Chalk and Talk
Delivery of lecture by subject matter expert.
Subject matter is represented more accurately and effectively.
It is useful for covering underlying concepts and principles.
Large information can be communicated to a heterogeneous
The student becomes a dependent learner.
More teacher centric and less student centric.
Establishes a “tell me” mind set in the learner.
Can lead to learner information overload.
Story telling/Case based
Mixed-Mostly student centric.
Helps to increase higher order thinking & reasoning skills
(application, synthesis, evaluation).
Helps participants explore pre existing knowledge.
Ensuring participation from all can be a challenge.
It can be time consuming.
Highly Student Centric.
It is designed from students point of view.
Guides learners to higher level of thinking and
It promotes tolerance with understanding.
Relies on learning preparation and willingness to
Can lead to a dominant few controlling the floor.
Can potentially degenerate into off task and social
Highly Student Centric.
It is an active learning technique
Increases curiosity of students & strengthens
imagination with facts.
Limits the number of people who can access the
learning at the same time.
Can create scheduling and logistics problems.
Actively involves participants.
Develops problem solving and verbal expression
Provides teacher with immediate feedback
about learners understanding.
Can create embarrassment and even resistance.
Can be unpredictable in terms of outcomes.
Depends heavily on learners ability of imagination
and willingness to participate.
Team teachingcollaborative mode
Highly student centric.
Active and involved learning.
Intense stimulating debates.
Highly interactive class room sessions.
Joint lectures is a new concept.
Students must be well connected and aligned with
each other for effective results.
Scheduling and logistics would pose as a challenge.
enthusiasm of the learner
retention is more
multimedia tools are expensive
continuous expert maintenance
staff is required to handle malfunctions and
Social media driven
Motivate and engage the student.
It reinforces and changes opinion.
Teacher and Learner centric
It cannot replace a teacher.
It can be used in combination with another
Actively involves the learner.
Provides a challenge that can lead to
confidence in knowing.
Promotes team learning and collaborative skills.
Can create in group/out group feelings.
May de-motivate those who are not competitive