.Uniform size fruits with good internal quality 6. Tolerant to major diseases. 7. It can be grown both under trellis & bed condition.
  • 23. Hybrid Pumpkin (Saint 222 X Janata) Characteristics: 1. High yielding F1 hybrid. 2. It also can be cultivated throughout the year but cultivating it in the Kh-2 season more profitable. 3. Female flowers are more frequent. Fruit wt. 4.5- 5.00 Kg. 4. Yield is 30-33% higher than ‘Beauty’. 6. Tolerant to major diseases. 7. It can be grown both under trellis & bed condition. 8. Yield per acre 25-26 tons.
  • 24. Characteristics Summer Country Bean •Year round and heat tolerant variety. •Greenish & greenish purple fruit color and fruit length is 810 cm. •Harvest starts from 60-65 days after sowing and fruit can be harvested for a longer period. •Tolerant to major diseases and pests. •Winter crop can also be harvested from summer grown plants. •Yield per acre 5-6 tons.
  • 25. Breeding Target of Different BRINJAL Hybrid Varieties 01 Brinjal Early fruiting ( 60-65 DAT), tolerant to BSFB, oval-round/ cylindrical medium size soft fruits ( fruit wt. 150200 gm/ fruit) high yielding and good taste, green / purple coloured fruit, year round variety. Yield 12-18 MT/ acre.
  • 26. Seed Production of Cauliflower at BARDC
  • 27. Cauliflower from Own Seed
  • 28. AVRDC & BARI Scientists at BRAC Agricultural Research & Development Centre
  • 29. Publications
  • 30. Publications & Others English (Articles) Bengali(Articles) News Feed 8 ( 5 in AVRDC Bulletin , 2 in BARC Compilation& 1 in Bangladesh Observer) 3 (in Shetu) AVRDC News letter (FRESH), BD24.com, Jai Jai Din, Destiny, Daily Star, DFID Blogger

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