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Scottish musical history 2013 Strathclyde University lecture 1


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A 19th Century Dundonian flute manuscript turned out to be the start of my research into Scottish music.

A 19th Century Dundonian flute manuscript turned out to be the start of my research into Scottish music.

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    • 1. Scottish Musical History 6 Lectures by Dr Karen McAulay
    • 2. 6 lectures on Scottish music:• Today 7/3 Looking at research in Celtic music• 14/3 Overview of Celtic music• 21/3 18th Century Scottish music• 28/3 19th Century Scottish music• 18/4 Reading between the lines: interpreting compilers intentions• 25/4 Celtic Twilight and 20th Century Revival 2
    • 3. General ‘stuff’• Choice of 2 essays, set by Dr Argondizza & myself.• Reading list – modern texts, old sources. Dip into both.• Celtic – or Scottish? Sometimes I’ll refer to Celtic music – that’s so I can draw in Irish and Welsh where I feel it’s appropriate.• My research: late 18th/19th century Scottish music• Me: musicologist; music librarian; in RCS - a place focusing on performance. These circumstances inevitably affect my approach! 3
    • 4. Research in Celtic Music An Introduction Dr Karen McAulay
    • 5. The beginning of a research journey• The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (The librarian, the line-manager and the cupboard)• Alice in Wonderland’s cake (“Eat me”)• Rudyard Kipling’s questions:-• “I keep six honest serving-men (They taught me all I knew); Their names are What and Why and When And How and Where and Who.”• - No wonder journalists are taught the rhyme! 5
    • 6. What - Why – When - How – Where - Who James Simpson’s signature 6
    • 7. What - Why – When - How – Where - WhoJames Simpson’s Dalfield Walk address (Book 1) 7
    • 8. What - Why – When - How – Where - WhoJames Simpson’s Myrekirk address (Book 3) 8
    • 9. What - Why – When - How – Where - Who James Simpson’s flute chart (back of Book 1) 9
    • 10. What - Why – When - How – Where - WhoWhat kind of music? Flute ensemble 10
    • 11. What - Why – When - How – Where - WhoPsalm tune (by a local precentor) 11
    • 12. What - Why – When - How – Where - Who Anthem/choral item from a published collection 12
    • 13. Six Questions• What• Why• When• How• Where• Who• Three weeks’ study leave … the deal … 13
    • 14. Aims• Find answers to some of the questions• Publish findings appropriate places• Presentation to BA (Scottish Music) students 14
    • 15. Realities of research• Libraries: Glasgow, Dundee, Perth, British Library• Archives &c: Dundee Archives & Registrar• People: Charlie Gore (The Scottish Fiddle Music Index); Peter Harrison (Concert Royal); Myrekirk’s owner 15
    • 16. That was Myrekirk house – These are Myrekirk Cottages! 16
    • 17. Outcomes (1)• Six answers (briefly!)• What• Why• When• How• Where• Who 17
    • 18. Outcomes(2)• Box and Fiddle article (Oct 2002)• The Scots Magazine (Nov 2002)• Brio Vol.40 no.1 (Spring/Summer 2003)• RMA Chronicle Vol.38 (2005)• Not to mention The James Simpson Show (Feb 2003)• And … 18
    • 19. One thing led to another• My doctoral research• Q: Where are the research centres? (and it’s not just in universities – private researchers, too.)• Q: How do research findings get disseminated? 19
    • 20. WARNING! Research as varied as the people doing it!• Q: Big question: Mine is historical research – but what other kinds of research might be conducted into Scottish music?• Some examples …• Q: Even bigger question: What is Scottish music?• Discuss …! 20
    • 21. Interdisciplinarity• Which means, precisely? 21
    • 22. Examples of interdisciplinarity• Musicology combined with ethnomusicology (eg Edinburgh – School of Scottish Studies, now Department of Celtic and Scottish Studies languages-cultures/celtic-scottish-studies• Musicology combined with literature – eg Dr Kirsteen McCue’s work (Scottish literature and music) in University of Glasgow’s School of Critical Studies• University of Edinburgh’s Centre for the History of the Book• Aberdeen’s Elphinstone Institute – postgrad research in folklore, ethnology, anthropology research.php?code=elph_int 22
    • 23. Resources• Historical sources: musical and non-musical• Modern resources: books, journals, databases (general and musical)• Question: What have I used? 23
    • 24. Resources• Answer: depending on what you’re researching, you could use a very wide range of resources!• Music (for my research) EASMES database; Wighton Database, RILM abstracts and indices. Some people rely heavily on RISM, too. Digitised journals eg JSTOR• General (for my research) ECCO; others covering other periods or subjects eg EEBO• What if a resource goes ‘down the plughole’?!• General principles of research – being able to back up statements, cite references, summarise existing research, explain and defend your own position. 24
    • 25. Back to the James Simpson MSS• Take a look• (Does anyone play the flute? Lead a church choir?) 25
    • 26. Some interesting links• Flautist Peter Harrison’s Concert Royal – 18th century performance practice http://www.classical-• Peter Harrison and his present research project departments/sse/staff/peter-harrison.aspx• Dundee – Wighton Heritage Centre at Dundee Central Library• EASMES (Early American Secular Music and its European Sources, 1589-1839) 26
    • 27. Summary• Research into Scottish music:-• Historical• Interdisciplinary• Modern• Resources• Research dissemination• The biggest question: what is Scottish music?! 27
    • 28. Next week• Overview of Celtic music 28