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The development landscape in Africa is changing, with new partners from the global South taking on a more important role as providers of much needed fifinance and know-how for Africa’’s development. China has been the most prominent emerging partner, and Chinese enterprises have increased their trade and investment relations with African counterparts by a factor of more than ten over the past decade. The growing trade and investment relations are often supported by grants or concessional loans from China’’s government, as part of the country’’s ““Going Global”” strategy. This strongly enhanced engagement is partly the outcome of the increased economic role and power of China on the global stage, and partly the result of China’’s interest in African’’s rich natural resource base to fuel its surging economy. Indeed, a large share of China’’s trade and investment has been linked to extractive industries and related infrastructure. Yet, infrastructure development is a clear priority on the African continent, as progress towards strong, sustained and shared growth depends on private enterprises having access to quality infrastructure services at internationally competitive prices. With an annual infrastructure investment gap in Africa of about USD 50 billion, China’’s contribution to reducing the transport, power, and telecommunication defificits on the continent is a welcome complement to the efforts by national governments, private investors, and the donor community. Moreover, China’’s impact on African economies has started to reach beyond narrow infrastructure-for- resources deals and now touches upon a large array of sectors and development issues.