Technology that can Change theTechnology that can Change the
Face of Indian Agriculture IndustryFace of Indian Agriculture Industry
Hydro : Water Ponics : Labor
Many people think of hydroponics as growing plants in water, but
hydroponic production actually is defined as growing plants
Plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient
solution only or in an inert medium such as Perlite, gravel, mineral
wool, expanded clay or coconut husk.
Advantages of HydroponicAdvantages of Hydroponic
Lower water costs
Control the nutrition levels
No nutrition pollution is released into the environment
Potential for stable and high yields
Pests and diseases are easier to get rid of than in soil
Challenges in Soil CultivationChallenges in Soil Cultivation
Depleting arable land
Loss of top fertile layer due to excessive tillage
Insufficient absorption of nutrients by plants due to leaching of fertilizers
Excessive water usage for irrigation
Pest and disease attacks
Fluctuating weather conditions leads to crop loss
Hydroponic Cultivation in Controlled
Environment Agriculture (CEA)
Past & Present Usage of HydroponicsPast & Present Usage of Hydroponics
The early use of Hydroponics system is dated back to Babylonians
civilization. Early Aztecs also made use of hydroponics systems, but the use
of nutrients and minerals in hydroponics systems started developing post
1800. In India, it was first developed in Bengal during the 1946-1947 periods.
Now, NASA uses hydroponics system to grow crops in outer space where
space and soil are not available. Hydroponic farming has now been adopted
by farmers worldwide to grow crops commercially. It is estimated that in
India, area of approx. 500 acres is already under hydroponic cultivation.
Components ofComponents of
Hydroponic GreenhouseHydroponic Greenhouse
Growing system like grow bag, trough, channels etc.
Environmental control like cooling & ventilation systems
Drip irrigation and fertigation machine/system
Environmental controlEnvironmental control
Fan- Fogger Cooling System Solar Heating System
Fan-Pad Cooling System
Growing MediaGrowing Media
Coco peat Reconstituted Coco peat Bricks
Irrigation & Fertigation SystemsIrrigation & Fertigation Systems
Drip Irrigation System Components of Drip Irrigation System
Plant NutrientsPlant Nutrients
Primary nutrients- A range of specialized hydroponic two-part and three-part
base nutrients (N-P-K), both organic and synthetic, which blends all the required
macro and micronutrients in specific ratios corresponding to the growth cycle of
Root enhancers- This class of nutrients include enzymes, beneficial bacteria and
fungi that facilitate root growth, ensures faster uptake of nutrients and protects
against nematodes, pathogens and root rot.
Supplements- Imparts natural carrier compounds, enhance cellular metabolism,
germination rate and immunity of the plants. We formulate a variety of special
supplements that flushes your crops off the unwanted materials, revives the plants
from nutrient deficiencies and cut down the probability of crop loss.
Drip Irrigation – Grow Bag/ Trough
Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)
Basic Hydroponic Systems
Crops CultivatedCrops Cultivated
Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)
NFT is a hydroponic growing method
in which the plants have their roots
partly submerged in a shallow stream
of recirculating water containing all
the required growth nutrients and
where there is no solid rooting
The upper surface of the root mat
which develops above the water,
although it is moist, is in the air. So
around the roots which are in the air,
there is a film of nutrient solution -
hence the name nutrient film
technique (NFT). (Cooper 1979).
Benefits of HydroponicBenefits of Hydroponic
Greenhouse CultivationGreenhouse Cultivation
No soil is needed.
The water stays in the system and can be
reused - lower water consumption.
It is possible to control the nutrition
Stable, higher yields & shorter times
Produces highly nutritious, attractive
Less pest & disease attack, easier to get
rid of than in soil.
Easier to harvest & source of income
from direct sales.
Application Of HydroponicsApplication Of Hydroponics
Roof Top Garden